Displaying publications 1 - 20 of 161 in total

  1. Bishop LFJ
    Malayan Medical Journal, 1937;12:141-2.
    Matched MeSH terms: Heart Failure
  2. Ramli AS, Jackson B, Toh CT, Ambigga Devi SK, Piterman L
    Malays Fam Physician, 2010;5(2):68-76.
    PMID: 25606191 MyJurnal
    Chronic Heart Failure (CHF) is a debilitating illness commonly encountered in primary care. Its prevalence in developing countries is rising as a result of an ageing population, and an escalating epidemic of hypertension, type 2 diabetes and coronary heart disease. CHF can be specifically diagnosed as Heart Failure with Reduced Systolic Function (HF-RSF) or Heart Failure with Preserved Systolic Function (HF-PSF). This paper illustrates a common presentation of HF-PSF in primary care; and critically appraises the evidence in support of its diagnosis, prognosis and management. Regardless of the specific diagnosis, long term management of CHF is intricate as it involves a complex interplay between medical, psychosocial, and behavioural factors. Hence, there is a pressing need for a multidisciplinary team management of CHF in primary care, and this usually takes place within the broader context of an integrated chronic disease management programme. Primary care physicians are ideally suited to lead multidisciplinary teams to ensure better co-ordination, continuity and quality of care is delivered for patients with chronic conditions across time and settings. Given the rising epidemic of cardiovascular risk factors in the Malaysian population, preventive strategies at the primary care level are likely to offer the greatest promise for reducing the growing burden of CHF.
    Matched MeSH terms: Heart Failure*
  3. Altamish M, Samuel VP, Dahiya R, Singh Y, Deb PK, Bakshi HA, et al.
    Drug Dev Res, 2020 02;81(1):23-31.
    PMID: 31785110 DOI: 10.1002/ddr.21627
    The well-known condition of heart failure is a clinical syndrome that results when the myocardium's ability to pump enough blood to meet the body's metabolic needs is impaired. Most of the cardiac activity is maintained by adrenoceptors, are categorized into two main α and β and three distinct subtypes of β receptor: β1-, β2-, and β3-adrenoceptors. The β adrenoreceptor is the main regulatory macro proteins, predominantly available on heart and responsible for down regulatory cardiac signaling. Moreover, the pathological involvement of Angiotensin-converting enzyme 1 (ACE1)/angiotensin II (Ang II)/angiotensin II type 1 (AT1) axis and beneficial ACE2/Ang (1-7)/Mas receptor axis also shows protective role via Gi βγ, during heart failure these receptors get desensitized or internalized due to increase in the activity of G-protein-coupled receptor kinase 2 (GRK2) and GRK5, responsible for phosphorylation of G-protein-mediated down regulatory signaling. Here, we investigate the various clinical and preclinical data that exhibit the molecular mechanism of upset level of GRK change the cardiac activity during failing heart.
    Matched MeSH terms: Heart Failure/complications; Heart Failure/metabolism*
  4. Rudyk IS, Medentseva OO, Gasanov IC, Babichev DP
    Pol Merkur Lekarski, 2021 Apr 18;49(290):95-98.
    PMID: 33895752
    Heart failure (HF) despite the progress in treatment remains the main health problem worldwide. Biomarker ST2 is currently being studied in patients with HF due to its high potential predictive value and promising prospects for use as a component of biomarker-controlled therapy. The factors that can impact on the ST2 biomarker level in diabetic patients with heart failure with preserved ejection fraction (HFpEF) are still not well known.

    AIM: The aim of the study was to determine the influence of various risk factors on ST2 levels in patients with HFpEF and diabetes mellitus type 2 (T2DM).

    MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of one hundred and thirty-four patients (74 females and 60 males, 51 diabetic patients and 83 patients without T2DM with HFpEF were examined. Duration of HF and T2DM, common risk factors, such as smoking, overweight, clinical examination, parameters of carbohydrate and lipid metabolism, glomerular filtration rate (GFR) and M235T polymorphism of ATG have been used. Multivariate backward stepwise cox regression analysis was performed in Statistica 10,0. p<0,05 was considered statistically significant.

    RESULTS: ST2 level in patients with HFpEF associated with T2DM exceeded this value in patients with HFpEF without T2DM and was 23.26 ng/ml (18.5: 29.3) vs. 20.39 ng/ml (18.3: 24.6), respectively (p<0,05). To assess the cumulative effect of the studied factors on the ST2 level, we performed the Cox's stepwise multivariate regression analysis. Smoking, HOMA-IR (Homeostatic Model Assessment for Insulin Resistance), glucose, HbA1 and insulin levels were found to be the most significant factors influencing ST2 levels in patients with HF and T2DM, indicating a significant effect of DM type 2 on ST2 concentration.

    CONCLUSIONS: Smoking, HOMA-IR, glucose, HbA1, and insulin levels can significantly affect ST2 levels in patients with T2DM and HFpEF.

    Matched MeSH terms: Heart Failure*
  5. Wahab IA, Pratt NL, Ellett LK, Roughead EE
    Drug Saf, 2016 Apr;39(4):347-54.
    PMID: 26798053 DOI: 10.1007/s40264-015-0391-8
    The potential for routine sequence symmetry analysis (SSA) signal detection in health claims databases to detect new safety signals of medicines is unknown.
    Matched MeSH terms: Heart Failure/chemically induced*; Heart Failure/epidemiology
  6. Gopal CP, Ranga A, Joseph KL, Tangiisuran B
    Singapore Med J, 2015 Apr;56(4):217-23.
    PMID: 25532514 DOI: 10.11622/smedj.2014190
    Although heart failure (HF) management is available at primary and secondary care facilities in Malaysia, the optimisation of drug therapy is still suboptimal. Although pharmacists can help bridge the gap in optimising HF therapy, pharmacists in Malaysia currently do not manage and titrate HF pharmacotherapy. The aim of this study was to develop treatment algorithms and monitoring protocols for angiotensin converting enzyme inhibitors, angiotensin receptor blockers, beta-blockers and spironolactone based on extensive literature review for validation and utilization by pharmacists involved in HF management.
    Matched MeSH terms: Heart Failure/therapy*
  7. Bonsu KO, Kadirvelu A, Reidpath DD
    Pharmacol Ther, 2014 Sep;143(3):350.
    PMID: 24769330 DOI: 10.1016/j.pharmthera.2014.04.003
    Matched MeSH terms: Heart Failure/drug therapy*
  8. Shafie AA, Tan YP, Ng CH
    Heart Fail Rev, 2018 01;23(1):131-145.
    PMID: 29124528 DOI: 10.1007/s10741-017-9661-0
    The aim of this study is to perform a systematic review of the costing methodological approaches adopted by published cost-of-illness (COI) studies. A systematic review was performed to identify cost-of-illness studies of heart failure published between January 2003 and September 2015 via computerized databases such as Pubmed, Wiley Online, Science Direct, Web of Science, and Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health Literature (CINAHL). Costs reported in the original studies were converted to 2014 international dollars (Int$). Thirty five out of 4972 studies met the inclusion criteria. Nineteen out of the 35 studies reported the costs as annual cost per patient, ranging from Int$ 908.00 to Int$ 84,434.00, while nine studies reported costs as per hospitalization, ranging from Int$ 3780.00 to Int$ 34,233.00. Cost of heart failure increased as condition of heart failure worsened from New York Heart Association (NYHA) class I to NYHA class IV. Hospitalization cost was found to be the main cost driver to the total health care cost. The annual cost of heart failure ranges from Int$ 908 to Int$ 40,971 per patient. The reported cost estimates were inconsistent across the COI studies, mainly due to the variation in term of methodological approaches such as disease definition, epidemiological approach of study, study perspective, cost disaggregation, estimation of resource utilization, valuation of unit cost components, and data sources used. Such variation will affect the reliability, consistency, validity, and relevance of the cost estimates across studies.
    Matched MeSH terms: Heart Failure/economics*
  9. Pyvovar SM, Rudyk IS, Kopytsya MP, Lozyk TV, Galchinskaya VI, Chenchik TO
    Wiad Lek, 2020;73(7):1402-1409.
    PMID: 32759428
    OBJECTIVE: The aim: The aim is to study the effect of β-ABs in patients with LT3 S on the course of HF.

    PATIENTS AND METHODS: Materials and methods: 354 patients with HF on a background of post-infarction cardiosclerosis were included in the 2-yeared follow-up study. LT3 S was diagnosed at 89 (25.1%) patients. The levels of thyroid-stimulating hormone, free T3f and T4f, and reversible T3 were determined. The echocardioscopy was performed.

    RESULTS: Results: Patients with HF in combination with LT3 S have a heavier functional class by NYHA, greater dilatation of the left heart cavities, less myocardial contractility, a higher frequency of atrial fibrillation and re-hospitalization. The use of β-ABs in patients with HF without LT3 S leads to a likely decrease in hospitalization frequency, while in patients with LT3 S it has an opposite effect. The frequency of rehospitalization increases with an excess of β-ABs dose > 5 mg (equivalent to bisoprolol). At these patients a decrease in serum T3 level and negative dynamics of parameters of intracardiac hemodynamics are observed.

    CONCLUSION: Conclusions: The use of β-ABs in patients with LT3 S leads to an increase in re-hospitalization at a dose over 5.0 mg (equivalent to bisoprolol). In these patients there is a decrease in serum T3, an increase in T4 level; and the ejection fraction decrease; and heart cavities size increase.

    Matched MeSH terms: Heart Failure*
  10. Jahmunah V, Oh SL, Wei JKE, Ciaccio EJ, Chua K, San TR, et al.
    Phys Med, 2019 Jun;62:95-104.
    PMID: 31153403 DOI: 10.1016/j.ejmp.2019.05.004
    The heart muscle pumps blood to vital organs, which is indispensable for human life. Congestive heart failure (CHF) is characterized by the inability of the heart to pump blood adequately throughout the body without an increase in intracardiac pressure. The symptoms include lung and peripheral congestion, leading to breathing difficulty and swollen limbs, dizziness from reduced delivery of blood to the brain, as well as arrhythmia. Coronary artery disease, myocardial infarction, and medical co-morbidities such as kidney disease, diabetes, and high blood pressure all take a toll on the heart and can impair myocardial function. CHF prevalence is growing worldwide. It afflicts millions of people globally, and is a leading cause of death. Hence, proper diagnosis, monitoring and management are imperative. The importance of an objective CHF diagnostic tool cannot be overemphasized. Standard diagnostic tests for CHF include chest X-ray, magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), nuclear imaging, echocardiography, and invasive angiography. However, these methods are costly, time-consuming, and they can be operator-dependent. Electrocardiography (ECG) is inexpensive and widely accessible, but ECG changes are typically not specific for CHF diagnosis. A properly designed computer-aided detection (CAD) system for CHF, based on the ECG, would potentially reduce subjectivity and provide quantitative assessment for informed decision-making. Herein, we review existing CAD for automatic CHF diagnosis, and highlight the development of an ECG-based CAD diagnostic system that employs deep learning algorithms to automatically detect CHF.
    Matched MeSH terms: Heart Failure/diagnosis*
  11. Jamal A, Babazono A, Li Y, Yoshida S, Fujita T, Kim SA
    Am J Med Qual, 2021 5 20;36(5):345-354.
    PMID: 34010165 DOI: 10.1097/01.JMQ.0000735484.44163.ce
    The authors examined variations in hemodialysis care and quantified the effect of these variations on all-cause mortality. Insurance claims data from April 1, 2017 to March 30, 2018 were reviewed. In total, 2895 hospital patients were identified, among whom 398 died from various causes. Controlling effects of the facility and secondary medical care areas, all-cause mortality was associated with older age, heart failure, malignancy, cerebral stroke, severe comorbidity, and the first and ninth centile of physician density. Multilevel analyses indicated a significant variation at facility level (σ22 0.27, 95% confidence interval: 0.09-0.49). Inclusion of all covariates in the final model significantly reduced facility-level variance. Physician density emerged as an important factor affecting survival outcome; thus, a review of workforce and resource allocation policies is needed. Better clinical management and standardized work processes are necessary to attenuate differences in hospital practice patterns.
    Matched MeSH terms: Heart Failure*
  12. Dokainish H, Teo K, Zhu J, Roy A, AlHabib KF, ElSayed A, et al.
    Int J Cardiol, 2016 Feb 1;204:133-41.
    PMID: 26657608 DOI: 10.1016/j.ijcard.2015.11.183
    There are few data on heart failure (HF) patients from Africa, Asia, the Middle East and South America.
    Matched MeSH terms: Heart Failure
  13. Bonsu KO, Kadirvelu A, Reidpath DD
    Vasc Health Risk Manag, 2013;9:303-19.
    PMID: 23807852 DOI: 10.2147/VHRM.S44499
    Statins lower serum cholesterol and are employed for primary and secondary prevention of cardiovascular events. Clinical evidence from observational studies, retrospective data, and post hoc analyses of data from large statin trials in various cardiovascular conditions, as well as small scale randomized trials, suggest survival and other outcome benefits for heart failure. Two recent large randomized controlled trials, however, appear to suggest statins do not have beneficial effects in heart failure. In addition to lowering cholesterol, statins are believed to have many pleotropic effects which could possibly influence the pathophysiology of heart failure. Following the two large trials, evidence from recent studies appears to support the use of statins in heart failure. This review discusses the role of statins in the pathophysiology of heart failure, current evidence for statin use in heart failure, and suggests directions for future research.
    Matched MeSH terms: Heart Failure/drug therapy*; Heart Failure/mortality; Heart Failure/physiopathology
  14. Lam CS, Anand I, Zhang S, Shimizu W, Narasimhan C, Park SW, et al.
    Eur. J. Heart Fail., 2013 Aug;15(8):928-36.
    PMID: 23568645 DOI: 10.1093/eurjhf/hft045
    Our aim is to determine mortality and morbidity in Asian patients under clinical management for heart failure (HF). Specifically, we will define the incidence of, and risk factors for, sudden cardiac death, as well as the socio-cultural factors influencing therapeutic choices in these patients. Methods This is a prospective observational multinational Asian registry of 5000 patients with symptomatic HF (stage C) and LV systolic dysfunction (EF ≤ 40%) involving 44 centres across 11 Asian regions (China, Hong Kong, India, Indonesia, Japan, Korea, Malaysia, Philippines, Singapore, Taiwan and Thailand). Data collection includes demographic variables, clinical symptoms, functional status, date of HF diagnosis and prior cardiovascular investigations, clinical risk factors, lifestyle factors, socio-economic status, and survey of cultural beliefs, health practices, and attitudes towards device therapy. Centre-level characteristics (case load, referral pattern, specialization, and infrastructure) are also obtained. Patients uniformly undergo standard 12-lead ECG and transthoracic echocardiography at baseline, and are followed over 3 years for outcomes of death or hospitalization. The mode of death and cause of hospitalization are adjudicated by a central event adjudication committee using pre-specified criteria. Perspective By providing prospective data regarding the demographics, risk factors, and outcomes of Asian patients under treatment for HF, the ASIAN-HF registry is expected to advance fundamental understanding of the burden and predictors of death and hospitalization among these patients. The knowledge gained will be important for guiding resource allocation and planning preventive strategies to address the unmet and growing clinical needs of patients with cardiovascular disease in Asia. Trial registration NCT01633398.
    Matched MeSH terms: Heart Failure/complications; Heart Failure/epidemiology*; Heart Failure/physiopathology
  15. Kongwatcharapong J, Dilokthornsakul P, Nathisuwan S, Phrommintikul A, Chaiyakunapruk N
    Int J Cardiol, 2016 May 15;211:88-95.
    PMID: 26991555 DOI: 10.1016/j.ijcard.2016.02.146
    Recent studies have suggested that dipeptidyl peptidase-4 inhibitors (DPP-4 inhibitors) may be associated with increased risk of heart failure (HF), but evidence was inconclusive. We aimed to determine the effects of DPP-4 inhibitors on risk of HF.
    Matched MeSH terms: Heart Failure
  16. Sakthiswary R, Das S
    Saudi Med J, 2015 May;36(5):525-9.
    PMID: 25935171 DOI: 10.15537/smj.2015.5.10751
    The main objective was to determine the predictors of diastolic dysfunction in rheumatoid arthritis (RA). Articles pertaining to diastolic dysfunction in RA were retrieved from Scopus, EBSCO, PubMed, Web of Science, and Cochrane Library databases. Keywords such as: diastolic, cardiac, left ventricular function, heart failure, rheumatoid arthritis, and cardiac failure were used. Studies, which examined factors, or predictors of diastolic dysfunction in RA, and those with echocardiographic evaluation of diastolic dysfunction, were included. A total of 8 studies met the eligibility criteria. Most studies (6 out of 7 studies) demonstrated a significant inverse relationship between the E (early)/A (late) ratio and disease duration. The pooled analysis using the random effects model revealed a significant but weak inverse relationship between the ratio of the E to A ventricular filling velocities (E/A) ratio and the disease duration (p less than 0.05, r=-0.385). There was a significant relationship between E/A ratio and disease duration in RA.

    Study site: Hospital Kuala Lumpur (HKL)
    Matched MeSH terms: Heart Failure
  17. Ng KT, Yap JLL
    Anaesthesia, 2018 Feb;73(2):238-247.
    PMID: 28940440 DOI: 10.1111/anae.14038
    Loop diuretics remain a fundamental pharmacological therapy to remove excess fluid and improve symptom control in acute decompensated heart failure. Several recent randomised controlled trials have examined the clinical benefit of continuous vs. bolus furosemide in acute decompensated heart failure, but have reported conflicting findings. The aim of this review was to compare the effects of continuous and bolus furosemide with regard to mortality, length of hospital stay and its efficacy profile in acute decompensated heart failure. All parallel-arm randomised controlled trials from MEDLINE, EMBASE, PubMed and the Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews from inception until May 2017 were included. Cross-over randomised controlled trials, observational studies, case reports, case series and non-systematic reviews that involved children were excluded. Eight trials (n = 669) were eligible for inclusion. There was no difference between furosemide continuous infusion and bolus administration for all-cause mortality (four studies; n = 491; I2 = 0%; OR 1.65; 95%CI 0.93-2.91; p = 0.08) or duration of hospitalisation (six studies; n = 576; I2 = 71%; mean difference 0.27; 95%CI -1.35 to 1.89 days; p = 0.74). Continuous infusion of intravenous furosemide was associated with increased weight reduction (five studies; n = 516; I2 = 0%; mean difference 0.70; 95%CI 0.12-1.28 kg; p = 0.02); increased total urine output in 24 h (four studies; n = 390; I2 = 33%; mean difference 461.5; 95%CI 133.7-789.4 ml; p < 0.01); and reduced brain natriuretic peptide (two studies; n = 390; I2 = 0%; mean difference 399.5; 95%CI 152.7-646.3 ng.l-1 ; p < 0.01), compared with the bolus group. There was no difference in the incidence of raised creatinine and hypokalaemia between the two groups. In summary, there was no difference between continuous infusion and bolus of furosemide for all-cause mortality, length of hospital stay and electrolyte disturbance, but continuous infusion was superior to bolus administration with regard to diuretic effect and reduction in brain natriuretic peptide.
    Matched MeSH terms: Heart Failure/drug therapy*; Heart Failure/mortality; Heart Failure/prevention & control
  18. ISBN: 978-967-11794-4-4
    Citation: Clinical Practice Guidelines: Management on Heart Failure, 4th Edition. Putrajaya: Ministry of Health, Malaysia; 2019

    Older versions: Third Edition (2014); Second Edition (2007); First Edition (2000)
    Keywords: CPG

    Matched MeSH terms: Heart Failure
  19. Oguntade AS, Jin D, Islam N, Malouf R, Taylor H, Caleyachetty R, et al.
    Open Heart, 2021 06;8(1).
    PMID: 34168082 DOI: 10.1136/openhrt-2021-001632
    INTRODUCTION: Although there is strong evidence of an association between general adiposity and incidence of heart failure, previous systematic reviews and meta-analyses have not reliably assessed the association of heart failure risk with other aspects of body composition (such as body fat distribution or lean mass), or between body composition and risk of heart failure subtypes. We aim to conduct a systematic review and meta-analysis of prospective studies to address these uncertainties, and inform efforts to prevent and treat heart failure.

    METHODS AND ANALYSIS: The Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses for Protocols statement was used as a template for this protocol. A systematic search of Medline, Embase and Global Health from database inception to present will be conducted to identify prospective studies reporting on the associations between major measures of body composition (body mass index, waist circumference, waist-hip ratio, total body fat, visceral adiposity tissue and lean mass) and risk of heart failure. Article screening and selection will be performed by two reviewers independently, and disagreements will be adjudicated by consensus or by a third reviewer. Data from eligible articles will be extracted, and article quality will be assessed using the Newcastle-Ottawa Scale. Relative risks (and 95% CIs) will be pooled in a fixed effect meta-analysis, if there is no prohibitive heterogeneity of studies as assessed using the Cochrane Q statistic and I2 statistic. Subgroup analyses will be by age, sex, ethnicity and heart failure subtypes. Publication bias in the meta-analysis will be assessed using Egger's test and funnel plots.

    ETHICS AND DISSEMINATION: This work is secondary analyses on published data and ethical approval is not required. We plan to publish results in an open-access peer-reviewed journal, present it at international and national conferences, and share the findings on social media.


    Matched MeSH terms: Heart Failure/etiology; Heart Failure/epidemiology*; Heart Failure/physiopathology
  20. Nikolaidou T, Cai XJ, Stephenson RS, Yanni J, Lowe T, Atkinson AJ, et al.
    PLoS One, 2015;10(10):e0141452.
    PMID: 26509807 DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0141452
    Heart failure is a major killer worldwide. Atrioventricular conduction block is common in heart failure; it is associated with worse outcomes and can lead to syncope and bradycardic death. We examine the effect of heart failure on anatomical and ion channel remodelling in the rabbit atrioventricular junction (AVJ). Heart failure was induced in New Zealand rabbits by disruption of the aortic valve and banding of the abdominal aorta resulting in volume and pressure overload. Laser micro-dissection and real-time polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) were employed to investigate the effects of heart failure on ion channel remodelling in four regions of the rabbit AVJ and in septal tissues. Investigation of the AVJ anatomy was performed using micro-computed tomography (micro-CT). Heart failure animals developed first degree heart block. Heart failure caused ventricular myocardial volume increase with a 35% elongation of the AVJ. There was downregulation of HCN1 and Cx43 mRNA transcripts across all regions and downregulation of Cav1.3 in the transitional tissue. Cx40 mRNA was significantly downregulated in the atrial septum and AVJ tissues but not in the ventricular septum. mRNA abundance for ANP, CLCN2 and Navβ1 was increased with heart failure; Nav1.1 was increased in the inferior nodal extension/compact node area. Heart failure in the rabbit leads to prolongation of the PR interval and this is accompanied by downregulation of HCN1, Cav1.3, Cx40 and Cx43 mRNAs and anatomical enlargement of the entire heart and AVJ.
    Matched MeSH terms: Heart Failure/diagnosis; Heart Failure/metabolism*; Heart Failure/pathology*; Heart Failure/physiopathology*
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