Displaying publications 1 - 20 of 74 in total

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  1. Chong C, Low C
    Fish Shellfish Immunol, 2019 Mar;86:361-367.
    PMID: 30502461 DOI: 10.1016/j.fsi.2018.11.060
    The emerging technology of aptamers that is also known as synthetic antibodies is rivalling antibodies research in the recent years. The unique yet important features of aptamers are advancing antibodies in diverse applications, which include disease diagnosis, prophylactic and therapeutic. The versatility of aptamer has further extended its application to function as gene expression modulator, known as synthetic riboswitches. This report reviewed and discussed the applications of aptamers technology in the biosecurity of aquaculture, the promising developments in biosensor detection for disease diagnosis as well as prophylactic and therapeutic measurements. The application of aptamers technology in immunophenotyping study of aquatic animal is highlighted. Lastly, the future perspective of aptamers in the management of aquatic animal health is discussed, special emphasis on the potential application of aptamers as synthetic riboswitches to enhance host immunity, as well as the growth performance.
    Matched MeSH terms: Immunophenotyping/methods; Immunophenotyping/veterinary*
  2. Mancer K
    Malays J Pathol, 1990 Dec;12(2):77-88.
    PMID: 2102968
    A retrospective study was made to determine relative incidence of lymphoma subtypes in Malaysia. High grade non-Hodgkin's lymphoma was found to be common. Low grade non-Hodgkin's lymphoma and Hodgkin's disease were relatively rare in this Malaysian series. Non-Hodgkin's lymphoma of B-cell immunophenotype was four times as common as that of T-cell lineage. There was a high incidence of primary extranodal non-Hodgkin's lymphoma.
    Matched MeSH terms: Immunophenotyping*
  3. Raja-Sabudin RZ, Hamid AA, Yusof N, Alauddin H, Aziz SA, Kulaveerasingam S, et al.
    Saudi Med J, 2012 Oct;33(10):1131-3.
    PMID: 23047221
    Matched MeSH terms: Immunophenotyping*
  4. Ooi YY, Ramasamy R, Vidyadaran S
    Med J Malaysia, 2008 Jul;63 Suppl A:65-6.
    PMID: 19024986
    Classically, MSC are identified by a CD45-CD106+ phenotype. In this study, we found that mouse MSC achieve this characteristic phenotype only at later passages. With increasing passages, CD45 (hematopoietic marker) expression shifts to negativity, whereas CD106 (vascular cell adhesion molecule-1) expression becomes increasingly positive. These results demonstrate that MSC cells cultured from mouse bone marrow acquire a classical MSC immunophenotype (CD45-CD106+) in later passages.
    Matched MeSH terms: Immunophenotyping*
  5. Chin SF, Cheong SK
    Malays J Pathol, 1994 Jun;16(1):69-73.
    PMID: 16329579
    Several fixation and permeabilization techniques that enable the flow cytometric analysis of the cell contents have been introduced in recent years. These methods allow sensitive detection of intracellular antigens that facilitates the diagnosis of certain diseases. We have undertaken in this study to evaluate a simple method of fixation and permeabilization using 2% paraformaldehyde and Tween 20. Intracellular antigens in three different leukaemia cases were analysed. We found that the method was reliable and easy. Intracellular kappa light chains were found in abundance in a case of plasma cell leukaemia. CD3 and CD22 were found in greater amount intracellularly than on the surface in pre-T-ALL and pre-pre B-ALL respectively.
    Matched MeSH terms: Immunophenotyping/methods*
  6. Cheong SK, Lim YC, Ainoon O, Hamidah NH
    Malays J Pathol, 1991 Dec;13(2):119-21.
    PMID: 1823093
    Immunophenotyping of acute leukaemias has become an important diagnostic tool in haematology laboratories as it is now well recognised that the presence of certain surface markers has prognostic significance. In 1988, we experimented with the alkaline phosphatase anti-alkaline phosphatase (APAAP) method for immunophenotyping of leukaemic cells in our laboratory. 48 cases of peroxidase-negative acute leukaemias were studied. Our study showed that 2 peroxidase-negative cases carried myeloid surface markers, 44% were negative for the markers studied and 5% were unclassified due to technical problems. We concluded that the APAAP method is a useful technique for demonstrating cell markers in leukaemic cells as the reaction is reddish and usually intense. We failed to demonstrate surface markers in 44% of the cases probably because of the choice of a limited panel of monoclonal antibodies.
    Matched MeSH terms: Immunophenotyping/methods*
  7. Kasinathan G, Kori AN, Azmie NM
    J Med Case Rep, 2019 Jul 22;13(1):223.
    PMID: 31327318 DOI: 10.1186/s13256-019-2164-y
    INTRODUCTION: Post-transplant lymphoproliferative disorder is a serious disorder which occurs post hematopoietic stem cell transplant or solid organ transplantation. T-prolymphocytic leukemia is a T cell type monomorphic post-transplant lymphoproliferative disorder which accounts for only 2% of all mature lymphocytic leukemias in adults over the age of 30.

    CASE PRESENTATION: A 59-year-old man of Chinese ethnicity presented to our hematology unit with headache, lethargy, and exertional dyspnea for the past 1 month. He underwent an uneventful cadaveric renal transplant 20 years ago for chronic glomerulonephritis-induced end-stage renal disease. He had been on long-term immunosuppressants since then consisting of orally administered prednisolone 10 mg daily and orally administered cyclosporine A 50 mg twice daily. On examination, he was pale with a palpable liver and spleen. He had a functioning renal graft. Marrow flow cytometry confirmed T-prolymphocytic leukemia with lymphocytes expressing CD2, CD3, CD7, CD52, and TCL-1. His human T-cell lymphotropic virus and Epstein-Barr virus serology and deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) were negative. He was treated with one cycle of cyclophosphamide, doxorubicin, vincristine, and prednisone chemotherapy to which he failed to respond. In view of his renal allograft, he was not suitable for alemtuzumab due to the risk of nephrotoxicity. He was given orally administered venetoclax but he died on day 17 due to severe auto tumor lysis syndrome.

    CONCLUSION: The place of immunophenotyping in the diagnosis and treatment of this disorder is of significant importance. More research needs to be carried out to further comprehend the pathophysiology and treatment modalities for this disorder.

    Matched MeSH terms: Immunophenotyping/methods
  8. Ambayya A, Zainina S, Salmiah MS, Sabariah MN
    Med J Malaysia, 2014 Apr;69(2):64-9.
    PMID: 25241814 MyJurnal
    INTRODUCTION: Acute Promyelocytic Leukaemia (APL) is associated with devastating coagulopathy and life threatening condition which requires immediate medical attention. It is crucial to establish an expedited diagnosis as early therapeutic intervention has led to optimal patient management. In this study, we assessed the type and frequency of antigen expressions in APL and correlated these findings with genetic studies.

    METHODS: Multiparametric immunophenotyping was performed on 30 samples and findings were correlated with karyotypes, FISH for t(15;17) translocation and RT-PCR for PML-RARΑ for detection of breakpoint cluster regions (bcr1,bcr2 and bcr3).

    RESULTS: On SSC/CD45, APL cells displayed high to moderate SSC, with the expression of CD33 (100%), CD13 (96.8%), cMPO (71%) but lacked CD34 (3.2%) and HLA-DR (9.7%). Aberrant expression of CD4 was seen in 12.9% and CD56 in 6.5% of the cases. A significant association between cumulative aberrant antigen expression and bcr1 were observed bcr1 (X2(2) =6.833,p.05) and (X2(2)=4.599,p>.05) respectively.

    CONCLUSIONS: Flow cytometry is a rapid and effective tool in detecting APL. It is interesting to note that there is significant association between cumulative aberrant antigen expression and genotype analysis. Further validation is required to corroborate this relationship.
    Matched MeSH terms: Immunophenotyping
  9. Sarmadi VH, Tong CK, Vidyadaran S, Abdullah M, Seow HF, Ramasamy R
    Med J Malaysia, 2010 Sep;65(3):209-14.
    PMID: 21939170
    We have previously shown that mesenchymal stem cells (MSC) inhibit tumour cell proliferation, thus promising a novel therapy for treating cancers. In this study, MSC were generated from human bone marrow samples and characterised based on standard immunophenotyping. When MSC were co-cultured with BV173 and Jurkat tumour cells, the proliferation of tumour cells were profoundly inhibited in a dose dependent manner mainly via cell to cell contact interaction. Further cell cycle analysis reveals that MSC arrest tumour cell proliferation in G0/G1 phase of cell cycle thus preventing the entry of tumour cells into S phase of cell cycle.
    Matched MeSH terms: Immunophenotyping
  10. Choong PF, Mok PL, Cheong SK, Then KY
    Cytotherapy, 2007;9(3):252-8.
    PMID: 17464757
    The unique potential of mesenchymal stromal cells (MSC) has generated much research interest recently, particularly in exploring the regenerative nature of these cells. Previously, MSC were thought to be found only in the BM. However, further studies have shown that MSC can also be isolated from umbilical cord blood, adipose tissue and amniotic fluid. In this study, we explored the possibility of MSC residing in the cornea.
    Matched MeSH terms: Immunophenotyping
  11. Ridzuan N, Al Abbar A, Yip WK, Maqbool M, Ramasamy R
    Stem Cells Int, 2016;2016:8487264.
    PMID: 27579045 DOI: 10.1155/2016/8487264
    The present study is aimed at optimizing the in vitro culture protocol for generation of rat bone marrow- (BM-) derived mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) and characterizing the culture-mediated cellular senescence. The initial phase of generation and characterization was conducted using the adherent cells from Sprague Dawley (SD) rat's BM via morphological analysis, growth kinetics, colony forming unit capacity, immunophenotyping, and mesodermal lineage differentiation. Mesenchymal stem cells were successfully generated and characterized as delineated by the expressions of CD90.1, CD44H, CD29, and CD71 and lack of CD11b/c and CD45 markers. Upon induction, rBM-MSCs differentiated into osteocytes and adipocytes and expressed osteocytes and adipocytes genes. However, a decline in cell growth was observed at passage 4 onwards and it was further deciphered through apoptosis, cell cycle, and senescence assays. Despite the enhanced cell viability at later passages (P4-5), the expression of senescence marker, β-galactosidase, was significantly increased at passage 5. Furthermore, the cell cycle analysis has confirmed the in vitro culture-mediated cellular senescence where cells were arrested at the G0/G1 phase of cell cycle. Although the currently optimized protocols had successfully yielded rBM-MSCs, the culture-mediated cellular senescence limits the growth of rBM-MSCs and its potential use in rat-based MSC research.
    Matched MeSH terms: Immunophenotyping
  12. Subramani B, Pullai CR, Krishnan K, Sugadan SD, Deng X, Hiroshi T, et al.
    Biomed Rep, 2014 Jul;2(4):505-508.
    PMID: 24944796
    Immune cell-based therapies using natural killer (NK) cells and cytotoxic T cells are under constant scrutiny, with the aim to design an effective and reduced-toxicity therapy, which will benefit patients via improved quality of life and improved prognosis. Four patients with stage IV colon cancer were administered 1, 3, 5 and 6 effector cell intravenous infusions, respectively. Peripheral blood was collected from the patients and the ex vivo activation and expansion of NK and T cells was performed in Good Manufacturing Practice-certified clean rooms for ~12-15 days. Immunophenotypic analysis of the peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) and expanded NK and T cells was conducted using flow cytometry and the patients were followed up. On average, 4.8×107 initial PBMCs and 2.7×109 total expanded cells were obtained. The intravenous infusions of the expanded cells were not accompanied by adverse reactions. Improved prognosis, reflected by a considerable decrease in the cancer markers, accompanied by an improved quality of life in the patients were observed. In conclusion, potential strategies are currently under development for the large-scale production of effectors cells; therefore, autologous immune enhancement therapy (AIET) may be considered as a viable approach to cancer treatment.
    Matched MeSH terms: Immunophenotyping
  13. Lee BW, Yap HK, Chew FT, Quah TC, Prabhakaran K, Chan GS, et al.
    Cytometry, 1996 Mar 15;26(1):8-15.
    PMID: 8809475
    Flow cytometric analysis of lymphocyte subsets were evaluated in 391 healthy Asian subjects ranging in age from birth to 40 years. Lymphocyte subsets were analysed using specific monoclonal antibodies: CD20 (B cells), CD3 and CD2 (T cells), CD16 and CD56+ (NK cells), CD4/CD3+ (helper-inducer T cells), CD8/ CD3+ (suppressor/cytotoxic T cells), HLA-DR expression on CD3 and CD25 (Tac) on CD3. The total white cell count, absolute lymphocyte counts, and B cell percentages peaked in infancy and declined steadily with age. Absolute counts of each subset, which were derived from absolute lymphocyte counts, also followed this trend. Increases with age were seen in the NK, T cell (CD2, CD3), and CD8 percentages. Males tended to have higher NK and CD8 percentages than females, and, conversely, females had higher CD3 and CD4 percentages than males. Comparison of our results with studies involving Caucasian subjects indicated higher NK percentages in our Asian population and lower CD4 absolute counts in the males of our population. These results indicate the presence of age, sex, and probable racial differences in lymphocyte subset expression. Our results may serve as reference standards for the Asian population.
    Matched MeSH terms: Immunophenotyping*
  14. Menon BS, Dasgupta A, Jackson N
    Pediatr Hematol Oncol, 1998 Mar-Apr;15(2):175-8.
    PMID: 9592844
    This study reviewed the immunophenotyping results of children with acute leukemia in Kelantan, Malaysia. In the 3.5-year period (January 1994 to June 1997), 45 cases were identified. All children were under the age of 12 years and the predominant ethnic group was Malay. Thirty-six cases (80%) were acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) and 9 cases (20%) were acute myeloblastic leukemia (AML). Of the ALL cases, 3% were of B-cell and 22% of T-cell origin, and 96% of the B-lineage ALL were CD10 positive. All the AML cases expressed CD33 and 78% were positive for CD13. The incidence of mixed-lineage leukemias was 13.8% for My+ ALL and 11.1% for Ly+ AML.
    Matched MeSH terms: Immunophenotyping*
  15. Sun Y, Wu G, Cheng KS, Chen A, Neoh KH, Chen S, et al.
    EBioMedicine, 2019 Aug;46:133-149.
    PMID: 31375425 DOI: 10.1016/j.ebiom.2019.07.044
    BACKGROUND: The evaluation for surgical resectability of pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC) patients is not only imaging-based but highly subjective. An objective method is urgently needed. We report on the clinical value of a phenotypic circulating tumor cell (CTC)-based blood test for a preoperative prognostic assessment of tumor metastasis and overall survival (OS) of PDAC patients.

    METHODS: Venous blood samples from 46 pathologically confirmed PDAC patients were collected prospectively before surgery and immunoassayed using a specially designed TU-chip™. Captured CTCs were differentiated into epithelial (E), mesenchymal and hybrid (H) phenotypes. A further 45 non-neoplastic healthy donors provided blood for cell line validation study and CTC false positive quantification.

    FINDINGS: A validated multivariable model consisting of disjunctively combined CTC phenotypes: "H-CTC≥15.0 CTCs/2ml OR E-CTC≥11.0 CTCs/2ml" generated an optimal prediction of metastasis with a sensitivity of 1.000 (95% CI 0.889-1.000) and specificity of 0.886 (95% CI 0.765-0.972). The adjusted Kaplan-Meier median OS constructed using Cox proportional-hazard models and stratified for E-CTC 

    Matched MeSH terms: Immunophenotyping*
  16. Leong PP, Mohammad R, Ibrahim N, Ithnin H, Abdullah M, Davis WC, et al.
    Immunol. Lett., 2006 Feb 15;102(2):229-36.
    PMID: 16246429
    Dysfunction of the host immune system in cancer patients can be due to a number of reasons including suppression of tumour associated antigen reactive lymphocytes by regulatory T (Treg) cells. In this study, we used flow cytometry to determine the phenotype and relative abundance of the tumour infiltrating lymphocytes (TILs) from 47 enzymatically dissociated tumour specimens from patients with infiltrating ductal carcinoma (IDC) of the breast. The expression of both effector and regulatory markers on the TILs were determined by using a panel of monoclonal antibodies. Analysis revealed CD8(+) T cells (23.4+/-2.1%) were predominant in TILs, followed by CD4(+) T cells (12.6+/-1.7%) and CD56(+) natural killer cells (6.4+/-0.7%). The CD4(+)/CD8(+) ratio was 0.8+/-0.9%. Of the CD8(+) cells, there was a higher number (68.4+/-3.5%) that expressed the effector phenotype, namely, CD8(+)CD28(+) and about 46% of this subset expressed the activation marker, CD25. Thus, a lower number of infiltrating CD8(+) T cells (31.6+/-2.8%) expressed the marker for the suppressor phenotype, CD8(+)CD28(-). Of the CD4(+) T cells, 59.6+/-3.9% expressed the marker for the regulatory phenotype, CD4(+)CD25(+). About 43.6+/-3.8% CD4(+)CD25(+) subset co-expressed both the CD152 and FOXP3, the Treg-associated molecules. A positive correlation was found between the presence of CD4(+)CD25(+) subset and age (> or =50 years old) (r=0.51; p=0.045). However, no significant correlation between tumour stage and CD4(+)CD25(+) T cells was found. In addition, we also found that the CD4(+)CD25(-) subset correlated with the expression of the nuclear oestrogen receptor (ER)-alpha in the tumour cells (r=0.45; p=0.040). In conclusion, we detected the presence of cells expressing the markers for Tregs (CD4(+)CD25(+)) and suppressor (CD8(+)CD28(-)) in the tumour microenvironment. This is the first report of the relative abundance of Treg co-expressing CD152 and FOXP3 in breast carcinoma.
    Matched MeSH terms: Immunophenotyping*
  17. Peh SC, Shaminie J, Poppema S, Kim LH
    Singapore Med J, 2003 Apr;44(4):185-91.
    PMID: 12952030
    Castleman's disease is an uncommon disease and the histopathogenesis is poorly understood. This study aims to investigate their clinicopathological and immunophenotypic profile.
    Matched MeSH terms: Immunophenotyping*
  18. Pailoor J, Iyengar KR, Chan KS, Sumithra S
    Malays J Pathol, 2008 Dec;30(2):115-9.
    PMID: 19291921
    Follicular dendritic cell sarcomas (FDCS) are rare neoplasms that involve lymph nodes or extranodal sites. They show varied histological features and thus can be mistaken for carcinoma or sarcoma. Correct identification is important for further management. A 43-year-old Indian female presented with a three-month history of progressive swelling at the right inguinal region. It was excised completely and was reported as lymph node with metastatic poorly differentiated carcinoma based on Haematoxylin and eosin (H&E) stain findings. Computerized tomography (CT) scans of thorax, abdomen and pelvis were normal and did not reveal a primary site. Following this, the case was referred to one of the authors. The slides were reviewed and a variety of immunocytochemical markers were done. The tumour cells were negative for epithelial, melanocytic, neural, leucocyte and soft tissue tumour markers. They were immunopositive for CD21, CD35 and negative for CD68. Based on the immunocytochemical findings, a final diagnosis of FDCS was made. This case highlights the histological and immunophenotypical profile of a rare tumour which requires a high index of suspicion for diagnosis.
    Matched MeSH terms: Immunophenotyping
  19. Salin N, Ishak AK, Abdul Rahman S, Ali M, Nawawi HM, Said MS, et al.
    Med J Malaysia, 2008 Jul;63 Suppl A:67-8.
    PMID: 19024987
    Bone formation is an active process whereby osteoblasts are found on the surface of the newly formed bone. Adhesion to extracellular matrix is essential for the development of bone however not all surfaces are suitable for osteoblast adhesion and don't support osteoblastic functions. The objective of this study was to test the suitability of a collagen based microcarrier which would support osteoblastic functions.
    Matched MeSH terms: Immunophenotyping
  20. Sarmadi VH, Heng FS, Ramasamy R
    Med J Malaysia, 2008 Jul;63 Suppl A:63-4.
    PMID: 19024985
    The therapeutic effect of mesenchymal stem cells (MSC) has been extensively investigated in recent decades, however this therapeutic effect has not been fully characterised. The aim of this study is to elucidate the inhibitory effect of MSC on haematopoietic tumour cells proliferation such as BV173 cell line. To this end, MSC generated from bone marrow, after immunophenotyping, they were co-cultured with tumour cell. The result shows that MSC profoundly inhibit the tumour cell proliferation via arresting the tumour cells at G0 and G1 phase of cell cycle.
    Matched MeSH terms: Immunophenotyping
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