Displaying publications 1 - 20 of 268 in total

  1. Tan I, Wang CY
    Med J Malaysia, 1993 Jun;48(2):200-6.
    PMID: 8350796
    Fibreoptic intubation has been established as a major advance in the management of difficult or failed intubation in the awake patient. If necessary, it may be performed under general anaesthesia with either spontaneous or controlled ventilation. This should be considered early in the management of failed intubation, before multiple attempts with other techniques lead to haemorrhage and oedema in the airway. We describe here selected case reports to illustrate this in 8 different situations. This is followed by a brief review of the technique and indications of fibreoptic intubation.
  2. Wang CL, Ooi L, Wang F
    Br J Rheumatol, 1996 Feb;35(2):129-32.
    PMID: 8612023
    One hundred and seventy patients with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) were studied for the prevalence of antibodies to the small RNA-associated proteins Ro/SSA, La/SSB, Sm, U1RNP and Sm. The relationship of these autoantibodies to different races, sexes and clinical manifestations of SLE was evaluated. Passive immunodiffusion was employed using human spleen extract as antigen source for Ro and rabbit thymus extract for La, Sm and U1RNP. We found the prevalence of antibodies to be as follows: anti-Ro/SSA, 36%; anti-La/SSB, 8%; anti-Sm, 15% ; anti-U1RNP, 21%. Except for a low prevalence of anti-La, the prevalence of these antibodies was similar to that in Western studies, The prevalence of anti-Ro/SSA is similar to that reported in the Western studies, but lower than that reported in the Oriental patients from Singapore and Hong Kong. Linkages of anti-Ro with anti-La antibodies were usual; however, although anti-Sm antibodies were usually associated with anti-U1RNP, they were more frequently associated with anti-Ro antibodies. The Malay patients had a high prevalence of anti U1RNP compared to other races. No gender difference was detected. Anti-Sm antibody was associated with serositis and anti-U1RNP antibodies with Raynaud's phenomenon. No association was found between the presence of skin renal or cerebral manifestations and any specific antibodies or combination of antibodies.
  3. Azim N, Wang CY
    Anaesthesia, 2004 Jun;59(6):610-2.
    PMID: 15144304
    A 62-year-old male underwent off-pump coronary artery grafting surgery while cerebral function was monitored with bispectral index (BIS). The BIS monitoring was continued into the immediate postoperative period, during which time the patient experienced a cardiopulmonary arrest. The changes in the BIS values helped the resuscitating team in assessing the cerebral response to the cardiopulmonary resuscitation.
  4. Chan, H. Z., Wang, C. S., Azuhairy, A., Hau, A., Zulkiflee, O.
    Malays Orthop J, 2014;8(1):79-81.
    Primary sacral tumours are rare, therefore experience of managing their associated complications are very limited. Effective surgical treatment of pelvic chondrosarcoma remains a major challenge for orthopaedic surgeons, due to the complex anatomic structure of the pelvis, the lack of defined compartment borders, the close vicinity to vital structures, and the risk of jeopardizing pelvic structural stability. We report a rare case of a giant sacral chondrosarcoma (100cm x 80cm) in an elderly male who successfully underwent tumour resection with good functional outcome and recovery. Long term follow up is essential in view of the possibility of local tumour recurrence.
  5. Wang C, Bea K, Zulkiflee O
    Malays Orthop J, 2013 Nov;7(3):18-20.
    PMID: 25674302 MyJurnal DOI: 10.5704/MOJ.1311.002
    Clavicle fracture is commonly treated conservatively. However uncommon complication can arise causing impingement. We report a patient who sustained distal clavicle fracture and was treated conservatively. However he developed persistent shoulder pain that affected his daily life. Shoulder impingement was diagnosed and arthroscopic subacromioclavicular decompression was done. Following early physiotherapy the early recovery was good with full range of motion of the shoulder.
  6. Tan AS, Wang CY
    Anaesth Intensive Care, 2010 Jan;38(1):65-9.
    PMID: 20191779
    The aim of this randomised, controlled trial was to determine the optimum dose of fentanyl in combination with propofol 2.5 mg x kg(-1) when inserting the Classic Laryngeal Mask Airway. Seventy-five ASA I or II patients were randomly assigned to five groups of fentanyl dosage: 0 microg x kg(-1) (placebo), 0.5 microg x kg(-1), 1.0 microg x kg(-1), 1.5 microg x kg(-1) and 2.0 microg x kg(-1). Anaesthesia was induced by first injecting the study drug over 10 seconds. Three minutes after the study drug was injected, propofol (2.5 mg x kg(-1)) was injected over 10 seconds. The Classic Laryngeal Mask Airway was inserted four minutes and 30 seconds after injection of the study drug. Insertion conditions were evaluated using a four-category score. Thirty-nine males and 36 females aged 19 to 59 years were studied. The incidence of prolonged apnoea increased as fentanyl dose increased. We found that there was a high rate of successful first attempt at insertion with 1 microg x kg(-1) and 1.5 microg x kg(-1), 93% and 87% respectively, compared to 87% in the 2.0 microg x kg(-1) group. The 1.0 microg x kg(-1) group also achieved an 80% optimal insertion conditions score of 4, compared to 73% in the 1.5 microg x kg(-1) group and 80% in the 2 microg x kg(-1) group. Therefore we recommend 1.0 microg x kg(-1) as the optimal dose of fentanyl when used in addition to propofol 2.5 mg/kg for the insertion of the Classic Laryngeal Mask Airway.
  7. Shariffuddin II, Wang CY
    Anaesthesia, 2008 Jan;63(1):82-5.
    PMID: 18086075
    We compared the performance of the Ambu AuraOnce Laryngeal Mask with that of the LMA Classic laryngeal mask airway during controlled anaesthesia. Forty patients requiring intermittent positive pressure ventilation were studied using a randomised crossover design. The mean (SD) oropharyngeal leak pressure for the Ambu device (19 (7.5) cmH2O) was significantly greater than for the LMA Classic (15 (5.2) cmH2O; p = 0.004), and the number of attempts for successful insertions was significantly less (39 (50%) vs 45 (56%), respectively; p = 0.02). There was one failure to obtain a patent airway with the Ambu Laryngeal Mask and none with the LMA Classic. Insertion of the Ambu Laryngeal Mask required more manipulations to achieve a patent airway than did the LMA Classic (6 (15%) vs 1 (2.5%), respectively; p = 0.045), but the time taken for insertion was similar between the two groups. The incidence of trauma, grade of fibreoptic view, peak airway pressure and quality of ventilation during maintenance of anaesthesia were similar in both groups.
  8. Chiu CL, Wang CY
    Paediatr Anaesth, 1999;9(3):268-70.
    PMID: 10320610
    Two children with Tetralogy of Fallot presented for dental extraction. Anaesthesia was induced rapidly and smoothly by inhalation of sevoflurane. We discussed the advantages of sevoflurane as an induction agent as compared to halothane in these children.
  9. NG KP, Wang CY
    Paediatr Anaesth, 1999;9(6):491-4.
    PMID: 10597551
    Intubating conditions under halothane anaesthesia aided with alfentanil 20 micrograms.kg-1 were compared with suxamethonium 2 mg.kg-1 in 40 children presenting for day dental procedures. The condition of vocal cords, jaw relaxation and presence of movement and coughing were scored to give the overall intubating conditions. Successful intubation was achieved in 100% of the suxamethonium group and 94.7% of the alfentanil group. The cardiovascular response to intubation was attenuated in the alfentanil group. Some 43.7% of those receiving suxamethonium developed myalgia the day after surgery compared with 0% in the alfentanil group (P < 0.01).
  10. Wang CY, Ong GS
    Anaesthesia, 1993 Jun;48(6):514-5.
    PMID: 8322993
    A case of severe bronchospasm occurring during epidural anaesthesia in a patient undergoing Caesarean section is described. The aetiology of the bronchospasm may have been related to sympathetic nervous blockade allowing unopposed parasympathetically mediated bronchoconstriction.
  11. Chiu CL, Wang CY
    Anaesth Intensive Care, 2004 Feb;32(1):77-80.
    PMID: 15058125
    This is a preliminary report on the use of the modified Airway Management Device in 50 spontaneously breathing patients undergoing elective day care surgery. We were successful in establishing a clear airway in all 50 patients, 46 of these patients had a patient airway on the first attempt. All patients were successfully managed with the Airway Management Device throughout the surgery. Partial airway obstruction during maintenance of anaesthesia occurred in three cases requiring only minor manipulations. Our result showed that the Airway Management Device may be used as an alternative airway management in anaesthesia.
  12. Tang MY, Tang IP, Wang CY
    Med J Malaysia, 2014 Aug;69(4):151-5.
    PMID: 25500841 MyJurnal
    AIM: This was a randomized single blinded study to determine optimal size for Ambu®LMA (ALMA) among Malaysian adult population.

    METHODS: One hundred and twenty six non-paralyzed anaesthetized adult patients were block randomized into size 3, 4 and 5 Ambu®LMA. Optimal size is defined primarily by oropharyngeal pressure (OLP). Pharyngeal injury and ease of insertion are also taken into consideration.

    RESULTS: Mean OLP was significantly higher for Size 4 and 5 compared to size 3 (p<0.001) but similar between size 4 and 5. Number of insertion attempts and insertion time were similar between sizes. Size 5 required more manipulations during insertion (p<0.005) and had higher pharyngeal injury (p=0.001) compared to size 3 and 4.

    DISCUSSION: We recommend size 4 ALMA as the optimal size for Malaysian adults in view of the higher OLP compared to size 3, yet less pharyngeal injury than size 5 in spontaneously breathing patients.
  13. Chan H, Wang C, Azuhairy A, Hau A, Zulkiflee O
    Malays Orthop J, 2014 Mar;8(1):79-81.
    PMID: 25347391 DOI: 10.5704/MOJ.1403.007
    Primary sacral tumours are rare, therefore experience of managing their associated complications are very limited. Effective surgical treatment of pelvic chondrosarcoma remains a major challenge for orthopaedic surgeons, due to the complex anatomic structure of the pelvis, the lack of defined compartment borders, the close vicinity to vital structures, and the risk of jeopardizing pelvic structural stability. We report a rare case of a giant sacral chondrosarcoma (100cm x 80cm) in an elderly male who successfully underwent tumour resection with good functional outcome and recovery. Long term follow up is essential in view of the possibility of local tumour recurrence.
  14. Gan CS, Wang CW, Tan KS
    Genet. Mol. Res., 2012;11(1):147-52.
    PMID: 22370881 DOI: 10.4238/2012.January.27.1
    Cerebral ischemia or ischemic stroke is mainly attributed to vascular and circulation disorders. Among protein biomarkers, RNA profiles have also been identified as markers of ischemic stroke. MicroRNA-145 expression is ostensibly recognized as marker and modulator of vascular smooth muscle cell phenotype; however, expression levels in ischemic stroke had not been investigated. Employing real-time quantitative PCR, we examined the expression profile of circulatory microRNA-145 in healthy control subjects (N = 14) and ischemic stroke patients (N = 32). Circulatory microRNA-145 expression was significantly higher in ischemic stroke patients than in control subjects. This demonstrates that hemostatic mechanisms are affected by ischemic stroke. We conclude that circulating microRNA-145 has potential as a biomarker for ischemic stroke.
  15. Hui MT, Subash S, Wang CY
    Anaesthesia, 2011 Apr;66(4):274-7.
    PMID: 21401540 DOI: 10.1111/j.1365-2044.2011.06620.x
    The 50% and 95% effective doses of desflurane for removal of the classic laryngeal mask airway after suction of the upper airway, in anaesthetised spontaneously breathing adult patients, are not known. To determine these, we studied 38 healthy patients, aged between 18 and 44 years. The target desflurane concentration in each individual patient was determined by the Dixon up-and-down method. When the predetermined target end-tidal desflurane concentration reached steady state, we kept a constant end-expiratory partial pressure between the alveolus and the brain for 10 min before attempting to remove the classic laryngeal mask airway after suctioning the upper airway. The initial desflurane target concentration was set at 6% and up-down desflurane increments were 0.1%. This continued until there were at least six crossover pairs. From the probit analysis, the 50% effective dose of desflurane was 5.29% (95% CI 5.132-5.379%) and the 95% effective dose was 5.55% (95% CI 5.429-6.394%).
  16. Yong FL, Wang CW, Tan KS
    Genet. Mol. Res., 2015;14(4):13172-83.
    PMID: 26535630 DOI: 10.4238/2015.October.26.13
    Mitochondrial neurogastrointestinal encephalomyopathy (MNGIE) is a rare, autosomal recessive disorder associated with mutations in the thymidine phosphorylase (TYMP) gene. The main objective of this study was to characterize the genetic profiles of the deceased proband's family members (N = 4) using DNA sequencing and to determine miRNA deregulation in MNGIE using miRNA microarray profiling and bioinformatic analysis. We found that the genetic profile of the younger sister showed similar TYMP gene mutations as that of the proband with the exception of a heterozygous mutation in exon 10. The miRNA microarray revealed 55 significantly up-regulated and 65 significantly down-regulated miRNAs. These miRNAs have been implicated in various mitochondrial dynamics such as energy metabolism, Krebs cycle, mitochondria-associated apoptosis, and mitophagy. In conclusion, we demonstrate that blood miRNAs are deregulated in the pathogenesis of MNGIE and these changes may have therapeutic implications. Further experimental studies will be required to elucidate the functional miRNA-mRNA interactions in MNGIE.
  17. Chiu CL, Jaais F, Wang CY
    Br J Anaesth, 1999 May;82(5):757-60.
    PMID: 10536557
    We have compared the effect of rocuronium and succinylcholine on intraocular pressure (IOP) during rapid sequence induction of anaesthesia using propofol and fentanyl, in a randomized double-blind study. We studied 30 adult patients, allocated to one of two groups. Anaesthesia was induced with fentanyl 2 micrograms kg-1 and propofol until loss of verbal response. This was followed by succinylcholine 1.5 mg kg-1 (group S; n = 15) or rocuronium 0.9 mg kg-1 (group R; n = 15). Laryngoscopy was performed 60 s later. IOP, mean arterial pressure (MAP) and heart rate (HR) were measured before induction, immediately before intubation and every minute after intubation for 5 min. A Keeler Pulsair air impulse tonometer was used to measure IOP and the mean of two readings obtained in the right eye at each measurement time was recorded. Intubating conditions were evaluated according to a simple scoring system. IOP in the succinylcholine group was significantly greater than that in the rocuronium group (mean 21.6 (SEM 1.4) mm Hg vs 13.3 (1.4) mm Hg; P < 0.001). Intubating conditions were equally good in both groups. We conclude that with rapid sequence induction of anaesthesia using propofol and fentanyl, rocuronium did not cause as great an increase in IOP as succinylcholine and may be an alternative in open eye injury cases.
  18. Chiu CL, Tew GP, Wang CY
    Anaesthesia, 2001 Sep;56(9):893-7.
    PMID: 11531679
    We conducted a double-blind, randomised, placebo-controlled study evaluating the efficacy of prophylactic metaraminol for preventing propofol-induced hypotension. Thirty patients aged 55-75 years undergoing general anaesthesia were randomly allocated to receive either metaraminol 0.5 mg or saline before administration of fentanyl 1 microg.kg(-1) and propofol 2 mg.kg(-1). Induction of anaesthesia was associated with a decrease in mean and systolic arterial pressure in both groups (p = 0.0001). However, there was no significant difference between the two groups. These results show that prophylactic use of metaraminol 0.5 mg does not prevent the decrease in blood pressure following fentanyl and propofol induction in older patients.
  19. Wang CL, Wang F, Bosco JJ
    Lupus, 1995 Feb;4(1):11-4.
    PMID: 7767332 DOI: 10.1177/096120339500400103
    Ninety-two women with systemic lupus erythematosus treated with oral cyclophosphamide were studied to ascertain the prevalence and the factors associated with ovarian dysfunction. Menstrual disturbance during treatment occurred in 55% of patients: 36% had amenorrhoea and 19% had oligomenorrhoea. Sustained oligomenorrhoea occurred in 12% patients. Permanent amenorrhoea (> 12 months) after cessation of oral cyclophosphamide occurred in 27% of patients. Hormonal studies in these patients were consistent with ovarian failure. Older age at initiation of treatment and high cumulative dose of cyclophosphamide were found to be associated with this outcome. There was a trend towards linear relationship between the age of initiation of cyclophosphamide therapy and frequency of amenorrhoea. A statistically significant association between amenorrhoea and cumulative dose of cyclophosphamide after adjustment for age was found whereas no such association was linked to the duration of treatment. Fourteen of the 23 women who wished to become pregnant after cessation of treatment conceived resulting in 20 live births and two abortions.
  20. Wang F, Wang CL, Tan CT, Manivasagar M
    Lupus, 1997;6(3):248-53.
    PMID: 9104731 DOI: 10.1177/096120339700600306
    The aims of this study were to examine the clinical and laboratory features of Malaysian patients with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) and to identify any difference in disease expression between the different genders and among the three major ethnic groups of Malaysia. Retrospective analysis of all patients with SLE admitted to and followed-up at University Hospital Kuala Lumpur from 1974-90 was undertaken. Ethnic Chinese had the highest prevalence of SLE compared to other ethnic groups. There was a high incidence of renal disease, 74% of patient had significant proteinuria and half of these had associated nephrotic syndrome. Indian patients had significantly less incidence of skin manifestation compared to other racial groups. No difference in disease expression was detected between the ethnic Chinese and Indians and between the male and female patients. The overall 5 y and 10 y survival rates were 82% and 70% respectively. Indian patients had the poorest survival rates. Survival rates are similar among the Chinese and Malay patients. Our findings are in broad agreement with those previously reported.
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