Displaying publications 1 - 20 of 351 in total

  1. Leung AKC, Lam JM, Leong KF
    Curr Pediatr Rev, 2020;16(1):33-42.
    PMID: 31544694 DOI: 10.2174/1573396315666190717114131
    BACKGROUND: Scabies is a skin disease caused by an obligate human parasite mite Sarcoptes scabiei var. hominis. Children under the age of two and elderly individuals are at the greatest risk. Knowledge of this condition is important for an early diagnosis to be made and treatment to be initiated.

    OBJECTIVE: The review aimed to familiarize physicians with the clinical manifestations, diagnosis, evaluation, and management of scabies.

    METHODS: A search was conducted using Pubmed with the built-in "Clinical Queries" tool. The search term "Scabies" was used. The categories of "epidemiology", "diagnosis", "therapy", "prevention" and "prognosis" had a limited scope for primary clinical studies. Meta-analyses, randomized controlled trials, clinical trials, observational studies, and reviews were included. Only papers published in the English language were included. A descriptive, narrative synthesis was provided of the retrieved articles.

    RESULTS: Worldwide, scabies affects 200 to 300 million individuals annually. The average prevalence is estimated to be 5 to 10% in children of developing countries. Transmission usually occurs after close prolonged skin-to-skin contact. Classic scabies is characterized by an erythematous papular eruption, serpiginous burrows, and intense pruritus. Sites of predilection include the webs of the fingers, volar wrists, lateral aspects of fingers, extensor surfaces of elbows and knees, waist, navel, abdomen, buttocks, groins, and, genitals. A clinical diagnosis of classic scabies can be made on the basis of the history and clinical findings. Other clinical variants include crusted scabies, nodular scabies, and bullous scabies. Finding the mite, ova, or fecal pellets on microscopic examination of scrapings taken from skin lesions confirms the diagnosis of scabies infestation. For eradication of scabies mites, the drugs of choice are topical permethrin and oral ivermectin.

    CONCLUSION: Scabies is a highly contagious parasitic cutaneous disease that is stigmatising and debilitating. Increased awareness, accurate diagnosis, and prompt treatment are essential for the effective control of scabies and for the prevention of the spread of the disease.

    Matched MeSH terms: Global Health
  2. Saleem Z, Hassali MA, Hashmi FK
    Lancet Infect Dis, 2018 10;18(10):1066-1067.
    PMID: 30303099 DOI: 10.1016/S1473-3099(18)30516-4
    Matched MeSH terms: Global Health*
  3. Whitmee S, Haines A, Beyrer C, Boltz F, Capon AG, de Souza Dias BF, et al.
    Lancet, 2015 Nov 14;386(10007):1973-2028.
    PMID: 26188744 DOI: 10.1016/S0140-6736(15)60901-1
    Matched MeSH terms: Global Health*
  4. Hawkes S, Allotey P, Elhadj AS, Clark J, Horton R
    Lancet, 2020 08 22;396(10250):521-522.
    PMID: 32763153 DOI: 10.1016/S0140-6736(20)31547-6
    Matched MeSH terms: Global Health*
  5. Khosla R, Allotey P, Gruskin S
    BMJ Glob Health, 2020 08;5(8).
    PMID: 32819918 DOI: 10.1136/bmjgh-2020-003548
    Matched MeSH terms: Global Health*
  6. Cheah YK
    Malays J Med Sci, 2014 Nov-Dec;21(6):36-44.
    PMID: 25897281 MyJurnal
    In the context of global increases in the prevalence of non-communicable diseases, the objective of the present study is to investigate the factors affecting individuals' decisions to use health-promoting goods and services.
    Matched MeSH terms: Global Health
  7. Sengupta P, Dutta S, Krajewska-Kulak E
    Am J Mens Health, 2017 07;11(4):1279-1304.
    PMID: 27099345 DOI: 10.1177/1557988316643383
    Reports regarding the changes in sperm concentration in different counties of the world are inconsistent. Furthermore, the reports that sprung up from specific epidemiological and experimental examinations did not include data of prior studies or geographical variations. The current study, following a previous report of massive fall in semen volume over the past 33 years, attempts to delineate the trend of altering sperm concentrations and factors responsible for this by reviewing article published from 1980 to July 2015 with geographic differences. The current study identified an overall 57% diminution in mean sperm concentration over the past 35 years ( r = -.313, p = .0002), which, when analyzed for each geographical region, identified a significant decline in North America, Europe, Asia, and Africa. An increasing trend of sperm concentration was identified only in Australia. The association of male age with such a trend ( R2 = .979) is reported. The authors also correlated male fertility with sperm concentration. Thus, this comprehensive, evidence-based literature review aims to concisely and systematically present the available data on sperm concentration from 1980 to 2015, as well as to statistically analyze the same and correlate male health with the declining pattern of sperm count in a single scientific review to serve the scientific research zone related to reproductive health. It points to the threat of male infertility in times ahead.
    Matched MeSH terms: Global Health*
  8. Chan KY, Adeloye D, Asante KP, Calia C, Campbell H, Danso SO, et al.
    J Glob Health, 2019 Dec;9(2):020103.
    PMID: 31893025 DOI: 10.7189/jogh.09.020103
    Matched MeSH terms: Global Health*
  9. Hinton R, Armstrong C, Asri E, Baesel K, Barnett S, Blauvelt C, et al.
    Global Health, 2021 02 01;17(1):18.
    PMID: 33522937 DOI: 10.1186/s12992-021-00664-w
    BACKGROUND: The success of the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) is predicated on multisectoral collaboration (MSC), and the COVID-19 pandemic makes it more urgent to learn how this can be done better. Complex challenges facing countries, such as COVID-19, cut across health, education, environment, financial and other sectors. Addressing these challenges requires the range of responsible sectors and intersecting services - across health, education, social and financial protection, economic development, law enforcement, among others - transform the way they work together towards shared goals. While the necessity of MSC is recognized, research is needed to understand how sectors collaborate, inform how to do so more efficiently, effectively and equitably, and ascertain similarities and differences across contexts. To answer these questions and inform practice, research to strengthen the evidence-base on MSC is critical.

    METHODS: This paper draws on a 12-country study series on MSC for health and sustainable development, in the context of the health and rights of women, children and adolescents. It is written by core members of the research coordination and country teams. Issues were analyzed during the study period through 'real-time' discussions and structured reporting, as well as through literature reviews and retrospective feedback and analysis at the end of the study.

    RESULTS: We identify four considerations that are unique to MSC research which will be of interest to other researchers, in the context of COVID-19 and beyond: 1) use theoretical frameworks to frame research questions as relevant to all sectors and to facilitate theoretical generalizability and evolution; 2) specifically incorporate sectoral analysis into MSC research methods; 3) develop a core set of research questions, using mixed methods and contextual adaptations as needed, with agreement on criteria for research rigor; and 4) identify shared indicators of success and failure across sectors to assess MSCs.

    CONCLUSION: In responding to COVID-19 it is evident that effective MSC is an urgent priority. It enables partners from diverse sectors to effectively convene to do more together than alone. Our findings have practical relevance for achieving this objective and contribute to the growing literature on partnerships and collaboration. We must seize the opportunity here to identify remaining knowledge gaps on how diverse sectors can work together efficiently and effectively in different settings to accelerate progress towards achieving shared goals.

    Matched MeSH terms: Global Health*
  10. Godinho MA, Murthy S, Ali Mohammed C
    Health Promot Int, 2021 Aug 24;36(3):731-740.
    PMID: 34428296 DOI: 10.1093/heapro/daaa087
    The South Asian region is predicted to be among the most severely affected by the health impacts of climate change and warrants regional health policy leadership to tackle the same. Model World Health Organization (WHO) simulations offer the academic opportunity to build this leadership. This study describes the conceptualization and conduct of the 'Manipal Model World Health Organization' 2018 debate simulation, where a multi-professional group of students at an Indian university deliberated approaches to address the regional health impacts of climate change in South Asia. We contextualized the Model WHO debate model for a multi-professional classroom. Multi-sectoral stakeholders were engaged to draw participants from health and non-health disciplines. Participants were trained in health research literacy, policy politics, bloc politics, writing and public speaking for Model WHO. Mock sessions provided training in navigating parliamentary procedures. The debate event consisted of 22 participants and a four-member panel from diverse academic disciplines who independently assessed the deliberations. All delegations demonstrated competent written and verbal contributions. Content analysis of resolutions reaffirmed international agreements and addressed the Climate Change Health Risk Framework, and objectives of the WHO Secretariat Action Plan. Besides presenting a stratified typology of academic health policy debate simulations in global, regional, and subnational contexts, we also propose a 'theory of change', illustrating how academic policy discourse platforms can nurture critical thinking, research/policy literacy and leadership skills. Such initiatives help build the health policy leadership required for addressing global health challenges such as climate change.
    Matched MeSH terms: Global Health*
  11. Allotey P, Reidpath DD
    Lancet, 2021 03 20;397(10279):1058.
    PMID: 33743860 DOI: 10.1016/S0140-6736(21)00379-2
    Matched MeSH terms: Global Health*
  12. Izutsu T, Tsutsumi A, Minas H, Thornicroft G, Patel V, Ito A
    Lancet Psychiatry, 2015 Dec;2(12):1052-4.
    PMID: 26613844 DOI: 10.1016/S2215-0366(15)00457-5
    Matched MeSH terms: Global Health*
  13. Allotey P, Reidpath DD
    BJOG, 2015 Jan;122(2):152-5.
    PMID: 25394350 DOI: 10.1111/1471-0528.13177
    Matched MeSH terms: Global Health*
  14. Sebelius K
    Lancet, 2013 May 18;381(9879):1689.
    PMID: 23683615 DOI: 10.1016/S0140-6736(13)60905-8
    Matched MeSH terms: Global Health*
  15. Khoo SM
    Soc Sci Med, 2012 Jan;74(1):14-9.
    PMID: 21570757 DOI: 10.1016/j.socscimed.2011.02.048
    Alternative Southern consumer activism, undertaken for example by the Consumers' Association of Penang (CAP) in Malaysia, presents significant sites of nodal governance through which local and global health rights are claimed. This alternative consumer approach distinctively integrates health with development, social justice and environmental issues. It has not always explicitly employed rights language, but consumer activism fits with rights-based approaches, emphasising entitlements, accountability and participation. This case-study traces the development of networked consumer campaigns to contest and shape global health governance. It highlights the important, yet under-researched role of Southern nodes within global networks mobilizing health rights and public health. Alternative consumer activism re-interprets the consumer as a countervailing force, collectively mobilizing citizens to claim their health rights.
    Matched MeSH terms: Global Health*
  16. Hamid M, Bustamante-Manaog T, Truong VD, Akkhavong K, Fu H, Ma Y, et al.
    Lancet, 2005 Nov 19;366(9499):1758-60.
    PMID: 16298204 DOI: 10.1016/S0140-6736(05)67709-4
    Matched MeSH terms: Global Health*
  17. Bhore SJ
    PMID: 27739416
    On 25 September 2015, the United Nations (UN) member countries adopted an ambitious 17 Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) aiming to 'transform the world' in the next 15 years. [...].
    Matched MeSH terms: Global Health*
  18. Lim V, Stubbs JW, Nahar N, Amarasena N, Chaudry ZU, Weng SCK, et al.
    Lancet, 2009 Sep 19;374(9694):973.
    PMID: 19762076 DOI: 10.1016/S0140-6736(09)61641-X
    Matched MeSH terms: Global Health*
  19. Tsapaki V, Ibbott G, Krisanachinda A, Ng KH, Suh TS, Tabakov S, et al.
    Phys Med, 2017 Dec;44:196-198.
    PMID: 29221890 DOI: 10.1016/j.ejmp.2017.11.022
    As medical technology evolves and patient needs increase, the need for well-trained and highly professional medical physicists (MPs) becomes even more urgent. The roles and responsibilities of MPs in various departments within the hospital are diverse and demanding. It is obvious that training, continuing education and professional development of MPs have become essential. One of the ways for an MP to advance his or her knowledge is to participate in conferences and congresses. Last year, the 22nd International Conference of Medical Physics (ICMP 2016) took place in Bangkok, Thailand. The event attracted 584 delegates with most of the participants coming from Asia. It attracted also delegates from 42 countries. The largest delegations were from Thailand, Japan and South Korea. ICMP 2016 included 367 oral presentations and e-posters, most of these being in the fields of Radiation Therapy, Medical Imaging and Radiation Safety. All abstracts were published as an e-book of Abstracts in a supplement to the official IOMP Journal. Many companies had exhibition stands at ICMP2016, thus allowing the participants to see the latest developments in the medical physics-related industry. The conference included 42 mini-symposia, part of the first "IOMP School" activity, covering various topics of importance for the profession and this special issue follows from the success of the conference.
    Matched MeSH terms: Global Health*
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