Displaying publications 1 - 20 of 57 in total

  1. Spacey SD, Szczygielski BI, Young SP, Hukin J, Selby K, Snutch TP
    Can J Neurol Sci, 2004 Aug;31(3):383-6.
    PMID: 15376485
    BACKGROUND: Friedrich ataxia (FRDA1) is most often the result of a homozygous GAA repeat expansion in the first intron of the frataxin gene (FRDA gene). This condition is seen in individuals of European, North African, Middle Eastern and Indian descent and has not been reported in Southeast Asian populations. Approximately 4% of FRDA1 patients are compound heterozygotes. These patients have a GAA expansion on one allele and a point mutation on the other and have been reported to have an atypical phenotype.

    OBJECTIVE: To describe a novel dinucleotide deletion in the FRDA gene in two Malaysian siblings with FRDA1.

    SETTING: Tertiary referral university hospital setting.

    PATIENTS AND METHODS: A previously healthy 10-year-old Malaysian boy, presented with fever, lethargy, headaches, dysarthria, dysphagia, vertigo and ataxia which developed over a one week period. His neurological exam revealed evidence of dysarthria and ataxia, mild generalized weakness and choreoform movements of the tongue and hands. His reflexes were absent and Babinski sign was present bilaterally. A nine-year-old sister was found to have mild ataxia but was otherwise neurologically intact.

    RESULTS: Molecular genetic studies demonstrated that both siblings were compound heterozygotes with a GAA expansion on one allele and a novel dinucleotide deletion on the other allele.

    CONCLUSIONS: We describe a novel dinucleotide deletion in the first exon of the FRDA gene in two siblings with FRDA1. Additionally this is the first report of FRDA1 occurring in a family of southeast Asian descent, it demonstrates intrafamilial phenotypic variability, and confirms that atypical phenotypes are associated with compound heterozygosity.

    Matched MeSH terms: Gene Deletion*
  2. Thong MK, Rudzki Z, Hall J, Tan JA, Chan LL, Yap SF
    Hum Mutat, 1999;13(5):413.
    PMID: 10338100 DOI: 10.1002/(SICI)1098-1004(1999)13:5<413::AID-HUMU15>
    Beta-thalassemia major is one of the commonest genetic disorders in South-East Asia. The spectrum of beta-thalassemia mutations in the various ethnic sub-populations on the island of Borneo is unknown. We studied 20 Dusun children from the East Malaysian state of Sabah (North Borneo) with a severe beta-thalassemia major phenotype, using a combination of Southern analysis, polymerase chain reaction analysis and direct sequencing. We found the children to be homozygous for a large deletion, which has a 5' breakpoint at position -4279 from the cap site of the beta-globin gene (HBB) with the 3' breakpoint located in a L1 family of repetitive sequences at an unknown distance from the beta-globin gene. This was similar to a recent finding of a large deletion causing beta-thalassemia first described in unrelated beta-thalassemia heterozygotes of Filipino descent. This report describes the first 20 families with homozygosity of the deletion causing a severe phenotype. It provides the first information on the molecular epidemiology of beta-thalassemia in Sabah. This finding has implications for the population genetics and preventative strategies for beta-thalassemia major for nearly 300 million individuals in South-East Asia.
    Matched MeSH terms: Gene Deletion*
  3. Lee MK, Manonmani V, Arahata K
    Med J Malaysia, 1993 Mar;48(1):46-50.
    PMID: 8341171
    Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD), the commonest X-linked disorder, is a progressive, eventually fatal disease. With the advent of molecular genetics, the Duchenne gene and its protein product, dystrophin, have been characterised. Molecular diagnosis of DMD, identification of carriers and antenatal diagnosis are now possible. We describe here the use, in a Malaysian boy with DMD, of a recent innovation, multiplex polymerase chain reaction (PCR), to obtain molecular diagnosis by detection of dystrophin gene deletions.
    Matched MeSH terms: Gene Deletion*
  4. Lu SJ, Salleh AH, Mohamad MS, Deris S, Omatu S, Yoshioka M
    Comput Biol Chem, 2014 12;53PB:175-183.
    PMID: 25462325 DOI: 10.1016/j.compbiolchem.2014.09.008
    Reconstructions of genome-scale metabolic networks from different organisms have become popular in recent years. Metabolic engineering can simulate the reconstruction process to obtain desirable phenotypes. In previous studies, optimization algorithms have been implemented to identify the near-optimal sets of knockout genes for improving metabolite production. However, previous works contained premature convergence and the stop criteria were not clear for each case. Therefore, this study proposes an algorithm that is a hybrid of the ant colony optimization algorithm and flux balance analysis (ACOFBA) to predict near optimal sets of gene knockouts in an effort to maximize growth rates and the production of certain metabolites. Here, we present a case study that uses Baker's yeast, also known as Saccharomyces cerevisiae, as the model organism and target the rate of vanillin production for optimization. The results of this study are the growth rate of the model organism after gene deletion and a list of knockout genes. The ACOFBA algorithm was found to improve the yield of vanillin in terms of growth rate and production compared with the previous algorithms.
    Matched MeSH terms: Gene Deletion
  5. Fatemeh, H., Watihayati, M.S., Marini, M., NurShafawati, A.R., Atif, A.B., Zabidi-Hussin, Z.A.M.H., et al.
    Spinal Muscular Atrophy (SMA) is a heredity neuromuscular disorder and is one of the most common genetic causes of childhood fatality. SMA is classified into three groups based on age of onset and achieved motor milestone. Survival Motor Neuron (SMN) gene has been identified as the responsible gene for SMA. From August 2003 until Feb 2007 we have received 93 samples for SMN1 gene deletion analysis from various hospitals in Malaysia. All the patients except for 3 patients were Malaysian (71 Malays, 5 Indians, 9 Chinese and 5 patients are mixed ethnicity). DNA were extracted from blood samples using DNA extraction kit and subjected to SMN/ gene deletion analysis by PCR-RE. Forty nine out of 93 samples (20 type I, 21 type II, and 8 type III) were found to have homozygous deletion of at least exon 7 of the SMN1 gene. Twelve patients (7 type I, 4 type II, 1 type III) showed the presence of the SMN1 gene and the rest were excluded as they did not fulfill the criteria of International SMA Consortium. Deletion analysis of exon 7 of the SMN gene can be an alternative to the existing diagnostic modalities of SMA.
    Matched MeSH terms: Gene Deletion
  6. Harano K, Harano T
    Rinsho Byori, 2010 Apr;58(4):325-31.
    PMID: 20496759
    Hb and gene analyses of a Malaysian mother and her two daughters with microcytic anemia living in Japan were performed. Hb analyses of their hemolysates by IEF and DEAE-HPLC revealed high values of Hb A2 and HbF, but abnormal Hbs such as Hb E and Hb Constant Spring, which cause beta- and alpha-thalassemia traits, were not detected. From these data, they were suspected to be beta-thalassemia carriers. The thalassemic mutations commonly found in the Asian area by ARMS and nucleotide sequencing methods were not detected, and the frameworks of the beta-globin gene and the haplotypes of the beta-like globin gene cluster between the mother and daughters were not identical. These results led us to conclude that there was a beta(0)-thalassemia mutation with a large deletion from the beta-globin gene beyond the 3'beta/BamHI polymorphic site 3' downstream to the beta-globin gene. However, the range of the deletion from the beta-like globin gene cluster has not yet been completed in detail. Recently, there have been many foreigners mainly from Asian countries in Japan. We may encounter people with the rare type thalassemic mutation described in the text besides the mutations frequently found in Asian countries.
    Matched MeSH terms: Gene Deletion*
  7. Sivalingam M, Looi ML, Zakaria SZ, Hamidah NH, Alias H, Latiff ZA, et al.
    Int J Lab Hematol, 2012 Aug;34(4):377-82.
    PMID: 22335963 DOI: 10.1111/j.1751-553X.2012.01405.x
    INTRODUCTION: To study the ß-gene mutations spectrum, the genotype/phenotype correlation, the modulatory effect of co-inherited factors such as α-gene mutations and of Xmn1 polymorphism in a large cohort of Malaysian patients.
    METHODS: A total of 264 cases clinically diagnosed as Thalassemia major (TM) (111), Thalassemia intermedia (21), HbE-β Thalassemia (131), and 1 HbE homozygous were studied. The detection of α and ß gene mutations and characterization of Xmn1 polymorphism were performed by multiplex PCR, amplification refractory mutation system (ARMS), DNA sequencing, and restriction fragment length polymorphism (RFLP)-PCR.
    RESULTS: A total of 19 ß Thalassemia mutations were characterized. CD26 and CD41/42 were the most common found in the Malay and Chinese population, respectively. The sensitivity of the clinical diagnosis for β TM, thalassemia intermedia, and HbE/β thalassemia was 94.0%, 15.2%, and 89.2%, respectively. Patients with Xmn1 heterozygosity [+/-] required less frequent transfusion compared with those without the polymorphism. Co-inheritance of α-thalassemia alleviates the severity of HbE-β thalassemia in our cohort.
    CONCLUSION: Molecular analysis should be used for a better diagnosis and management of β thalassemia.
    Matched MeSH terms: Gene Deletion
  8. Johani FH, Majid MSA, Azme MH, Nawi AM
    Tob Induc Dis, 2020;18:50.
    PMID: 32547353 DOI: 10.18332/tid/122465
    INTRODUCTION: Lung cancer is the most commonly diagnosed cancer worldwide and is the leading cause of cancer death. Smoking is a major contributor to the pathogenesis of lung cancer. Cytochrome P450 2A6 (CYP2A6) is responsible for the metabolic activation of most tobacco carcinogens. CYP2A6 genetic polymorphism can cause variations in the human metabolism of xenobiotics. We performed this meta-analysis to determine the association between whole-gene CYP2A6 deletion polymorphism (CYP2A6*4) and lung cancer risk.

    METHODS: The PubMed, SAGE, Science Direct, the Cochrane Library and Ovid databases were searched for observational studies before October 2018. Methodological quality was assessed using the Newcastle-Ottawa Quality Assessment Scale (NOS).

    RESULTS: Nine case-control studies involving 4385 lung cancer cases and 4142 controls were included in the analysis. The random-effects model was used to combine results from individual studies. The pooled odds ratio was 0.39 (95% CI: 0.27-0.56). There was no heterogeneity across studies (χ2=2.49, p=0.96, I2=0%).

    CONCLUSIONS: Current evidence from the case-control studies suggests that the CYP2A6 whole-gene deletion polymorphism decreases the risk of lung cancer. Further research is needed to identify any potential confounding factors that may impact this association.

    Matched MeSH terms: Gene Deletion
  9. Ainoon O, Boo NY, Yu YH, Cheong SK, Hamidah HN
    Hematology, 2006 Apr;11(2):113-8.
    PMID: 16753852 DOI: 10.1080/10245330500155184
    A 2-year-old Chinese boy was referred to Hospital UKM for investigation of recurrent episodes of dark-coloured urine and pallor since birth. He was born prematurely at 34 weeks gestation and developed severe early-onset neonatal jaundice requiring exchange blood transfusion. Screening at birth showed Glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase (G6PD) deficiency. On admission, physical examination revealed pallor, jaundice and mild hepatomegaly. Results of laboratory investigations showed a hemoglobin level of 11.0 g/dl with a hemolytic blood picture, reticulocytosis of 20% and red cell G6PD activity reported as undetectable. The patient's DNA was analysed for G6PD mutations by PCR-based techniques and DNA sequencing and results showed a 24 bp deletion of nucleotide 953-976 in the exon 9 of the G6PD gene. DNA analysis was also performed on blood samples of the patient's mother and female sibling confirming their heterozygous status, although both showed normal red cell G6PD activity levels. The patient was discharged well and his parents were appropriately advised on the condition and the importance of taking folic acid regularly. This is a first case report in Malaysia of G6PD deficiency causing chronic-hemolytic anemia. The rare 24 bp deletion causes the G6PD Nara variant, previously reported only in two other unrelated males, a Japanese and a Portuguese both with chronic hemolytic anemia.
    Matched MeSH terms: Gene Deletion*
  10. Boush MA, Djibrine MA, Mussa A, Talib M, Maki A, Mohammed A, et al.
    Sci Rep, 2020 07 30;10(1):12822.
    PMID: 32733079 DOI: 10.1038/s41598-020-69756-8
    In remote areas of malaria-endemic countries, rapid diagnostic tests (RDTs) have dramatically improved parasitological confirmation of suspected malaria cases, especially when skilled microscopists are not available. This study was designed to determine the frequency of Plasmodium falciparum isolates with histidine-rich protein 2 (pfhrp2) gene deletion as one of the possible factors contributing to the failure of PfHRP2-based RDTs in detecting malaria. A total of 300 blood samples were collected from several health centres in Nyala City, Western Sudan. The performance of PfHRP2-based RDTs in relation to microscopy was examined and the PCR-confirmed samples were investigated for the presence of pfhrp2 gene. A total of 113 out of 300 patients were P. falciparum positive by microscopy. Among them, 93.81% (106 out of 113) were positives by the PfHRP2 RDTs. Seven isolates were identified as false negative on the basis of the RDTs results. Only one isolate (0.9%; 1/113) potentially has pfhrp2 gene deletion. The sensitivity and specificity of PfHRP2-based RDTs were 93.81% and 100%, respectively. The results provide insights into the pfhrp2 gene deletion amongst P. falciparum population from Sudan. However, further studies with a large and systematic collection from different geographical settings across the country are needed.
    Matched MeSH terms: Gene Deletion*
  11. Mohamed Yusoff AA, Mohd Khair SZN, Abd Radzak SM, Idris Z, Lee HC
    J Chin Med Assoc, 2020 Sep;83(9):838-844.
    PMID: 32732530 DOI: 10.1097/JCMA.0000000000000401
    BACKGROUND: The 4977-bp common deletion (mtDNA) is a well-established mitochondrial genome alteration that has been described in various types of human cancers. However, to date, no studies on mtDNA in brain tumors have been reported. The present study aimed to determine mtDNA prevalence in common brain tumors, specifically, low- and high-grade gliomas (LGGs and HGGs), and meningiomas in Malaysian cases. Its correlation with clinicopathological parameters was also evaluated.

    METHODS: A total of 50 patients with pathologically confirmed brain tumors (13 LGGs, 20 HGGs, and 17 meningiomas) were enrolled in this study. mtDNA was detected by using polymerase chain reaction (PCR) technique and later confirmed via Sanger DNA sequencing.

    RESULTS: Overall, mtDNA was observed in 16 (32%) patients and it was significantly correlated with the type of tumor group and sex, being more common in the HGG group and in male patients.

    CONCLUSION: The prevalence of mtDNA in Malaysian glioma and meningioma cases has been described for the first time and it was, indeed, comparable with previously published studies. This study provides initial insights into mtDNA in brain tumor and these findings can serve as new data for the global mitochondrial DNA mutations database.

    Matched MeSH terms: Gene Deletion*
  12. Azma RZ, Othman A, Azman N, Alauddin H, Ithnin A, Yusof N, et al.
    Malays J Pathol, 2012 Jun;34(1):57-62.
    PMID: 22870600
    Haemoglobin Constant Spring (Hb CS) mutation and single gene deletions are common underlying genetic abnormalities for alpha thalassaemias. Co-inheritance of deletional and non-deletional alpha (alpha) thalassaemias may result in various thalassaemia syndromes. Concomitant co-inheritance with beta (beta) and delta (delta) gene abnormalities would result in improved clinical phenotype. We report here a 33-year-old male patient who was admitted with dengue haemorrhagic fever, with a background history of Grave's disease, incidentally noted to have mild hypochromic microcytic red cell indices. Physical examination revealed no thalassaemic features or hepatosplenomegaly. His full blood picture showed hypochromic microcytic red cells with normal haemoglobin (Hb) level. Quantitation of Hb using high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) and capillary electrophoresis (CE) revealed raised Hb F, normal Hb A2 and Hb A levels. There was also small peak of Hb CS noted in CE. H inclusions was negative. Kleihauer test was positive with heterocellular distribution of Hb F among the red cells. DNA analysis for alpha globin gene mutations showed a single -alpha(-3.7) deletion and Hb CS mutation. These findings were suggestive of compound heterozygosity of Hb CS and a single -alpha(-3.7) deletion with a concomitant heterozygous deltabeta thalassaemia. Co-inheritance of Hb CS and a single -alpha(-3.7) deletion is expected to result at the very least in a clinical phenotype similar to that of two alpha genes deletion. However we demonstrate here a phenotypic modification of alpha thalassemia presumptively as a result of co-inheritance with deltabeta chain abnormality as suggested by the high Hb F level.
    Matched MeSH terms: Gene Deletion*
  13. Nuryastuti T, Henny C, Henk JB, Roel K, Abu TA, Bastiaan PK
    Med J Malaysia, 2008 Jul;63 Suppl A:97.
    PMID: 19025002
    Phenotypic variation in biofilm formation is common in clinical isolates of S. epidermidis. In the current study, nearly 5% of all clinical isolates analysed showed phenotypic variation in biofilm forming ability and electrophoretic mobility (EM). This is the first report of S. epidermidis strains irreversibly switching from biofilm-positive to biofilm-negative phenotype by spontaneous deletion of icaADBC genes which represents a new, possibly common mechanism of phenotypic variation.
    Matched MeSH terms: Gene Deletion*
  14. See HS, Yap YY, Yip WK, Seow HF
    World J Surg Oncol, 2008;6:18.
    PMID: 18275617 DOI: 10.1186/1477-7819-6-18
    Nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC) is a human epithelial tumour with high prevalence amongst Chinese in Southern China and South East Asia and is associated with the Epstein-Barr virus (EBV). The viral genome harbours an oncogene, namely, the latent membrane protein 1 (LMP1) gene and known variants such as the 30-bp deletion and loss of XhoI restriction site have been found. Less is known about the relationship between these variants and the population characteristics and histological type.
    Matched MeSH terms: Gene Deletion*
  15. Watihayati MS, Fatemeh H, Marini M, Atif AB, Zahiruddin WM, Sasongko TH, et al.
    Brain Dev, 2009 Jan;31(1):42-5.
    PMID: 18842367 DOI: 10.1016/j.braindev.2008.08.012
    Spinal muscular atrophy (SMA) is an autosomal recessive neuromuscular disorder caused by mutations in the SMN1 gene. The SMN2 gene is highly homologous to SMN1 and has been reported to be correlated with severity of the disease. The clinical presentation of SMA varies from severe to mild, with three clinical subtypes (type I, type II, and type III) that are assigned according to age of onset and severity of the disease. Here, we aim to investigate the potential association between the number of copies of SMN2 and the deletion in the NAIP gene with the clinical severity of SMA in patients of Malaysian origin. Forty-two SMA patients (14 of type I, 20 type II, and 8 type III) carrying deletions of the SMN1 gene were enrolled in this study. SMN2 copy number was determined by fluorescence-based quantitative polymerase chain reaction assay. Twenty-nine percent of type I patients carried one copy of SMN2, while the remaining 71% carried two copies. Among the type II and type III SMA patients, 29% of cases carried two copies of the gene, while 71% carried three or four copies of SMN2. Deletion analysis of NAIP showed that 50% of type I SMA patients had a homozygous deletion of exon 5 of this gene and that only 10% of type II SMA cases carried a homozygous deletion, while all type III patients carried intact copies of the NAIP gene. We conclude that there exists a close relationship between SMN2 copy number and SMA disease severity, suggesting that the determination of SMN2 copy number may be a good predictor of SMA disease type. Furthermore, NAIP gene deletion was found to be associated with SMA severity. In conclusion, combining the analysis of deletion of NAIP with the assessment of SMN2 copy number increases the value of this tool in predicting the severity of SMA.
    Matched MeSH terms: Gene Deletion*
  16. Watihayati MS, M S W, Zabidi AM, A M H ZH, Tang TH, T H T, et al.
    Kobe J Med Sci, 2007;53(4):171-5.
    PMID: 17932457
    Spinal Muscular Atrophy (SMA) is an autosomal recessive disease, which is characterized by degeneration of the anterior horn cells of the spinal cord. SMA is classified into 3 clinical subtypes, type I (severe), type II (intermediate), and type III (mild). Two genes, SMN1 and NAIP, have been identified as SMA-related genes. The SMN1 gene is now recognized as a responsible gene for the disease because it is deleted or mutated in most SMA patients. However, the role of the NAIP gene in SMA has not been fully clarified. To clarify the contribution of NAIP to the disease severity of SMA, we studied the relationship between NAIP-deletion and clinical phenotype in Malaysian patients. A total of 39 patients lacking SMN1 (12 type I, 19 type II, and 8 type III patients) were enrolled into this study. Seven out of 12 patients with type I SMA (approximately 60%) showed NAIP deletion. On the contrary, only 2 out of 20 type II patients and none of type III patients showed NAIP deletion. There was a statistically significant difference in NAIP-deletion frequency among the clinical subtypes (Fisher's exact probability test, p value = 0.014). In conclusion, according to our data that NAIP deletion was more frequent in type I SMA than in type II-III SMA, the NAIP gene may be a modifying factor for disease severity of SMA.
    Matched MeSH terms: Gene Deletion*
  17. Kho CL, Tan WS, Tey BT, Yusoff K
    J Gen Virol, 2003 Aug;84(Pt 8):2163-2168.
    PMID: 12867648 DOI: 10.1099/vir.0.19107-0
    The nucleocapsid protein (NP) of Newcastle disease virus expressed in E. coli assembled as ring- and herringbone-like particles. In order to identify the contiguous NP sequence essential for assembly of these particles, 11 N- or C-terminally deleted NP mutants were constructed and their ability to self-assemble was tested. The results indicate that a large part of the NP N-terminal end, encompassing amino acids 1 to 375, is required for proper folding to form a herringbone-like structure. In contrast, the C-terminal end covering amino acids 376 to 489 was dispensable for the formation of herringbone-like particles. A region located between amino acids 375 to 439 may play a role in regulating the length of the herringbone-like particles. Mutants with amino acid deletions further from the C-terminal end (84, 98, 109 and 114 amino acids) tended to form longer particles compared to mutants with shorter deletions (25 and 49 amino acids).
    Matched MeSH terms: Gene Deletion
  18. Chan BC, To KF, Pang JC, Chung YF, Lo KW, Tong JH, et al.
    Int J Cancer, 2002 Dec 10;102(5):492-8.
    PMID: 12432552
    A panel of monoclonal antibodies specific to Hong Kong Chinese nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC)-associated Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) latent membrane protein 1 (LMP1) variants has been generated. These monoclonal antibodies not only differentiate the Hong Kong Chinese NPC-associated LMP1 variants from the prototype B95-8 LMP1, derived from Caucasian infectious mononucleosis, but also differentiate the 2 highly homologous LMP1 deletion variants commonly found in Hong Kong primary NPC. The predominant deletion type variant, DV-Asp335, is characterized by an aspartic acid at residue 335 located in the cytoplasmic C-terminal region, whereas the other minor deletion variant, DV-Gly335, has a glycine in the same residue position. 335D is hitherto found predominantly in LMP1 of the China 1 strain in association with NPC in the Chinese populations located in southern China and Malaysia. These antibodies, which are applicable in ELISA, immunofluorescence, immunoprecipitation, immunoblotting and immunohistochemistry on paraffin sections, are the first variant-specific anti-LMP1 monoclonal antibodies produced, and will be useful in investigating the functional significance of 335D in NPC.
    Matched MeSH terms: Gene Deletion
  19. Maran S, Faten SA, Lim SE, Lai KS, Ibrahim WPW, Ankathil R, et al.
    Biomed Res Int, 2020;2020:6945730.
    PMID: 33062692 DOI: 10.1155/2020/6945730
    Background: The 22q11.2 deletion syndrome (22q11.2DS) is the most common form of deletion disorder in humans. Low copy repeats flanking the 22q11.2 region confers a substrate for nonallelic homologous recombination (NAHR) events leading to rearrangements which have been reported to be associated with highly variable and expansive phenotypes. The 22q11.2DS is reported as the most common genetic cause of congenital heart defects (CHDs).

    Methods: A total of 42 patients with congenital heart defects, as confirmed by echocardiography, were recruited. Genetic molecular analysis using a fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) technique was conducted as part of routine 22q11.2DS screening, followed by multiplex ligation-dependent probe amplification (MLPA), which serves as a confirmatory test.

    Results: Two of the 42 CHD cases (4.76%) indicated the presence of 22q11.2DS, and interestingly, both cases have conotruncal heart defects. In terms of concordance of techniques used, MLPA is superior since it can detect deletions within the 22q11.2 locus and outside of the typically deleted region (TDR) as well as duplications.

    Conclusion: The incidence of 22q11.2DS among patients with CHD in the east coast of Malaysia is 0.047. MLPA is a scalable and affordable alternative molecular diagnostic method in the screening of 22q11.2DS and can be routinely applied for the diagnosis of deletion syndromes.

    Matched MeSH terms: Gene Deletion
  20. Balasubramaniam S, Keng WT, Ngu LH, Michel LG, Irina G
    Singapore Med J, 2010 Mar;51(3):e54-7.
    PMID: 20428734
    Mowat-Wilson syndrome (MWS) is a recently delineated mental retardation; a multiple congenital anomaly syndrome characterised by a typical facial gestalt, Hirschsprung disease or severe constipation, genitourinary anomaly, congenital heart defects, agenesis of corpus callosum and eye defects. Some cases also present with epilepsy, growth retardation with microcephaly and speech impairment. MWS was first described in 1998 by Mowat et al, and approximately 180 cases have been reported as of August 2008. The syndrome occurs as a result of heterozygous mutations or deletions in the zinc finger E-box-binding homeobox 2 gene, ZEB2, previously called ZFHX1B (SIP1). Most cases reported so far were sporadic occurrences; however, rare cases of sibling recurrence have been cited. The facial phenotype is particularly important for the initial clinical diagnosis and provides the hallmark, warranting ZEB2 mutational analysis even in the absence of Hirschsprung disease. We present the first two molecularly confirmed Malaysian MWS patients, one of whom has a novel mutation.
    Matched MeSH terms: Gene Deletion
Contact Us

Please provide feedback to Administrator (afdal@afpm.org.my)

External Links