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  1. Hazwan Ab. Wahid, Kow, Ren Yi, Khan, Ed Simor, Komahen, Colin
    MyJurnal
    The occurrence of atlantoaxial rotatory subluxation is fairly uncommon; however, it is
    more common to be encountered in the paediatric population, typically seen after a
    retropharyngeal inflammation or after a minor trauma. Ligamentous laxity, shallower
    and more horizontally oriented facet joints especially at the C1-2 joint making them
    prone to have atlantoaxial subluxation or dislocation. (Copied from article).
  2. Kow, Ren Yi, Aziah Abdul Aziz, Muhammad Firdaus Abas, Low, Chooi Leng, Akmal Azim Ahmad Alwi
    MyJurnal
    The human foot serves as an important part to support
    the body weight and accounts for the majority of our
    movements. A mangled limb involves injury to at least
    three out of four systems, namely the soft tissues, nerves,
    blood supply and bone. While amputation is indicated in
    some cases of mangled limb, with proper planning, limb
    salvaging surgical management is also a viable option.
    Special consideration to the skeletal stabilization, control
    of infection, vascular status and soft tissue coverage is
    paramount to the success of limb salvaging surgery. We
    present a case of mangled limb which was successfully
    treated with limb salvaging surgical management. Initial
    debridement, Kirschner wires insertion and cross ankle
    external fixation were used for skeletal stabilization. An
    antibiotic spacer was inserted for local antibiotic and to
    maintain the length left due to the loss of medial and
    intermediate cuneiform bones. The anterior tibialis
    artery and its venae comitantes were utilized for free
    vascularized fibular graft to provide bony reconstruction
    as well as soft tissue coverage for the mangled foot.
  3. Kow, Ren Yi, Dhiauddin Hai Ismail, Jamaluddin Shafie, Ruben Jaya Kumar, Nor Hafliza Md Salleh, Low, Chooi Leng
    MyJurnal
    Marjolin’s ulcer is a malignant cutaneous ulcer
    that undergoes transformation from a previously
    traumatized or chronically inflammed skin.1 Causes
    leading to ulcerations can be burn injury, trauma,
    chronic osteomyelitis and varicose ulcers.2 It is named
    after a French surgeon, Jean Nicolas Marjolin, who
    first described the condition in patients who developed
    malignant ulcers from burn scars.3 We report a case of
    a chronic non-healing foot ulcer that has become a
    Marjolin’s ulcer after 12 years. (Copied from article).
  4. Kow, Ren Yi, Hazwan Ab Wahid, Ed Simor Khan Mor Japar Khan, Colin Komahen, Low, Chooi Leng, Ruben Jaya Kumar
    MyJurnal
    Cervical spine injury is commonly associated with
    road-traffic accidents. The true incidence of cervical
    spine injuries is unknown due to under-reporting of
    such injuries. Cervical spine injury is associated with
    high morbidity and mortality if it is missed. With the
    advancement of imaging modalities, the number of
    missed cervical injuries has reduced. Nevertheless, some
    clinicians are dependent solely on imaging tools to rule
    out cervical spine injury in a trauma victim. We report
    two cases of “near miss” C6 fracture to highlight the
    importance of a detailed clinical history and clinical
    examination with imaging as an adjunct to rule out
    cervical injury.
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