Displaying publications 1 - 20 of 4923 in total

  1. Othman S, A Essau C
    Asia Pac J Public Health, 2019 11;31(8_suppl):6S-7S.
    PMID: 31747779 DOI: 10.1177/1010539519887322
    Study name: National Health and Morbidity Survey (NHMS-2017)
    Matched MeSH terms: Surveys and Questionnaires
  2. Romli MH, Wan Yunus F
    Occup Ther Int, 2020;2020:2490519.
    PMID: 32821250 DOI: 10.1155/2020/2490519
    Play is considered the main occupation for children. Pediatric occupational therapists utilize play either for evaluation or intervention purpose. However, play is not properly measured by occupational therapists, and the use of play instrument is limited. This systematic review was aimed at identifying play instruments relevant to occupational therapy practice and its clinimetric properties. A systematic search was conducted on six databases (Academic Search Complete, CINAHL, MEDLINE, Psychology and Behavioral Science Collection, Scopus, and ASEAN Citation Index) in January 2020. The quality of the included studies was evaluated using Law and MacDermid's Appraisal for Clinical Measurement Research Reports, and psychometric properties of play instruments were evaluated using Terwee's checklist while the clinical utility is extracted from each instrument. Initial search identifies 1,098 articles, and only 30 articles were included in the final analysis, extracting 8 play instruments. These instruments were predominantly practiced in the Western culture, which consists of several psychometric evidences. The Revised Knox Preschool Play Scale is considered the most extensive and comprehensive play instrument for extrinsic aspect, whereas the Test of Playfulness + Test of Environmental Supportiveness Unifying Measure is a promising play instrument for intrinsic aspect on play, where both instruments utilize observation. My Child's Play is a potential questionnaire-based play instrument. However, the current development of play instruments in the occupational therapy field is immature and constantly evolving, and occupational therapists should exercise good clinical reasoning when selecting a play instrument to use in practice.
    Matched MeSH terms: Surveys and Questionnaires*
  3. Abdul Rashid, K., Gomathy, S., Ab Manan, A.
    Majority of doctors show no interest in research although research is now a requirement and is being done in every field of medicine. The objective of this survey was to describe the involvement in research activities among doctors in Penang and Seberang Jaya hospitals in Penang. A self-administered questionnaire was used. A total of 302 doctors participated in the survey. The differences in age (p=
    Matched MeSH terms: Surveys and Questionnaires
  4. Norhafiza Mohamed, Wan Hasrulnizzam Wan Mahmood, Muhamad Zaki Yusup, Mohd Razali Muhamad
    This paper aims to explore the level of manufacturing performance, environmental
    actions and customer activities in implementing green supply chain initiatives. Besides,
    the relationship between environmental actions and customer activities towards
    manufacturing performance also been investigated. For this purposes, the data was
    collected using questionnaire-based survey among Malaysian manufacturing firms.
    Using the descriptive and correlation test, the data was analyzed. From the results, it
    is showing that the manufacturing performance through the implementation of green
    supply chain management has a positive relationship to environmental action and
    customer activities.
    Matched MeSH terms: Surveys and Questionnaires
  5. Yasir SF, Jani J, Mukri M
    Data Brief, 2018 Dec;21:907-910.
    PMID: 30426044 DOI: 10.1016/j.dib.2018.10.057
    In the study, a relationship was establishment between electrical resistivity by using electrical resistivity imaging (ERI) technique with hydraulic conductivity. By using Schlumberger array configuration, 2D electrical resistivity image was produced by using ABEM SAS 4000 with eighty-one (81) electrodes (Loke, 2004) [1]. By using regression equation, hydraulic conductivity was calculated from electrical resistivity and this result was compared with the hydraulic conductivity obtained from pumping tests (Butler, 2005). This data suggested that electrical resistivity survey can be used as preliminary tool to assess any subsurface zone with non- invasive nondestructive for soil, reducing time and cost.
    Matched MeSH terms: Surveys and Questionnaires
  6. Ainur, A.K., Sayang, M.D., Jannoo, Z., Yap, B.W.
    A Structural Equation Model (SEM) is often used to test whether a hypothesised theoretical model agrees with data by examining the model fit. This study investigates the effect of sample size and distribution of data (normal and non-normal) on goodness of fit measures in structural equation model. Simulation results confirm that the GoF measures are affected by sample size, whereas they are quite robust when data are not normal. Absolute measures (GFI, AGFI, RMSEA) are more affected by sample size while incremental fit measures such as TLI and CFI are less affected by sample size and non-normality.
    Matched MeSH terms: Surveys and Questionnaires
  7. Mohamad Mahathir bin Mohamed Younos
    frequency of motorcycle accidents increases every year. In Syarikat Bekalan Air Selangor (SYABAS), a substantial number of motorcycle accidents occurred between the year 2009 and 2013. The increased number of accidents serves as a wake-up call to the company to come up with a behavioural-based safety system for commuting accident. The objective of this paper is to look into the effectiveness of behavioural-based system in a company. A total of one hundred and thirty (130) respondents participated in the data-collection session for this study. From this data-collection, along with accident data from the company, a number of criteria that contributes to commuting accidents in the company is obtained. At the end of this study, the behavioural-based safety system is applied, thus showing how its implementation assists in curbing the issue of commuting accidents in the company.
    Matched MeSH terms: Surveys and Questionnaires
    This research explores the issue of local management system governing the heritage preservation in UNESCO World Heritage Site (WHS) Stadthuys, Melaka. Thus far, there is no clearly defined value of cultural heritage that justifies the benefits of preserving cultural heritage as a tourism product and as a sustainable heritage site. Most studies have proven that visitors in general are less interested in visiting cultural heritage sites due to the lack of information available there. Another issue identified in the recent research on cultural heritage assessment is the lack of empirical references on the economic valuation of cultural heritage preservation. This study used contingent valuation method (CVM) and questionnaire for data collection. Four sets of questionnaires were designed and distributed to a total of 100 respondents consisting of local community and domestic tourists. On average, respondents are willing to pay RM8.82, in which this value is higher than the current fee, RM5.00, showing that visitors have the awareness to value cultural heritage through preservation in Stadthuys, Melaka, WHS. Finally, this research has established a framework to be considered by the management regarding the WTP value of the cultural heritage in order to create a more sustainable Melaka Historical City.
    Matched MeSH terms: Surveys and Questionnaires
  9. Chua CE, Kew GS, Demutska A, Quek S, Loo EXL, Gui H, et al.
    BMJ Open, 2021 08 09;11(8):e046310.
    PMID: 34373296 DOI: 10.1136/bmjopen-2020-046310
    INTRODUCTION: Regardless of having effective vaccines against COVID-19, containment measures such as enhanced physical distancing and good practice of personal hygiene remain the mainstay of controlling the COVID-19 pandemic. Countries across Asia have imposed these containment measures to varying extents. However, residents in different countries would have a differing degree of compliance to these containment measures potentially due to differences in the level of awareness and motivation in the early phase of pandemic.

    OBJECTIVES: In our study, we aimed to describe and correlate the level of knowledge and attitude with the level of compliance with personal hygiene and physical distancing practices among Asian countries in the early phase of pandemic.

    METHODS: A multinational cross-sectional study was carried out using electronic surveys between May and June 2020 across 14 geographical areas. Subjects aged 21 years and above were invited to participate through social media, word of mouth and electronic mail.

    RESULTS: Among the 2574 responses obtained, 762 (29.6%) participants were from East Asia and 1812 (70.4%) were from Southeast Asia (SEA). A greater proportion of participants from SEA will practise physical distancing as long as it takes (72.8% vs 60.6%). Having safe distancing practices such as standing more than 1 or 2 m apart (AdjOR 5.09 95% CI (1.08 to 24.01)) or more than 3 or 4 m apart (AdjOR 7.05 95% CI (1.32 to 37.67)), wearing a mask when they had influenza-like symptoms before the COVID-19 pandemic, preferring online news channels such as online news websites/applications (AdjOR 1.73 95% CI (1.21 to 2.49)) and social media (AdjOR 1.68 95% CI (1.13 to 2.50) as sources of obtaining information about COVID-19 and high psychological well-being (AdjOR 1.39 95% CI (1.04 to 1.87)) were independent factors associated with high compliance.

    CONCLUSIONS: We found factors associated with high compliance behaviour against COVID-19 in the early phase of pandemic and it will be useful to consider them in risk assessment, communication and pandemic preparedness.

    Matched MeSH terms: Surveys and Questionnaires
  10. Gayatri RW, Katmawanti S, Wardani HE, Low WY
    Enferm Clin, 2021 04;31 Suppl 2:S311-S315.
    PMID: 33849188 DOI: 10.1016/j.enfcli.2020.09.019
    The purpose of this study is to develop an interactive service for people with DM and design a product specifically for the Android operating system. This study employs a research and development (R&D) design. The research phase consisted of a situation analysis, data collection, product design, expert validation, product revision, product tryout, and final revision. The research instrument was a questionnaire. Data analysis involved descriptive quantitative in percentage form. The results of the validation from the Android application experts, which focused on display quality, technical concerns, audio, and video quality, were found at 93.75% (very acceptable). In addition, the results of the validity assessment from the material experts, including general health experts and nutritionists, reached 98.08% (very acceptable) and 86.54% (very feasible), respectively. Based on the results of expert validation, the application design is categorized as very acceptable for development as a DM interactive service product.
    Matched MeSH terms: Surveys and Questionnaires
  11. Lee SW, Xue K
    Environ Sci Pollut Res Int, 2021 Nov;28(44):63346-63358.
    PMID: 34224094 DOI: 10.1007/s11356-021-15235-0
    Sustainable urban development has been a popular subject in urban studies and related disciplines. Owing to the challenges faced by cities worldwide to accommodate the growing urban populations, it is becoming ever more important for innovative research on sustainable urban development to be performed to help cities achieve sustainability. This study develops and tests an integrated approach to sustainable city assessment, which is a combination of importance-performance analysis (IPA) and modified analytic hierarchy process (AHP). Questionnaires designed following the IPA concept were distributed to residents of three cities. The importance scores from the collected data were factorized and the factors' relative scores were then calculated using a formula developed in this study to represent pairwise comparisons. The derived criteria weights were applied to the performance scores to evaluate the cities' relative overall sustainability performance. This approach replaces the AHP's 1-9 scale with the IPA's importance rating scale, which is a Likert scale, in the questionnaire. Based on the findings, implications and future research suggestions were provided.
    Matched MeSH terms: Surveys and Questionnaires
  12. Hashim NM, Engkasan JP, Hasnan N
    J Spinal Cord Med, 2022 Nov;45(6):898-906.
    PMID: 33465010 DOI: 10.1080/10790268.2020.1860868
    STUDY DESIGN: Pre- and post- trial.

    OBJECTIVES: To determine the changes of health belief levels after a pressure ulcer (PrU) prevention educational program based on the Health Belief Model (HBM).

    SETTING: Department of Rehabilitation Medicine, University Medical Centre, Malaysia.

    METHODS: This study was conducted between May 2016 and May 2018. We created a multidisciplinary structured PrU prevention education program based on the HBM, consisting of didactic lectures, open discussions and a practical session. The content of the program was based on several PrU prevention guidelines. The education program focused on a group of 6-10 participants, and was conducted by a multidisciplinary team; i.e. doctor, physiotherapist, occupational therapist and a nurse. The skin care belief scales (SCBS) questionnaire was administered pre, post and 8-week post intervention, which measured the 9 domains of HBM. The data from the study was analyzed using repeated measures ANOVA to assess the effectiveness of the program.

    RESULTS: Thirty spinal cord injured participants who fulfilled the inclusion and exclusion criteria completed this study. The results of the education program show statistically significant effects on Susceptibility; F (2,58) = 12.53, P < 0.05, Barriers to Skin Check Belief; F(2,58) = 5.74, P > 0.05, Benefits to Wheelchair Pressure Relief Belief; F(1.65,47.8) = 3.97, P < 0.05, Barriers to Turning and Positioning Belief; F(2,58) = 3.92, P 

    Matched MeSH terms: Surveys and Questionnaires
  13. Isa MR, Ming MF, Abdul Razack AH, Zainuddin ZM, Zainal NZ
    Asian Pac J Cancer Prev, 2012;13(12):5999-6004.
    PMID: 23464393
    Measurement of quality of life among prostate cancer patients helps the health care providers to understand the impact of the disease in the patients' own perspective. The main aim of this study is to measure the quality of life among prostate cancer patients at University Malaya Medical Center (UMMC) and Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia Medical Centre (UKMMC) and to ascertain the association factors for physical coefficient summary (PCS) and mental coefficient summary (MCS). A hospital based, cross sectional study using the Short Form-36 (SF-36) questionnaire was conducted over a period of 6 months. A total of 193 respondents were recruited. Their total quality of life score was 70.1± 14.7 and the PCS score was lower compared to MCS. The factors associated for PCS were: age, living partner, renal problem, urinary problem of intermittency, dysuria and hematuria. Factors associated for MCS were: age, living partner, renal problem, presenting prostatic specific antigen and urinary problem of intermittency and dysuria. Our prostate cancer patients had moderate quality of life in the physical health components but their mental health was less affected.
    Matched MeSH terms: Surveys and Questionnaires*
  14. Hoe KS, Karis BM
    Med J Malaysia, 2002 Jun;57(2):145-53.
    PMID: 24326644
    The aim of this study was to investigate the attitudes and desire of Malaysian patients for information about anaesthesia and compare the result to that of other similar studies in other countries namely Scotland, Canada, Australia and denMark. Two hundred and forty patients undergoing elective surgery were asked to complete a preoperative quentionnaire examining their desire for information relating to anaesthesia. As in all countries compared, most Malaysian patients were interested to know the time they could start to mobilize from the bed and the time to commence normal oral intake postoperatively. Information related to postoperative pain and pain relief was also highly desired. However, patients showed less interest towards information about perioperative anaesthetic or surgical procedures and drug used. Unlike Australian patients, the Malaysian patients showed less interest about perioperative complications. As in other countries, patients under the age of 50 years had a greater desire for information than those who were older. However there was no difference in desire for information between male and female patients. Patients who have had previous anaesthesia would ask more information compared to those who had none.
    Matched MeSH terms: Surveys and Questionnaires*
  15. Cheong WL
    Health Aff (Millwood), 2016 08 01;35(8):1547.
    PMID: 27503988 DOI: 10.1377/hlthaff.2016.0791
    Matched MeSH terms: Surveys and Questionnaires*
  16. Kron T, Healy B, Ng KH
    Phys Med, 2016 Jul;32(7):883-8.
    PMID: 27320695 DOI: 10.1016/j.ejmp.2016.06.001
    OBJECTIVE: Our study aims to assess and track work load, working conditions and professional recognition of radiation oncology medical physicists (ROMPs) in the Asia Pacific Region over time.

    METHODS: A structured questionnaire was mailed in 2008, 2011 and 2014 to senior medical physicists representing 23 countries. The questionnaire covers 7 themes: education and training including certification; staffing; typical tasks; professional organisations; resources; research and teaching; job satisfaction.

    RESULTS: Across all surveys the response rate was >85% with the replies representing practice affecting more than half of the world's population. The expectation of ROMP qualifications (MSc and between 1 and 3years of clinical experience) has not changed much over the years. However, compared to 2008, the number of medical physicists in many countries has doubled. Formal professional certification is only available in a small number of countries. The number of experienced ROMPs is small in particular in low and middle income countries. The increase in staff numbers from 2008 to 2014 is matched by a similar increase in the number of treatment units which is accompanied by an increase in treatment complexity. Many ROMPs are required to work overtime and not many find time for research. Resource availability has only improved marginally and ROMPs still feel generally overworked, but professional recognition, while varying widely, appears to be improving slowly.

    CONCLUSION: While number of physicists and complexity of treatment techniques and technologies have increased significantly, ROMP practice remains essentially unchanged over the last 6years in the Asia Pacific Region.

    Matched MeSH terms: Surveys and Questionnaires*
  17. Suhaila O, Rampal KG
    Med J Malaysia, 2012 Oct;67(5):506-17.
    PMID: 23770869 MyJurnal
    INTRODUCTION: This study focuses on sexual harassment, a form of psycological hazard that female registered nurses face throughout their day to day routine. The objective of this study is to find the prevalence of sexual harassment among female registered nurses working in government hospitals in Melaka, Malaysia and factors affecting them.

    METHODS: This is a cross sectional study conducted on 455 female registered nurses who have worked more than one year in the present 3 government hospitals in Melaka, Malaysia. A validated and pre tested questionnaires were given for the respondents to answer. Before respondents answer the questionaires, they are required to read the definition and the forms of sexual harassment provided. This is to help them to understand the correct definition and forms of sexual harassment that they could have experienced. The researcher is available during the distribution of the questionnaires and the respondents are free to ask the researcher anything that they do not understand about it.

    RESULTS: The results of this study show that the prevalence of sexual harassment among these nurses was 51.2% with the past one year incidence recorded at 22.8%. The most common forms of sexual harassment were verbal (46.6% ), visual (24.8% ), psycological (20.9%), physical (20.7%) and non -verbal (16.7% ). The study showed that 74.7% of the victims suffered from psychological effects brought upon by their encounter with various types of sexual harrasement at work. The study also found that the victims' self-perception of their physicality was a contributing factor to the prevalance of this situation. Those who were pretty, with attractive body figure, a friendly character and easy going had a higher prevalence of sexual harassment in the workplace. Meanwhile, those who were strict, and those who had a fierce character were not prone to sexual harassment.

    CONCLUSION: The prevalence of sexual harassment among registered nurses in the workplace found in this study was high and self-perception profile of the victims of sexual harassment was the main contributing factor to the problem. Sexual harassment in the workplace should not be taken lightly because the resulting effects was not only felt by the victims, but also by their family members, colleagues and patients under their care. Hence, steps should be taken by the hospital managements to manage and prevent this problem from occuring again in the future.
    Matched MeSH terms: Surveys and Questionnaires*
  18. Saeedi P, Mohd Taib MN, Hazizi AS
    Int J Sport Nutr Exerc Metab, 2012 Oct;22(5):323-30.
    PMID: 22805627
    Nutritional supplement (NS) use has increased among the general population, athletes, and fitness club participants and has become a widespread and acceptable behavior. The objective of this study was to determine the differences in sociodemographic, health-related, and psychological factors between NS users and nonusers. A case-control study design was used, whereby participants included 147 NS users (cases) and 147 nonusers (controls) age 18 yr and above who exercised at least 3 d/wk in 24 fitness clubs in Tehran. A self-administered pretested and validated questionnaire was used to collect data. The results showed that on average, NS users were younger (29.8 ± 9.5 yr) than nonusers (35.5 ± 12.2 yr). Logistic-regression analysis showed that NS use was significantly associated with moderate or high physical activity level (PAL), smoking, gender, eating attitude, and age. In conclusion, NS users were more likely to be female, younger, and smokers; to have moderate or high PAL; and to be more prone to eating disorders than nonusers.
    Matched MeSH terms: Surveys and Questionnaires*
  19. Cerea S, Todd J, Ghisi M, Mancin P, Swami V
    Body Image, 2021 Sep;38:210-218.
    PMID: 33962221 DOI: 10.1016/j.bodyim.2021.04.007
    The Functionality Appreciation Scale (FAS; Alleva et al., 2017) is a widely used instrument for the measurement of individual's appreciation of their body for what it can do and is capable of doing (i.e., functionality appreciation). Here, we examined the psychometric properties of a novel Italian translation of the FAS. A sample of 950 Italian adults completed the FAS, as well as previously validated measures of body image (body appreciation, body esteem, body surveillance), disordered eating symptoms, and psychological well-being (self-esteem, general distress). Exploratory and confirmatory factor analyses supported a 1-dimensional model of FAS scores, with all 7 items retained. Scores achieved scalar invariance across gender, and the gender difference in latent FAS scores was not significant. FAS scores were found to have adequate internal consistency, test-retest reliability up to three weeks, and convergent and criterion-related validity through significant correlations with all additional constructs. However, evidence of incremental validity was weak, and likely reflected high nomological and conceptual similarity between functionality and body appreciation in this national context. Overall, these results provide strong evidence that scores on the Italian FAS are psychometrically valid, which may aid future development of interventions to promote more positive body image in Italian-speaking samples.
    Matched MeSH terms: Surveys and Questionnaires*
  20. Swami V, Todd J, Barron D
    Body Image, 2021 Jun;37:214-224.
    PMID: 33725653 DOI: 10.1016/j.bodyim.2021.03.002
    Test adaptation - the translation and validation of source instruments for use in new social identity groups - plays a vital role in body image research. Previously, Swami and Barron (2019) developed a set of good practice recommendations and reporting guidelines for the test adaptation of body image instruments. However, a number of issues in that article were not covered in depth and new issues have emerged as a result of developments in theory and practice. Here, we offer an addendum to Swami and Barron in the form of frequently asked questions. Issues discussed in this article include various methods for achieving good translations, the appropriateness of revising instrument components prior to empirical analyses, determining the number of factors to extract in exploratory factor analyses (EFA), and the usefulness of EFA versus confirmatory factor analyses (CFA) in determining factorial validity. We also cover methods of analyses that have been infrequently utilised by body image scholars, including exploratory structural equation modelling (ESEM), bifactor model analyses, and various methods for establish measurement invariance. When read as an addendum to Swami and Barron, we hope this article helps to clarify issues of importance for body image researchers interested in conducting test adaptation work.
    Matched MeSH terms: Surveys and Questionnaires*
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