Displaying publications 1 - 20 of 29 in total

  1. Makhadmeh GN, Abdul Aziz A, Abdul Razak K
    Artif Cells Nanomed Biotechnol, 2016 May;44(3):1018-22.
    PMID: 25707443 DOI: 10.3109/21691401.2015.1008511
    This study analyzed the physical effects of methylene blue (MB) encapsulated within silica nanoparticles (SiNPs) in photodynamic therapy.
  2. Bahadoran M, Noorden AF, Mohajer FS, Abd Mubin MH, Chaudhary K, Jalil MA, et al.
    Artif Cells Nanomed Biotechnol, 2016;44(1):315-21.
    PMID: 25133457 DOI: 10.3109/21691401.2014.948549
    A new microring resonator system is proposed for the detection of the Salmonella bacterium in drinking water, which is made up of SiO2-TiO2 waveguide embedded inside thin film layer of the flagellin. The change in refractive index due to the binding of the Salmonella bacterium with flagellin layer causes a shift in the output signal wavelength and the variation in through and drop port's intensities, which leads to the detection of Salmonella bacterium in drinking water. The sensitivity of proposed sensor for detecting of Salmonella bacterium in water solution is 149 nm/RIU and the limit of detection is 7 × 10(-4)RIU.
  3. Jalil MA, Phelawan J, Aziz MS, Saktioto T, Ong CT, Yupapin PP
    Artif Cells Nanomed Biotechnol, 2013 Apr;41(2):92-7.
    PMID: 22991968 DOI: 10.3109/10731199.2012.700519
    Acne vulgaris is adebilitating dermatologic disease, and is conventionally treated by laser therapy using a microring resonator system. An evolving understanding of laser-tissue interactions involving Propioni bacterium acneproducing porphyrins, and the development of lasers to target the sebaceous glands, has led to the development of an escalating number of laser light for acne treatment. The results show that the full width at half maximum of the proposed laser pulse of 0.15 nm can be generated using a microring resonator system. The power of the laser is 200 W and the wavelength laser is 1,032 nm, which is proposed as a treatment of acne vulgaris diseases.
  4. Aziz MS, Jukgoljan B, Daud S, Tan TS, Ali J, Yupapin PP
    Artif Cells Nanomed Biotechnol, 2013 Jun;41(3):178-83.
    PMID: 22991944 DOI: 10.3109/10731199.2012.715087
    This paper presents the use of a modified add/drop optical filter incorporating with microring resonators known as a PANDA microring resonator system which can fabricate on small chip. By using an optical tweezer, the required molecules can be trapped and moved to the required destinations at the add/drop ports. The novelty is that the stored molecules in the designed chip can transport via the optical waveguide and can also be used to form molecular filter, which is an important technique for drug delivery, drug targeting, and molecular electronics. Results have shown that the multivariable filter can be obtained by tunable trapping control.
  5. Jalil MA, Ong CT, Saktioto T, Daud S, Aziz MS, Yupapin PP
    Artif Cells Nanomed Biotechnol, 2013 Jun;41(3):152-8.
    PMID: 22947143 DOI: 10.3109/10731199.2012.700520
    A microring resonator (MRRs) system incorporated with a add/drop filter is proposed in which ultra-short single, multi-temporal, and spatial optical soliton pulses are simulated and used to kill abnormal cells, tumors, and cancer. Chaotic signals are generated by a bright soliton pulse within a nonlinear MRRs system. Gold nanoparticles and ultra-short femtosecond/picosecond laser pulses' interaction holds great interest in laser nanomedicine. By using appropriate soliton input power and MRRs parameters, desired spatial and temporal signals can be generated over the spectrum. Results show that short temporal and spatial solitons pulse with FWHM = 712 fs and FWHM = 17.5 pm could be generated. The add/drop filter system is used to generate the high-capacity, ultra-short soliton pulses in the range of nanometer/second and picometer/second.
  6. Zainol FD, Thammawongsa N, Mitatha S, Ali J, Yupapin P
    Artif Cells Nanomed Biotechnol, 2013 Dec;41(6):368-75.
    PMID: 23305176 DOI: 10.3109/21691401.2012.759124
    A novel design of nerve communications and networks using the coupling effects between bio-cells and optical dipoles is proposed. The electrical signals are coupled to the dipoles and cells which propagate within the optical networks for long distance without any electromagnetic interference. Results have shown that the use of optical spins in the spin networks, referred as Spinnet, can be formed. This technique can be used to improve the nerve communication performance. It is fabricated as a nano-biotic circuit system, and has great potential for future disability applications and diagnosis of the links of nerves across the dead cells.
  7. Aldahoun MA, Jaafar MS, Al-Akhras MH, Bououdina M
    Artif Cells Nanomed Biotechnol, 2017 Jun;45(4):843-853.
    PMID: 27137748 DOI: 10.1080/21691401.2016.1178137
    Curcumin is more soluble in ethanol, dimethylsulfoxide, methanol and acetone than in water. In this study, nanocurcumin combined with 8 mT AC static magnetic field was used to enhance cellular uptake, bioavailability, and ultimate efficiency of curcumin against prostate cancer cell line (PC3), four bacteria strains (two Gram positive: Micrococcus luteus ATCC 9341, Staphylococcus aureus ATCC 29213 and two Gram negative: Escherichia coli ATCC 25922, Pseudomonas aeruginosa ATCC 27853), mammalian cell line (HEK) and human erythrocytes (RBC). The efficiency (E%) between IC50 of nanocurcumin combined with magnetic field (NANOCUR-MF) and control against PC3 was 35.93%, which is three times higher compared to curcumin combined with magnetic field (CUR-MF); i.e., 10.77%. However, their E% against HEK was not significant; 1.4% for NANOCUR-MF and 1.95% for CUR-MF. Moreover, depending in minimum bacterial concentration (MBC), the use of MF leads to a reduction of MBCs for all tested bacteria compared with control. The obtained results established the applicability of (MF) in enhancing cellular uptake for PC3 and tested bacteria strains by increasing the penetration of drug (nanocurcumin and parent curcumin) into cell with fixing mild cytotoxic profile for HEK and RBC.
  8. Adahoun MA, Al-Akhras MH, Jaafar MS, Bououdina M
    PMID: 26747522
    Background Curcumin (diferuloylmethane) is a polyphenol derived from the plant Curcuma longa, commonly called turmeric. Extensive research over the last 50 years has demonstrated that these polyphenols play an important role in the maintenance of health and prevention of diseases, in addition to its therapeutic benefits such as anti-tumor, anti-inflammatory, and anti-oxidant activities. Materials and methods This study is devoted to the enhancement of the solubility and bioavailability of curcumin nanoparticles prepared by a process based on a wet-milling technique and then examine in vitro against prostate cancer cell line 3 (PC3), human embryonic kidney cell line (HEK), human erythrocytes (red blood cells (RBCs)), and against fourth different bacterial strains two gram-positive (Micrococcus luteus ATCC 9341, Staphylococcus aureus ATCC 29213), two gram-negative (Escherichia coli ATCC 25922, Pseudomonas aeruginosa ATCC 27853). Results The cell viability curve, the half maximal inhibitory concentration (IC50), and the minimum bactericidal concentration (MBC) were evaluated. Nanocurcumin displayed significant activity against cancer cell line (PC3) and low toxicity against normal cells (HEK) compared with parent curcumin in favor of PC3 (P  0.05). On the other hand, the results demonstrate that, the MBCs of nanocurcumin were lower than curcumin for all different bacterial strains. Moreover, the selected gram-positive bacteria had higher sensitivity than the selected gram-negative bacteria for both curcumin and nanocurcumin. In conclusion, all these findings not only indicate that nanocurcumin safe compound has a potent ability as anti-cancer and antimicrobial activities, but also well justify the avail of using nanocurcumin as prostate cells PC3 anti-cancer, and antimicrobial agent for nanocurcumin are markedly improved by decreasing particle size to the nano-scale regime.
  9. Singh D, Rashid M, Hallan SS, Mehra NK, Prakash A, Mishra N
    Artif Cells Nanomed Biotechnol, 2016 May;44(3):865-77.
    PMID: 26042481 DOI: 10.3109/21691401.2014.998824
    The aim of the present study was to investigate the propensity of thiolated chitosan nanoparticles (TCNs) to enhance the nasal delivery of selegiline hydrochloride. TCNs were synthesized by the ionic gelation method. The particle size distribution (PDI), entrapment efficiency (EE), and zeta potential of modified chitosan (CS) nanoparticles were found to be 215 ± 34.71 nm, 70 ± 2.71%, and + 17.06 mV, respectively. The forced swim and the tail suspension tests were used to evaluate the anti-depressant activity, in which elevated immobility time was found to reduce on treatment. TCNs seem to be promising candidates for nose-to-brain delivery in the evaluation of antidepressant activity.
  10. Singh D, Kapahi H, Rashid M, Prakash A, Majeed AB, Mishra N
    Artif Cells Nanomed Biotechnol, 2016 May;44(3):780-91.
    PMID: 26107112 DOI: 10.3109/21691401.2015.1029622
    Clinically, the therapeutic outcomes in neurodegenerative disorders (NDs) by drug treatment are very limited, and the most insurmountable obstacle in the treatment of NDs is the blood-brain barrier (BBB), which provides the highest level of protection from xenobiotics. A great deal of attention still needs to be paid to overcome these barriers, and surface-engineered polymeric nanoparticles are emerging as innovative tools that are able to interact with the biological system at a molecular level for the desired response. The present review covers the potential importance of surface-structure-engineered nanoparticles to overcome the BBB for good bioavailability, and the evaluation of drug therapy in NDs.
  11. Makhadmeh GN, Abdul Aziz A, Abdul Razak K
    Artif Cells Nanomed Biotechnol, 2016 Aug;44(5):1285-9.
    PMID: 25811998 DOI: 10.3109/21691401.2015.1024843
    The synthesis of methylene blue (MB) encapsulated in silica nanoparticles (SiNPs) as an application for photodynamic therapy is reported in this study. Semi-rigid tissues with optical properties similar to that of human tissues were used as sample materials to determine the applicability of MB encapsulated in SiNPs.
  12. Raju Y P, N H, Chowdary V H, Nair RS, Basha D J, N T
    Artif Cells Nanomed Biotechnol, 2017 Dec;45(8):1539-1547.
    PMID: 27887040 DOI: 10.1080/21691401.2016.1260579
    Research was aimed on microemulsion-based hydrogel for voriconazole. Oleic acid and isopropyl myristate as lipid phases; tween 20: tween 80 as surfactants and PEG600 as cosurfactant were selected to formulate voriconazole microemulsions. The promising microemulsions in terms of zeta potential, pH, viscosity, and drug release were selected and developed into hydrogels using carbopol 934. Resulting microemulsion-based hydrogel (MBH) of voriconazole were evaluated for in vitro diffusion and ex vivo permeation. Antifungal potentials of MBH were assessed against selected fungal strains. Optimal MBH formulations, O6 and O8 had displayed their antifungal potentials with enlarged zone of inhibition against selected fungal strains.
  13. Hussain Z, Arooj M, Malik A, Hussain F, Safdar H, Khan S, et al.
    Artif Cells Nanomed Biotechnol, 2018;46(sup2):1015-1024.
    PMID: 29873531 DOI: 10.1080/21691401.2018.1478420
    Development and formulation of an efficient and safe therapeutic regimen for cancer theranostics are dynamically challenging. The use of mono-therapeutic cancer regimen is generally restricted to optimal clinical applications, on account of drug resistance and cancer heterogeneity. Combinatorial treatments can employ multi-therapeutics for synergistic anticancer efficacy whilst reducing the potency of individual moieties and diminishing the incidence of associated adverse effects. The combo-delivery of nanotherapeutics can optimize anti-tumor efficacy while reversing the incidence of drug resistance, aiming to homogenize pharmacological profile of drugs, enhance circulatory time, permit targeted drug accumulation, achieve multi-target dynamic approach, optimize target-specific drug binding and ensure sustained drug release at the target site. Numerous nanomedicines/nanotherapeutics have been developed by having dynamic physicochemical, pharmaceutical and pharmacological implications. These innovative delivery approaches have displayed specialized treatment effects, alone or in combination with conventional anticancer approaches (photodynamic therapy, radiotherapy and gene therapy), while reversing drug resistance and potential off-target effects. The current review presents a comprehensive overview of nanocarrier aided multi-drug therapies alongside recent advancements, future prospects, and the pivotal requirements for interdisciplinary research.
  14. Makhadmeh GN, Abdul Aziz A
    Artif Cells Nanomed Biotechnol, 2018;46(sup3):S1043-S1046.
    PMID: 30449196 DOI: 10.1080/21691401.2018.1528982
    BACKGROUND: Achieved Silica Nanoparticles (SiNPs) to encapsulate the photosensitizer [Protoporphyrin IX (PpIX)] in photodynamic therapy (PDT) application was reported in this research.

    MATERIALS AND METHODS: Cytotoxicity for five different concentrations of encapsulated and naked PpIX was measured. Optimum concentration and optimum exposure time of encapsulated and naked PpIX that needed to destroy the cells (Osteosarcoma cells) was measured.

    RESULTS: The results showed that the encapsulated PpIX has more efficacy compared to the naked PpIX and the applicability of the encapsulated PpIX-SiNPs was proved on osteosarcoma cells.

    CONCLUSION: The results established the important in-vitro photodynamic effectiveness of PpIX-SiNP, which may open a new application for PpIX in its clinical and in-vitro studies.

  15. Safdar MH, Hussain Z, Abourehab MAS, Hasan H, Afzal S, Thu HE
    Artif Cells Nanomed Biotechnol, 2018 Dec;46(8):1967-1980.
    PMID: 29082766 DOI: 10.1080/21691401.2017.1397001
    This review aims to overview and critically analyses recent developments in achieving tumour-specific delivery of anticancer agents, maximizing anticancer efficacy, and mitigating tumour progression and off-target effects. Stemming from critical needs to develop target-specific delivery vehicles in cancer therapy, various hyaluronic acid (HA)-conjugated nanomedicines have been fabricated owing to their biocompatibility, safety, tumour-specific targetability of drugs and genes, and proficient interaction with cluster-determinant-44 (CD44) receptors over-expressed on the surface of tumour cells. HA-based conjugation or surface modulation of anticancer drugs encapsulated nanocarriers have shown promising efficacy against the various types of carcinomas of liver, breast, colorectal, pancreatic, lung, skin, ovarian, cervical, head and neck and gastric. The success of this emerging platform is assessed in achieving the rapid internalization of anticancer payloads into the tumour cells, impeding cancer cells division and proliferation, induction of cancer-specific apoptosis and prevention of metastasis (tumour progression). This review extends detailed insight into the engineering of HA-based nanomedicines, characterization, utilization for the diagnosis or treatment of CD44 over-expressing cancer subtypes and emphasizing the transition of nanomedicines to clinical cancer therapy.
  16. Jafarlou M, Shanehbandi D, Dehghan P, Mansoori B, Othman F, Baradaran B
    Artif Cells Nanomed Biotechnol, 2018 Dec;46(8):1792-1798.
    PMID: 29113504 DOI: 10.1080/21691401.2017.1392969
    Acute myeloid leukaemia (AML) is a genetically heterogeneous, severe and rapidly progressing disease triggered by blocking granulocyte or monocyte differentiation and maturation. Overexpression of myeloid cell leukaemia-1 (Mcl-1) and Survivin is associated with drug resistance, tumour progression and inhibition of apoptotic mechanisms in leukaemia and several cancers. In the present study, we examined the combined effect of etoposide and dual siRNA-mediated silencing of Mcl-1 and Survivin on U-937 AML cells. The AML cells were co-transfected with Mcl-1 and Survivin-specific siRNAs and genes silencing were confirmed by quantitative real-time PCR and Western blotting. Subsequently, MTT assay was used for the evaluation of cytotoxic effects by dual siRNA and etoposide on their own and in combination. For the studying of apoptosis, DNA-histone ELISA and annexin-V/FITC assays were performed. Co-transfection of Mcl-1 and Survivin siRNA significantly blocked their expression at the mRNA and protein levels, leading to the induction of apoptosis and strong inhibition of growth (p 
  17. Johnson P, Krishnan V, Loganathan C, Govindhan K, Raji V, Sakayanathan P, et al.
    Artif Cells Nanomed Biotechnol, 2018 Nov;46(7):1488-1494.
    PMID: 28885044 DOI: 10.1080/21691401.2017.1374283
    Silver nanoparticles (AgNPs) were biosynthesized using Bauhinia variegata flower extract (BVFE). The BVF-AgNPs was found to be spherical shaped with the size of 5-15 nm. The phytoconstituents analysis and FTIR spectrum indicated that bioactive compounds like, phenols, flavonoids, benzophenones, nitro compounds, aromatics and aliphatic amines from BVFE might absorb on the surface of BVF-AgNPs. The synthesized BVF-AgNPs showed potent antioxidant property and α-amylase enzyme activity inhibition. The IC50 value of BVF-AgNPs was found to be 4.64 and 16.6 µg/ml for DPPH and ferric reducing power assay, respectively. The IC50 value of BVF-AgNPs for α-amylase inhibition was found to be 38 µg/ml. The Ki value of BVF-AgNPs for α-amylase inhibitory effect was found to be 21 µg/ml with the non-competitive mode of inhibition. These results suggest that BVF-AgNPs might be an effective nano-drug to treat diabetic conditions.
  18. Khan NR, Wong TW
    Artif Cells Nanomed Biotechnol, 2018;46(sup1):568-577.
    PMID: 29378453 DOI: 10.1080/21691401.2018.1431650
    This study focuses on the use of ethosome and microwave technologies to facilitate skin penetration and/or deposition of 5-fluorouracil in vitro and in vivo. Low ethanol ethosomes were designed and processed by mechanical dispersion technique and had their size, zeta potential, morphology, drug content and encapsulation efficiency characterized. The skin was pre-treated with microwave at 2450 MHz for 2.5 min with ethosomes applied topically and subjected to in vitro and in vivo skin drug permeation as well as retention evaluation. The drug and/or ethosomes cytotoxicity, uptake and intracellular trafficking by SKMEL-28 melanoma cell culture were evaluated. Pre-treatment of skin by microwave promoted significant drug deposition in skin from ethosomes in vitro while keeping the level of drug permeation unaffected. Similar observations were obtained in vivo with reduced drug permeation into blood. Combination ethosome and microwave technologies enhanced intracellular localization of ethosomes through fluidization of cell membrane lipidic components as well as facilitating endocytosis by means of clathrin, macropinocytosis and in particularly lipid rafts pathways. The synergistic use of microwave and ethosomes opens a new horizon for skin malignant melanoma treatment.
  19. Yakop F, Abd Ghafar SA, Yong YK, Saiful Yazan L, Mohamad Hanafiah R, Lim V, et al.
    Artif Cells Nanomed Biotechnol, 2018;46(sup2):131-139.
    PMID: 29561182 DOI: 10.1080/21691401.2018.1452750
    PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to investigate apoptotic activity of silver nanoparticle Clinacanthus nutans (AgNps-CN) towards HSC-4 cell lines (oral squamous cell carcinoma cell lines).

    METHODS: Methods involved were MTT assay (cytotoxic activity), morphological cells analysis, flow cytometry and cell cycle analysis and western blot.

    RESULTS: MTT assay revealed IC50 concentration was 1.61 µg/mL, 3T3-L1 cell lines were used to determine whether AgNps-CN is cytotoxic to normal cells. At the highest concentration (3 µg/mL), no cytotoxic activity has been observed. Flow cytometry assay revealed AgNps-CN caused apoptosis effects towards HSC-4 cell lines with significant changes were observed at G1 phase when compared with untreated cells. Morphological cells analysis revealed that most of the cells exhibit apoptosis characteristics rather than necrosis. Protein study revealed that ratio of Bax/Bcl-2 increased mainly due to down-regulation of Bcl-2 expression.

    CONCLUSION: AgNps-CN have shown potential in inhibiting HSC-4 cell lines. IC50 was low compared to few studies involving biosynthesized of silver nanoparticles. Apoptosis effects were shown towards HSC-4 cell lines by the increased in Bax/Bcl-2 protein ratio. Further study such as PCR or in vivo studies are required.

  20. Li L, Zhang W, Desikan Seshadri VD, Cao G
    Artif Cells Nanomed Biotechnol, 2019 Dec;47(1):3029-3036.
    PMID: 31328556 DOI: 10.1080/21691401.2019.1642902
    Nowadays, the synthesis and characterization of gold nanoparticles (AuNPs) from plant based extracts and effects of their anticancer have concerned an important interest. Marsdenia tenacissima (MT), a conventional Chinese herbal medicine, has long been used for thousands of years to treat tracheitis, asthma, rheumatism, etc. In this present study, we optimize the reaction of parameters to manage the nanoparticle size, which was categorized by high-resolution transmission electron microscopy (HR-TEM). A different characterization method, for example, UV-visible spectroscopy (UV-vis), fourier-transform infrared spectroscopy (FT-IR) and X-ray diffraction (XRD) were performed to consider the synthesized AuNPs getting from the MT leaf extract. The MT-AuNPs were analyzed for their cytotoxicity property against HepG2 cells by MTT analysis. The apoptosis was evaluated by using reactive oxygen species (ROS), migration assay, mitochondrial membrane potential (MMP) and apoptotic protein expression. Interestingly, the findings of our study observed the cytotoxicity effect of synthesized MT-AuNPs at a concentration of 59.62 ± 4.37 μg after 24 hrs treatment. Apoptosis was induced by the MT-AuNPs with enhanced ROS, changed MMP and inhibit the migration assay. Finally, the apoptosis was confirmed by the considerable up-regulation of Bax, caspase-9 and caspase-3, while the anti-apoptotic protein expressions of Bcl-2 and Bcl-XL were down-regulated. Although, in this studies, we evaluated the characterization, synthesis and anticancer action of gold nanoparticles from MT (MT-AuNPS) helpful for liver cancer therapeutics.
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