• 1 CSIRO Land and Water, ATSIP Building, James Cook University, Townsville, QLD, Australia
  • 2 Geography, College of Life and Environmental Sciences, University of Exeter, Rennes Drive Exeter, United Kingdom
  • 3 Biodiversity International, Bayan Lepas, Penang, Malaysia
  • 4 Environment and Sustainability Institute, University of Exeter, Penryn, Cornwall, United Kingdom
  • 5 World Fish Center, Bayan Lepas, Penang, Malaysia
  • 6 Centre for Marine Socioecology, University of Tasmania, Battery Point, Tasmania, Australia
  • 7 Food and Agriculture Organisation, Viale delle Terme di Caracalla Rome, Italy
  • 8 Great Barrier Reef Marine Park Authority, Townsville, Queensland, Australia
  • 9 CSIRO Land and Water, Canberra, Australia
  • 10 Canadian Parks and Wilderness Society and Simon Fraser University, Vancouver, Canada
  • 11 Department of the Environment, Canberra, Australia
  • 12 Centre for Biodiversity and Conservation Science, University of Queensland, St Lucia, Australia
  • 13 School of Environmental Sciences, University of East Anglia, Norwich Research Park, Norwich Norfolk, United Kingdom
PLoS One, 2017;12(3):e0171950.
PMID: 28278238 DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0171950


Failure to stem trends of ecological disruption and associated loss of ecosystem services worldwide is partly due to the inadequate integration of the human dimension into environmental decision-making. Decision-makers need knowledge of the human dimension of resource systems and of the social consequences of decision-making if environmental management is to be effective and adaptive. Social scientists have a central role to play, but little guidance exists to help them influence decision-making processes. We distil 348 years of cumulative experience shared by 31 environmental experts across three continents into advice for social scientists seeking to increase their influence in the environmental policy arena. Results focus on the importance of process, engagement, empathy and acumen and reveal the importance of understanding and actively participating in policy processes through co-producing knowledge and building trust. The insights gained during this research might empower a science-driven cultural change in science-policy relations for the routine integration of the human dimension in environmental decision making; ultimately for an improved outlook for earth's ecosystems and the billions of people that depend on them.

* Title and MeSH Headings from MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.