Displaying publications 1 - 20 of 52 in total

  1. Ling TC, Loong CK, Tan WS, Tey BT, Abdullah WM, Ariff A
    J Microbiol, 2004 Sep;42(3):228-32.
    PMID: 15459653
    In this paper, we investigated the development of a simplified and rapid primary capture step for the recovery of M13 bacteriophage from particulate-containing feedstock. M13 bacteriophage, carrying an insert, was propagated and subsequently purified by the application of both conventional multiple steps and expanded bed anion exchange chromatography. In the conventional method, precipitation was conducted with PEG/NaCl, and centrifugation was also performed. In the single step expanded bed anion exchange adsorption, UpFront FastLine 20 (20 mm i.d.) from UpFront Chromatography was used as the contactor, while 54 ml (Ho = 15 cm) of STREAMLINE DEAE (rho = 1.2 g/cm3) from Amersham Pharmacia Biotechnology was used as the anion exchanger. The performance of the two methods were evaluated, analysed, and compared. It was demonstrated that the purification of the M13 bacteriophage, using expanded bed anion exchange adsorption, yielded the higher recovery percentage, at 82.86%. The conventional multiple step method yielded the lower recovery percentage, 36.07%. The generic application of this integrated technique has also been assessed.
    Matched MeSH terms: Chromatography, Ion Exchange/methods*
  2. Show PL, Ooi CW, Song CP, Chai WS, Lin GT, Liu BL, et al.
    Food Chem, 2021 May 01;343:128543.
    PMID: 33187742 DOI: 10.1016/j.foodchem.2020.128543
    Lysozyme from crude chicken egg white (CEW) feedstock was successfully purified using a stirred fluidized bed adsorption system ion exchange chromatography where STREAMLINE SP and SP-XL high density adsorbents were selected as the adsorption carrier. The thermodynamic and kinetic studies were carried out to understand the characteristics of lysozyme adsorption by adsorbents under various conditions, including adsorption pH, temperature, lysozyme concentration and salt concentrations. Results showed that SP and SP-XL adsorbents achieved optimum lysozyme adsorption at pH 9 with capacity of ~139.77 and ~251.26 mg/mL, respectively. The optimal conditions obtained from batch studies were directly employed to operate in SFBA process. For SP-XL adsorbent, the recovery yield and purification factor of lysozyme were 93.78% and ~40 folds, respectively. For SP adsorbent, lysozyme can be eluted ~100% with purification factor of ~26 folds. These two adsorbents are highly suitable for use in direct recovery of lysozyme from crude CEW.
    Matched MeSH terms: Chromatography, Ion Exchange/methods*
  3. Song CP, Ooi CW, Tey BT, Lu CX, Liu BL, Chang YK
    Int J Biol Macromol, 2020 Dec 01;164:4455-4465.
    PMID: 32937154 DOI: 10.1016/j.ijbiomac.2020.09.051
    A stirred fluidized bed (SFB) ion exchange chromatography was successfully applied in the direct recovery of recombinant enhanced green fluorescent protein (EGFP) from the unclarified Escherichia coli homogenate. Optimal conditions for both adsorption and elution processes were determined from the packed-bed adsorption systems conducted at a small scale using the clarified cell homogenate. The maximal adsorption capacity and dissociation constant for EGFP-adsorbent complex were found to be 6.3 mg/mL and 1.3 × 10-3 mg/mL, respectively. In an optimal elution of EGFP with 0.2 M of NaCl solution (pH 9) and at 200 cm/h, the recovery percent of the EGFP was approximately 93%. The performances of SFB chromatography for direct recovery of EGFP was also evaluated under different loading volumes (50-200 mL) of crude cell homogenate. The single-step purification of EGFP by SFB recorded in a high yield (95-98%) and a satisfactory purification factor (~3 folds) of EGFP from the cell homogenate at 200 rpm of rotating speed.
    Matched MeSH terms: Chromatography, Ion Exchange/instrumentation; Chromatography, Ion Exchange/methods*
  4. Chang YK, Cheng HI, Ooi CW, Song CP, Liu BL
    Food Chem, 2021 Oct 01;358:129914.
    PMID: 34000689 DOI: 10.1016/j.foodchem.2021.129914
    A high-performance polyacid ion exchange (IEX) nanofiber membrane was used in membrane chromatography for the recovery of lysozyme from chicken egg white (CEW). The polyacid IEX nanofiber membrane (P-BrA) was prepared by the functionalization of polyacrylonitrile (PAN) nanofiber membrane with ethylene diamine (EDA) and bromoacetic acid (BrA). The adsorption performance of P-BrA was evaluated under various operating conditions using Pall filter holder. The results showed that optimal conditions of IEX membrane chromatography for lysozyme adsorption were 10% (w/v) of CEW, pH 9 and 0.1 mL/min. The purification factor and yield of lysozyme were 402 and 91%, respectively. The adsorption process was further scaled up to a larger loading volume, and the purification performance was found to be consistent. Furthermore, the regeneration of IEX nanofiber membrane was achieved under mild conditions. The adsorption process was repeated for five times and the adsorption capacity of adsorber was found to be unaffected.
    Matched MeSH terms: Chromatography, Ion Exchange/instrumentation*; Chromatography, Ion Exchange/methods*
  5. Chong, Saw Peng, Norellia Bahari, Mustapha Akil, Norazlina Noordin
    There are many methods to separate or purify the rebaudioside A compound from Stevia rebaudiana extract. However, the ion-exchange chromatography using macroporous resin is still the most popular among those methods. The separation of rebaudioside A from stevia crude extract by macroporous resin AB-8 was optimised in this adsorption separation study. This approach was applied to evaluate the influence of four factors such as the adsorption temperature, desorption time, elution solution ratio, and adsorption volume on rebaudioside A yield of the purified stevia extract. The results showed that the low polarity resin AB-8 is able to separate rebaudioside A from stevia extract with 0.601 in yield compared to the high polarity resin HPD 600 with 0.204 in yield used in Anvari and Khayati study. The best conditions for rebaudioside A separation by macroporous resin AB-8 were at 35°C of adsorption temperature, 30 min of desorption time, elution solution ratio 2:1, and 50 mL of adsorption volume.
    Matched MeSH terms: Chromatography, Ion Exchange
  6. Tan NH, Tan CS
    Toxicon, 1987;25(11):1249-53.
    PMID: 3433296
    The enzymatic activities of four samples of Malayan cobra venom were investigated. There was significant variation in the contents of L-amino acid oxidase, alkaline phosphomonoesterase, acetylcholinesterase, phospholipase A, 5'-nucleotidase and hyaluronidase. The phosphodiesterase content was, however, constant. Storage of the lyophilized venom powder at 25 degrees C for 1 month did not affect the enzymatic activities. The venom enzymatic activities were generally also stable at 4 degrees C in 0.85% saline solution. After incubation at 37 degrees C for 39 days in 0.85% saline solution, the venom still retained considerable amounts of enzymatic activities. SP-Sephadex C-25 ion-exchange chromatography of the venom showed that the phospholipase A, L-amino acid oxidase, 5'-nucleotidase, phosphodiesterase and alkaline phosphomonoesterase exist in multiple forms.
    Matched MeSH terms: Chromatography, Ion Exchange
  7. Lee MF, Chan ES, Tan WS, Tam KC, Tey BT
    J Chromatogr A, 2016 May 6;1445:1-9.
    PMID: 27059397 DOI: 10.1016/j.chroma.2016.03.066
    Purification of virus-like particles (VLPs) in bind-and-elute mode has reached a bottleneck. Negative chromatography has emerged as the alternative solution; however, benchmark of negative chromatography media and their respective optimized conditions are absent. Hence, this study was carried out to compare the performance of different negative chromatography media for the purification of hepatitis B VLPs (HB-VLPs) from clarified Escherichia coli feedstock. The modified anion exchange media, core-shell adsorbents (InertShell and InertLayer 1000) and polymer grafted adsorbents (SQ) were compared. The results of chromatography from packed bed column of core-shell adsorbents showed that there is a trade-off between the purity and recovery of HB-VLPs in the flowthrough fraction due to the shell thickness. Atomic force microscopic analysis revealed funnel-shaped pore channels in the shell layer which may contribute to the entrapment of HB-VLPs. A longer residence time at a lower feed flow rate (0.5ml/min) improved slightly the HB-VLPs purity in all modified adsorbents, but the recovery in InertShell reduced substantially. The preheat-treatment is not recommended for the negative chromatography as the thermal-induced co-aggregation of HCPs and HB-VLPs would flow along with HB-VLPs and thus reduced the HB-VLPs purity in the flowthrough. Further reduction in the feedstock concentration enhanced the purity of HB-VLPs especially in InertLayer 1000 but reduced substantially the recovery of HB-VLPs. In general, the polymer grafted adsorbent, SQ, performed better than the core-shell adsorbents in handling a higher feedstock concentration.
    Matched MeSH terms: Chromatography, Ion Exchange*
  8. Ong KK, Khor HT, Tan DT
    Anal Biochem, 1991 Aug 01;196(2):211-4.
    PMID: 1776669
    A rapid, easy, and sensitive method is described in this paper for the assay of 3-hydroxy-3-methylglutaryl CoA (HMG CoA) reductase, a key enzyme in cholesterol biosynthesis. [14C]HMG CoA was used as the substrate and the product formed, i.e., [14C]mevalonate, was allowed to be converted to its lactone form (mevalonolactone) in the presence of HCl. The reaction mixture was applied to a column containing an anionic exchanger. The column was made up of QAE-Sephadex (A25, formate form) packed to a height of 4 cm in Pasteur pipets. Under these conditions, mevalonolactone was not retained by the column and was eluted with ammonium formate solution while HMG CoA, being negatively charged, was retained by the gel and eluted by HCl above 0.05 M. Determination of the amount of radioactivity in mevalonolactone was then used to quantitate the activity of HMG CoA reductase. This assay has been successfully used for determining the activity of this enzyme in a microsomal fraction prepared from the liver of the rat.
    Matched MeSH terms: Chromatography, Ion Exchange/methods*
  9. Monjezi R, Tey BT, Sieo CC, Tan WS
    PMID: 20538529 DOI: 10.1016/j.jchromb.2010.05.028
    M13 is a non-lytic filamentous bacteriophage (phage). It has been used widely in phage display technology for displaying foreign peptides, and also for studying macromolecule structures and interactions. Traditionally, this phage has been purified by cesium chloride (CsCl) density gradient ultracentrifugation which is highly laborious and time consuming. In the present study, a simple, rapid and efficient method for the purification of M13 based on anion exchange chromatography was established. A pre-packed SepFast Super Q column connected to a fast protein liquid chromatography (FPLC) system was employed to capture released phages in clarified Escherichia coli fermented broth. An average yield of 74% was obtained from a packed bed mode elution using citrate buffer (pH 4), containing 1.5 M NaCl at 1 ml/min flow rate. The purification process was shortened substantially to less than 2 h from 18 h in the conventional ultracentrifugation method. SDS-PAGE revealed that the purity of particles was comparable to that of CsCl gradient density ultracentrifugation method. Plaque forming assay showed that the purified phages were still infectious.
    Matched MeSH terms: Chromatography, Ion Exchange/methods*
  10. Thevarajah M, Nadzimah MN, Chew YY
    Clin Biochem, 2009 Mar;42(4-5):430-4.
    PMID: 19026622 DOI: 10.1016/j.clinbiochem.2008.10.015
    Glycated hemoglobin, measured as HbA1c is used as an index of mean glycemia in diabetic patients over the preceding 2-3 months. Various assay methods are used to measure HbA1c and many factors may interfere with its measurement according to assay method used, causing falsely high or low results.
    Matched MeSH terms: Chromatography, Ion Exchange/methods*
  11. Yap CF, Tan WS, Sieo CC, Tey BT
    Biotechnol Prog, 2013 Mar-Apr;29(2):564-7.
    PMID: 23364925 DOI: 10.1002/btpr.1697
    NP(Δc375) is a truncated version of the nucleocapsid protein of Newcastle disease virus (NDV) which self-assembles into a long helical structure. A packed bed anion exchange chromatography (PB-AEC), SepFastTM Supor Q pre-packed column, was used to purify NP(Δc375) from clarified feedstock. This PB-AEC column adsorbed 76.2% of NP(Δc375) from the clarified feedstock. About 67.5% of the adsorbed NP(Δc375) was successfully eluted from the column by applying 50 mM Tris-HCl elution buffer supplemented with 0.5 M NaCl at pH 7. Thus, a recovery yield of 51.4% with a purity of 76.7% which corresponds to a purification factor of 6.5 was achieved in this PB-AEC operation. Electron microscopic analysis revealed that the helical structure of the NP(Δc375) purified by SepFast(TM) Supor Q pre-packed column was as long as 490 nm and 22-24 nm in diameter. The antigenicity of the purified NP(Δc375) was confirmed by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay.
    Matched MeSH terms: Chromatography, Ion Exchange/instrumentation; Chromatography, Ion Exchange/methods*
  12. Yap MK, Fung SY, Tan KY, Tan NH
    Acta Trop, 2014 May;133:15-25.
    PMID: 24508616 DOI: 10.1016/j.actatropica.2014.01.014
    The proteome of Naja sumatrana (Equatorial spitting cobra) venom was investigated by shotgun analysis and a combination of ion-exchange chromatography and reverse phase HPLC. Shotgun analysis revealed the presence of 39 proteins in the venom while the chromatographic approach identified 37 venom proteins. The results indicated that, like other Asiatic cobra venoms, N. sumatrana contains large number of three finger toxins and phospholipases A2, which together constitute 92.1% by weight of venom protein. However, only eight of the toxins can be considered as major venom toxins. These include two phospholipases A2, three neurotoxins (two long neurotoxins and a short neurotoxin) and three cardiotoxins. The eight major toxins have relative abundance of 1.6-27.2% venom proteins and together account for 89.8% (by weight) of total venom protein. Other venom proteins identified include Zn-metalloproteinase-disintegrin, Thaicobrin, CRISP, natriuretic peptide, complement depleting factors, cobra venom factors, venom nerve growth factor and cobra serum albumin. The proteome of N. sumatrana venom is similar to proteome of other Asiatic cobra venoms but differs from that of African spitting cobra venom. Our results confirm that the main toxic action of N. sumatrana venom is neurotoxic but the large amount of cardiotoxins and phospholipases A2 are likely to contribute significantly to the overall pathophysiological action of the venom. The differences in toxin distribution between N. sumatrana venom and African spitting cobra venoms suggest possible differences in the pathophysiological actions of N. sumatrana venom and the African spitting cobra venoms, and explain why antivenom raised against Asiatic cobra venom is not effective against African spitting cobra venoms.
    Matched MeSH terms: Chromatography, Ion Exchange
  13. Tan NH, Saifuddin MN
    Biochem. Int., 1989 Oct;19(4):937-44.
    PMID: 2619759
    The L-amino acid oxidase (EC 1. 4. 3. 2) from King cobra (Ophiophagus hannah) venom was purified to electrophoretic homogeneity. The molecular weight of the enzyme was determined to be 140000 when examined by gel filtration and 68000 by SDS-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis. The enzyme had an isoelectric point of 4.5 and an intravenous LD50 of 5 micrograms/g in mice. It is a glycoprotein and contains two moles of FAD per mole of enzyme. The enzyme exhibited unusual thermal stability and unlike most other venom L-amino acid oxidases, it was stable in alkaline solution and was not inactivated by freezing.
    Matched MeSH terms: Chromatography, Ion Exchange
  14. Hassan K, Vijayasilan T, Mahmood Z, Abdul Hamid H, Chin YM
    Singapore Med J, 1988 Oct;29(5):462-8.
    PMID: 3241975
    Whole blood samples from patients with various forms of alpha- and beta- thalassaemia were incubated with 14C-Leucine to determine the relative rates of production of the alpha and beta chains by their reticulocytes. The labelled globin chains were fractionated by CM-Cellulose Chromatography in 8M Urea and the incorporated activity determined. The relative rates of synthesis of alpha and beta chains in some cases of alpha and beta- thalassaemia were established and the chain synthetic ratios were compared with similar ratios in normal individuals. The results show that it is possible to identify from the relative rates of in-vitro synthesis of the alpha and beta chains, the presence of the common thalassaemia slates in particular beta-thal trait, beta-thal homozygotes, Hb H disease and alpha0-thal trait. The presence of transfused blood does not affect the result. This study indicates that an abnormal alpha/beta chain synthesis ratio is useful in defining alpha and beta-thalassaemia variants.
    Matched MeSH terms: Chromatography, Ion Exchange
  15. Che Hussian CHA, Raja Abd Rahman RNZ, Thean Chor AL, Salleh AB, Mohamad Ali MS
    PeerJ, 2018;6:e5833.
    PMID: 30479887 DOI: 10.7717/peerj.5833
    T1 Lipase is a thermostable secretary protein of Geobacillus zalihae strain previously expressed in a prokaryotic system and purified using three-step purification: affinity 1, affinity 2, and ion exchange chromatography (IEX). This approach is time consuming and offers low purity and recovery yield. In order to enhance the purification strategy of T1 lipase, affinity 2 was removed so that after affinity 1, the cleaved Glutathione S-transferase (GST) and matured T1 lipase could be directly separated through IEX. Therefore, a rational design of GST isoelectric point (pI) was implemented by prediction using ExPASy software in order to enhance the differences of pI values between GST and matured T1 lipase. Site-directed mutagenesis at two locations flanking the downstream region of GST sequences (H215R and G213R) was successfully performed. Double point mutations changed the charge on GST from 6.10 to 6.53. The purified lipase from the new construct GST tag mutant-T1 was successfully purified using two steps of purification with 6,849 U/mg of lipase specific activity, 33% yield, and a 44-fold increase in purification. Hence, the increment of the pI values in the GST tag fusion T1 lipase resulted in a successful direct separation through IEX and lead to successful purification.
    Matched MeSH terms: Chromatography, Ion Exchange
  16. Nget Hong Tan, Chon Seng Tan
    Toxicon, 1988;26(11):989-96.
    PMID: 3245058
    The toxic and biological activities of four samples of Trimeresurus purpureomaculatus venom were examined. The lethality, protein composition and biological activities of the four venom samples were similar. Three of the venom samples had LD50 (i.v.) values of 0.9 micrograms/g while the fourth had a lower LD50 (i.v.) of 0.45 micrograms/g. All four venom samples exhibited hemorrhagic, edema-inducing, anticoagulant and thrombin-like activities as well as the usual enzymes found in crotalid venoms. DEAE-Sephacel ion exchange chromatographic fractionation of the venom yielded 10 protein fractions. Only two fractions (fractions A and F) were lethal to mice; the major lethal fraction being fraction F. This fraction had an LD50 (i.v.) of 0.2 micrograms/g and exhibited hemorrhagic, edema-inducing and thrombin-like activity. It also exhibited phospholipase A, arginine ester hydrolase, arginine amidase, protease, 5'-nucleotidase, acetylcholinesterase and alkaline phosphomonoesterase activities. The lethal potency of fraction F is potentiated by fraction G, which exhibited anticoagulant activity as well as hemorrhagic, edema-inducing and enzymatic activities. Fractions F plus G account for almost 100% of the lethal potency of the venom.
    Matched MeSH terms: Chromatography, Ion Exchange
  17. Tan NH, Poh CH, Tan CS
    Toxicon, 1989;27(9):1065-70.
    PMID: 2799837
    Bungarus candidus venom exhibited high hyaluronidase, acetylcholinesterase and phospholipase A activities; low proteinase, 5'-nucleotidase, alkaline phosphomonoesterase and phosphodiesterase activities and moderately high L-amino acid oxidase activity. SP-Sephadex C-50 ion exchange chromatographic fractionation of the venom and Sephadex G-50 chromatography of the major lethal venom fractions indicate that the venom contains at least two highly lethal, basic phospholipases A with LD50 (i.v.) values of 0.02 micrograms/g (F6A) and 0.18 micrograms/g (F4A), respectively; as well as two polypeptide toxins with LD50 (i.v.) values of 0.17 micrograms/g and 0.83 micrograms/g, respectively. The major lethal toxin is the basic lethal phospholipase A, F6A, which accounts for approximately 13% of the venom protein and has a mol. wt of 21,000.
    Matched MeSH terms: Chromatography, Ion Exchange
  18. Tan NH, Tan CS
    Toxicon, 1989;27(6):697-702.
    PMID: 2749766
    Sumatran pit viper (Trimeresurus sumatranus sumatranus) venom was fractionated by DEAE-Sephacel ion exchange chromatography into seven fractions. Fractions 4, 5 and 6 were lethal to mice and exhibited strong hemorrhagic activity, as well as some enzymatic activities. Fraction 6 also exhibited potent anticoagulant and thrombin-like activities. Analysis of the biological and enzymatic properties of the three lethal fractions suggests that the major lethal component of fractions 4 and 5 may be the hemorrhagic principle, and that the lethality of fraction 6 may be due to the hemorrhagic principle and/or the anticoagulant principle.
    Matched MeSH terms: Chromatography, Ion Exchange
  19. Ho CW, Tan WS, Chong FC, Ling TC, Tey BT
    J Microbiol Biotechnol, 2009 Apr;19(4):416-23.
    PMID: 19421000
    Hepatitis B core antigen (HBcAg) is an important serological marker used in the diagnosis of hepatitis B virus (HBV) infections. In the current study, a fast and efficient preparative purification protocol for truncated HBcAg from Escherichia coli disruptate was developed. The recombinant HBcAg was first captured by anion exchange expanded bed adsorption chromatography integrated with a cell disruption process. This online capture process has shortened the process time and eliminated the "hold-up" period that may be detrimental to the quality of target protein. The eluted product from the expanded bed adsorption chromatography was subsequently purified using size-exclusion chromatography. The results showed that this novel purification protocol achieved a recovery yield of 45.1% with a product purity of 88.2%, which corresponds to a purification factor of 4.5. The recovered HBcAg is still biologically active as shown by ELISA test.
    Matched MeSH terms: Chromatography, Ion Exchange/methods*
  20. Lee MF, Chan ES, Tan WS, Tam KC, Tey BT
    J Chromatogr A, 2015 Oct 9;1415:161-5.
    PMID: 26358561 DOI: 10.1016/j.chroma.2015.08.056
    Poly(oligo(ethylene glycol) methacrylate) (POEGMA), an inert polymer was grafted onto an anion exchange adsorbent for the exclusion of relatively larger hepatitis B virus-like particles (HB-VLPs) from the anion exchange ligand (Q) and at the same time this process allowed the selective adsorption of smaller size Escherichia coli host cell proteins (HCPs). The chain lengths of the POEGMA grafted were modulated by varying the amount of monomers used in the polymer grafting. The purification factor and yield of the HB-VLPs obtained from the flow-through of negative chromatography were 2.3 and 66.0±3.1%, respectively, when shorter chain length of POEGMA (SQ) was grafted. Adsorbent grafted with longer chain of POEGMA (LQ) excluded some HCPs that are larger in size together with the HB-VLPs, reducing the purity of the recovered HB-VLPs. Further heat-treatment of the flow-through pool from SQ followed by centrifugation increased the purity of heat stable HB-VLPs to 87.5±1.1%. Heat-treatment of the flow through sample resulted in thermal denaturation and aggregation of HCPs, while the heat stable HB-VLPs still remained intact as observed under a transmission electron microscope. The performance of the negative chromatography together with heat treatment in the purification of HB-VLPs is far better than the reported bind-and-elute techniques.
    Matched MeSH terms: Chromatography, Ion Exchange/methods
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