DESIGN: Immunohistochemical expression of IGFBP-2 protein was semi-quantitatively assessed in tissue microarrays containing 9 normal cervix, 10 low grade cervical intraepithelial neoplasia (LGCIN), 10 high grade cervical intraepithelial neoplasia (HGCIN) and 42 squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) cases. The gene expression profiles of IGFBP-2, IGF-1, IGF-1R, PTEN, MDM2, AKT1 and TP53 were determined in three cervical tissue samples each from normal cervix, human papillomavirus (HPV)-infected LGCIN, HGCIN and SCC, using Human Transcriptome Array 2.0.
RESULTS: IGFBP-2 protein was highly expressed in the cytoplasm of SCC cells compared to normal cervix (p = .013). The expression was not significantly associated with CIN grade or SCC stage. Transcriptomics profiling demonstrated upregulation of IGFBP-2 and TP53 in HGCIN and SCC compared to normal cervix. IGF-1, IGF-1R and PTEN genes were downregulated in all histological groups. IGF-1 gene was significantly downregulated in SCC (p = .031), while PTEN gene was significantly downregulated in HGCIN (p = .012), compared to normal cervix. MDM2 and AKT1 genes were downregulated in LGCIN and HGCIN, while upregulated in SCC.
CONCLUSION: In cervical carcinogenesis, IGFBP-2 appears to play an oncogenic role, probably through an IGF-independent mechanism.