Displaying all 4 publications

  1. Nguyen TDP, Tran TNT, Le TVA, Nguyen Phan TX, Show PL, Chia SR
    J Biosci Bioeng, 2019 Apr;127(4):492-498.
    PMID: 30416001 DOI: 10.1016/j.jbiosc.2018.09.004
    Nowadays, the pretreatment of wastewater prior to discharge is very important in various industries as the wastewater without any treatment contains high organic pollution loads that would pollute the receiving waterbody and potentially cause eutrophication and oxygen depletion to aquatic life. The reuse of seafood wastewater discharge in microalgae cultivation offers beneficial purposes such as reduced processing cost for wastewater treatment, replenishing ground water basin as well as financial savings for microalgae cultivation. In this paper, the cultivation of Chlorella vulgaris with an initial concentration of 0.01 ± 0.001 g⋅L-1 using seafood sewage discharge under sunlight and fluorescent illumination was investigated in laboratory-scale without adjusting mineral nutrients and pH. The ability of nutrient removal under different lighting conditions, the metabolism of C. vulgaris and new medium as well as the occurrence of auto-flocculation of microalgae biomass were evaluated for 14 days. The results showed that different illumination sources did not influence the microalgae growth, chemical oxygen demand (COD) and biochemical oxygen demand (BOD) significantly. However, the total nitrogen (total-N) and total phosphorus (total-P) contents of microalgae were sensitive to the illumination mode. The amount of COD, BOD, total-N and total-P were decreased by 88%, 81%, 95%, and 83% under sunlight mode and 81%, 74%, 79%, and 72% under fluorescent illumination, respectively. Furthermore, microalgae were auto-flocculated at the final days of cultivation with maximum biomass concentration of 0.49 ± 0.01 g⋅L-1, and the pH value had increased to pH 9.8 ± 0.1 under sunlight illumination.
  2. Nguyen TDP, Le TVA, Show PL, Nguyen TT, Tran MH, Tran TNT, et al.
    Bioresour Technol, 2019 Jan;272:34-39.
    PMID: 30308405 DOI: 10.1016/j.biortech.2018.09.146
    Microalgal bacterial flocs can be a promising approach for microalgae harvesting and wastewater treatment. The present study provides an insight on the bioflocs formation to enhance harvesting of Chlorella vulgaris and the removal of nutrients from seafood wastewater effluent. The results showed that the untreated seafood wastewater was the optimal culture medium for the cultivation and bioflocculation of C. vulgaris, with the flocculating activity of 92.0 ± 6.0%, total suspended solids removal of 93.0 ± 5.5%, and nutrient removal of 88.0 ± 2.2%. The bioflocs collected under this optimal condition contained dry matter of 107.2 ± 5.6 g·L-1 and chlorophyll content of 25.5 ± 0.2 mg·L-1. The results were promising when compared to those obtained from the auto-flocculation process that induced by the addition of calcium chloride and pH adjustment. Additionally, bacteria present in the wastewater aided to promote the formation of bioflocculation process.
  3. Tran TNT, Truong TMH, Nguyen TDP, Bui VX, Thao DT, Luan TV, et al.
    J Food Sci Technol, 2023 Mar;60(3):1097-1106.
    PMID: 36908365 DOI: 10.1007/s13197-022-05491-4
    Soy isoflavone extracts are widely researched for their distinctive potential in contributing to various functional foods. The research work focuses on testing the toxicity of purified soy isoflavone extracts in mice models. With an agreement of the animal ethics, acute toxicity is firstly used to screen the effects of test compounds in mice for therapeutic purposes. Moreover, tests were conducted on BALB/c for estrogen in vivo and MCF7 for in vitro, screening active protection of liver cells, lipid peroxidation and scavenging free radicals 2,2-diphenyl-1-picrylhydrazyl (DPPH). Genistin and daidzin were found to be the two major compounds accounting for 47% and 35% of total purified soy isoflavones. The acute toxicity test results exhibited no effect against physiological accretion of BALB/c after 7-day administration with the given dose of 10 g/kgBW. Moreover, modified E-screen assay on MCF7 cells proved that the estrogen of isoflavone extracts induces cell proliferation by 15% compared with other non-steroid culture techniques. Therefore, this research contributes to helping researchers apply soy isoflavones in functional food, to alleviate the difficulties in menopausal symptoms for women in the future.

    SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: The online version contains supplementary material available at 10.1007/s13197-022-05491-4.

  4. Bui-Xuan D, Tang DYY, Chew KW, Nguyen TDP, Le Ho H, Tran TNT, et al.
    J Biotechnol, 2022 Jan 10;343:120-127.
    PMID: 34896159 DOI: 10.1016/j.jbiotec.2021.12.002
    Co-culture of microalgae and microorganisms, supported with the resulting synergistic effects, can be used for wastewater treatment, biomass production, agricultural applications and etc. Therefore, this study aimed to explore the role of Bacillus subtilis (B. subtilis) in tolerance against the harsh environment of seafood wastewater, at which these microalgal-bacterial flocs were formed by microalgae cultivation. In this present study, B. subtilis isolated from the cultivation medium of Chlorella vulgaris and exposed to different salinity (0.1-4% w/v sodium chloride) and various pH range to determine the tolerant ability and biofilm formation. Interestingly, this bacteria strain that isolated from microalgae cultivation medium showed the intense viability in the salt concentration exceeding up to 4% (w/v) NaCl but demonstrated the decrease in cell division as environmental culture undergoing over pH 10. Cell viability was recorded higher than 71% and 92% for B. subtilis inoculum in media with salt concentration greater than 20 gL-1 and external pH 6.5-9, respectively. This showed that B. subtilis isolated from microalgal-bacteria cocultivation exhibited its tolerant ability to survive in the extremely harsh conditions and thus, mitigating the stresses due to salinity and pH.
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