Displaying publications 1 - 20 of 31 in total

  1. Mat Baki M, Clarke P, Birchall MA
    J Laryngol Otol, 2018 Sep;132(9):846-851.
    PMID: 30180919 DOI: 10.1017/S0022215118000476
    OBJECTIVE: This prospective case series aimed to present the outcomes of immediate selective laryngeal reinnervation.

    METHODS: Two middle-aged women with vagal paraganglioma undergoing an excision operation underwent immediate selective laryngeal reinnervation using the phrenic nerve and ansa cervicalis as the donor nerve. Multidimensional outcome measures were employed pre-operatively, and at 1, 6 and 12 months post-operatively.

    RESULTS: The voice handicap index-10 score improved from 23 (patient 1) and 18 (patient 2) at 1 month post-operation, to 5 (patient 1) and 1 (patient 2) at 12 months. The Eating Assessment Tool 10 score improved from 20 (patient 1) and 24 (patient 2) at 1 month post-operation, to 3 (patient 1) and 1 (patient 2) at 12 months. There was slight vocal fold abduction observed in patient one and no obvious abduction in patient two.

    CONCLUSION: Selective reinnervation is safe to perform following vagal paraganglioma excision conducted on the same side. Voice and swallowing improvements were demonstrated, but no significant vocal fold abduction was achieved.

  2. Tan SN, Gendeh HS, Sani A, Mat-Baki M
    Int J Surg Case Rep, 2016;21:99-103.
    PMID: 26957189 DOI: 10.1016/j.ijscr.2016.02.012
    Myeloid Sarcoma (MS) or Granulocytic Sarcoma is an uncommon laryngeal malignancy. It may arise from myelodysplastic syndromes, malignancy or de novo. Presentation in the larynx is rare and some may present with Acute Myeloid Leukaemia (AML) whereby the later may be asymptomatic.
  3. Thomas RA, Kew TY, Mat Baki M
    BMJ Case Rep, 2022 Feb 09;15(2).
    PMID: 35140081 DOI: 10.1136/bcr-2021-245678
    A 79-year-old smoker with a background history of a treated glottic carcinoma and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease presented with progressive hoarseness, symptoms of aspiration and shortness of breath for 6 months. Examination revealed an ulcero-fungating mass over the posterior commissure of the larynx. A tracheostomy, direct laryngoscopy and biopsy of the mass was performed to secure his airway and to exclude recurrent glottic carcinoma. Reassuringly, a histopathological examination of the mass revealed numerous fungal yeast bodies. He was then treated with itraconazole for 4 weeks and was followed up as and outpatient with complete resolution and no recurrence of the disease.
  4. Gendeh HS, Azman M, Mat Baki M, Mohamed AS
    J Laryngol Otol, 2021 Nov 25.
    PMID: 34819184 DOI: 10.1017/S0022215121003820
    BACKGROUND: Post-laryngectomy tracheostomal stenosis is common and often results in an inadequate airway. Several techniques have been described to minimise tracheostomal stenosis. The star technique involves an 'X' incision with four flaps sutured into the trachea. The petal technique involves two inferior flaps on either side being sutured into the trachea. The authors combined the star and petal techniques, resulting in an innovative fish mouth technique.

    METHODS AND RESULTS: This innovation involves two lateral skin flaps being sutured into an incision on either side of the lateral wall of the trachea. This results in an elongated, broadened and elliptical tracheostoma, mimicking that of a fish mouth.

    CONCLUSION: Benefits of the fish mouth technique include adequate stoma size for respiration, easier clearing of secretions, self-sufficiency without a stent, easier cleaning of a tracheoesophageal voice prosthesis, and stoma occlusion for voice production. The fish mouth technique is easily reproducible and suitable for those with a voice prosthesis.

  5. Varathan V, Mat Baki M, Kalimuthu S
    Cureus, 2023 Mar;15(3):e35863.
    PMID: 37033535 DOI: 10.7759/cureus.35863
    A laryngeal cyst is usually benign. The most common site origin of a cyst in the larynx is the lingual surface of the epiglottis. Epiglottic cysts are rare. Usually, it is asymptomatic in patients and can be treated conservatively if the size is small. Airway obstruction is very rare but could be life-threatening. If there is airway obstruction, the cyst should be removed immediately. Early detection and immediate management lead to favorable outcomes. A multidisciplinary-team approach with the ENT and anesthetic inputs are essential when dealing with the current condition. This case report highlights the management of such a patient who presented with airway obstruction due to an epiglottic cyst.
  6. Mohd Ramli SS, Mat Baki M
    BMJ Case Rep, 2022 Feb 28;15(2).
    PMID: 35228218 DOI: 10.1136/bcr-2021-245840
    Systemic lupus erythematous (SLE) is an autoimmune disease commonly treated with steroid which leads to immunosuppression and increased susceptibility to infection. Chronic laryngitis with whitish lesion on the true vocal fold in SLE may be caused by opportunistic organisms, such as tuberculous, fungal and Staphylococcus aureus infections. Videolaryngostroboscopy may be helpful in leading to the diagnosis and optimum treatment of glottic S. aureus A woman in her 40s with SLE presented with progressively worsening hoarseness for 2 months, accompanied by sore throat and odynophagia. Videoendoscopy showed erythematous and oedematous bilateral vocal fold with whitish lesion seen at the edge of middle one-third while the videolaryngostroboscopic evaluation showed there was severe asymmetry of the bilateral vocal folds, with severely reduced amplitude during phonation where the vocal cords were not vibrating, aperiodic vibratory cycles and 'always open', incomplete closure of vocal cord pattern. Later, endolaryngeal microsurgery and biopsy of the lesion confirmed of glottic S. aureus Her symptoms and followed up videolaryngostroboscopy showed resolution to normal findings after 6 weeks of cloxacillin. S. aureus infection of the glottis is a differential diagnosis in a chronic laryngitis with leucoplakic lesion in an immunosuppressive patient. Videolaryngostroboscopy has an important role in diagnosis, evaluation and treatment decision.
  7. Mat Baki M, Wood G, Alston M, Ratcliffe P, Sandhu G, Rubin JS, et al.
    Clin Otolaryngol, 2015 Feb;40(1):22-8.
    PMID: 25263076 DOI: 10.1111/coa.12313
    OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the agreement between OperaVOX and MDVP.

    DESIGN: Cross sectional reliability study.

    SETTING: University teaching hospital.

    METHODS: Fifty healthy volunteers and 50 voice disorder patients had supervised recordings in a quiet room using OperaVOX by the iPod's internal microphone with sampling rate of 45 kHz. A five-seconds recording of vowel/a/was used to measure fundamental frequency (F0), jitter, shimmer and noise-to-harmonic ratio (NHR). All healthy volunteers and 21 patients had a second recording. The recorded voices were also analysed using the MDVP. The inter- and intrasoftware reliability was analysed using intraclass correlation (ICC) test and Bland-Altman (BA) method. Mann-Whitney test was used to compare the acoustic parameters between healthy volunteers and patients.

    RESULTS: Nine of 50 patients had severe aperiodic voice. The ICC was high with a confidence interval of >0.75 for the inter- and intrasoftware reliability except for the NHR. For the intersoftware BA analysis, excluding the severe aperiodic voice data sets, the bias (95% LOA) of F0, jitter, shimmer and NHR was 0.81 (11.32, -9.71); -0.13 (1.26, -1.52); -0.52 (1.68, -2.72); and 0.08 (0.27, -0.10). For the intrasoftware reliability, it was -1.48 (18.43, -21.39); 0.05 (1.31, -1.21); -0.01 (2.87, -2.89); and 0.005 (0.20, -0.18), respectively. Normative data from the healthy volunteers were obtained. There was a significant difference in all acoustic parameters between volunteers and patients measured by the Opera-VOX (P 

  8. Lum SG, Mahmud N, Isa N, Mat Baki M
    Medeni Med J, 2020;35(4):349-355.
    PMID: 33717629 DOI: 10.5222/MMJ.2020.83479
    Angiosarcoma is one of the rarest types of malignant vascular tumours that involved the head and neck region. It predominantly affects the scalp and superficial soft tissues. Angiosarcoma arising from the deep cervical soft tissue is extremely rare. There is a limited literature on neck angiosarcoma that occurred simultaneously with papillary thyroid carcinoma. We report a rare case of concurrent papillary thyroid carcinoma and cervical epithelioid angiosarcoma, and postoperative rapid progression of residual angiosarcoma that mimicked a neck haematoma. The diagnostic challenge and possible etiologies have been discussed here.
  9. Mahmud KA, Zakaria R, Azman M, Mat Baki M
    ORL J Otorhinolaryngol Relat Spec, 2021 05 05;83(4):295-298.
    PMID: 33951656 DOI: 10.1159/000515424
    Adult laryngeal haemangioma is normally seen in the supraglottic or glottic region. Transglottic haemangioma is unusual, and treatment with primary endolaryngeal surgical excision may lead to undesirable bleeding and poor voice outcomes. A 25-year-old female presented with hoarseness and progressive upper airway obstruction symptoms. Videoendoscopy showed haemangioma involving all unilateral subunits of the larynx obstructing half of the subglottis. The transglottic haemangioma was treated with endolaryngeal ethanol injection with prior tracheostomy under local anaesthesia. Endolaryngeal laser surgery was performed later on to remove small residual haemangioma and granuloma. The haemangioma resolved; however, the ethanol injection to the paraglottic space results in vocal fold immobility but with favourable position and good muscle tone and bulk. The patient was successfully decannulated. Post-intervention subjective and objective voice assessments showed normal parameters except slight impairment of voice handicap index-10 with a total score of 12. Adult transglottic haemangioma can cause upper airway obstruction and requires intervention. Excision of the lesion endoscopically without sacrificing voice is achievable.
  10. Mat Baki M, Mohd Ridzam MS, Abdul Rahim N
    Cureus, 2022 Oct;14(10):e29802.
    PMID: 36337830 DOI: 10.7759/cureus.29802
    Total laryngectomy (TL) is the treatment of choice for advanced glottic cancer. Post-operative complications can be debilitating for patients, family members and healthcare workers. Complications following TL have been reported in many studies, with pharyngocutaneous fistula and wound infection being the most common. Identifying the risk factors that may give rise to these complications is vital to minimise post-operative morbidity. We present the case of a 62-year-old male who underwent salvage TL following radiation therapy for recurrent glottic carcinoma. The patient developed diffuse submental swelling upon the commencement of oral feeding. A flexible nasopharyngolaryngoscopy revealed a sloughy area at the neopharynx, with the finding of a sealed anastomotic leak on a repeat barium swallow study. We report persistent Pseudomonas aeruginosa infection following salvage TL, after a sealed anastomotic leak.
  11. Zainal Abidin SS, Kew TY, Azman M, Mat Baki M
    BMJ Case Rep, 2020 Dec 22;13(12).
    PMID: 33370978 DOI: 10.1136/bcr-2020-237129
    A 57-year-old male chronic smoker with underlying diabetes mellitus presented with dysphonia associated with cough, dysphagia and reduced effort tolerance of 3 months' duration. Videoendoscope finding revealed bilateral polypoidal and erythematous true and false vocal fold with small glottic airway. The patient was initially treated as having tuberculous laryngitis and started on antituberculous drug. However, no improvement was observed. CT of the neck showed erosion of thyroid cartilage, which points to laryngeal carcinoma as a differential diagnosis. However, the erosion was more diffuse and appeared systemic in origin. The diagnosis of laryngeal perichondritis was made when the histopathological examination revealed features of inflammation, and the tracheal aspirate isolated Pseudomonas aeruginosa The patient made a good recovery following treatment with oral ciprofloxacin.
  12. Fader F, Mohamad Yunus MR, Mat Baki M
    BMJ Case Rep, 2021 Oct 27;14(10).
    PMID: 34706913 DOI: 10.1136/bcr-2021-245193
    A 33-year-old woman was diagnosed with right recurrent laryngeal nerve (RLN) schwannoma. She presented with a long history of hoarseness, and only recently developed dysphagia. On physical examination, a mass was observed over the right cervical level IV. Endoscopic examination of the larynx showed that she had right unilateral vocal cord palsy. She successfully underwent transcervical resection of the tumour followed by injection laryngoplasty. This study discusses the presentation of the tumour, radiological findings, our working diagnosis and treatment options of RLN schwannoma.
  13. Idris F, Azman M, Mohd Zawawi NS, Mat Baki M
    J Voice, 2023 Jul 25.
    PMID: 37500358 DOI: 10.1016/j.jvoice.2023.05.021
    OBJECTIVE: Determining the cutoff point on Bahasa Malaysia version of Voice Handicap Index (mVHI-10) questionnaire scores for distinguishing between dysphonic and normal voice samples.

    STUDY DESIGN: A cross-sectional study was conducted in the tertiary hospital, Otorhinolaryngology-Head and Neck clinic.

    METHODS: The study involved 205 subjects (105 in the dysphonia group; 100 in the normal group) with a complete database of flexible laryngoscopy/stroboscopy, voice recording, acoustic analysis, and mVHI-10 score. A sample with a discrepancy between subjective evaluation and acoustic analysis results was excluded from the study. Each classified dataset matched with the respective mVHI-10 questionnaire score. Finally, all the collected data were subjected to data analysis.

    RESULTS: The best cutoff point for mVHI-10 was 7.5 by the receiver operating characteristic curve, with an area under the curve value of 0.997. Its sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive value, and negative predictive value were 92.4%, 100.0%, 100.0%, and 93.0%, respectively.

    CONCLUSIONS: The best cutoff point for mVHI-10 is 7.5, as determined by stringent data evaluation and rigorous statistical analysis. With excellent diagnostic accuracy properties, it enhances the usage of the mVHI-10 questionnaire as an excellent screening tool. Nevertheless, we advocate multidimensional voice assessment for diagnostic purposes.

  14. Mohd Shakri N, Mat Baki M, Mohamed AS, Azman M
    J Voice, 2023 Sep;37(5):803.e11-803.e21.
    PMID: 34176683 DOI: 10.1016/j.jvoice.2021.04.020
    BACKGROUND: Communication adjustment from patients' perspective is paramount to ensure optimization of voice rehabilitation post laryngectomy. Very few specific self-rating tools exist with the Self-Evaluation of Communication Experiences after Laryngectomy (SECEL) having the most evidence regarding validity, reliability and clinical utility.

    OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to translate and validate a Bahasa Malaysia version of SECEL (mSECEL) using a validated framework of transcultural adaptation.

    METHODS: This cross-sectional study was conducted in the Otorhinolaryngology, Department of Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia Medical Centre from February 2019 to May 2020. The mSECEL was produced following a rigorous forward and backward translation. Eighty-three laryngectomees (78 male, five female) using various methods of alaryngeal communication (47 voice prosthesis, 29 electrolarynx, three esophageal speech and four pen and paper), completed the mSECEL and mVHI-10 before head and neck and flexible laryngoscopic examinations. The mSECEL was repeated in 2 weeks via telephone interview or clinic visit. Its reliability was assessed using intraclass correlation. The Pearson product-moment correlation test was used to analyze correlation between the mSECEL and mVHI-10.

    RESULTS: The mSECEL questionnaire showed strong internal consistency with the Cronbach alpha of >0.90 for total score, Environmental and Attitude subscale. The test-retest reliability for total mSECEL score was high with the intraclass correlation of 0.97. There was a highly significant positive correlation between the mSECEL total score and mVHI-10 (P < 0.001). Items in the General subscale showed poorer internal consistency with Cronbach alpha ranging 0.55-0.46 and poor correlation with mVHI-10.

    CONCLUSIONS: The Bahasa Malaysia version of the SECEL measure is a valid and reliable instrument to evaluate communication perception after laryngectomy. Future studies should consider subscale validation and further abbreviation of its items to make this measure clinically relevant.

  15. Razali MN, Mat Baki M, Kew TY, Mohamad Yunus MR
    Indian J Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg, 2019 Oct;71(Suppl 1):93-95.
    PMID: 31741939 DOI: 10.1007/s12070-017-1116-3
    Basal cell adenocarcinoma (BCAC) is a rare tumour entity. Despite its tendency to be infiltrative and destructive tumour with propensity to recur, it rarely metastasizes and long-term outcome following surgery is favourable. This paper presents a 42-year-old male with residual BCAC of parotid gland that had extended into infratemporal fossa and intracranial. The important aspect of this case is the rarity occurrence of BCAC of parotid with intracranial extension and its surgical approaches to achieve tumour clearance.
  16. Sabir Husin Athar PP, Yahya Z, Mat Baki M, Abdullah A
    Malays J Med Sci, 2009 Apr;16(2):38-9.
    PMID: 22589657
    Benign parotid neoplasm and inflammatory processes of the parotid resulting in facial paralysis are extremely rare. We report a 72-year-old Malay female with poorly-controlled diabetes mellitus who presented with a painful right parotid swelling associated with right facial nerve palsy. The paralysis (Grade VI, House and Brackmann classification) remained after six months.
  17. Ong FM, Husna Nik Hassan NF, Azman M, Sani A, Mat Baki M
    J Voice, 2019 Jul;33(4):581.e17-581.e23.
    PMID: 29793874 DOI: 10.1016/j.jvoice.2018.01.015
    OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to determine the validity and reliability of Bahasa Malaysia version of Voice Handicap Index-10 (mVHI-10).

    MATERIALS AND METHODS: This cross-sectional study was carried out in the Otorhinolaryngology, Head and Neck Surgery Department of Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia Medical Centre (UKMMC) from June 2015 to May 2016. The mVHI-10 was produced following a rigorous forward and backward translation. One hundred participants, including 50 healthy volunteers (17 male, 33 female) and 50 patients with voice disorders (26 male, 24 female), were recruited to complete the mVHI-10 before flexible laryngoscopic examinations and acoustic analysis. The mVHI-10 was repeated in 2 weeks via telephone interview or clinic visit. Its reliability and validity were assessed using interclass correlation.

    RESULTS: The test-retest reliability for total mVHI-10 and each item score was high, with the Cronbach alpha of >0.90. The total mVHI-10 score and domain scores were significantly higher (P 

  18. Ab Rani A, Azman M, Ubaidah MA, Mohamad Yunus MR, Sani A, Mat Baki M
    J Voice, 2021 May;35(3):487-492.
    PMID: 31732294 DOI: 10.1016/j.jvoice.2019.09.017
    OBJECTIVE: This study compared the voice outcomes of selected patients with unilateral vocal fold palsy (UVFP) who underwent either nonselective laryngeal reinnervation (LR) or Type 1 thyroplasty (thyroplasty) in a Malaysian tertiary centre using multidimensional voice assessments.

    PARTICIPANTS: The study included 16 patients with UVFP who underwent either LR (9 patients) or thyroplasty (7 patients) between 2015 and 2018 who fulfilled the inclusion criteria.

    MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: The outcomes were measured subjectively and objectively with: (1) voice handicap index-10 (VHI-10- Malay version); (2) auditory perceptual evaluation using the breathiness component of Grade, Roughness, Breathiness, Asthenia, Strain scale; (3) maximum phonation time (MPT); and (4) acoustic analysis (jitter%, shimmer%, and NHR) using OperaVOXTM. The outcomes were measured at baseline, 6 and 12-months postoperative. The comparison of outcomes between pre and postoperative of each group was evaluated using one-way ANOVA test. Mann-Whitney test was used to compare the outcomes between the two groups.

    RESULTS: Comparison of each group at different time points showed significant improvement of VHI-10 and MPT of LR group between baseline and 12 months (P ≤ 0.05) whereas, the improvement in thyroplasty group was observed at all time points (P ≤ 0.05). When comparing between the two groups at 12 months, the VHI-10 and MPT was significantly better in the LR group than thyroplasty group with P = 0.004 and P = 0.001 respectively. Other outcome measures did not reveal significant difference between the two groups.

    CONCLUSION: This observational study showed that LR may be better than thyroplasty in improving VHI-10 and MPT in selected patients with UVFP.

  19. Fang SY, Wan Abdul Halim WH, Mat Baki M, Din NM
    Graefes Arch Clin Exp Ophthalmol, 2018 Apr;256(4):783-790.
    PMID: 29492688 DOI: 10.1007/s00417-018-3919-7
    PURPOSE: Obstructive sleep apnea syndrome (OSAS) patients are at risk of glaucoma but the risk increases if they have higher intraocular pressure (IOP) while sleeping. We aim to evaluate the postural effect of upright and prolong supine positions on IOP in these patients.

    METHODS: This is a cross-sectional study involving 27 patients with symptoms of OSAS seen at a tertiary institutional center and 25 normal controls performed between June 2015 and June 2016. All patients and controls underwent a polysomnography (PSG) test and were diagnosed with OSAS based on the apnea-hypopnea index (AHI). Patients are those with OSAS symptoms and had AHI > 5, whereas controls are staffs from the ophthalmology clinic without clinical criteria for OSAS and had PSG result of AHI

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