Displaying publications 1 - 20 of 63 in total

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  1. Wafa SR, Jamsari S, Karis BM
    Med J Malaysia, 1999 Jun;54(2):273-6.
    PMID: 10972043
    We present a rare case of a patient diagnosed with probable dengue fever sustaining an intracranial haemorrhage after a trivial motor vehicle accident. From the literature reviewed, it was noted that there have been no reports of dengue fever presenting with an intracranial haemorrhage, and the association is more common in patients diagnosed with dengue hemorrhagic fever and/or dengue shock syndrome.
    Matched MeSH terms: Dengue/complications*; Severe Dengue/complications
  2. Reid HA
    PMID: 4397208
    Matched MeSH terms: Dengue/complications*
  3. Khoo C, Chu G, Rosaida MS, Chidambaram SK
    J R Coll Physicians Edinb, 2016 Dec;46(4):241-243.
    PMID: 28504777 DOI: 10.4997/JRCPE.2016.406
    A 44-year-old woman was admitted to our hospital with dengue fever. She developed a haematoma in the right arm at the site of a previous arterial line insertion. Due to coexisting thrombocytopenia, the bleeding was severe enough to cause compartment syndrome. An emergency fasciotomy was performed and her limb salvaged. The case illustrates one important potential complication of this common infectious disease.
    Matched MeSH terms: Dengue/complications*
  4. Shaiful Ehsan SM, Iskandar FO, Mohd Ashraf AR
    Med J Malaysia, 2019 08;74(4):347-348.
    PMID: 31424049
    Varicella zoster infection is one of the self-limiting viral infections during childhood and dengue fever is an endemic infection in Malaysia, which commonly occurs in the form of nonspecific febrile illness at the initial stage. It is rare for the two viral infections to occur simultaneously. A case of dengue fever without warning sign in a five-year old girl was reported, with early symptoms of fever and vesicular rashes. She was clinically diagnosed with varicella zoster infection during the first visit. Surprisingly, she remained febrile even on day six of illness despite no new vesicular lesions on her skin. Due to suspicion of another infection, follow-up investigation was done and revealed isolated thrombocytopenia. This finding was confirmed with positive NS1Ag. A case of rare dengue fever concomitant with varicella zoster infection was reported.
    Matched MeSH terms: Dengue/complications
  5. Tee TY, Cader RA
    Acta Med Indones, 2021 Apr;53(2):208-212.
    PMID: 34251350
    Thrombotic thrombocytopenic purpura is a rare but life threatening medical condition. Early recognition and treatment of thrombotic thrombocytopenic purpura is important especially in patients who do not present with the classic pentad to reduce the high mortality. Herein, we describe a case of a patient who does not fulfil the classic pentad features thrombotic thrombocytopenic purpura that was induced by dengue fever. The patients' initial full blood picture did not have all the typical features of microangiopathic haemolytic anaemia but there were fragmented red blood cells. However, even a small number of fragmented red blood cells in the peripheral blood should alert physicians of the possible diagnosis of thrombotic thrombocytopenic purpura together with other symptoms. Furthermore, signs and symptoms of thrombotic thrombocytopenic purpura and dengue fever can overlap such as fever, thrombocytopenia, neurological deficit mimicking dengue encephalopathy and dengue induced acute kidney injury.
    Matched MeSH terms: Dengue/complications*
  6. Al-Namnam NM, Nambiar P, Shanmuhasuntharam P, Harris M
    Aust Dent J, 2017 Jun;62(2):228-232.
    PMID: 27743399 DOI: 10.1111/adj.12472
    Dengue is a mosquito transmitted flaviviral infection which can give rise to severe haemorrhage (dengue haemorrhagic fever) and with capillary leakage induces hypovolaemic shock (dengue shock syndrome). Although dengue symptoms and complications have been known for many decades, there has only been one documented case of osteonecrosis of the maxilla which was treated by excision of the necrotic bone. In this case of dengue infection, extensive maxillary osteonecrosis and minimal root resorption appeared to follow factitious injury with a toothpick but resolved with non-surgical management.
    Matched MeSH terms: Dengue/complications*; Severe Dengue/complications*
  7. Bandyopadhyay S, Lum LC, Kroeger A
    Trop Med Int Health, 2006 Aug;11(8):1238-55.
    PMID: 16903887 DOI: 10.1111/j.1365-3156.2006.01678.x
    BACKGROUND: The current World Health Organisation (WHO) classification of dengue includes two distinct entities: dengue fever (DF) and dengue haemorrhagic fever (DHF)/dengue shock syndrome; it is largely based on pediatric cases in Southeast Asia. Dengue has extended to different tropical areas and older age groups. Variations from the original description of dengue manifestations are being reported.
    OBJECTIVES: To analyse the experience of clinicians in using the dengue case classification and identify challenges in applying the criteria in routine clinical practice.
    METHOD: Systematic literature review of post-1975 English-language publications on dengue classification.
    RESULTS: Thirty-seven papers were reviewed. Several studies had strictly applied all four WHO criteria in DHF cases; however, most clinicians reported difficulties in meeting all four criteria and used a modified classification. The positive tourniquet test representing the minimum requirement of a haemorrhagic manifestation did not distinguish between DHF and DF. In cases of DHF thrombocytopenia was observed in 8.6-96%, plasma leakage in 6-95% and haemorrhagic manifestations in 22-93%. The low sensitivity of classifying DHF could be due to failure to repeat the tests or physical examinations at the appropriate time, early intravenous fluid therapy, and lack of adequate resources in an epidemic situation and perhaps a considerable overlap of clinical manifestations in the different dengue entities.
    CONCLUSION: A prospective multi-centre study across dengue endemic regions, age groups and the health care system is required which describes the clinical presentation of dengue including simple laboratory parameters in order to review and if necessary modify the current dengue classification.
    Matched MeSH terms: Dengue/complications; Severe Dengue/complications
  8. Azmin S, Sahathevan R, Suehazlyn Z, Law ZK, Rabani R, Nafisah WY, et al.
    BMC Infect Dis, 2013;13:179.
    PMID: 23594500 DOI: 10.1186/1471-2334-13-179
    BACKGROUND: Dengue is a common illness in the tropics. Equally common are neurological complications that stem from dengue infection. However, to date, parkinsonism following dengue has not been reported in medical literature.
    CASE PRESENTATION: A previously well 18-year old man developed parkinsonism, in addition to other neurological symptoms following serologically confirmed dengue fever. Alternative etiologies were excluded by way of imaging and blood investigations.
    CONCLUSIONS: The authors detail the first reported case of parkinsonism complicating dengue fever. Keeping rare presentations of common illnesses in mind, it behoves clinicians to consider parkinsonism as a complication following dengue infection. This would prevent injudicious treatment with L-dopa and dopamine agonists. Immunosuppression with steroids has been shown to be helpful in certain cases.
    Matched MeSH terms: Dengue/complications*
  9. Ahmad R, Abdul Latiff AK, Abdul Razak S
    PMID: 18613550
    We describe a 5-year-old girl who had sudden onset difficulty in walking after 3 days of febrile illness. In the emergency department her creatine kinase level was elevated but urine myoglobin was normal. She was diagnosed as having benign acute childhood myositis. Because of poor oral intake and dehydration, she was admitted to the pediatric ward. The next day she had a petechial rash over the antecubital fossa, and dengue IgM back was positive. She was treated conservatively and recovered uneventfully. Despite dengue fever being endemic in Malaysia, this is the first case report of myositis following dengue infection in Malaysia.
    Matched MeSH terms: Dengue/complications*
  10. Alice V, Cheong BM
    Med J Malaysia, 2016 02;71(1):41-3.
    PMID: 27130747
    A previously well 13-year-old boy presented with a short history of fever and altered mental status. His mother was admitted for dengue fever and there had been a recent dengue outbreak in their neighbourhood. He was diagnosed with dengue encephalitis as both his dengue non-structural protein 1 (NS-1) antigen and cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) dengue polymerase chain reaction (PCR) were positive. He did not have haemoconcentration, thrombocytopenia or any warning signs associated with severe dengue. He recovered fully with supportive treatment. This case highlights the importance of considering the diagnosis of dengue encephalitis in patients from dengue endemic areas presenting with an acute febrile illness and neurological symptoms.
    Matched MeSH terms: Dengue/complications*
  11. Low YN, Cheong BM
    Med J Malaysia, 2016 04;71(2):83-4.
    PMID: 27326951 MyJurnal
    Abdominal pain with dengue fever can be a diagnostic challenge. Typically, pain is localised to the epigastric region or associated with hepatomegaly. Patients can also present with acute abdomen. We report a case of a girl with dengue fever and right iliac fossa pain. The diagnosis of acute appendicitis was made only after four days of admission. An appendicular mass and a perforated appendix was noted during appendectomy. The patient recovered subsequently. Features suggestive of acute appendicitis are persistent right iliac fossa pain, localised peritonism, persistent fever and leucocytosis. Repeated clinical assessment is important to avoid missing a concurrent diagnosis like acute appendicitis.
    Matched MeSH terms: Dengue/complications*
  12. Mallhi TH, Khan AH, Sarriff A, Adnan AS, Khan YH
    Acta Med Port, 2016 Feb;29(2):157-8.
    PMID: 27234957 DOI: 10.20344/amp.6900
    Matched MeSH terms: Dengue/complications*
  13. Lum LC
    Malays J Pathol, 1993 Jun;15(1):29-33.
    PMID: 8277786
    Matched MeSH terms: Dengue/complications*
  14. Shekhar KC, Senan P
    J Singapore Paediatr Soc, 1992;34(1-2):67-82.
    PMID: 1303471
    Dengue fever, Dengue hemorrhagic fever and Dengue shock syndrome within the dengue complex is a sinister disease of great public health importance and continues to ravage children, young adults and the aged in Malaysia. The history of the disease is traced for over the years and the changing pattern of clinical presentation are noted. Various hospital based studies have been compared and the pathognomonic features of the disease in Malaysia are highlighted.
    Matched MeSH terms: Dengue/complications
  15. Ramanathan M, Duraisamy G
    Ann Acad Med Singap, 1991 Nov;20(6):803-4.
    PMID: 1803975
    Virus associated haemophagocytic syndrome (VAHS), a distinct clinico-pathologic entity, is characterised by systemic proliferation of non-neoplastic histotiocytes showing haemophagocytosis resulting in blood cytopaenia. It has been described in relation to several viruses earlier. Here we describe a young girl who developed this reactive process during the course of dengue haemorrhagic fever (DHF).
    Matched MeSH terms: Dengue/complications*
  16. Khoo CS
    Am J Case Rep, 2018 Jul 24;19:864-867.
    PMID: 30038209 DOI: 10.12659/AJCR.909884
    BACKGROUND Dengue-associated neurological manifestations have recently been on the rise. Cerebellar syndrome complicating dengue fever has rarely been reported in the literature. We present a case report of dengue-associated cerebellar syndrome and performed a literature review to draw attention to this rare neurological complication. CASE REPORT A 60-year-old man presented with 4 days of fever, myalgia, arthralgia, headaches, and warning symptoms (persistent diarrhea and vomiting). He was admitted with serologically-confirmed dengue fever. He had been well until day 8 of illness, when he developed cerebellar signs and symptoms. The temporal relationship with the recent dengue fever suggested that he had dengue cerebellitis. He recovered well, with no neurological sequelae upon our clinic visit. CONCLUSIONS Dengue cerebellitis is a rare but recognized manifestation, which should be considered in patients from endemic areas of dengue fever who develop cerebellar syndrome.
    Matched MeSH terms: Dengue/complications*
  17. Fong CY, Khine MM, Peter AB, Lim WK, Rozalli FI, Rahmat K
    J Clin Neurosci, 2017 Feb;36:73-75.
    PMID: 27887978 DOI: 10.1016/j.jocn.2016.10.050
    A 14-year-old girl presented with encephalopathy, delirium and ophthalmoplegia following a 3day history of high-grade fever. Brain MRI on day 6 of illness showed diffusion restricted ovoid lesion in the splenium of corpus callosum. Dengue virus encephalitis was diagnosed with positive PCR for dengue virus type-2 in both serum and cerebrospinal fluid. She made a complete recovery from day 10 of illness. Repeat brain MRI on day 12 of illness showed resolution of the splenial lesion. Serial diffusion tensor imaging (DTI) showed normal fractional anisotropy values on resolution of splenial lesion indicating that MERS was likely due to transient interstitial oedema with preservation of white matter tracts. This is the first reported case of MERS following dengue virus infection. It highlights the usefulness of performing serial DTI in understanding the underlying pathogenesis of MERS. Our case report widens the neurological manifestations associated with dengue infection and reiterates that patients with MERS should be managed supportively as the splenial white matter tracts are reversibly involved in MERS.
    Matched MeSH terms: Dengue/complications*
  18. Ng CY, Lee SL, Foo SL
    Med J Malaysia, 2017 08;72(4):244-245.
    PMID: 28889137 MyJurnal
    Abdominal pain is one of the common presentations in severe dengue infection. We report a rare case of perforated gastric ulcer in a young man diagnosed with severe dengue infection and the challenges we faced in managing this patient. Perforated gastric ulcer need to be considered if there are signs of peritonitis and persistent abdominal pain that does not conform to the natural history of dengue. Proper imaging and early surgical intervention in perforated gastric ulcer is vital in preventing further complication and reducing the risk of mortality.
    Matched MeSH terms: Dengue/complications*
  19. Teh YH, Tan YP, Zain MM
    Med J Malaysia, 2017 08;72(4):254-256.
    PMID: 28889142 MyJurnal
    Eyelid reconstruction is complex and challenging since it is not only for structural and functional restoration, but also for an acceptable aesthetic result. In full thickness eyelid injuries, it will involve both anterior and posterior lamella. Therefore, when reconstructing the defect, it requires at least two layers; one will be a flap with blood supply, and the other can be a free graft. In this case, a rotational advancement cheek flap and composite graft were used to reconstruct the lower eyelid.
    Matched MeSH terms: Dengue/complications*
  20. Mallhi TH, Khan AH, Adnan AS, Sarriff A, Khan YH, Gan SH
    PLoS One, 2018;13(2):e0192510.
    PMID: 29481564 DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0192510
    BACKGROUND: Despite myriad improvements in the care of dengue patients, acute kidney injury (AKI) remained least appreciated intricacy of dengue infection. Exiting literature does not provide any information on renal outcomes among dengue patients surviving an episode of AKI.

    METHODS: Dengue patients who developed AKI were followed up for post-discharge period of three months and renal recovery was assessed by using recovery criteria based on different thresholds of serum creatinine (SCr) and estimated glomerular filtration rates (eGFR).

    RESULTS: Out of the 526 dengue participants, AKI was developed in 72 (13.7%) patients. Renal recovery was assessed among AKI survivors (n = 71). The use of less (±50% recovery to baseline) to more (±5% recovery to baseline) stringent definitions of renal recovery yielded recovery rates from 88.9% to 2.8% by SCr and 94.4% to 5.6% by eGFR, as renal function biomarkers. At the end of study, eight patients had AKI with AKIN-II (n = 7) and AKIN-III (n = 1). Approximately 50% patients (n = 36/71) with AKI had eGFR primitive to CKD stage 2, while 18.3% (n = 13/71) and 4.2% (n = 3/71) patients had eGFR corresponding to advanced stages of CKD (stage 3 & 4). Factors such as renal insufficiencies at hospital discharge, multiple organ involvements, advance age, female gender and diabetes mellitus were associated with poor renal outcomes.

    CONCLUSIONS: We conclude that dengue patients with AKI portend unsatisfactory short-term renal outcomes and deserve a careful and longer follow-up, especially under nephrology care.

    Matched MeSH terms: Dengue/complications*
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