The clinical severity of the mutations causing beta-thalassaemia in West Malaysia is presented. Thalassaemia clinical scores (Thal CS), a scoring system, has been formulated to predict clinical severity. It is the type of beta-thalassaemia mutation present that decides on the clinical phenotype. The most severe beta-thalassaemia mutation is assigned a score of 4. A score of 8 indicates a severe thalassaemia phenotype. Alpha-thalassaemia, increased synthesis of Hb F, and glucose-6-phosphate deficiency may ameliorate the clinical condition at phenotype level, and the co-inheritance of hereditary ovalocytosis aggravates it.
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