Displaying publications 1 - 20 of 158 in total

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  1. Ibrahim MY, Hashim NM, Dhiyaaldeen SM, Al-Obaidi MMJ, El-Ferjani RM, Adam H, et al.
    Sci Rep, 2020 04 17;10(1):6792.
    PMID: 32303687 DOI: 10.1038/s41598-020-63217-y
    This paper has been retracted.
    Matched MeSH terms: Biomedical Research
  2. Zain RB, Ghani WM, Razak IA, Latifah RJ, Samsuddin AR, Cheong SC, et al.
    Asian Pac J Cancer Prev, 2009 Jul-Sep;10(3):513-8.
    PMID: 19640201
    BACKGROUND: The rising burden of cancer in the developing world calls for a re-evaluation of the treatment strategies employed to improve patient management, early detection and understanding of the disease. There is thus an increasing demand for interdisciplinary research that integrates two or more disciplines of what may seemed to be highly unrelated and yet very much needed as strategies for success in research. This paper presents the processes and barriers faced in building partnerships in oral cancer research in a developing country.

    METHODS: A case study was undertaken in a developing country (Malaysia) to assess the strengths and weaknesses of the situation leading to the formation of a multidisciplinary research partnership in oral cancer. Following the formalization of the partnership, further evaluation was undertaken to identify measures that can assist in sustaining the partnership.

    RESULTS: The group identifies its strength as the existence of academia, research-intensive NGOs and good networking of clinicians via the existence of the government's network of healthcare provider system who are the policy makers. The major weaknesses identified are the competing interest between academia and NGOs to justify their existence due to the lack of funding sources and well trained human resources.

    CONCLUSIONS: With the growing partnership, the collaborative group recognizes the need to develop standard operating procedures (SOPs) and guidelines for the sharing and usage of resources in order to safeguard the interest of the original partners while also attending to the needs of the new partners.
    Matched MeSH terms: Biomedical Research*
  3. FERGUSON JK
    Med J Malaya, 1959 Jun;13:327-30.
    PMID: 13822231
    Matched MeSH terms: Biomedical Research*
  4. HASSAN MY
    Med J Malaya, 1959 Sep;14:36-46.
    PMID: 13851977
    Matched MeSH terms: Biomedical Research*
  5. Hawkes S, Allotey P, Elhadj AS, Clark J, Horton R
    Lancet, 2020 08 22;396(10250):521-522.
    PMID: 32763153 DOI: 10.1016/S0140-6736(20)31547-6
    Matched MeSH terms: Biomedical Research*
  6. Tang CT, Wilkerson PM, Soon Y
    Med J Malaysia, 2016 04;71(2):57-61.
    PMID: 27326942
    INTRODUCTION: Biomedical research has traditionally been the domain of developed countries. We aim to study the effects of the increased focus on biomedical and medical research on level 1-4 publications in several industrialised and newly industrialised countries endowed with petroleum and gas resources.

    METHODS: We identified all level 1-4 publications from 01/01/1994 to 31/12/2013 via PubMed using advanced options. The population and GDP (current US$) data from 1994-2013 were obtained through data provided by the World Bank and the raw data was normalised based on these two indicators.

    RESULTS: From 1994-2013, Saudi Arabia and Malaysia were responsible for the highest absolute number of level 1 to 4 biomedical and medical research publications with 2551 and 1951 publications respectively. When normalised to population, Kuwait and Qatar had the highest publication rates, with 7.84 and 3.99 publications per 100,000 inhabitants respectively in a five yearly average. Kuwait produced the largest number of publications per billion (current US$) of GDP, at 2.92 publications, followed by Malaysia at 2.82 publications in a five yearly average.

    CONCLUSION: The population size of a country as well as GDP can influence the number of level 1-4 publications in some countries. More importantly, effective government policy which stimulates research as well as a culture which actively promotes research as shown by Malaysia have proven to have a larger influence on the amount of level 1-4 biomedical and medical publications.
    Matched MeSH terms: Biomedical Research*
  7. Lim TO, Asmaliza SI, Goh PP, Michael AJ, Hon YK, Thandapani R, et al.
    Med J Malaysia, 2010 Jun;65 Suppl A:124-7.
    PMID: 21488472
    Registration of research proposal to a publicly accessible website with searchable function allows information sharing and ensures research transparency. The National Institutes of Health Malaysia, realising the importance of research registration, established the National Medical Research Register (NMRR) in 2007. The NMRR functions more than just a local register: it also links to ethics approval and MOH medical research grant application. It thus facilitates researchers in their application to the Ministry of Health Research and Ethics Committee (MREC) and for Ministry of Health research grant. In addition, MREC committee members can review research protocol on NMRR website, thus saving much time and resources. From May 2007 till December 2009, more than 3000 people have registered as NMRR public users and more than 1000 research proposals have been uploaded in NMRR. The number of registration of research proposals, clinical trials and industrial sponsored trials steadily increased from year 2007 to year 2009. The web-based NMRR is the first research register in the world that links research proposal registration to ethical review and research grant application. Its future plan is to be linked with publication. Therefore, it is indeed an innovation that Malaysians should be proud of.
    Matched MeSH terms: Biomedical Research*
  8. Birks M
    Int Nurs Rev, 2011 Jun;58(2):270-2.
    PMID: 21554303 DOI: 10.1111/j.1466-7657.2011.00894.x
    The purpose of this paper was to report on the delivery of a series of seminars in Sarawak, East Malaysia using a unique hands-on approach to the teaching of skills in research and evidence-based health care. These seminars proved to be a meaningful and memorable experience for both the facilitators and participants.
    Matched MeSH terms: Biomedical Research/education*
  9. Ng KH, Peh WC
    Singapore Med J, 2009 Mar;50(3):245-9.
    PMID: 19352565
    Illustrations (also known as figures) are visual representations of the results obtained from a scientific study. Graphs are a common type of illustration that are often used in scientific papers to present information clearly and effectively, as well as to demonstrate relationships between variables in the data. Graphs also serve to reveal trends or patterns in the data. This article provides some basic guidelines to assist authors in preparing effective graphs for their papers.
    Matched MeSH terms: Biomedical Research*
  10. Pokhrel S, Anokye NK, Reidpath DD, Allotey P
    Biomed Res Int, 2015;2015:598672.
    PMID: 26380284 DOI: 10.1155/2015/598672
    Matched MeSH terms: Biomedical Research*
  11. HUGGINS DR
    Med J Malaya, 1958 Jun;12(4):618-21.
    PMID: 13577155
    Matched MeSH terms: Biomedical Research*
  12. Lancet, 1952 Jan 19;1(6699):144.
    PMID: 14889790
    Matched MeSH terms: Biomedical Research*
  13. Tan EK, Albanese A, Chaudhuri KR, Opal P, Wu YC, Chan CH, et al.
    J Neurol Sci, 2020 11 15;418:117105.
    PMID: 32980781 DOI: 10.1016/j.jns.2020.117105
    Matched MeSH terms: Biomedical Research/education*
  14. Balogun WG, Cobham AE, Amin A, Seeni A
    Neuroscience, 2018 03 15;374:323-325.
    PMID: 29427653 DOI: 10.1016/j.neuroscience.2018.01.062
    Neuroscience research and training in many African countries are difficult due to funding and infrastructure deficit. This has resulted in few neuroscientists within Africa. However, invertebrates such as Drosophila and Caenorhabditis elegans could provide the perfect answer to these difficulties. These organisms are cheap, easy to handle and offer a comparable advantage over vertebrates in neuroscience research modeling because they have a simple nervous system and exhibit well-defined behaviors. Studies using invertebrates have helped to understand neurosciences and the complexes associated with it. If Africa wants to catch up with the rest of the world in neuroscience research, it needs to employ this innovative cost-effective approach in its research. To improve invertebrate neuroscience within the Africa continent, the authors advocated the establishment of invertebrate research centers either at regional or national level across Africa. Finally, there is also a need to provide public funding to consolidate the gains that have been made by not-for-profit international organizations over the years.
    Matched MeSH terms: Biomedical Research/economics; Biomedical Research/methods*
  15. Tan EK, Albanese A, Chaudhuri K, Lim SY, Oey NE, Shan Chan CH, et al.
    Parkinsonism Relat Disord, 2021 01;82:146-149.
    PMID: 33071183 DOI: 10.1016/j.parkreldis.2020.10.009
    Matched MeSH terms: Biomedical Research/methods; Biomedical Research/trends*
  16. Espiritu AI, Leochico CFD, Separa KJNJ, Jamora RDG
    Mult Scler Relat Disord, 2020 Feb;38:101862.
    PMID: 31778926 DOI: 10.1016/j.msard.2019.101862
    BACKGROUND: Scientific productivity in the Southeast Asian (SEA) region in the field of multiple sclerosis and neuromyelitis optica spectrum disorder (MS/ NMOSD) was hypothesized to be low in magnitude. The aim of this study was to determine and compare MS/ NMOSD research outputs among the SEA countries in terms of established bibliometric indices. The association between these productivity indices and relevant country-specific socioeconomic factors was also determined.

    METHODS: A systematic review was conducted to include all relevant published MS/ NMOSD studies in the SEA indexed in MEDLINE, Embase, Scopus and CENTRAL from the inception of these databases to August 1, 2019. Quantity of research productivity was measured in terms of the total published documents. Quality of research impact was evaluated by assessing the study designs of the published reports, publications in journals with impact factor (IF) and PlumX Metrics (citations, usage, captures, mentions and social medias). Population size, gross domestic product (GDP) per capita, percentage (%) of GDP allocated to research and development (R&D), and the total number of neurologists reported in each country were obtained from reliable published data.

    RESULTS: Out of 3,547 articles identified, only 142 articles fulfilled the eligibility criteria; therefore, the total number of publications in the SEA region related to MS/ NMOSD was deemed low in quantity. Most studies were cross-sectional and case reports/ series; hence, most studies offered low level of evidence. Since the aggregate scores in citations, usage, captures, mentions, and social medias in PlumX Metrics and publications in journals with IF were low, the overall quality of the published articles was considered low. Thailand (57 articles), Malaysia (40) and Singapore (29) contributed to the majority of publications on the topic-. GDP per capita was statistically correlated with usage. Percent GDP for R&D was positively correlated with total publications, usage, captures and social mediaindices.

    CONCLUSION: In conclusion, the scientific impact of MS/ NMOSD in the SEA was considered low in quantity and quality. This study must encourage researchers in the SEA to produce greater volumes of high-quality publications in this particular field and motivate governments to increase % GDP for R&D for the benefit of patients suffering fromthese rare and disabling conditions.

    Matched MeSH terms: Biomedical Research/standards; Biomedical Research/statistics & numerical data*
  17. Song M, Rolland B, Potter JD, Kang D
    J Epidemiol, 2012;22(4):287-90.
    PMID: 22672913 DOI: 10.2188/jea.je20120024
    In this era of chronic diseases, large studies are essential in investigating genes, environment, and gene-environment interactions as disease causes, particularly when associations are important but not strong. Moreover, to allow expansion and generalization of the results, studies should be conducted in populations outside Western countries. Here, we briefly describe the Asia Cohort Consortium (ACC), a collaborative cancer cohort research project that was first proposed in 2004 and now involves more than 1 million healthy individuals across Asia. There are approximately 50 active members from Bangladesh, China, India, Japan, Korea, Malaysia, Singapore, Taiwan, Thailand, the United States, and elsewhere. To date, the work of the ACC includes 3 articles published in 2011 on the roles of body mass index, tobacco smoking, and alcohol consumption in mortality, diabetes, and cancer of the small intestine. Many challenges remain, including data harmonization, resolution of ethical and legal issues, establishment of protocols for biologic samples and transfer agreements, and funding procurement.
    Matched MeSH terms: Biomedical Research/organization & administration*
  18. Pillay MS, Noor Hisham A, Zaki Morad MZ, Lim TO, Jamaiyah H, Jaya Purany SP
    Med J Malaysia, 2008 Sep;63 Suppl C:1-4.
    PMID: 19227669
    Matched MeSH terms: Biomedical Research/organization & administration*
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