Sains Malaysiana, 2018;47:1607-1615.


This paper delves into the problem of mixed convection boundary layer flow from a horizontal circular cylinder filled in
a Jeffrey fluid with viscous dissipation effect. Both cases of cooled and heated cylinders are discussed. The governing
equations which have been converted into a dimensionless form using the appropriate non-dimensional variables are solved
numerically through the Keller-box method. A comparative study is performed and authentication of the present results
with documented outcomes from formerly published works is excellently achieved. Tabular and graphical representations
of the numerical results are executed for the specified distributions, considering the mixed convection parameter, Jeffrey
fluid parameters and the Prandtl and Eckert numbers. Interestingly, boundary layer separation for mixed convection
parameter happens for some positive (assisting flow) and negative (opposing flow) values. Strong assisting flow means
the cylinder is heated, which causes the delay in boundary layer separation, whereas strong opposing flow means the
cylinder is cooled, which conveys the separation point close to the lower stagnation point. Contradictory behaviours
of both Jeffrey fluid parameters are observed over the velocity and temperature profiles together with the skin friction
coefficient and Nusselt number. The increase of the Prandtl number leads to the decrement of the temperature profile,
while the increase of the Eckert number results in the slight increment of the skin friction coefficient and decrement of
the Nusselt number. Both velocity and temperature profiles of Eckert number show no effects at the lower stagnation
point of the cylinder.