• 1 Department of Gastroenterology, Sanjay Gandhi Postgraduate Institute of Medical Sciences, Lucknow, India
  • 2 Department of Medicine, Yong Loo Lin School of Medicine, National University of Singapore, Singapore
  • 3 Department of Gastroenterology and Hepatology, The First Affiliated Hospital, Sun Yat-Sen University, Guangzhou, Guangdong, China
  • 4 Asian Institute of Gastroenterology, Hyderabad, India
  • 5 Department of Gastroenterology and Hepatology, Union Hospital of Tongji Medical College, Huazhong University of Science and Techonology, Wuhan, Hubei, China
  • 6 Division of Gastroenterology, Department of Internal Medicine, Cipto Mangunkusumo General Hospital/Faculty of Medicine, University of Indonesia, Jakarta, Indonesia
  • 7 Department of Gastroenterology, Korea University Guro Hospital, Seoul, South Korea
  • 8 Division of Gastroenterology, Department of Internal Medicine, Seoul St. Mary's Hospital, The Catholic University of Korea, Seoul, Korea
  • 9 GI Motility Research Unit, Division of Gastroenterology, Department of Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, Chulalongkorn University, Bangkok, Thailand
  • 10 Gastro Centre Ipoh, Ipoh, Perak, Malaysia
  • 11 Klinic Chong, Slim River, Perak, Malaysia
  • 12 Division of Gastroenterology & Hepatology, University Medicine Cluster, National University Hospital, Singapore
J Neurogastroenterol Motil, 2015 Jan 1;21(1):83-92.
PMID: 25537673 DOI: 10.5056/jnm14045


The development-processes by regional socio-cultural adaptation of an Enhanced Asian Rome III questionnaire (EAR3Q), a cultural adaptation of the Rome III diagnostic questionnaire (R3DQ), and its translation-validation in Asian languages are presented. As English is not the first language for most Asians, translation-validation of EAR3Q is essential. Hence, we aimed to culturally adapt the R3DQ to develop EAR3Q and linguistically validate it to show that the EAR3Q is able to allocate diagnosis according to Rome III criteria.

* Title and MeSH Headings from MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.

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