• 1 Conservative Dentistry Unit, School of Dental Sciences, Universiti Sains Malaysia, Health campus, Kota Bharu, Kelantan, Malaysia
  • 2 Department of Restorative Dentistry, Faculty of Dentistry, University of Malaya, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia
Aust Endod J, 2021 Aug;47(2):202-216.
PMID: 33159714 DOI: 10.1111/aej.12454


This cone beam computed tomography (CBCT) study aimed to evaluate the root canal morphology of permanent anteriors in Malaysian population using two classification systems (Vertucci 1984 and Ahmed et al 2017). CBCT images of 856 patients with 10,080 anterior teeth were analysed. Results showed that, except for six mandibular canines, all anterior teeth were single-rooted. According to Ahmed et al's system and Vertucci's classification, code 1 MaxA1 and type I were the most common types except in mandibular laterals where 1 ManA1-2-1 and type III were the most common, respectively. The prevalence of canal variations in mandibular incisors was higher in males and the 20-30 age group than in females and other age groups (P 

* Title and MeSH Headings from MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.