Displaying publications 1 - 20 of 400 in total

  1. Tan CK
    Family Practitioner, 1983;6:67-70.
    Matched MeSH terms: Hospitalization
  2. Soyiri IN, Reidpath DD
    Int J Gen Med, 2012;5:693-705.
    PMID: 22973117 DOI: 10.2147/IJGM.S34647
    Asthma is a global public health problem and the most common chronic disease among children. The factors associated with the condition are diverse, and environmental factors appear to be the leading cause of asthma exacerbation and its worsening disease burden. However, it remains unknown how changes in the environment affect asthma over time, and how temporal or environmental factors predict asthma events. The methodologies for forecasting asthma and other similar chronic conditions are not comprehensively documented anywhere to account for semistructured noncausal forecasting approaches. This paper highlights and discusses practical issues associated with asthma and the environment, and suggests possible approaches for developing decision-making tools in the form of semistructured black-box models, which is relatively new for asthma. Two statistical methods which can potentially be used in predictive modeling and health forecasting for both anticipated and peak events are suggested. Importantly, this paper attempts to bridge the areas of epidemiology, environmental medicine and exposure risks, and health services provision. The ideas discussed herein will support the development and implementation of early warning systems for chronic respiratory conditions in large populations, and ultimately lead to better decision-making tools for improving health service delivery.
    Matched MeSH terms: Hospitalization
  3. Naidu RR, Lee FH, Teh KH
    Med J Malaysia, 1996 Dec;51(4):444-6.
    PMID: 10968031
    Ten patients (5 males and 5 females) with gastroschisis were treated in Alor Setar Hospital from January 1989 to December 1993. Two patients had associated congenital anomalies. Primary closure was possible in 9 patient while the other patient had stage closure. All patients received prophylactic antibiotics, 9 patients were ventilated electively in the post-operative period and 7 patients received parenteral nutrition. There were 9 survivors. Complications especially wound infection and breakdown were seen in 7 patients. The average hospital stay was 36 days.
    Matched MeSH terms: Hospitalization*
  4. Lee KG, Indralingam V
    Med J Malaysia, 2012 Oct;67(5):478-82.
    PMID: 23770862 MyJurnal
    INTRODUCTION: Several studies have found higher in-hospital mortality for admissions during weekend or off hours, known as "weekend or off-hour effect". However, data for this on Malaysian populations is limited. This study was conducted to analyze the 3-year mortality trend in a secondary hospital and its relation to time and date of admission.

    METHODS: The clinical data of 126,627 patients admitted to Taiping Hospital from 1st January 2008 to 31st December 2010 obtained via patient registry database of hospital was analyzed. This study compared mortality during weekdays with weekends, office hours (0800-1700) with off hours (1701-0759), and subanalysis of office hours with evening (1701-2259) or night hours (2300-0759), adjusted for age and gender.

    RESULTS: Although the overall staff-to-patient ratio is improving, analyses showed a statistically significant increased risk of mortality for those patients admitted during weekends (OR = 1.22; 95% confidence interval [CI] = 1.14-1.31) or off hours in a weekday (OR = 1.67; 95% CI = 1.57-1.78). In the comparison between time of admission, there was statistically significant increased risk of mortality for admissions during evening hours (OR = 1.44; 95% CI = 1.28-1.62) and night hours (OR = 1.92; 95% CI = 1.71-2.16). Diseases of cardiovascular and respiratory system remained the top two causes of death over the three years.

    CONCLUSION: The risk of mortality is significantly higher as a result of "weekend or off-hour effect". Recognition and intervention addressing these issues will have important implications for the healthcare system setting, hospital staffing and training, quality and timeliness of medical care delivery.
    Matched MeSH terms: Hospitalization*
  5. Abdullah JM
    Med J Malaysia, 2011 Jun;66(2):83.
    PMID: 22106681
    Matched MeSH terms: Hospitalization*
  6. Lim JKH, Yap KB
    Med J Malaysia, 2001 Jun;56(2):232-5.
    PMID: 11771085
    This study aims to investigate the incidence and causes of hyponatraemia in hospitalised elderly patients. There was a total of 407 new patients. 55 (13.5%) patients were found to have at least one episode of hyponatraemia during their hospitalization. There were 58 deaths. Fifteen out of 55 (27.3%) patients who had hyponatraemia died compared to 43 out of 352 (12.2%) normonatraemic patients (chi-square significant, p < 0.01). The three most common causes of hyponatraemia were syndrome of inappropriate antidiuretic hormone secretion (SIADH), poor oral intake and diuretics. The two most common causes of SIADH were lower respiratory tract infection and stroke.
    Matched MeSH terms: Hospitalization*
  7. Lim TO, Ngah BA, Suppiah A, Ismail F, Abdul Rahman R
    Singapore Med J, 1991 Aug;32(4):245-8.
    PMID: 1776003
    Consecutive hypertensives admitted with cardiovascular complications were studied. One hundred and eight complicated hypertensives (10%) out of 1,066 medical admissions were seen in the three month study. Thirty three per cent had cerebrovascular disease, 30% ischaemic heart disease, 2% had malignant hypertension and 85% had hypertensive heart disease. All patients had uncontrolled hypertension at admission (mean blood pressure 184/115 mmHg). Twenty-four patients (22%) were newly diagnosed; of the rest of previously diagnosed hypertensives (78%), 3% had never been on treatment and 56% had dropped out of treatment, which explained their ineffective blood pressure control. However, 18% of patients had apparently been on regular follow up and treatment, and yet their blood pressure control was poor. Many patients had evidence of renal disease. The prevalence of cardiovascular risk factors was also high; 56% had hypercholesterolaemia; 46% had hypertriglyceridaemia; 44% smoked, 38% were overweight or obese, and 18% were diabetic. This indicates that hypertension is best regarded as an ingredient of a cardiovascular risk profile and its management requires multifactorial correction of all risk factors identified.
    Matched MeSH terms: Hospitalization*
  8. Dugdale AE, Puvan IS
    Med J Malaya, 1971 Dec;26(2):98-101.
    PMID: 4260868
    Matched MeSH terms: Hospitalization*
  9. Wagner NN
    Med J Malaya, 1967 Dec;22(2):79-81.
    PMID: 4231982
    Matched MeSH terms: Hospitalization*
    Med J Malaya, 1959 Jun;13:269-75.
    PMID: 13806345
    Matched MeSH terms: Hospitalization*
  11. Eng LS
    Med J Malaya, 1968 Jun;23(4):289-94.
    PMID: 4235592
    Matched MeSH terms: Hospitalization*
  12. Mahil SK, Dand N, Mason KJ, Yiu ZZN, Tsakok T, Meynell F, et al.
    J Allergy Clin Immunol, 2021 01;147(1):60-71.
    PMID: 33075408 DOI: 10.1016/j.jaci.2020.10.007
    BACKGROUND: The multimorbid burden and use of systemic immunosuppressants in people with psoriasis may confer greater risk of adverse outcomes of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19), but the data are limited.

    OBJECTIVE: Our aim was to characterize the course of COVID-19 in patients with psoriasis and identify factors associated with hospitalization.

    METHODS: Clinicians reported patients with psoriasis with confirmed/suspected COVID-19 via an international registry, Psoriasis Patient Registry for Outcomes, Therapy and Epidemiology of COVID-19 Infection. Multiple logistic regression was used to assess the association between clinical and/or demographic characteristics and hospitalization. A separate patient-facing registry characterized risk-mitigating behaviors.

    RESULTS: Of 374 clinician-reported patients from 25 countries, 71% were receiving a biologic, 18% were receiving a nonbiologic, and 10% were not receiving any systemic treatment for psoriasis. In all, 348 patients (93%) were fully recovered from COVID-19, 77 (21%) were hospitalized, and 9 (2%) died. Increased hospitalization risk was associated with older age (multivariable-adjusted odds ratio [OR] = 1.59 per 10 years; 95% CI = 1.19-2.13), male sex (OR = 2.51; 95% CI = 1.23-5.12), nonwhite ethnicity (OR = 3.15; 95% CI = 1.24-8.03), and comorbid chronic lung disease (OR = 3.87; 95% CI = 1.52-9.83). Hospitalization was more frequent in patients using nonbiologic systemic therapy than in those using biologics (OR = 2.84; 95% CI = 1.31-6.18). No significant differences were found between classes of biologics. Independent patient-reported data (n = 1626 across 48 countries) suggested lower levels of social isolation in individuals receiving nonbiologic systemic therapy than in those receiving biologics (OR = 0.68; 95% CI = 0.50-0.94).

    CONCLUSION: In this international case series of patients with moderate-to-severe psoriasis, biologic use was associated with lower risk of COVID-19-related hospitalization than with use of nonbiologic systemic therapies; however, further investigation is warranted on account of potential selection bias and unmeasured confounding. Established risk factors (being older, being male, being of nonwhite ethnicity, and having comorbidities) were associated with higher hospitalization rates.

    Matched MeSH terms: Hospitalization*
  13. Chiou CF, Wang BC, Caldwell R, Furnback W, Lee JS, Kothandaraman N, et al.
    Neuropsychiatr Dis Treat, 2015;11:1989-94.
    PMID: 26346330 DOI: 10.2147/NDT.S86722
    Schizophrenia results in substantial health care utilization costs. Much of these costs can be attributed to health care use resulting from nonadherence to treatment, relapse, and hospitalization.
    Matched MeSH terms: Hospitalization
  14. Seong TE, Haq SM
    Med J Malaysia, 1974 Dec;29(2):126-30.
    PMID: 4282398
    Matched MeSH terms: Hospitalization
  15. Ruzanna, Z., Marhani, M., Parveen, K.
    The main aim of the study was to determine the effect of psychoeducation program on insight of patients with schizophrenia and to determine other factors associated with the change of the insight. This was an interventional study of 70 patients with schizophrenia who underwent a psychoeducation program. Diagnosis was confirmed using Mini International Neuropsychiatric Interview (M.I.N.I). Insight was assessed using the Schedule for the Assessment of Insight (SAI) before and after the psychoeducation programme. Effect on insight was measured as the change in SAI scores. There was an improvement in insight after the psychoeducation programme which was significant (p< 0.001). Patient’s age, shorter duration of illness and no previous history of admission to mental institution were significantly related to the improvement of insight (p< 0.05). Conclusion: Psychoeducation is an important tool in improving insight into illness among patients with schizophrenia. It needs to be given as early as possible during the course of the illness.
    Matched MeSH terms: Hospitalization
  16. Visuvanathan, Vaani Valerie, Hui, Min Chong, Shien, Yee Ng, Chen, Nee Ch'ng, Shook, Juliana Shin Tan
    Community-acquired pneumonia (CAP) is one of the most common infectious diseases and the world’s leading cause of mortality and morbidity, especially in patients aged 65 years and above.1,2 It is the 6th cause of mortality and the most important cause of hospitalisation in Malaysia. According to the British Thoracic Society, the gold standard in diagnosing CAP is based on radiological findings and it is defined into 2 different settings – community and hospital.3
    Matched MeSH terms: Hospitalization
  17. Kuan GL, Tee AC
    To study the role of pulse oximetry in the assessment of acute asthma in children presenting to the A&E department, 360 children who presented themselves to the A&E department were enrolled into the study. Those admitted were found to have a lower mean Sa02 of 92% compared to those discharged with Sa02 of 94% (p < 0.001). After the initial treatment at the A&E, those admitted still have a lower mean Sa02 of 94% compared to those discharged with a mean Sa02 of 96% (p < 0.001). However taking Sa02 of 92% as a predictor of admission hada sensitivity of 39% and a specificity of 80% but it had a high negative predictive value of 92%. Hence pulse oximetry alone is not sensitive for predicting admission in acute asthma in children.
    Matched MeSH terms: Hospitalization
  18. Kow CS, Hasan SS
    Endocr Res, 2021 02 26;46(2):51-52.
    PMID: 33635726 DOI: 10.1080/07435800.2021.1892748
    Previous study reported that preadmission insulin treatment in patients with coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) and concurrent diabetes was associated with a significantly increased odds of mortality. However, such association may be modified by possible baseline differences in glycemic control between insulin users and non-insulin users. Misinterpretation of the association between insulin treatment and mortality could lead to confusion in clinical practice and hospitalized patients with COVID-19 for whom insulin treatment is appropriately indicated may be omitted from such treatment. However, requirement for insulin during hospitalization for COVID-19 may be a marker of poor prognosis and as such could be used to identify patient population who require more aggressive treatments to prevent mortality.
    Matched MeSH terms: Hospitalization
  19. Ng KP, Kuan CS, Kaur H, Na SL, Atiya N, Velayuthan RD
    Trop Med Int Health, 2015 Nov;20(11):1447-1453.
    PMID: 26216479 DOI: 10.1111/tmi.12577
    To describe a prospective laboratory-based surveillance of Candida species that were collected from different anatomical sites of patients admitted to the University of Malaya Medical Centre, Malaysia, from the year 2000 to 2013.
    Matched MeSH terms: Hospitalization
  20. Md S, Mustafa G, Baboota S, Ali J
    Drug Dev Ind Pharm, 2015;41(12):1922-34.
    PMID: 26057769 DOI: 10.3109/03639045.2015.1052081
    Brain disorders remain the world's leading cause of disability, and account for more hospitalizations and prolonged care than almost all other diseases combined. The majority of drugs, proteins and peptides do not readily permeate into brain due to the presence of the blood-brain barrier (BBB), thus impeding treatment of these conditions.
    Matched MeSH terms: Hospitalization
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