Displaying publications 1 - 20 of 614 in total

  1. Fadilah SAW, Raymond AA, Najihah I, Cheong SK
    Med J Malaysia, 2002 Jun;57(2):211-4.
    PMID: 24326654
    Patients (particularly elderly) undergoing evaluation for peripheral neuropathy of unknown cause should be screened for the presence of a monoclonal protein (M protein). The association of a neuropathy and a paraproteinaemia such as Waldenstrom's Macroglobulinaemia (WM) is not uncommon with the former antedating the haematologic symptoms by several years. Response to treatment has varied from good to very poor. We describe a case of WM presenting as a subacute demyelinating peripheral neuropathy. There was prompt resolution of the neuropathy with intravenous immunoglobulin therapy. Subsequent treatment with cyclophosphamide and plasmapheresis resulted in complete clinical remission with no further neurological relapses.
    Matched MeSH terms: Neoplasm Recurrence, Local*
  2. Chai CK, Tang IP, Tan TY
    Med J Malaysia, 2013 Jun;68(3):269-70.
    PMID: 23749022 MyJurnal
    Primary lacrimal sac lymphoma is rare. The common clinical features are epiphora and medial canthal swelling which mimic nasolacrimal duct obstruction. Histological examination is therefore important to avoid delay in diagnosis and treatment. We report a case of primary lacrimal sac lymphoma in a 72-year-old female who developed a metachronous tumour at the hard palate one year after excision of the lacrimal sac tumour.
    Matched MeSH terms: Neoplasm Recurrence, Local*
  3. Idayu MY, Irfan M, Othman NH
    Med J Malaysia, 2012 Jun;67(3):329-30.
    PMID: 23082428 MyJurnal
    Oral leiomyomas are rare benign tumour of smooth muscle. The first case of oral leiomyoma was reported by Blanc in 1884 and since then more cases has been published following advancement in immunohistochemical study. This tumour has an excellent prognosis and recurrences are extremely rare. We report a case of a recurrent glossal leiomyoma in a patient with HIV infection and the lesion recurred one year after the first excision.
    Matched MeSH terms: Neoplasm Recurrence, Local/pathology; Neoplasm Recurrence, Local/surgery*
  4. Harrington KJ, Burtness B, Greil R, Soulières D, Tahara M, de Castro G, et al.
    J Clin Oncol, 2023 Feb 01;41(4):790-802.
    PMID: 36219809 DOI: 10.1200/JCO.21.02508
    PURPOSE: Pembrolizumab and pembrolizumab-chemotherapy demonstrated efficacy in recurrent/metastatic head and neck squamous cell carcinoma in KEYNOTE-048. Post hoc analysis of long-term efficacy and progression-free survival on next-line therapy (PFS2) is presented.

    METHODS: Patients were randomly assigned (1:1:1) to pembrolizumab, pembrolizumab-chemotherapy, or cetuximab-chemotherapy. Efficacy was evaluated in programmed death ligand 1 (PD-L1) combined positive score (CPS) ≥ 20, CPS ≥ 1, and total populations, with no multiplicity or alpha adjustment.

    RESULTS: The median study follow-up was 45.0 months (interquartile range, 41.0-49.2; n = 882). At data cutoff (February 18, 2020), overall survival improved with pembrolizumab in the PD-L1 CPS ≥ 20 (hazard ratio [HR], 0.61; 95% CI, 0.46 to 0.81) and CPS ≥ 1 populations (HR, 0.74; 95% CI, 0.61 to 0.89) and was noninferior in the total population (HR, 0.81; 95% CI, 0.68 to 0.97). Overall survival improved with pembrolizumab-chemotherapy in the PD-L1 CPS ≥ 20 (HR, 0.62; 95% CI, 0.46 to 0.84), CPS ≥ 1 (HR, 0.64; 95% CI, 0.53 to 0.78), and total (HR, 0.71; 95% CI, 0.59 to 0.85) populations. The objective response rate on second-course pembrolizumab was 27.3% (3 of 11). PFS2 improved with pembrolizumab in the PD-L1 CPS ≥ 20 (HR, 0.64; 95% CI, 0.48 to 0.84) and CPS ≥ 1 (HR, 0.79; 95% CI, 0.66 to 0.95) populations and with pembrolizumab-chemotherapy in the PD-L1 CPS ≥ 20 (HR, 0.64; 95% CI, 0.48 to 0.86), CPS ≥ 1 (HR, 0.66; 95% CI, 0.55 to 0.81), and total (HR, 0.73; 95% CI, 0.61 to 0.88) populations. PFS2 was similar after pembrolizumab and longer after pembrolizumab-chemotherapy on next-line taxanes and shorter after pembrolizumab and similar after pembrolizumab-chemotherapy on next-line nontaxanes.

    CONCLUSION: With a 4-year follow-up, first-line pembrolizumab and pembrolizumab-chemotherapy continued to demonstrate survival benefit versus cetuximab-chemotherapy in recurrent/metastatic head and neck squamous cell carcinoma. Patients responded well to subsequent treatment after pembrolizumab-based therapy.

    Matched MeSH terms: Neoplasm Recurrence, Local/drug therapy; Neoplasm Recurrence, Local/etiology
  5. Kulenthran A, Sivanesaratnam V
    Int J Gynaecol Obstet, 1988 Oct;27(2):289-91.
    PMID: 2903099
    Three sisters who developed recurrent uterine myomata from a very young age are presented. Despite repeated attempts at myomectomy, all three cases had hysterectomies ultimately. Complications encountered during surgery were severe hemorrhage, inadvertent injury to bladder and bowel in two patients and a rare complication of colonic-uteric-cutaneous fistula occurring post-operatively in one patient. Histology of the final hysterectomy specimens in two cases showed low grade leiomyosarcoma and cellular myoma, respectively.
    Matched MeSH terms: Neoplasm Recurrence, Local/genetics*
  6. Kanneppady, Sham Kishor, Sakri, Santosh B., Chatra, Laxmikanth, Prashanth, Shenoy K.
    Malaysian Dental Journal, 2010;31(2):79-83.
    Adenoid cystic carcinoma (ACC) is a rare malignant tumor that arises within secretary glands, most commonly the major and minor salivary glands. It has a tendency for a prolonged clinical course, perineural invasion, with local recurrences and distant metastases. The three recognized histopathologic pattern of ACC are cribriform, tubular, and solid with the cribriform being most common. Standard treatment for salivary gland ACC is surgery and postoperative radiotherapy. We report a case of ACC of palate in a 30-year-old female and review the literature.
    Matched MeSH terms: Neoplasm Recurrence, Local; Recurrence
  7. Tuck, Sang Hoe, Kok, Wai Chum
    A five-week-old infant presented with infantile acute lymphoblastic leukaemia. He devel-oped an early CNS and bone marrow relapse despite intensive treatment. This paper discusses infantile leukaemia and its treatment.
    Matched MeSH terms: Neoplasm Recurrence, Local; Recurrence
  8. Imon RR, Aktar S, Morshed N, Nur SM, Mahtarin R, Rahman FA, et al.
    Medicine (Baltimore), 2023 Nov 10;102(45):e35347.
    PMID: 37960765 DOI: 10.1097/MD.0000000000035347
    Glypican-3 (GPC3), a membrane-bound heparan sulfate proteoglycan, has long been found to be dysregulated in human lung adenocarcinomas (LUADs). Nevertheless, the function, mutational profile, epigenetic regulation, co-expression profile, and clinicopathological significance of the GPC3 gene in LUAD progression are not well understood. In this study, we analyzed cancer microarray datasets from publicly available databases using bioinformatics tools to elucidate the above parameters. We observed significant downregulation of GPC3 in LUAD tissues compared to their normal counterparts, and this downregulation was associated with shorter overall survival (OS) and relapse-free survival (RFS). Nevertheless, no significant differences in the methylation pattern of GPC3 were observed between LUAD and normal tissues, although lower promoter methylation was observed in male patients. GPC3 expression was also found to correlate significantly with infiltration of B cells, CD8+, CD4+, macrophages, neutrophils, and dendritic cells in LUAD. In addition, a total of 11 missense mutations were identified in LUAD patients, and ~1.4% to 2.2% of LUAD patients had copy number amplifications in GPC3. Seventeen genes, mainly involved in dopamine receptor-mediated signaling pathways, were frequently co-expressed with GPC3. We also found 11 TFs and 7 miRNAs interacting with GPC3 and contributing to disease progression. Finally, we identified 3 potential inhibitors of GPC3 in human LUAD, namely heparitin, gemcitabine and arbutin. In conclusion, GPC3 may play an important role in the development of LUAD and could serve as a promising biomarker in LUAD.
    Matched MeSH terms: Neoplasm Recurrence, Local/genetics
  9. Tong CV, Tee CK
    BMJ Case Rep, 2021 Jun 22;14(6).
    PMID: 34158336 DOI: 10.1136/bcr-2021-243786
    A 14-year-old girl who presented in 2017 with headache, unilateral right eye ptosis and secondary amenorrhoea had an initial workup consistent with non-functioning pituitary macroadenoma. She underwent debulking of pituitary tumour in October 2017. Postoperatively, she developed recurrent cavernous sinus thrombosis. In view of recurrent thrombosis, she was reinvestigated and was found to have adrenocorticotropic hormone-dependent Cushing. Follow-up MRI 1 year after initial presentation showed that there was structural recurrence of pituitary macroadenoma. She subsequently underwent a petrosal craniotomy for debulking of tumour. Postsurgery she remained biochemically Cushingnoid. MRI 5 months after second surgery showed an enlarging pituitary mass which was deemed inoperable. A multidisciplinary meeting discussion consensus for treatment included radiotherapy and somatostatin analogue, pasireotide. She completed 30 cycles of radiotherapy and MRI post radiotherapy showed reduction in the size of the macroadenoma. Currently, she is waiting for pasereotide initiation.
    Matched MeSH terms: Neoplasm Recurrence, Local/complications
  10. Chiou CF, Wang BC, Caldwell R, Furnback W, Lee JS, Kothandaraman N, et al.
    Neuropsychiatr Dis Treat, 2015;11:1989-94.
    PMID: 26346330 DOI: 10.2147/NDT.S86722
    Schizophrenia results in substantial health care utilization costs. Much of these costs can be attributed to health care use resulting from nonadherence to treatment, relapse, and hospitalization.
    Matched MeSH terms: Recurrence
  11. Sia KJ, Kong CK, Tan TY, Tang IP
    Med J Malaysia, 2014 Dec;69(6):281-3.
    PMID: 25934961
    CASE REPORT: Five cases of Kimura's disease had been treated in our centre from year 2003 to 2010. All cases were presented with head and neck mass with cervical lymphadenopathy. Surgical excision was performed for all cases. Definite diagnosis was made by histopathological examination of the resected specimens. One out of five cases developed tumour recurrence four years after resection.

    CONCLUSION: Surgical excision is our choice of treatment because the outcome is immediate and definite tissue diagnosis is feasible after resection. Oral corticosteroid could be considered as an option in advanced disease. However, tumour recurrence is common after cessation of steroid therapy.
    Matched MeSH terms: Recurrence
  12. Khoo SP, High AS, Awang MN
    Singapore Dent J, 1995 Jul;20(1):21-3.
    PMID: 9582685
    A case of unicystic ameloblastoma which recurred after 15 years showing unusual histological features is reported. The prominent pseudo-glandular features present are described. This case highlights the importance of extensive histological examination for more characteristic features of ameloblastoma to reach a correct diagnosis.
    Matched MeSH terms: Neoplasm Recurrence, Local/pathology*; Neoplasm Recurrence, Local/radiography; Neoplasm Recurrence, Local/surgery
  13. Loh KY, Sivalingam N
    Med J Malaysia, 2003 Dec;58(5):788-92.
    PMID: 15190674
    Recurrent vaginal candidiasis is one of the most common reasons for patients visiting their primary care doctors. Majority of the cases are caused by Candida albicans. Controlling of risk factors such as diabetes mellitus, used of broad spectrum antibiotics, contraceptive pills and steroid therapy helps in managing recurrent vaginal candidiasis. Initial 14-day course of oral azoles and followed by 6 months maintenance are effective in treating majority of the cases. Failure to treat recurrent vaginal candidiasis can lead to various bio-psycho-social complications.
    Matched MeSH terms: Recurrence
  14. Lee YK
    Med J Malaysia, 1975 Mar;30(3):231-3.
    PMID: 1160685
    Matched MeSH terms: Neoplasm Recurrence, Local
  15. Thong HK, Athar PPSH, Mustaffa WMW
    Open Access Maced J Med Sci, 2019 Jul 15;7(13):2142-2145.
    PMID: 31456841 DOI: 10.3889/oamjms.2019.577
    BACKGROUND: Lymphoepithelial cysts, which are benign and slow-growing tumours, usually involve the head and neck regions. Benign lymphoepithelial cysts (BLECs) are the most common cause of parotid swelling in human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-positive patients and are less common in immunocompetent patients.

    CASE PRESENTATION: Here, we present two cases of immunocompetent patients with long-standing, progressively enlarging parotid swelling. Postoperative histopathological examination of these patients revealed features of BLEC.

    CONCLUSION: Wide surgical excision is the gold standard for treatment and recurrences is rare. These cases are of particular interest because of the rarity of BLEC in HIV-negative patients and highlight an important differential diagnosis of parotid swelling.

    Matched MeSH terms: Neoplasm Recurrence, Local
  16. Cheo SW, Mohd Zamin H, Low QJ, Tan YA, Chia YK
    Med J Malaysia, 2020 11;75(6):745-747.
    PMID: 33219190
    Stroke is a debilitating disease as it carries significant morbidity especially when it affects the younger population. There are various etiologies of young stroke, namely arterial dissection, cardioembolism, thrombophilia, inherited genetic disorder and vasculitis. Young patient with stroke should undergo complete evaluation to identify the underlying etiology in order to prevent recurrence of stroke. Here, we would like to illustrate a case of Takayasu arteritis presenting as young stroke in a 17-years-old lady with no known medical illness.
    Matched MeSH terms: Recurrence
  17. Dass SA, Tan KL, Selva Rajan R, Mokhtar NF, Mohd Adzmi ER, Wan Abdul Rahman WF, et al.
    Medicina (Kaunas), 2021 Jan 12;57(1).
    PMID: 33445543 DOI: 10.3390/medicina57010062
    Triple-negative breast cancer (TNBC) is an aggressive breast type of cancer with no expression of estrogen receptor (ER), progesterone receptor (PR), and human epidermal growth factor receptor-2 (HER2). It is a highly metastasized, heterogeneous disease that accounts for 10-15% of total breast cancer cases with a poor prognosis and high relapse rate within five years after treatment compared to non-TNBC cases. The diagnostic and subtyping of TNBC tumors are essential to determine the treatment alternatives and establish personalized, targeted medications for every TNBC individual. Currently, TNBC is diagnosed via a two-step procedure of imaging and immunohistochemistry (IHC), which are operator-dependent and potentially time-consuming. Therefore, there is a crucial need for the development of rapid and advanced technologies to enhance the diagnostic efficiency of TNBC. This review discusses the overview of breast cancer with emphasis on TNBC subtypes and the current diagnostic approaches of TNBC along with its challenges. Most importantly, we have presented several promising strategies that can be utilized as future TNBC diagnostic modalities and simultaneously enhance the efficacy of TNBC diagnostic.
    Matched MeSH terms: Neoplasm Recurrence, Local
  18. DeSeta M, Baldwin D, Siddik D, Hullah E, Harun N, Yee R, et al.
    Br Dent J, 2020 09;229(5):287-291.
    PMID: 32918012 DOI: 10.1038/s41415-020-2023-7
    Introduction This case series highlights the condition juvenile spongiotic gingivitis; how to recognise it, where it lies in a list of differential diagnoses and why conservative management is the authors' recommended treatment.Case series The authors present ten cases that were successfully managed conservatively on the Joint Oral Medicine Paediatric Dentistry Clinic at Guy's and St Thomas' NHS Foundation Trust over a six-year period. Follow-ups reached up to 5 years and 11 months to date, with no adverse outcomes observed in any of the cases.Conclusion The pathogenesis of this benign condition and its ideal management is not well understood. Recurrence can occur after surgical treatment and the condition is likely to spontaneously resolve or regress with age. Therefore, particularly in asymptomatic cases, conservative management is recommended.
    Matched MeSH terms: Recurrence
  19. Khadijah, H.A.A., Seed, H.F., Lee, V.Y., Wan Salwina, W.I.
    Although comorbidity of obsessive compulsive disorder (OCD) with schizophrenia is well-established, the occurrence of psychotic symptoms especially hallucinations with OCD still requires further studies. We report a case of a child with OCD who experienced auditory hallucination with the recurrence of his OCD symptoms and the management involved. We discussed the possible differentials when auditory hallucinations occur in the context of OCD.
    Matched MeSH terms: Recurrence
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