Displaying all 17 publications

  1. Kah TA, Yong KC, Annuar FH
    Clinics and practice, 2011 Jul 01;1(3):e67.
    PMID: 24765328 DOI: 10.4081/cp.2011.e67
    We report a case of 10-year-old Indian girl with history of multiple superficial angiomyxoma, presented with three months history of painless right upper lid swelling. There were no visual dysfunctions. Previously, the patient had multiple superficial angiomyxoma (left pinna, left upper cheek, left upper limb, chest, right axilla, hard palate) and epidermal cyst (chin). The histopathological specimens were negative to S-100 protein antibody. Systemic review and family history was unremarkable. Excision biopsy and upper lid reconstruction were performed. Intraoperatively the tumor was multilobulated, firm, well encapsulated and did not invade the underlying tarsal plate. Histopathological features of the upperlid tumor were consistent with nerves sheath myxoma (neurothekeoma). To the best of the authors' knowledge, this is the first reported case of neurothekeoma in association with multiple superficial angiomyxoma.
    Matched MeSH terms: S100 Proteins
  2. Khoo JJ, Rahmat BO
    Malays J Pathol, 2007 Jun;29(1):49-52.
    PMID: 19105329 MyJurnal
    Rosai-Dorfman disease (RDD) is a rare benign proliferative disorder of histiocytes in the lymph nodes with or without extranodal involvement. RDD limited to the skin without nodal involvement, known as cutaneous Rosai-Dorfman disease, is very rare. We describe a 34-year-old female with RDD of the skin over the chest. A large nodule with satellite lesions was excised for histopathological examination. Microscopically, there were many large histiocytes (Rosai-Dorfman cells) exhibiting emperipolesis, among many plasma cells, lymphocytes and neutrophils throughout the dermis and the subcutaneous tissue. The histiocytes were immunohistochemically positive for S-100 protein but negative for CD 1a. Physical examination showed no lymphadenopathy or any extra-cutaneous lesions. Serological tests indicated a past infection with Epstein-Barr virus and cytomegalovirus. The diagnosis of cutaneous RDD may be difficult in the absence of associated lymphadenopathy or any specific features of the skin lesion. Hence, not only is histopathological examination required for definitive diagnosis but a high index of suspicion by the clinicians and pathologists is essential to help diagnose this very rare disease.
    Matched MeSH terms: S100 Proteins/biosynthesis
  3. Shiomi T
    Malays J Pathol, 2020 Dec;42(3):445-448.
    PMID: 33361727
    The author reports two cases of Bullous pemphigoid (BP) with neurofibroma (NF)-like histopathological change. The two patients without neurofibromatosis type 1 (NF1) presented with several bullae on their trunk. Based on the results of positivity for anti-BP180 antibody, direct immunofluorescence, and histopathological findings, they were diagnosed with BP. Histologically, another lesion in the dermis, which was composed of spindle cells with wavy nuclei, collagen fibers, and mast cells, was located close to the bulla. Immunohistochemically, the spindle cells were diffusely positive for S-100 protein and CD34, and weakly positive for epithelial membrane antigen in certain foci. These findings were considered to be "NF-like" histopathological change. This is the first two cases of BP with NF-like histopathological change in patients without NF1.
    Matched MeSH terms: S100 Proteins
  4. Noraidah M, Jasmi AY
    Malays J Pathol, 2003 Jun;25(1):57-61.
    PMID: 16196379
    Malignant melanoma involving the gastrointestinal tract is diagnosed antemortem in only a small percentage of patients with the disease. Presenting symptoms are often non-specific, causing a diagnostic problem. The vast majority of such melanomas are metastatic from a cutaneous primary, however there is evidence that the tumour can arise de novo in the gastrointestinal system. We report a 74-year-old man with malignant melanoma with an unusual presentation simulating a symptomatic gastric ulcer. He presented with epigastric pain, haematemesis and melaena. Explorative laparotomy revealed a large ulcerated tumour with several pigmented satellite nodules in the proximal stomach, multiple ileal nodules and widespread nodal and liver metastases. Proximal gastrectomy and limited small bowel resection was performed. Histology revealed the tumour to be composed of nests of epithelioid cells with melanin pigment. The tumour cells showed immunohistochemical positivity for S100 protein and HMB45 antibodies. This report emphasizes that melanoma should be a diagnostic consideration in patients with gastric ulcer.
    Matched MeSH terms: S100 Proteins/metabolism
  5. Siar CH, Ng KH
    J Nihon Univ Sch Dent, 1995 Sep;37(3):163-9.
    PMID: 7490610
    The lining epithelium of 15 cases of odontogenic keratocyst (OKC) was evaluated immunohistochemically. The peroxidase-antiperoxidase technique was applied to study the distribution of polyclonal keratin and S-100 protein while the indirect method was used to examine monoclonal vimentin and desmin reactivity. Consistent positive keratin staining was revealed in the lining epithelium of all 15 OKCs with additional intense staining in the stratum corneum. None of the cases showed vimentin or desmin reactivity within the lining epithelium elements. One of the 15 cysts studied showed positive S-100 protein staining in the nuclei of the lining epithelial cells. The pertinent literature on the immunophenotyping of the lining epithelium of OKC is reviewed.
    Matched MeSH terms: S100 Proteins/analysis
  6. Chong Huat Siar, Kok Han Ng
    J Nihon Univ Sch Dent, 1996 Mar;38(1):52-6.
    PMID: 8648412
    Two cases of either peripheral odontogenic fibroma (POF) (WHO type) or peripheral ameloblastoma are reported. Their immunohistochemical characteristics were investigated in an attempt to clarify their histogenesis. The results showed that the epithelial component of this neoplasm tended to retain its distinct odontogenic character and expressed a keratin profile different from that of the overlying oral epithelium from which both cases most probably originated. The connective tissue element of these tumors was vimentin-positive and S-100 protein negative, confirming their mesodermal nature but precluding the possibility of ectomesenchymal derivation. No reactivity for desmin was noted.
    Matched MeSH terms: S100 Proteins/analysis
  7. Siar CH, Ng KH
    Br J Oral Maxillofac Surg, 1993 Jun;31(3):183-6.
    PMID: 7685634
    Four cases of either combined occurrence of ameloblastoma and odontogenic keratocyst or a rare keratinising variant of ameloblastoma are presented. The cardinal histomorphologic characteristics are simultaneous occurrence of ameloblastomatous epithelial islands with central keratinisation and multiple keratinising cysts. Immunohistochemically the tumour elements were keratin positive and occasionally S-100 protein and desmin positive. Major differential diagnosis of these neoplasms are discussed.
    Matched MeSH terms: S100 Proteins/analysis
  8. Siar CH, Ng KH
    J Nihon Univ Sch Dent, 1993 Jun;35(2):134-8.
    PMID: 7692017
    Granular cell ameloblastoma (GCA) is a well recognized variant of follicular ameloblastoma with extensive granular cell change. In contrast, plexiform granular cell odontogenic tumor (PGCOT) is a rare and recently described lesion characterized histologically by a monophasic plexiform pattern of granular cells. In this paper, two cases of an unusual granular cell odontogenic tumor exhibiting combined features of these two entities are described along with their immunohistochemical characteristics. The granular cells of both the GCA and PGCOT areas showed similar patterns of expression for keratin and S-100, which differed from those of typical ameloblastoma. No reactivity for desmin or vimentin was noted. The histomorphologic and immunohistochemical features of these hybrid tumors suggest that the granular cells present have a common origin, most probably the odontogenic epithelium.
    Matched MeSH terms: S100 Proteins/analysis
  9. Siar CH, Ng KH
    J Nihon Univ Sch Dent, 1993 Jun;35(2):104-8.
    PMID: 7692015
    Seventeen cases of desmoplastic ameloblastoma were examined immunohistochemically. Immunoperoxidase techniques were applied for detection of keratin, desmin, vimentin and S-100 protein expression in these tumors. The tumor epithelium of desmoplastic ameloblastoma exhibited weak, focal, inconstant keratin staining, weak, variable expression of S-100 protein, desmin immunoreactivity of mild to moderate intensity and vimentin non-reactivity. The pertinent literature on the immunohistochemistry of ameloblastomas is briefly reviewed.
    Matched MeSH terms: S100 Proteins/analysis*
  10. Khoo JJ, Gunn A
    Malays J Pathol, 2005 Jun;27(1):9-16.
    PMID: 16676687
    AIM: To study the clinical features, histology and immunohistochemical properties of gastrointestinal stromal tumours (GISTs); and establish any parameters that can help prognosticate the malignant potential.
    METHODS: Twenty-six patients with GISTs who were seen in Sultanah Aminah Hospital Johor, Malaysia from 1999 to 2003 were selected for study. Patient, clinical characteristics and outcome based on surgical records were analysed. Tumour variables (tumour size, cellularity, mitotic count, necrosis and haemorrhage) were compared between very low to low risk groups and intermediate to high risk groups. The immunohistochemical properties of GISTs were also studied.
    RESULTS: Patients with GISTs presented mainly with pain, palpable mass or gastrointestinal tract bleeding. The tumours were seen in stomach (50%) followed by small intestine (38.5%) and rectum (11.5%). In the period of study, six patients had metastasis, mainly in the liver or peritoneum. Immunoreactivity for CD117, CD34, vimentin, S100, neuron specific enolase, alpha-smooth-muscle-actin and desmin were observed in 100%, 76.9%, 61.5%, 46.1%, 80.8%, 11.5% and 0% of tumours respectively. The behaviour of GISTs was largely dependent on tumour size and number of mitosis. Necrosis and haemorrhage were seen in tumours with high risk potential.
    Matched MeSH terms: S100 Proteins/immunology; S100 Proteins/metabolism
  11. Natarajan J, Hunter K, Mutalik VS, Radhakrishnan R
    J Appl Oral Sci, 2014 12 4;22(5):426-33.
    PMID: 25466476
    S100A4, a biomarker of epithelial mesenchymal transition (EMT), plays an important role in invasion and metastasis by promoting cancer cell motility. In oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC), metastasis results in 90% of cancer associated mortality.

    OBJECTIVE: To investigate the role of S100A4 expression as an important component of the epithelial mesenchymal transition (EMT) program in oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC).

    MATERIAL AND METHODS: S100A4 protein expression was assessed semi-quantitatively by immunohistochemistry in 47 histologically confirmed cases of oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC) and 10 normal oral mucosal biopsies. The association between the S100A4 overexpression and the aggressive features of OSCC were analyzed by X2 test.

    RESULTS: Moderate to strong cytoplasmic expression of S100A4 was observed in 30 out of 47 specimens of OSCC (64%). Overexpression of S100A4 was significantly associated with the clinical stage, lymph node involvement, metastases, pattern of invasion and recurrence (p<0.05).

    CONCLUSION: S100A4 expression represents an important biomarker of prognostic significance that may be used to identify a subset of patients at high risk of invasion and metast.

    Matched MeSH terms: S100 Proteins/metabolism*
  12. Mun KS, Pailoor J, Chan KS, Pillay B
    Malays J Pathol, 2009 Jun;31(1):57-61.
    PMID: 19694315 MyJurnal
    Extra-adrenal paragangliomata are uncommon entities. They can be classified into four basic groups according to their anatomical sites, i.e. branchiomeric, intravagal, aorticosympathetic and visceral autonomic. Similar tumours may arise in sites away from the usual distribution of the sympathetic and parasympathetic ganglia, e.g. orbit, nose, small intestine and even in the pancreas. We report three instructive cases of extra-adrenal paraganglioma which were found in unusual sites such as urinary bladder, thyroid gland and on the wall of the inferior vena cava.
    Matched MeSH terms: S100 Proteins/metabolism
  13. Siar CH, Ng KH
    J Nihon Univ Sch Dent, 1992 Jun;34(2):96-105.
    PMID: 1380072
    Twelve pleomorphic adenomas of minor salivary gland origin were examined for the distribution of S-100 protein, detected using the peroxidase-antiperoxidase (PAP) method. Strong S-100 protein immunoreactivity was noted in areas containing plasmacytoid cells, stellate and spindle cells against a myxochondroid or hyalinous stroma, and solid epithelial areas. Tubular and duct-like structures showed variable stainability. Stromal tissue and normal salivary glands were generally negative for S-100 protein. These findings were compared with those reported elsewhere.
    Matched MeSH terms: S100 Proteins/analysis*
  14. Palo S, Biligi DS
    Malays J Pathol, 2017 Apr;39(1):55-67.
    PMID: 28413206
    OBJECTIVE: Due several overlapping histomorphological features and pitfalls in thyroid pathology, there is need to establish a panel of immunomarkers that would aid in proper diagnosis. This study was carried out to investigate the ability of HBME-1, CK19, and S100 in differentiating between hyperplastic, benign and malignant thyroid lesions.

    MATERIALS AND METHODS: Immunohistochemical analysis of 60 thyroidectomy specimens (10 hyperplastic nodules, 14 follicular adenomas and 36 malignant thyroid neoplasms) was carried out. The extent and intensity of HBME-1, CK19, and S100 immunoreactivity was assessed in each case.

    RESULTS: HBME-1 positivity was noted in 86.1% of malignant cases while the majority of the benign lesions were negative. Diffuse strong CK19 positivity was documented in 27/31 papillary carcinoma whereas all cases of follicular carcinoma and medullary carcinoma were negative. Most of the hyperplastic nodules and follicular adenomas were also CK19 negative, although focal weak staining was noted in a few cases. S100 was positive only in medullary carcinoma. HBME-1 was most sensitive (86.1%) and specific (87.5%) in distinguishing between benign and malignant thyroid lesions. The diagnostic accuracy was further increased when HBME-1 was used simultaneously with CK19/S100/CK19+S100. The sequential use of HBME-1 and CK19 also proved beneficial in discriminating between the various follicular-patterned thyroid lesions.

    CONCLUSION: HBME-1 immunolabeling suggests malignancy, whereas strong diffuse CK19 positivity substantiates papillary differentiation. The utilization of these markers (alone or in combination) along with histomorphological evaluation is helpful in the differential diagnosis. S100 has minimal utility in this regard.

    Matched MeSH terms: S100 Proteins/analysis*
  15. Jayaram G, Mun KS, Elsayed EM, Sangkar JV
    Diagn Cytopathol, 2005 Jul;33(1):43-8.
    PMID: 15945093
    Tumors of dendritic reticulum cells are rare neoplasms that exhibit significant morphologic overlap with other malignancies. Fine-needle aspiration cytologic appearances of this neoplasm are not well understood. A 33-yr-old woman presented with a rapidly growing nodular mass in the right upper cervical region and right-sided ptosis. Fine-needle aspiration cytology of the mass showed dissociated as well as clustered, large, polygonal cells that showed high nuclear-cytoplasmic ratio. Nuclei were round, oval, or irregular in shape. Large and small blastoid forms with prominent nucleoli and chromatin clumping as well as binucleated cells and cells with lobulated nuclei were seen. Numerous mitoses were observed. The tumor cells expressed focal immunocytochemical reactivity to CD45 and CD68, but were negative for CD2, CD3, CD4, CD8, CD20, CD30, CD45RO, epithelial membrane antigen (EMA), cytokeratin, and HMB45. Histologic sections of the biopsy from the growth showed nodal tissue effaced by a tumor composed of large, pleomorphic neoplastic cells with some binucleate and multinucleate forms resembling Reed-Sternberg cells. The intervening stroma contained numerous small lymphocytes. Tumor cells expressed vimentin, S-100 protein, CD68, and MAC387, but were negative for LCA, CD1a, CD3, CD15, CD20, CD21, CD23, CD30, CD35, carcino-embryonic antigen, HMB45, cytokeratin AE1/3, EMA, myeloperoxidase, lysozyme, smooth-muscle actin, and desmin. The combined histologic and immunohistologic features suggested a histiocytic/dendritic reticulum cell neoplasm and a diagnosis of interdigitating dendritic reticulum cell sarcoma was made.
    Matched MeSH terms: S100 Proteins/analysis
  16. Sanjeev Sandrasecra, Sindhu Karpayah, Muhammad Ash-Shafhawi Adznan, Firdaus Hayati, Nornazirah Azizan, Rohamini Sibin
    Introduction: Rectal schwannoma is a rare gastrointestinal mesenchymal tumour with only a few numbers of cases has been reported. It is predominant in the stomach and small bowel, but uncommon in the colon and rectum. Case description: A 74-year-old man presented with features masquerading as low rectal malignancy with a malignant looking pedunculated polyp measuring 10 x 8 cm on colonoscopy. Punch biopsy revealed a diagnosis of benign tumour of schwannoma. After failure of multiple attempts of endoscopic resection, a decision of transanal excision was made. The histopathological assessment was consistent with the preoperative diagnosis and supported by immu-nohistochemistry of S-100 protein. His postoperative recovery was uneventful as he was discharged on the following day. There is no evidence of tumour recurrence on follow up. Conclusion: A huge tumour of the rectum is not always malignant. However, patient with features of low rectal tumour warrants an immediate referral to the surgical team as this non-communicable disease is a public health concern. Preoperative diagnosis is paramount for a necessary surgical intervention.
    Matched MeSH terms: S100 Proteins
  17. Tan CW, Ng MH, Ohnmar H, Lokanathan Y, Nur-Hidayah H, Roohi SA, et al.
    Indian J Orthop, 2013 Nov;47(6):547-52.
    PMID: 24379458 DOI: 10.4103/0019-5413.121572
    BACKGROUND AND AIM: Synthetic nerve conduits have been sought for repair of nerve defects as the autologous nerve grafts causes donor site morbidity and possess other drawbacks. Many strategies have been investigated to improve nerve regeneration through synthetic nerve guided conduits. Olfactory ensheathing cells (OECs) that share both Schwann cell and astrocytic characteristics have been shown to promote axonal regeneration after transplantation. The present study was driven by the hypothesis that tissue-engineered poly(lactic-co-glycolic acid) (PLGA) seeded with OECs would improve peripheral nerve regeneration in a long sciatic nerve defect.

    MATERIALS AND METHODS: Sciatic nerve gap of 15 mm was created in six adult female Sprague-Dawley rats and implanted with PLGA seeded with OECs. The nerve regeneration was assessed electrophysiologically at 2, 4 and 6 weeks following implantation. Histopathological examination, scanning electron microscopic (SEM) examination and immunohistochemical analysis were performed at the end of the study.

    RESULTS: Nerve conduction studies revealed a significant improvement of nerve conduction velocities whereby the mean nerve conduction velocity increases from 4.2 ΁ 0.4 m/s at week 2 to 27.3 ΁ 5.7 m/s at week 6 post-implantation (P < 0.0001). Histological analysis revealed presence of spindle-shaped cells. Immunohistochemical analysis further demonstrated the expression of S100 protein in both cell nucleus and the cytoplasm in these cells, hence confirming their Schwann-cell-like property. Under SEM, these cells were found to be actively secreting extracellular matrix.

    CONCLUSION: Tissue-engineered PLGA conduit seeded with OECs provided a permissive environment to facilitate nerve regeneration in a small animal model.

    Matched MeSH terms: S100 Proteins
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