Displaying publications 1 - 20 of 598 in total

  1. Fadilah SAW, Raymond AA, Najihah I, Cheong SK
    Med J Malaysia, 2002 Jun;57(2):211-4.
    PMID: 24326654
    Patients (particularly elderly) undergoing evaluation for peripheral neuropathy of unknown cause should be screened for the presence of a monoclonal protein (M protein). The association of a neuropathy and a paraproteinaemia such as Waldenstrom's Macroglobulinaemia (WM) is not uncommon with the former antedating the haematologic symptoms by several years. Response to treatment has varied from good to very poor. We describe a case of WM presenting as a subacute demyelinating peripheral neuropathy. There was prompt resolution of the neuropathy with intravenous immunoglobulin therapy. Subsequent treatment with cyclophosphamide and plasmapheresis resulted in complete clinical remission with no further neurological relapses.
    Matched MeSH terms: Neoplasm Recurrence, Local*
  2. Chai CK, Tang IP, Tan TY
    Med J Malaysia, 2013 Jun;68(3):269-70.
    PMID: 23749022 MyJurnal
    Primary lacrimal sac lymphoma is rare. The common clinical features are epiphora and medial canthal swelling which mimic nasolacrimal duct obstruction. Histological examination is therefore important to avoid delay in diagnosis and treatment. We report a case of primary lacrimal sac lymphoma in a 72-year-old female who developed a metachronous tumour at the hard palate one year after excision of the lacrimal sac tumour.
    Matched MeSH terms: Neoplasm Recurrence, Local*
  3. Idayu MY, Irfan M, Othman NH
    Med J Malaysia, 2012 Jun;67(3):329-30.
    PMID: 23082428 MyJurnal
    Oral leiomyomas are rare benign tumour of smooth muscle. The first case of oral leiomyoma was reported by Blanc in 1884 and since then more cases has been published following advancement in immunohistochemical study. This tumour has an excellent prognosis and recurrences are extremely rare. We report a case of a recurrent glossal leiomyoma in a patient with HIV infection and the lesion recurred one year after the first excision.
    Matched MeSH terms: Neoplasm Recurrence, Local/pathology; Neoplasm Recurrence, Local/surgery*
  4. Kulenthran A, Sivanesaratnam V
    Int J Gynaecol Obstet, 1988 Oct;27(2):289-91.
    PMID: 2903099
    Three sisters who developed recurrent uterine myomata from a very young age are presented. Despite repeated attempts at myomectomy, all three cases had hysterectomies ultimately. Complications encountered during surgery were severe hemorrhage, inadvertent injury to bladder and bowel in two patients and a rare complication of colonic-uteric-cutaneous fistula occurring post-operatively in one patient. Histology of the final hysterectomy specimens in two cases showed low grade leiomyosarcoma and cellular myoma, respectively.
    Matched MeSH terms: Neoplasm Recurrence, Local/genetics*
  5. Kanneppady, Sham Kishor, Sakri, Santosh B., Chatra, Laxmikanth, Prashanth, Shenoy K.
    Malaysian Dental Journal, 2010;31(2):79-83.
    Adenoid cystic carcinoma (ACC) is a rare malignant tumor that arises within secretary glands, most commonly the major and minor salivary glands. It has a tendency for a prolonged clinical course, perineural invasion, with local recurrences and distant metastases. The three recognized histopathologic pattern of ACC are cribriform, tubular, and solid with the cribriform being most common. Standard treatment for salivary gland ACC is surgery and postoperative radiotherapy. We report a case of ACC of palate in a 30-year-old female and review the literature.
    Matched MeSH terms: Neoplasm Recurrence, Local; Recurrence
  6. Tuck, Sang Hoe, Kok, Wai Chum
    A five-week-old infant presented with infantile acute lymphoblastic leukaemia. He devel-oped an early CNS and bone marrow relapse despite intensive treatment. This paper discusses infantile leukaemia and its treatment.
    Matched MeSH terms: Neoplasm Recurrence, Local; Recurrence
  7. Tong CV, Tee CK
    BMJ Case Rep, 2021 Jun 22;14(6).
    PMID: 34158336 DOI: 10.1136/bcr-2021-243786
    A 14-year-old girl who presented in 2017 with headache, unilateral right eye ptosis and secondary amenorrhoea had an initial workup consistent with non-functioning pituitary macroadenoma. She underwent debulking of pituitary tumour in October 2017. Postoperatively, she developed recurrent cavernous sinus thrombosis. In view of recurrent thrombosis, she was reinvestigated and was found to have adrenocorticotropic hormone-dependent Cushing. Follow-up MRI 1 year after initial presentation showed that there was structural recurrence of pituitary macroadenoma. She subsequently underwent a petrosal craniotomy for debulking of tumour. Postsurgery she remained biochemically Cushingnoid. MRI 5 months after second surgery showed an enlarging pituitary mass which was deemed inoperable. A multidisciplinary meeting discussion consensus for treatment included radiotherapy and somatostatin analogue, pasireotide. She completed 30 cycles of radiotherapy and MRI post radiotherapy showed reduction in the size of the macroadenoma. Currently, she is waiting for pasereotide initiation.
    Matched MeSH terms: Neoplasm Recurrence, Local/complications
  8. Chiou CF, Wang BC, Caldwell R, Furnback W, Lee JS, Kothandaraman N, et al.
    Neuropsychiatr Dis Treat, 2015;11:1989-94.
    PMID: 26346330 DOI: 10.2147/NDT.S86722
    Schizophrenia results in substantial health care utilization costs. Much of these costs can be attributed to health care use resulting from nonadherence to treatment, relapse, and hospitalization.
    Matched MeSH terms: Recurrence
  9. Sia KJ, Kong CK, Tan TY, Tang IP
    Med J Malaysia, 2014 Dec;69(6):281-3.
    PMID: 25934961
    CASE REPORT: Five cases of Kimura's disease had been treated in our centre from year 2003 to 2010. All cases were presented with head and neck mass with cervical lymphadenopathy. Surgical excision was performed for all cases. Definite diagnosis was made by histopathological examination of the resected specimens. One out of five cases developed tumour recurrence four years after resection.

    CONCLUSION: Surgical excision is our choice of treatment because the outcome is immediate and definite tissue diagnosis is feasible after resection. Oral corticosteroid could be considered as an option in advanced disease. However, tumour recurrence is common after cessation of steroid therapy.
    Matched MeSH terms: Recurrence
  10. Khoo SP, High AS, Awang MN
    Singapore Dent J, 1995 Jul;20(1):21-3.
    PMID: 9582685
    A case of unicystic ameloblastoma which recurred after 15 years showing unusual histological features is reported. The prominent pseudo-glandular features present are described. This case highlights the importance of extensive histological examination for more characteristic features of ameloblastoma to reach a correct diagnosis.
    Matched MeSH terms: Neoplasm Recurrence, Local/pathology*; Neoplasm Recurrence, Local/radiography; Neoplasm Recurrence, Local/surgery
  11. Loh KY, Sivalingam N
    Med J Malaysia, 2003 Dec;58(5):788-92.
    PMID: 15190674
    Recurrent vaginal candidiasis is one of the most common reasons for patients visiting their primary care doctors. Majority of the cases are caused by Candida albicans. Controlling of risk factors such as diabetes mellitus, used of broad spectrum antibiotics, contraceptive pills and steroid therapy helps in managing recurrent vaginal candidiasis. Initial 14-day course of oral azoles and followed by 6 months maintenance are effective in treating majority of the cases. Failure to treat recurrent vaginal candidiasis can lead to various bio-psycho-social complications.
    Matched MeSH terms: Recurrence
  12. Lee YK
    Med J Malaysia, 1975 Mar;30(3):231-3.
    PMID: 1160685
    Matched MeSH terms: Neoplasm Recurrence, Local
  13. Khadijah, H.A.A., Seed, H.F., Lee, V.Y., Wan Salwina, W.I.
    Although comorbidity of obsessive compulsive disorder (OCD) with schizophrenia is well-established, the occurrence of psychotic symptoms especially hallucinations with OCD still requires further studies. We report a case of a child with OCD who experienced auditory hallucination with the recurrence of his OCD symptoms and the management involved. We discussed the possible differentials when auditory hallucinations occur in the context of OCD.
    Matched MeSH terms: Recurrence
  14. Chen Y, Ahmad M
    Future Oncol, 2018 Jun;14(15):1487-1496.
    PMID: 29767550 DOI: 10.2217/fon-2017-0671
    Psychotherapies were offered to alleviate psychological and physical symptoms; however, most psychological interventions were only delivered after cancer treatment. Newly diagnosed cancer patients experienced psychological distress while waiting for treatments. This review paper focused on randomized control trial studies, aimed to investigate the effectiveness of psychological intervention among newly diagnosed cancer patients. Eight randomized control trial papers were found in recent 10 year period through electronic database. A moderate to large effect size was detected on the outcomes, ranging from 0.43 to 0.89. This indicated that psychological-based prehabilitation with standard care yielded better outcomes than standard care alone. Psychological-based prehabilitation provides evidence in its effectiveness to reduce psychological distress, functional impairment, recurrence of cancer, numbers of immune reactivity and sleeping quality; however, inconsistent with longer survival result among cancer patients. In conclusion, psychological-based prehabilitation before cancer treatment is necessary for better treatment outcome, and future research is needed to investigate more directly the outcome.
    Matched MeSH terms: Recurrence
  15. Thong HK, Athar PPSH, Mustaffa WMW
    Open Access Maced J Med Sci, 2019 Jul 15;7(13):2142-2145.
    PMID: 31456841 DOI: 10.3889/oamjms.2019.577
    BACKGROUND: Lymphoepithelial cysts, which are benign and slow-growing tumours, usually involve the head and neck regions. Benign lymphoepithelial cysts (BLECs) are the most common cause of parotid swelling in human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-positive patients and are less common in immunocompetent patients.

    CASE PRESENTATION: Here, we present two cases of immunocompetent patients with long-standing, progressively enlarging parotid swelling. Postoperative histopathological examination of these patients revealed features of BLEC.

    CONCLUSION: Wide surgical excision is the gold standard for treatment and recurrences is rare. These cases are of particular interest because of the rarity of BLEC in HIV-negative patients and highlight an important differential diagnosis of parotid swelling.

    Matched MeSH terms: Neoplasm Recurrence, Local
  16. Cheo SW, Mohd Zamin H, Low QJ, Tan YA, Chia YK
    Med J Malaysia, 2020 11;75(6):745-747.
    PMID: 33219190
    Stroke is a debilitating disease as it carries significant morbidity especially when it affects the younger population. There are various etiologies of young stroke, namely arterial dissection, cardioembolism, thrombophilia, inherited genetic disorder and vasculitis. Young patient with stroke should undergo complete evaluation to identify the underlying etiology in order to prevent recurrence of stroke. Here, we would like to illustrate a case of Takayasu arteritis presenting as young stroke in a 17-years-old lady with no known medical illness.
    Matched MeSH terms: Recurrence
  17. Smadel JE, Bailey CA, Diercks FH
    Am J Hyg, 1950;51:229-41.
    DOI: 10.1093/oxfordjournals.aje.a119387
    Two field trials were conducted in Malaya in which 75 volunteers were exposed in hyperendemic areas of scrub typhus. Thirty-four of these individuals received chloromycetin prophylactically for a total period of 3 weeks during and following exposure. They did not show clinical evidence of scrub typhus throughout the period of prophylaxis or the ensuing 5 days. However, scrub typhus developed in 15 volunteers in the prophylactic groups of the two trials 5 to 14 days after drug was discontinued. Although the attack rate among the volunteers in the two field trials varied markedly, there was no essential difference in the ultimate infection rates among the controls and those given prophylaxis in each test. Scrub typhus when it developed among volunteers in the prophylactic group was not significantly different from the disease in the controls except for the absence of eschar formation. Relapses were prominent features of the disease in the volunteers of both prophylactic and control groups. These had not been observed previously in untreated cases of scrub typhus or in naturally occurring cases which were treated with chloromycetin. Fifty-four per cent of the 37 persons in the two trials who contracted scrub typhus suffered one or more relapses. Various factors probably contributed to this phenomenon but the opinion is that the short course of chloromycetin therapy given very early in the illness probably was an important factor. Ten volunteers had received experimental scrub typhus vaccine during earlier investigations because of possible exposure to infection. The vaccination did not influence the incidence of infection or the course of the disease in those persons developing scrub typhus. Prolonged administration of chloromycetin as a prophylactic measure and its use in the treatment of the initial attacks of scrub typhus, as well as the relapses, indicated that the drug is of low toxicity for man, and that drug fast strains of Rickettsia tsutsugamushi are not readily produced.
    Matched MeSH terms: Recurrence
  18. Khanna D, Chaubal T, Bapat R, Abdulla AM, Philip ST, Arora S
    Afr Health Sci, 2019 Dec;19(4):3253-3263.
    PMID: 32127904 DOI: 10.4314/ahs.v19i4.50
    Background: Carcinoma ex pleomorphic adenoma (CA-ex-PA) is extremely unusual in minor salivary glands of oral cavity. CAex-PA is a carcinomatous change as a primary or as a recurrence of pleomorphic adenoma.

    Objective: Due to resemblance of clinical symptoms of Ca ex PA and benign pleomorphic adenoma, it is mandatory for surgeons to keep high degree of clinical alertness, considering the peculiarity of this tumor.

    Case Report: 54-year-old male presented with swelling on left side in the pre-auricular region from the middle of zygomatic arch to mastoid process and from tragus of the ear up to angle of mandible. Fine needle aspiration cytology revealed a mixture of benign and malignant components. Total left parotidectomy with left radical neck dissection followed by reconstruction with cervicodeltopectoral flap was performed. Combination of chemotherapy and radiotherapy were given to patient. Histologic examination and pre-operative fine needle aspiration cytology confirmed the diagnosis of Carcinoma ex pleomorphic adenoma (CA-ex-PA). Two-year follow-up of patient showed no recurrence of the lesion.

    Conclusion: Due to the similarity in the clinical symptoms of CA-ex-PA and benign pleomorphic adenoma, it is vital that clinicians maintain a high degree of clinical vigilance, considering the oddity of this malignancy.

    Matched MeSH terms: Neoplasm Recurrence, Local/diagnosis*; Neoplasm Recurrence, Local/physiopathology; Neoplasm Recurrence, Local/surgery*
  19. Dass SA, Tan KL, Selva Rajan R, Mokhtar NF, Mohd Adzmi ER, Wan Abdul Rahman WF, et al.
    Medicina (Kaunas), 2021 Jan 12;57(1).
    PMID: 33445543 DOI: 10.3390/medicina57010062
    Triple-negative breast cancer (TNBC) is an aggressive breast type of cancer with no expression of estrogen receptor (ER), progesterone receptor (PR), and human epidermal growth factor receptor-2 (HER2). It is a highly metastasized, heterogeneous disease that accounts for 10-15% of total breast cancer cases with a poor prognosis and high relapse rate within five years after treatment compared to non-TNBC cases. The diagnostic and subtyping of TNBC tumors are essential to determine the treatment alternatives and establish personalized, targeted medications for every TNBC individual. Currently, TNBC is diagnosed via a two-step procedure of imaging and immunohistochemistry (IHC), which are operator-dependent and potentially time-consuming. Therefore, there is a crucial need for the development of rapid and advanced technologies to enhance the diagnostic efficiency of TNBC. This review discusses the overview of breast cancer with emphasis on TNBC subtypes and the current diagnostic approaches of TNBC along with its challenges. Most importantly, we have presented several promising strategies that can be utilized as future TNBC diagnostic modalities and simultaneously enhance the efficacy of TNBC diagnostic.
    Matched MeSH terms: Neoplasm Recurrence, Local
  20. DeSeta M, Baldwin D, Siddik D, Hullah E, Harun N, Yee R, et al.
    Br Dent J, 2020 09;229(5):287-291.
    PMID: 32918012 DOI: 10.1038/s41415-020-2023-7
    Introduction This case series highlights the condition juvenile spongiotic gingivitis; how to recognise it, where it lies in a list of differential diagnoses and why conservative management is the authors' recommended treatment.Case series The authors present ten cases that were successfully managed conservatively on the Joint Oral Medicine Paediatric Dentistry Clinic at Guy's and St Thomas' NHS Foundation Trust over a six-year period. Follow-ups reached up to 5 years and 11 months to date, with no adverse outcomes observed in any of the cases.Conclusion The pathogenesis of this benign condition and its ideal management is not well understood. Recurrence can occur after surgical treatment and the condition is likely to spontaneously resolve or regress with age. Therefore, particularly in asymptomatic cases, conservative management is recommended.
    Matched MeSH terms: Recurrence
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