Displaying publications 1 - 20 of 21 in total

  1. Oshkour AA, Talebi H, Seyed Shirazi SF, Yau YH, Tarlochan F, Abu Osman NA
    Artif Organs, 2015 Feb;39(2):156-64.
    PMID: 24841371 DOI: 10.1111/aor.12315
    This study aimed to assess the performance of different longitudinal functionally graded femoral prostheses. This study was also designed to develop an appropriate prosthetic geometric design for longitudinal functionally graded materials. Three-dimensional models of the femur and prostheses were developed and analyzed. The elastic modulus of these prostheses in the sagittal plane was adjusted along a gradient direction from the distal end to the proximal end. Furthermore, these prostheses were composed of titanium alloy and hydroxyapatite. Results revealed that strain energy, interface stress, and developed stress in the femoral prosthesis and the bone were influenced by prosthetic geometry and gradient index. In all of the prostheses with different geometries, strain energy increased as gradient index increased. Interface stress and developed stress decreased. The minimum principal stress and the maximum principal stress of the bone slightly increased as gradient index increased. Hence, the combination of the femoral prosthetic geometry and functionally graded materials can be employed to decrease stress shielding. Such a combination can also be utilized to achieve equilibrium in terms of the stress applied on the implanted femur constituents; thus, the lifespan of total hip replacement can be prolonged.
    Matched MeSH terms: Femur/surgery*
  2. Zainal Abidin NA, Abdul Wahab AH, Abdul Rahim RA, Abdul Kadir MR, Ramlee MH
    Med Biol Eng Comput, 2021 Sep;59(9):1945-1960.
    PMID: 34392448 DOI: 10.1007/s11517-021-02419-6
    Complication rates of anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction (ACL-R) were reported to be around 15% although it is a common arthroscopic procedure with good outcomes. Breakage and migration of fixators are still possible even months after surgery. A fixator with optimum stability can minimise those two complications. Factors that affect the stability of a fixator are its configuration, material, and design. Thus, this paper aims to analyse the biomechanical effects of different types of fixators (cross-pin, interference screw, and cortical button) towards the stability of the knee joint after ACL-R. In this study, finite element modelling and analyses of a knee joint attached with double semitendinosus graft and fixators were carried out. Mimics and 3-Matic softwares were used in the development of the knee joint models. Meanwhile, the graft and fixators were designed by using SolidWorks software. Once the meshes of all models were finished in 3-Matic, simulation of the configurations was done using MSC Marc Mentat software. A 100-N anterior tibial load was applied onto the tibia to simulate the anterior drawer test. Based on the findings, cross-pin was found to have optimum stability in terms of stress and strain at the femoral fixation site for better treatment of ACL-R.
    Matched MeSH terms: Femur/surgery
  3. Oshkour AA, Talebi H, Shirazi SF, Bayat M, Yau YH, Tarlochan F, et al.
    ScientificWorldJournal, 2014;2014:807621.
    PMID: 25302331 DOI: 10.1155/2014/807621
    This study is focused on finite element analysis of a model comprising femur into which a femoral component of a total hip replacement was implanted. The considered prosthesis is fabricated from a functionally graded material (FGM) comprising a layer of a titanium alloy bonded to a layer of hydroxyapatite. The elastic modulus of the FGM was adjusted in the radial, longitudinal, and longitudinal-radial directions by altering the volume fraction gradient exponent. Four cases were studied, involving two different methods of anchoring the prosthesis to the spongy bone and two cases of applied loading. The results revealed that the FG prostheses provoked more SED to the bone. The FG prostheses carried less stress, while more stress was induced to the bone and cement. Meanwhile, less shear interface stress was stimulated to the prosthesis-bone interface in the noncemented FG prostheses. The cement-bone interface carried more stress compared to the prosthesis-cement interface. Stair climbing induced more harmful effects to the implanted femur components compared to the normal walking by causing more stress. Therefore, stress shielding, developed stresses, and interface stresses in the THR components could be adjusted through the controlling stiffness of the FG prosthesis by managing volume fraction gradient exponent.
    Matched MeSH terms: Femur/surgery
  4. Oshkour AA, Abu Osman NA, Yau YH, Tarlochan F, Abas WA
    Proc Inst Mech Eng H, 2013 Jan;227(1):3-17.
    PMID: 23516951
    This study aimed to develop a three-dimensional finite element model of a functionally graded femoral prosthesis. The model consisted of a femoral prosthesis created from functionally graded materials (FGMs), cement, and femur. The hip prosthesis was composed of FGMs made of titanium alloy, chrome-cobalt, and hydroxyapatite at volume fraction gradient exponents of 0, 1, and 5, respectively. The stress was measured on the femoral prosthesis, cement, and femur. Stress on the neck of the femoral prosthesis was not sensitive to the properties of the constituent material. However, stress on the stem and cement decreased proportionally as the volume fraction gradient exponent of the FGM increased. Meanwhile, stress became uniform on the cement mantle layer. In addition, stress on the femur in the proximal part increased and a high surface area of the femoral part was involved in absorbing the stress. As such, the stress-shielding area decreased. The results obtained in this study are significant in the design and longevity of new prosthetic devices because FGMs offer the potential to achieve stress distribution that more closely resembles that of the natural bone in the femur.
    Matched MeSH terms: Femur/surgery*
  5. Latifi MH, Ganthel K, Rukmanikanthan S, Mansor A, Kamarul T, Bilgen M
    Biomed Eng Online, 2012;11:23.
    PMID: 22545650 DOI: 10.1186/1475-925X-11-23
    Effective fixation of fracture requires careful selection of a suitable implant to provide stability and durability. Implant with a feature of locking plate (LP) has been used widely for treating distal fractures in femur because of its favourable clinical outcome, but its potential in fixing proximal fractures in the subtrochancteric region has yet to be explored. Therefore, this comparative study was undertaken to demonstrate the merits of the LP implant in treating the subtrochancteric fracture by comparing its performance limits against those obtained with the more traditional implants; angle blade plate (ABP) and dynamic condylar screw plate (DCSP).
    Matched MeSH terms: Femur/surgery
  6. Saravanan S, Vivek AS
    Med J Malaysia, 2007 Dec;62(5):418-9.
    PMID: 18705481 MyJurnal
    This is to report on the use of growing endoprosthesis, also known as lengthening prosthesis in the management of four patients in the paedriatic age group in the Orthopaedic Oncolgy Unit at University Malaya Medical Centre. These are custom made prosthesis, designed and made in India based on measured roentrograms. The ages of these patients vary from 6 to 13 years old. These are cases of Osteosarcoma and Ewing's sarcoma around the knee. This is the first time these custom made prosthesis have ever been used in Malaysia. We feel that this is a feasible option for limb salvage in the treatment of primary bone tumours in growing children.
    Matched MeSH terms: Femur/surgery*
  7. Sulaiman AR, Munajat I, Liau KM, Salehuddin AY, Shukrimi A
    Med J Malaysia, 2006 Dec;61 Suppl B:48-50.
    PMID: 17600992
    Distraction osteogeneis over intramedullary nail has a benefit of decreasing the time for external fixation thus reducing the rate of associated complications. However, risk of panosteomyelitis is still the major worry. We are reporting two patients who underwent the procedure. The first case was a 13-year-old girl requiring 6 cm of femoral lengthening and the second case was a 17-year-old girl who required 5 cm of tibial lengthening. The healing index was 19.5 days/cm and 14.8 days/cm respectively, compared favorably to 30 days/cm with traditional method of distraction osteogenesis. There were mild pin tract infections and joint stiffness which responded to non-operative treatment.
    Matched MeSH terms: Femur/surgery*
  8. Sulaiman AR, Joehaimy J, Iskandar MA, Anwar Hau M, Ezane AM, Faisham WI
    Singapore Med J, 2006 Aug;47(8):684-7.
    PMID: 16865208
    The purpose of this study is to determine the overgrowth phenomenon of the affected femur following plate fixation of femoral fractures in children.
    Matched MeSH terms: Femur/surgery*
  9. Hussain PB, Mohammad M
    Med J Malaysia, 2004 May;59 Suppl B:180-1.
    PMID: 15468877
    Failure analysis was performed to investigate the failure of the femur fixation plate which was previously fixed on the femur of a girl. Radiography, metallography, fractography and mechanical testing were conducted in this study. The results show that the failure was due to the formation of notches on the femur plate. These notches act as stress raisers from where the cracks start to propagate. Finally fracture occurred on the femur plate and subsequently, the plate failed.
    Matched MeSH terms: Femur/surgery*
  10. Doreya MI, Mona EW, Afaf ES, Hanan HB
    Med J Malaysia, 2004 May;59 Suppl B:21-2.
    PMID: 15468799
    The standard bioglass composition GS45 as well as with excess silica GS50 or with the addition of 5% titanium oxide GS45+Ti5, were prepared by the polymeric route. The different glass components were added to the formed polymer. Firing at 700 degrees C gave an amorphous product with microporous texture that readily crystallizes out at 900 degrees C. The prepared materials were highly porous with two modes of pore system micro-pores and macro-pores with a size ranging between 100 microm to 0.006 microm and a porosity reaching 73%. The measured bulk density was between 0.36 to 1.1g/cm3. The fired material preserved the former structure of the polymer precursor. Biocompatibility was verified in vitro and vivo. IR of the specimens previously immersed in SBF revealed the formation of apatite like layer. While the histology sections of implants in rate femurs showed new bone tissue or bone trabeculae after 21 days.
    Matched MeSH terms: Femur/surgery
  11. Yong SM, Aik S
    Med J Malaysia, 2000 Sep;55 Suppl C:101-4.
    PMID: 11200035
    We report two cases of x-linked dominant hypophosphatemic rickets involving a man and his daughter. The family tree consists of 44 members with 13 of them having short stature and bowing of the lower limbs. The study of this family tree strongly suggests an x-linked dominant inheritance.
    Matched MeSH terms: Femur/surgery
  12. Lee YS, Lee SH, Lee ES, Fong TS
    BMC Musculoskelet Disord, 2019 Mar 20;20(1):118.
    PMID: 30894158 DOI: 10.1186/s12891-019-2505-4
    BACKGROUND: We report a case of hardware failure after distal femoral osteotomy (DFO) with a broken screw pulled out from the locking hole and positioned within the knee joint.

    CASE PRESENTATION: A 57-year-old man presented to our orthopedic outpatient department with 3-months history of an unusual painful swelling at the operated area following DFO. The leakage of joint fluid from the penetrated suprapatellar pouch was assumed to be the reason for this complication.

    CONCLUSIONS: The overall aim of this case report is to provide a lesson to budding surgeons who might experience a similar situation that cannot be easily explained, like the unexpected complication in the present case.

    Matched MeSH terms: Femur/surgery
  13. Fallahiarezoodar A, Abdul Kadir MR, Alizadeh M, Naveen SV, Kamarul T
    Knee Surg Sports Traumatol Arthrosc, 2014 Dec;22(12):3019-27.
    PMID: 25149643 DOI: 10.1007/s00167-014-3227-7
    PURPOSE: Reproducing the femoral rollback through specially designed mechanism in knee implants is required to achieve full knee function in total knee arthroplasty. Most contemporary implants use cam/post mechanism to replace the function of Posterior Cruciate Ligament. This study was aimed to determine the most appropriate cam and post designs to produce normal femoral rollback of the knee.

    METHODS: Three different cams (triangle, ellipse, and circle) and three different posts (straight, convex, concave) geometries were considered in this study and were analysed using kinematic analyses. Femoral rollback did not occur until reaching 50° of knee flexion. Beyond this angle, two of the nine combinations demonstrate poor knee flexion and were eliminated from the study.

    RESULTS: The combination of circle cam with concave post, straight post and convex post showed 15.6, 15.9 and 16.1 mm posterior translation of the femur, respectively. The use of ellipse cam with convex post and straight post demonstrated a 15.3 and 14.9 mm femoral rollback, whilst the combination of triangle cam with convex post and straight post showed 16.1 and 15.8 mm femoral rollback, respectively.

    CONCLUSION: The present study demonstrates that the use of circle cam and convex post created the best femoral rollback effect which in turn produces the highest amount of knee flexion. The findings of the study suggest that if the design is applied for knee implants, superior knee flexion may be possible for future patients.


    Matched MeSH terms: Femur/surgery*
  14. Kokubo T
    Med J Malaysia, 2004 May;59 Suppl B:91-2.
    PMID: 15468833
    Metallic materials implanted into bone defects are generally encapsulated by a fibrous tissue. Some metallic materials such as titanium and tantalum, however, have been revealed to bond to the living bone without forming the fibrous tissue, when they were subjected to NaOH solution and heat treatments. Thus treated metals form bone tissue around them even in muscle, when they take a porous form. This kind of osteoconductive and osteoinductive properties are attributed to sodium titanate or tantalate layer on their surfaces formed by the NaOH and heat treatments. These layers induce the deposition of bonelike apatite on the surface of the metals in the living body. This kind of bioactive metals are useful as bone substitutes even highly loaded portions, such as hip joint, spine and tooth root.
    Matched MeSH terms: Femur/surgery
  15. Ng CK, Chen JY, Yeh JZY, Ho JPY, Merican AM, Yeo SJ
    J Arthroplasty, 2018 06;33(6):1936-1944.
    PMID: 29395720 DOI: 10.1016/j.arth.2017.12.025
    BACKGROUND: We hypothesized that there is a correlation between the distal femoral rotation and proximal tibial joint line obliquity in nonarthritic knees. This has significance for kinematic knee arthroplasty, in which the target knee alignment desired approximates the knee before disease.

    METHODS: Fifty computed tomography scans of nonarthritic knees were evaluated using three-dimensional image processing software. Four distal femoral rotational axes were determined in the axial plane: the transepicondylar axis (TEA), transcondylar axis (TCA), posterior condylar axis (PCA), and a line perpendicular to Whiteside's anterior-posterior axis. Then, angles were measured relative to the TEA. Tibial joint line obliquity was measured as the angle between the proximal tibial plane and a line perpendicular to the axis of the tibia.

    RESULTS: There was a strong positive correlation between PCA-TEA and tibial joint line obliquity (r = 0.68, P < .001) as well as TCA-TEA and tibial joint line obliquity (r = 0.69, P < .001). In addition, the tibial joint line obliquity and TCA-TEA angles were similar, 3.7° ± 2.2° (mean ± standard deviation) and 3.5° ± 1.7°, respectively (mean difference, 0.2° ± 0.2°; P = .369).

    CONCLUSION: Both PCA-TEA and TCA-TEA strongly correlated with proximal tibial joint line obliquity indicating a relationship between distal femoral rotational geometry and proximal tibial inclination. These findings could imply that the native knee in flexion attempts to balance the collateral ligaments toward a rectangular flexion space. A higher tibial varus inclination is matched with a more internally rotated distal femur relative to the TEA.

    Matched MeSH terms: Femur/surgery*
  16. Fong TS, Kim SC, Kim JE, Lee ES, Kim TW, Lee YS
    J Arthroplasty, 2019 09;34(9):1929-1937.
    PMID: 31138501 DOI: 10.1016/j.arth.2019.04.061
    BACKGROUND: This study aimed at assessing the morphometry of resected femurs in Korean patients during total knee arthroplasty (TKA) and comparing these measurements with current Western-designed femoral component dimensions.

    METHODS: This single-blind, prospective, randomized, controlled trial involved intraoperative measurements for 271 femoral component implantations from 3 contemporary TKA systems, with 2 systems offering narrow sizing options. The difference between femoral component dimensions and the resected surface of distal femur was measured in millimeters at 5 distinct zones.

    RESULTS: Overhang of standard femoral component was common in the anterior-medial condyle and anterior-lateral condyle ranging from 50.8% to 99.0% and 21.5% to 88.0%, respectively. With narrow femoral components, the rate of overhang reduced to 21.5%-30.2% and 9.2%-32.1%. Conversely, underhang rates were higher over the anterior flange width, middle medial-lateral and posterior medial-lateral zones. Standard components displayed higher underhang rates at these zones compared to narrow components. The good fit rate for femoral component was low among the 3 systems ranging from 1.0% to 56.0%. System with narrow option sizing increases the underhang rates in males, while improving the component fit among females at similar zones with rate ranging from 5.2% to 52.9%.

    CONCLUSION: Currently available TKA implant designs may not provide a perfect match for the distal femoral shape of the Korean population. The availability of implants with standard and narrow options can substantially improve the optimal fitting of femoral components in the Korean population.

    Matched MeSH terms: Femur/surgery*
  17. Baharuddin MY, Salleh ShH, Zulkifly AH, Lee MH, Noor AM, A Harris AR, et al.
    PMID: 24484753 DOI: 10.1186/1471-2474-15-30
    Minimal available information concerning hip morphology is the motivation for several researchers to study the difference between Asian and Western populations. Current use of a universal hip stem of variable size is not the best option for all femur types. This present study proposed a new design process of the cementless femoral stem using a three dimensional model which provided more information and accurate analysis compared to conventional methods.
    Matched MeSH terms: Femur/surgery*
  18. Lee JK
    Int J Rheum Dis, 2009 Jul;12(2):149-54.
    PMID: 20374333 DOI: 10.1111/j.1756-185X.2009.01396.x
    Antiresorptive agents have been used as primary or first-line therapy in managing patients with osteoporosis. Bisphosphonates in particular are used widely to reduce bone resorption, increase bone mineral density, improve bone quality and therefore reduce fracture risk. However, prolonged use of bisphosphonates may cause over-suppression of bone resorption, leading on to accumulation of micro-damage in bone. This in turn might lead on to atypical femoral fractures. A patient treated with alendronate sodium for 8 years, and presenting with bilateral atypical femoral diaphyseal fractures is reported. X-rays of both femurs showed typical horizontal fracture line involving the thick lateral cortex with short oblique fracture pattern over the medial cortex. This fracture pattern was further confirmed with intra-operative examination of the fracture ends. Histopathological examination of the endocortical fragment removed from the proximal fracture end showed absence of osteoclasts and osteoblasts. Bone mineral density with dual energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA) scan showed osteopenia over the femoral neck. Blood investigations did not show significant abnormalities. Bone turnover marker levels were not reliable, as presence of fracture might have altered the marker levels. Both femoral fractures united well. The patient reported here had complete pictures on X-ray examination, intra-operative findings, histopathological examination, DXA, as well as blood test results. Complete data should be collected from patients treated with alendronate sodium presenting with atypical femoral fractures to show any link between the use of alendronate sodium with atypical fracture of femur.
    Matched MeSH terms: Femur/surgery
  19. Imran Y, Zulmi W, Halim AS
    Med J Malaysia, 2004 Dec;59 Suppl F:35-8.
    PMID: 15941158
    Long bone reconstruction using vascularized fibula graft is becoming more popular despite the difficulties and its post-operative complications. We reviewed our early experience dealing with vascularized fibula graft for the management of massive long bone defect. Thirteen patients had undergone long bone reconstruction using vascularized fibula graft. Early complications that had been encountered include superficial wound infection (23%), transient common peroneal nerve palsy (23%), stage 1 bed sore (7.7%), anastomotic venous thrombosis (30.8%), DIVC (15.4%), flap loss and amputation (7.7%), and reactive psychiatric problem (7.7%). The early complications following this procedure are comparable with other major orthopaedic surgery and most of them are minor and treatable. The complication rates are also comparable with similar surgery done elsewhere.
    Matched MeSH terms: Femur/surgery
  20. Faisham WI, Zulmi W, Biswal BM
    Med J Malaysia, 2003 Mar;58(1):120-4.
    PMID: 14556337
    Since January 1999, ten patients had undergone surgical treatment for metastatic bony lesions of proximal femur at this centre. Seven of these patients were treated for complete pathological fractures, one for impending fracture and one for revision of internal fixation and loosening of hemiarthroplasty. Primary malignancies were located in breast in four cases, prostate in three and one in lung, thyroid and neurofibrosarcoma. Two patients had died within six months after surgery, four after 1 year while the remaining four were still alive. The mean duration of survival was eleven months. Nine patients had been ambulating pain free and there were no failure of reconstruction.
    Matched MeSH terms: Femur/surgery
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