Displaying publications 1 - 20 of 22 in total

  1. Tan SH, Chong AW, Nazarina AR, Prepageran N
    Otolaryngol Pol, 2014 Sep-Oct;68(5):268-70.
    PMID: 25283325 DOI: 10.1016/j.otpol.2013.09.003
    We describe a rare case of BSCC in the retromolar trigone with only 3 other cases in the literature and also compare the differences between 2 cases of BSCC in terms of presentation and progression. The first patient had a markedly slower progression with painful retromolar trigone swelling over 4 months without nodal metastases. In contrast, the second patient gave a 2-week history of neck swelling with nodal involvement, indicating extremely rapid progression. Our management was tailored accordingly with the first patient undergoing intraoral excision of tumour and adjuvant radiotherapy while the other had bilateral neck dissection with postoperative chemoradiotherapy. Both patients achieved good outcome and are free from disease.
    Matched MeSH terms: Radiotherapy, Adjuvant
  2. Taran S, Yusof AH, Yusof MI
    Malays Orthop J, 2015 Nov;9(3):75-77.
    PMID: 28611918 MyJurnal DOI: 10.5704/MOJ.1511.015
    Upper cervical chordoma (UCC) is rare condition and poses unique challenges to surgeons. Even though transoral approach is commonly employed, a minimally invasive technique has not been established. We report a 44-year old Malay lady who presented with a 1 month history of insidious onset of progressive neck pain without neurological symptoms. She was diagnosed to have an axial (C2) chordoma. Intralesional resection of the tumour was performed transorally using the Destandau endoscopic system (Storz, Germany). Satisfactory intralesional excision of the tumour was achieved. She had a posterior fixation of C1-C4 prior to that. Her symptoms improved postoperatively and there were no complications noted. She underwent adjuvant radiotherapy to minimize local recurrence. Endoscopic excision of UCC via the transoral approach is a safe option as it provides an excellent magnified view and ease of resection while minimizing the operative morbidity.
    Matched MeSH terms: Radiotherapy, Adjuvant
  3. Dualim DM, Loo GH, Suhaimi SNA, Md Latar NH, Muhammad R, Abd Shukor N
    Ann Med Surg (Lond), 2019 Aug;44:57-61.
    PMID: 31312445 DOI: 10.1016/j.amsu.2019.06.013
    Thyroid carcinoma showing thymic-like differentiation (CASTLE) is a rare malignancy of the thyroid gland, and it accounts for 0.1-0.15% of all thyroid cancers. As the name suggests, it has a histological and immunophenotypic resemblance to thymic carcinoma. Preoperative diagnosis of CASTLE can be difficult as its clinical manifestations, and histological characteristic resembles other aggressive and advanced thyroid carcinomas. It is essential to distinguish CASTLE from other aggressive neoplasms as the former has a more favourable prognosis. Immunohistochemical staining with CD5 can help to differentiate thyroid CASTLE from other aggressive thyroid neoplasms. Due to the rarity of this disease, there is no clear definitive treatment strategy. Surgical resection of CASTLE is usually attempted initially. Nodal involvement and extrathyroidal extension are shown to be the main prognostic factors that influenced the survival of patients. Therefore, complete resection of the tumour is vital to reduce local recurrence rates and to improve the chance of long-term survival. Radiotherapy (RT) for CASTLE is an effective treatment. Curative surgery followed by adjuvant RT should be considered in cases with extrathyroidal extension and nodal metastases. With RT, shrinkage of the tumour and reduction of local recurrence rate is possible. With that in mind, we present a case of CASTLE who presented with airway compression symptoms three years after thyroid surgery. He subsequently underwent tumour debulking surgery and a tracheostomy. The patient refused adjuvant chemoradiotherapy, and during our serial follow-up, he is well and symptom-free.
    Matched MeSH terms: Radiotherapy, Adjuvant; Chemoradiotherapy, Adjuvant
  4. Ng, B.K., Lim, P.S., Ng, Y.L., Kew, T.Y., Abdul Kadir, A.K., Hatta, M.
    Primary malignant melanoma of the vagina is rare but aggressive. Various treatment options include surgery and adjuvant therapy has been advocated but the outcome remained unpredictable. Standard treatment protocol is yet to be established. We report a case of 54-year-old, Para 4+1, with malignant melanoma of the vagina. She underwent wide local excision but the surgical margin was not clear of malignant cells, hence adjuvant radiotherapy was given. Combination chemotherapy was initiated subsequently as her disease disseminated. She succumbed later due to septicaemic shock. The treatment options for vaginal melanoma were reviewed.
    Matched MeSH terms: Radiotherapy, Adjuvant
  5. Farina, M.Y., Shahrun Niza, A.S., Saladina, J.J., Nani Harlina, M.L., Zaireen, M.N., Nurismah, M.I., et al.
    Metaplastic breast cancer is a rare form of primary breast cancer. It contains a mixture of adenocarcinoma with metaplastic elements. It is important to differentiate with primary sarcoma of the breast which carries different treatment strategies and prognosis. A 55-year-old lady previously diagnosed to have a left breast cancer in the year 2000 and carcinoma of the endometrium in 2009, presented with a right breast lump. A trucut biopsy reported as an infiltrating ductal carcinoma with background of chondromyxoid and cartilagenous matrix,
    most probably metaplastic carcinoma. A wide local excision with sentinel lymph node biopsy was performed, and the final histology was consistent with metaplastic chondroid carcinoma of the breast with no evidence of metastsis. The surgery was followed by adjuvant radiotherapy and currently free from any recurrence. The diagnostic dilemma on this very rare condition is reviewed.
    Matched MeSH terms: Radiotherapy, Adjuvant
  6. Sinnadurai S, Kwong A, Hartman M, Tan EY, Bhoo-Pathy NT, Dahlui M, et al.
    BJS Open, 2019 02;3(1):48-55.
    PMID: 30734015 DOI: 10.1002/bjs5.50111
    Background: Mastectomy rates among women with early breast cancer in Asia have traditionally been high. This study assessed trends in the surgical management of young women with early-stage breast cancer in Asian settings. Survival in women treated with breast-conserving surgery (BCS; lumpectomy with adjuvant radiotherapy) and those undergoing mastectomy was compared.

    Methods: Young women (aged less than 50 years) newly diagnosed with stage I or II (T1-2 N0-1 M0) breast cancer in four hospitals in Malaysia, Singapore and Hong Kong in 1990-2012 were included. Overall survival (OS) was compared for patients treated by BCS and those who had a mastectomy. Propensity score analysis was used to account for differences in demographic, tumour and treatment characteristics between the groups.

    Results: Some 63·5 per cent of 3536 women underwent mastectomy. Over a 15-year period, only a modest increase in rates of BCS was observed. Although BCS was significantly associated with favourable prognostic features, OS was not significantly different for BCS and mastectomy; the 5-year OS rate was 94·9 (95 per cent c.i. 93·5 to 96·3) and 92·9 (91·7 to 94·1) per cent respectively. Inferences remained unchanged following propensity score analysis (hazard ratio for BCS versus mastectomy: 0·81, 95 per cent c.i. 0·64 to 1·03).

    Conclusion: The prevalence of young women with breast cancer treated by mastectomy remains high in Asian countries. Patients treated with BCS appear to survive as well as those undergoing mastectomy.

    Matched MeSH terms: Radiotherapy, Adjuvant
  7. Ibrahim MI, Jusoh YR, Adam NN, Mohamad I
    Iran J Otorhinolaryngol, 2018 Jan;30(96):65-68.
    PMID: 29387667
    Introduction: Primary squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) of the thyroid gland is one of the rarest types of all reported thyroid malignancies worldwide. It is very aggressive in nature and carries a poor prognosis. The surgical resection with adjuvant radiotherapy and chemotherapy is the most recommended treatment despite its poor reported outcome.

    Case Report: A 74-year-old woman presented with a rapidly progressive neck swelling, with hoarseness and compressive symptoms. Physical examination revealed a multilobulated firm thyroid mass with unilateral vocal cord palsy. Histopathological findings confirmed the diagnosis of SCC while radiological investigations and panendoscopy findings ruled out the possibility of other primary tumors. A surgical intervention was performed; however, the patient eventually succumbed to death prior to undergoing an oncological treatment.

    Conclusion: With no standard consensus to guide the management plan, SCC of the thyroid gland presents a great challenge for the managing team to come up with the best treatment option, due to its unfavorable rate of survival.

    Matched MeSH terms: Radiotherapy, Adjuvant
  8. Teoh CM, Rohaizak M, Chan KY, Jasmi AY, Fuad I
    Asian J Surg, 2005 Apr;28(2):90-6.
    PMID: 15851360
    This study reviewed the incidence of positive pre-ablative diagnostic scan after total thyroidectomy and the efficacy of the current ablative dose. The predictive factors for outcome using a standard ablative dose and postoperative complications of total thyroidectomy were also examined.
    Matched MeSH terms: Radiotherapy, Adjuvant/methods
  9. Bhoo-Pathy N, Yip CH, Hartman M, Saxena N, Taib NA, Ho GF, et al.
    Eur J Cancer, 2012 May;48(7):982-9.
    PMID: 22366561 DOI: 10.1016/j.ejca.2012.01.034
    Adjuvant! Online is a free web-based tool which predicts 10-year breast cancer outcomes and the efficacy of adjuvant therapy in patients with breast cancer. As its prognostic performance has only been validated in high income Caucasian populations, we validated the model in a middle income Asian setting.
    Matched MeSH terms: Radiotherapy, Adjuvant
  10. Norhafizah M, Mustafa WM, Sabariah AR, Shiran MS, Pathmanathan R
    Med J Malaysia, 2010 Sep;65(3):218-20.
    PMID: 21939172
    Mucosal malignant melanoma (MMM) is an aggressive tumour occurring in the upper respiratory tract. It is rare compared to malignant melanoma of the skin. We report a case of a 53-year-old man with left paranasal swelling. A biopsy showed high-grade spindle cell tumour. Subsequently a subtotal maxillectomy was performed. Histopathological examination revealed a hypercellular tumour composed of mixed spindle and epitheloid cells with very occasional intracytoplasmic melanin pigment. The malignant cells were immunopositive for vimentin, S-100 protein and HMB-45. It was diagnosed as mucosal malignant melanoma (MMM). This article illustrates a rare case of MMM where the diagnosis may be missed or delayed without proper histopathological examination that include meticulous search for melanin pigment and appropriate immunohistochemical stains to confirm the diagnosis. Malignant melanoma can mimic many other types of high-grade malignancy and should be considered as a differential diagnosis in many of these instances.
    Matched MeSH terms: Radiotherapy, Adjuvant
  11. Shahrun Niza AS, Rohaizak M, Naqiyah I, Srijit D, Noraidah M
    Malays J Med Sci, 2011 Apr;18(2):82-4.
    PMID: 22135593 MyJurnal
    Most breast cancer recurrences occur in the surgical scars or within other quadrants of the same breast. Isolated tumour recurrence occurring in the nipple after breast-conserving surgery and radiotherapy is extremely unusual. The reason for this is unknown, but is speculated to be due to involved surgical margins or an occult involvement of the nipple-areolar complex in a breast cancer of the same breast. We present a case of a 44-year-old Indian woman who had recurrent tumour over her right nipple after an ipsilateral breast-conserving surgery that was followed by adjuvant chemotherapy and radiotherapy. There was no typical malignancy features from the mammogram. However, histopathological study confirmed a malignant growth that infiltrated into the dermis and the underneath breast tissue. Completion mastectomy was then performed and the patient was later treated with Taxane-based chemotherapy. Nipple recurrence after breast-conserving surgery and adjuvant radiotherapy may be confused with other nipple conditions such as Paget's disease of the breast. Comprehensive assessments, which include mammogram and biopsy, have proved that such recurrence do occur, as presented in this case. This warrants a specific management strategy.
    Matched MeSH terms: Radiotherapy, Adjuvant
  12. Fahmy O, Khairul-Asri MG, Hadi SHSM, Gakis G, Stenzl A
    Urol Int, 2017;99(3):249-256.
    PMID: 28675891 DOI: 10.1159/000478789
    BACKGROUND: The role of radical prostatectomy (RP) is still controversial for locally advanced prostate cancer (PC). Radiotherapy (RT) and hormonal therapy (HT) are usually used as a primary treatment.

    MATERIAL AND METHODS: A systematic online search was conducted according to Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis statement. Eligible publications reporting the overall survival (OS) and/or disease-specific survival (DSS) were included. A total of 14 studies, including 17,869 patients, were considered for analysis. The impact of therapeutic modalities on survival was assessed, with a risk of bias assessment according to the Newcastle Ottawa Scale.

    RESULTS: For RP, RT, and HT, the mean 10-year OS was 70.7% (95% CI 61.3-80.2), 65.8% (95% CI 48.1-83.3), and 22.6% (95% CI 4.9-40.3; p = 0.001), respectively. The corresponding 10-year DSS was 84.1% (95% CI 75.1-93.2), 89.4% (95% CI 70.1-108.6), and 50.4% (95% CI 31.2-69.6; p = 0.0127), respectively. Among all treatment combinations, RP displayed significant improvement in OS when included in the treatment (Z = 4.01; p < 0.001). Adjuvant RT significantly improved DSS (Z = 2.7; p = 0.007). Combination of RT and HT favored better OS in comparison to monotherapy with RT or HT (Z = 3.61; p < 0.001).

    CONCLUSION: Improved outcomes in advanced PC were detected for RP plus adjuvant RT vs. RP alone and RT plus adjuvant HT vs. RT alone with comparable survival results between both regimens. RP with adjuvant RT may present the modality of choice when HT is contraindicated.

    Matched MeSH terms: Radiotherapy, Adjuvant
  13. Cheng KP, Wong WJ, Hashim S, Mun KS
    J Thorac Dis, 2017 Sep;9(9):E752-E756.
    PMID: 29221336 DOI: 10.21037/jtd.2017.08.74
    Hemangiopericytomas (HPCs) are uncommon tumours. We present the case of a 41-year-old female with multiple resections at different sites over the course of 11 years. The approach considerations, as well as treatment options and prognosis are discussed. A 41-year-old female with two previous resections for intracranial meningeal HPC in 2004 and 2008, as well as adjuvant radiotherapy, presented in 2015 with left intrathoracic and left hip recurrence confirmed by positron emission tomography/computed tomography (PET/CT). She underwent left proximal femur resection/reconstruction and video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery (VATS) resection of the intrathoracic tumour was attempted. She was discharged home on her 4th post-operative day with minimal pain. There were no neurosensory or motor deficits. Any patient who has been diagnosed with HPC in the past who develops new symptoms should be worked up for recurrence, regardless of the length of disease-free interval, as our case study suggested. There has yet to be a standardized follow-up regime due to the rarity of these tumours. HPC remains a rare soft tissue sarcoma with high recurrence rate. Planned VATS evaluation and resection is possible provided complete resection with clear surgical margins can be achieved, as clear surgical margins offer the best chance of survival.
    Matched MeSH terms: Radiotherapy, Adjuvant
  14. See MH, Sinnadurai S, Lai LL, Tan KL, Teh MS, Teoh LY, et al.
    Surgery, 2021 12;170(6):1604-1609.
    PMID: 34538341 DOI: 10.1016/j.surg.2021.08.001
    BACKGROUND: Although immediate breast reconstruction is increasingly becoming popular worldwide, evidence from resource-limited settings is scarce. We investigated factors associated with immediate breast reconstruction in a multiethnic, middle-income Asian setting. Short-term surgical complications, timing of initiation of chemotherapy, and survival outcomes were compared between women undergoing mastectomy alone and their counterparts receiving immediate breast reconstruction.

    METHODS: This historical cohort study included women who underwent mastectomy after diagnosis with stage 0 to stage IIIa breast cancer from 2011 to 2015 in a tertiary hospital. Multivariable regression analyses were used to assess factors associated with immediate breast reconstruction and to measure clinical outcomes.

    RESULT: Out of 790 patients with early breast cancer who had undergone mastectomy, only 68 (8.6%) received immediate breast reconstruction. Immediate breast reconstruction was independently associated with younger age at diagnosis, recent calendar years, Chinese ethnicity, higher education level, and invasive ductal carcinomas. Although immediate breast reconstruction was associated with a higher risk of short-term local surgical complications (adjusted odds ratio: 3.58 [95% confidence interval 1.75-7.30]), there were no significant differences in terms of delay in initiation of chemotherapy, 5-year disease-free survival, and 5-year overall survival between both groups in the multivariable analyses.

    CONCLUSION: Although associated with short-term surgical complications, immediate breast reconstruction after mastectomy does not appear to be associated with delays in initiation of chemotherapy, recurrence, or mortality after breast cancer. These findings are valuable in facilitating shared surgical decision-making, improving access to immediate breast reconstruction, and setting priorities for surgical trainings in middle-income settings.

    Matched MeSH terms: Radiotherapy, Adjuvant/statistics & numerical data
  15. Shaariyah MM, Mazita A, Masaany M, Razif MY, Isa MR, Asma A
    Chin J Cancer, 2010 Jun;29(6):631-3.
    PMID: 20507738
    Synovial sarcoma is a rare soft tissue sarcoma of the head and neck region involving the parapharyngeal space. The diagnosis of synovial sarcoma can be very challenging to the pathologists. We present a rare case of parapharyngeal synovial sarcoma in a young female patient who had a two-month history of left cervical intumescent mass at level II. The fine needle aspiration cytology of the mass was proved inconclusive. Transcervical excision of the mass was performed and the first case of parapharyngeal sarcoma was identified in our center by fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) technique. Repeat imaging revealed residual tumor. The patient successfully underwent a second excision of the residual tumor and received adjuvant radiotherapy.
    Matched MeSH terms: Radiotherapy, Adjuvant
  16. Rushdan MN, Tay EH, Khoo-Tan HS, Lee KM, Low JH, Ho TH, et al.
    Ann Acad Med Singap, 2004 Jul;33(4):467-72.
    PMID: 15329758
    INTRODUCTION: The traditional indications for adjuvant pelvic radiotherapy (RT) for International Federation of Obstetrics and Gynecology (FIGO) stage Ib1 lymph nodes-negative cervix carcinoma following radical surgery based on histopathological factors, such as deep stromal invasion and lymphovascular space invasion (LVSI), were often inconsistently applied. The perceived risk of relapse was subjectively determined. This pilot study attempts to determine if the treatment outcome will be affected when the indication for RT is based on the Gynecologic Oncology Group (GOG) Risk Score (RS) and the field of adjuvant RT is tailored to the RS.

    MATERIALS AND METHODS: From 1997 to 1999, 55 patients with FIGO stage Ib1 lymph nodes-negative cervical carcinoma limited to the cervix were prescribed RT following radical surgery, based on their RS, as follows: RS <40, RT is omitted; RS >40 to <120, modified (smaller) field RT; and RS >120, standard field pelvic RT. Their incidence and site of recurrence were compared with a similar cohort of 40 patients who were treated prior to 1997.

    RESULTS: Prior to 1997, of the 40 patients, 10 patients were given standard field RT. There were 2 (5%) recurrent diseases. The mean duration of follow-up was 61.6 months (range, 1 to 103 months). The RS of 23 of the 30 patients who were not given RT were available. The mean RS was 22 with 5 patients having a score of >40. From 1997 onwards, of the 55 patients, 28 (51%) did not require RT, 13 (23%) were treated with modified (smaller) field RT and 14 (26%) were given standard field RT. There were 2 (3.6%) cases of relapse. The mean duration of follow-up was 36.4 months (range, 5 to 60 months). All patients with a RS of <40 did not suffer any relapse. Their survival outcomes were better when compared to patients who did not have any RT in the GOG Study.

    CONCLUSIONS: The results of this study indicated that postoperative adjuvant RT given to patients with a high GOG RS of >120, significantly improved their 5-year recurrence rate and disease-free survival, as compared with the similar group of patients who were without adjuvant therapy in the GOG study. Patients with a GOG risk-score of <40 may be safely spared from adjuvant pelvic RT. The current treatment protocol did not compromise the outcome in patients, compared with the use of a less precise treatment protocol in the past.

    Matched MeSH terms: Radiotherapy, Adjuvant
  17. Bhoo-Pathy N, Balakrishnan N, See MH, Taib NA, Yip CH
    World J Surg, 2016 12;40(12):2913-2921.
    PMID: 27456497 DOI: 10.1007/s00268-016-3658-z
    BACKGROUND: Factors associated with surgery, adjuvant radiotherapy, and chemotherapy and whether there were missed opportunities for treatment in elderly patients were determined in an Asian setting.

    METHODS: All 5616 patients, diagnosed with breast cancer in University Malaya Medical Centre from 1999 to 2013 were included. In 945 elderly patients (aged 65 years and above), multivariable logistic regression was performed to identify factors associated with treatment, following adjustment for age, ethnicity, tumor, and other treatment characteristics. The impact of lack of treatment on survival of the elderly was assessed while accounting for comorbidities.

    RESULTS: One in five elderly patients had comorbidities. Compared to younger patients, the elderly had more favorable tumor characteristics, and received less loco-regional treatment and chemotherapy. Within stage I-IIIa elderly breast cancer patients, 10 % did not receive any surgery. These patients were older, more likely to be Malays, have comorbidities, and bigger tumors. In elderlies with indications for adjuvant radiotherapy, no irradiation (30 %) was associated with increasing age, comorbidity, and the absence of systemic therapy. Hormone therapy was optimal, but only 35 % of elderly women with ER negative tumors received chemotherapy. Compared to elderly women who received adequate treatment, those not receiving surgery (adjusted hazard ratio: 2.30, 95 %CI: 1.10-4.79), or radiotherapy (adjusted hazard ratio: 1.56, 95 %CI: 1.10-2.19), were associated with higher mortality. Less than 25 % of the survival discrepancy between elderly women receiving loco-regional treatment and no treatment were attributed to excess comorbidities in untreated patients.

    CONCLUSION: While the presence of comorbidities significantly influenced loco-regional treatment decisions in the elderly, it was only able to explain the lower survival rates in untreated patients up to a certain extent, suggesting missed opportunities for treatment.

    Matched MeSH terms: Radiotherapy, Adjuvant
  18. Sharudin SN, Tan SW, Mohamad NF, Vasudevan SK, Khairan H, Mun YC, et al.
    Orbit, 2018 Jun;37(3):196-200.
    PMID: 29058523 DOI: 10.1080/01676830.2017.1383474
    A 25-year-old Chinese woman presented with recurrent painless swelling over the left medial canthus region for 3 months and intranasal mass for an indeterminate duration. Initial incision biopsy of the mass was reported as nodular fasciitis but the lesion recurred 3 weeks later. Intraoperative findings during repeat biopsy showed a mass extending from the deep dermal tissue into the anterior orbit and polyp-like nasal mass. Histopathology findings were that of dermatofibrosarcoma protuberans (DFSP). The mass recurred 4 months later without orbital or intranasal recurrence. Wide excision biopsy under frozen section guidance was attempted however; clear surgical margins could not be achieved despite extensive resection. She was subsequently referred for adjuvant radiotherapy. We report an exceptionally rare case of local recurrence of DFSP in an unusual anatomic location. This case was surgically challenging in achieving negative margins, and thus neoadjuvant therapy may improve overall outcome to prevent local relapse.
    Matched MeSH terms: Radiotherapy, Adjuvant
  19. Bhoo-Pathy N, Verkooijen HM, Wong FY, Pignol JP, Kwong A, Tan EY, et al.
    Int J Cancer, 2015 Nov 15;137(10):2504-12.
    PMID: 26018878 DOI: 10.1002/ijc.29617
    The value of adjuvant radiotherapy in triple-negative breast cancer (TNBC) is currently debated. We assessed the association between adjuvant radiotherapy and survival in a large cohort of Asian women with TNBC. Women diagnosed with TNBC from 2006 to 2011 in five Asian centers (N = 1,138) were included. Survival between patients receiving mastectomy only, breast-conserving therapy (BCT, lumpectomy and adjuvant radiotherapy) and mastectomy with radiotherapy were compared, and adjusted for demography, tumor characteristics and chemotherapy types. Median age at diagnosis was 53 years (range: 23-96 years). Median tumor size at diagnosis was 2.5 cm and most patients had lymph node-negative disease. The majority of patients received adjuvant chemotherapy (n = 861, 76%) comprising predominantly anthracycline-based regimes. In 775 women with T1-2, N0-1, M0 TNBCs, 5-year relative survival ratio (RSR) was highest in patients undergoing mastectomy only (94.7%, 95% CI: 88.8-98.8%), followed by BCT (90.8%, 95% CI: 85.0-94.7%), and mastectomy with radiotherapy (82.3%, 95% CI: 73.4-88.1%). The adjusted risks of mortality between the three groups were not significantly different. In 363 patients with T3-4, N2-3, M0 TNBCs, BCT was associated with highest 5-year RSR (94.1%, 95% CI: 81.3-99.4%), followed by mastectomy with radiotherapy (62.7%, 95% CI: 54.3-70.1%), and mastectomy only (58.6%, 95% CI: 43.5-71.6%). Following multivariable adjustment, BCT and mastectomy with radiotherapy remained significantly associated with lower mortality risk compared to mastectomy only. Overall, adjuvant radiotherapy was associated with higher survival in women aged <40 years, but not in older women. Adjuvant radiotherapy appears to be independently associated with a survival gain in locally advanced as well as in very young TNBC.
    Matched MeSH terms: Radiotherapy, Adjuvant
  20. Biswal BM, Sain AH, Othman NH, Baba A
    Trop Gastroenterol, 2002 Jul-Sep;23(3):134-7.
    PMID: 12693156
    Colorectal cancer is one of the most common malignancies in the West, but in Asia the incidence is low. However in Malaysia, colorectal cancer is increasing with a reported figure of 15% of all cancer cases. Adjuvant chemo and radiotherapy are now more frequently used in such patients. The present retrospective analysis was performed to document the effect of such therapy among patients with colorectal cancer in Malaysia.
    Matched MeSH terms: Radiotherapy, Adjuvant
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