AIM: The aim of study was to evaluate the relationship of β-adrenergic receptors gene polymorphisms with low triiodothyronine syndrome in patients with a heart failure.
MATERIALS AND METHODS: 354 patients with HF on a background of postinfarction cardiosclerosis were included to the study. At 89 (25.1%) patients LT3S was diagnosed. The course of HF was studied for 2 years. Mean levels of thyroid stimulating hormone (TSH), free T3f and T4f were evaluated. Genotyping of 4 single nucleotide polymorphisms (Gly389Arg of β1-AR gene, Ser49Gly of β1-AR gene, Gln27Glu of β2- AR gene and Ser275 of GNβ3 gene) was performed by polymerase chain reaction. Genetic and epidemiological analysis was performed using the SNPStats program.
RESULTS: The risk of LT3S in patients with HF increases with homozygous G/G variant of Gln27Glu polymorphism of the β2-AR gene (OR=2.21, p=0.037), described as a recessive model of inheritance. There was a tendency to increase the risk of LT3S development in the presence of the genotype C/T of the Ser275 polymorphism of the GNb3 gene (OR=1.75, p=0.054), described as an over-dominant model. The genotype C/G of the Gln27Glu polymorphism of the β2-AR gene was associated with a decreased risk of LT3S development (OR=0.54, p=0.037), described as over-dominant model. Patients with HF carriers the A allele (A/GA/A) of the Ser49Gly polymorphism of the β1-AR gene have a lower risk of repeated hospitalization due to HF decompensation (OR=0.50, p=0.032), described as a dominant model. There was a tendency to increase the risk of re-hospitalization in the G-allele (C/GG/ G) variant of the Gln27Glu polymorphism of the β2-AR gene (OR=1.68, p=0.057), described as a dominant heredity model. At patients with HF in combination with LT3S the risk of re-hospitalization increases at C/G variant of the Gln27Glu polymorphism of β2-AR gene (OR=1.25, p=0.025), described as an over-dominant model.
CONCLUSIONS: The results suggest that congenital genetic alterations in β-adrenergic pathways may be associated with the development of LT3S in patients with HF and the features of the HF course.
METHODS: The BDNF target sequence was detected on a capture probe attached on aluminum microcomb electrodes on the silicon wafer surface. A capture-target-reporter sandwich-type assay was performed to enhance the detection of the BDNF target.
RESULTS: The limit of detection was noticed to be 100 aM. Input of a reporter sequence at concentrations >10 aM improved the detection of the target sequence by enhancing changes in the generated currents. Control experiments with noncomplementary and single- and triple-mismatches of target and reporter sequences did not elicit changes in current levels, indicating the selective detection of the BDNF gene sequence.
CONCLUSION: The above detection strategy will be useful for the detection and quantification of BDNF, thereby aiding in the provision of suitable treatments for BDNF-related disorders.
METHODS: This study followed the PRISMA 2020 Checklist. Relevant studies were searched in health-related databases. The Newcastle-Ottawa Scale criteria were used to evaluate the studies quality. Pooled odds ratio (OR) and its 95% confidence interval (CI) were used to determine the strength of association between each polymorphism and hepatocellular carcinoma using five genetic models. Stratification was done by ethnic groups. Trial sequential analysis (TSA) was performed to determine the required information size.
RESULTS: Fifteen case-control studies (n = 8182) were identified. Overall, the heterozygous model showed a marginal significant association only between IL-10 (-1082 A/G) and hepatocellular carcinoma risk (OR: 0.82, 95% CI: 0.67-1.00, 9 studies). On stratification, IL-10 (-1082 A/G) was significantly associated with hepatocellular carcinoma risk in the non-Asian population under dominant (OR: 0.62, 95% CI: 0.45-0.86, 4 studies), heterozygous (OR: 0.60, 95% CI: 0.43-0.85) and allelic models (OR: 0.79, 95% CI: 0.64-0.99). IL-10 (-819 T/C) was significantly associated with hepatocellular carcinoma risk only among non-Asians under the dominant (OR: 1.47, 95% CI: 1.02-2.13, 8 studies), recessive (OR: 1.99, 95% CI: 1.03-3.86, and homozygous models (OR: 2.18, 95% CI: 1.13-4.23). For IL-10 (-592 A/C) with 11 studies, there was no significant association with hepatocellular carcinoma in all five genetic models (P values > 0.5). TSA plots indicated that the information size for firm evidence of effect was sufficient only for the analysis of IL-10 (-592 A/C), but not for the - 1082 A/G or -819 T/C.
CONCLUSIONS: Findings suggest that IL-10 (-1082 A/G and - 819 T/C) polymorphisms are associated with hepatocellular carcinoma in ethnic-specific manner. However, this evidence is not conclusive because the sample size was insufficient. IL-10 (-592 A/C) polymorphism was not associated with hepatocellular carcinoma albeit with sufficient information size. Future well-designed large case-control studies on IL-10 (-1082 A/G and - 819 T/C) with different ethnicities are recommended.