Displaying publications 1 - 20 of 23 in total

Abstract:
Sort:
  1. Subramaniam, Selva Ranee, Raja Suzana Raja Kasim, Ramlee Ismail
    MyJurnal
    The pursuit for higher degrees is accelerating in the country. With mushrooming foreign and local graduates from non-university and university status institutions, it is critical to explore the types of qualification awarded and the existing platform for recognition and accreditation purposes. The objectives of this study are: (i) to gather information with regard to current policies and practices pertaining to recognition and accreditation systems of the higher education sector, with specific reference to Malaysia and china (ii) to review the existing policy between accreditation and recognition agencies/providers and (iii) to recommend best practices, guidelines and strategies for practical implementation in Malaysia. The methodology pursuit in Malaysia and china involved inspection of documents and purposive interviews. The research was implemented from May 2009 to november 2009. The results of the research revealed that though the worldview of mutual recognition agreement is to liberalise the education sector, the authentic situations prevailing in the country requires the purposive liberalization of the education sector, with periodic reviews for its appropriateness and relevance for the needs of the country (provisional and conditional), thereby ensuring regulatory, review and quality sustainability. The customized regulatory framework would be a prerequisite (conditional), with due attention be given to either implicit or explicit conditions in the recognition of academic degrees. In deliberating the mutual recognition agreement with jurisdiction including those which are more educationally advanced, selective emerging 'niche' areas and/or supportive (conditional) have been proposed. Finally, to strengthen the existing regulatory frame work, innovative provision in this legal framework is recommended.
  2. Ong, Eng Tek, Wong, Yew Tuang, Sopia Md Yassin, Sadiah Baharom, Asmayati Yahya, Zahid Md Said
    MyJurnal
    This study aimed to develop and validate an inventory that measures the whole range of basic and integrated science process skills as stipulated in the Malaysian science curricula and that is suitable for Malaysian lower secondary school students. The validated inventory was subsequently utilised to determine the differential acquisition of science process skills by gender, location, and ethnicity. In the instrument development phase which involves item generation and field testing, a reliable 60-item Malaysian-Based Basic and Integrated Science Process Skills Inventory (MB-BISPSI) that has a KR-20 reliability of 0.88, difficulty indices of items that range between 0.25-0.75 and discrimination indices which are above 0.4 was produced. In the main causal-comparative study using a sample of 1021 Form 2 students (548 girls and 473 boys) from seven (four rural and three interior) out of the eight secondary schools in Kapit Division, Sarawak, the findings indicate that the students achieved a mastery level which fell short of the two-third benchmark (e.g., 66.7%) for the overall science process skills, basic and integrated science process skills, and also for each of the 12 science process skills. Additionally, it was found that, while female students generally achieved a markedly higher mean percentage score in the overall Science Process Skills than did the male students, such phenomenon was only observed amongst the Kenyah ethnicity. There were no significant differences in science process skills acquisition between rural and interior students. Implications for a more thoughtful inculcation of science process skills are proffered alongside recommendations for future research using a more nationally representative sample to examine the validity of such generalisation.
  3. Mohd Jailani Mohd Nor, Rabiah Ahmad
    MyJurnal
    In Malaysia, all sectors are currently gearing themselves in supporting the initiatives of becoming a developed nation by the year 2020. The most important element in ensuring the success of this mission is to provide critical mass of knowledge workers to champion this cause. As such the Ministry of Higher Education Malaysia (MOHE) has established the National Higher Education Strategic Plan (NHESP), comprising seven thrusts which are very crucial in providing the much needed human capital and eco-system for this agenda. The essence of NHESP is also in line with other initiatives established by the government of Malaysia such as the National Key Results Area (NKRA) and the Government Transformation Plan (GTP). In fact MOHE has developed a systematic working model for the academia to play their role actively in driving the agenda of transforming Malaysia into a developed nation. The workforce required to spearhead the agenda for an innovation-led economy can be categorized into five different groups namely: Discoverers; Innovators; Inventors; Transformers; and Technopreneurs. It is very crucial for MOHE to develop and implement a comprehensive programme for producing a new breed of researchers that can contribute in translating government policies into a reality. This article presents the challenges and success stories in reforming the landscape of Research and Development in Malaysian universities and research institutions. The establishment of NHESP has made it possible for MOHE to systematically establish comprehensive guidelines for the management of research grants, standard for research conduct, instrument to measure research performance, and standardized reporting of research and innovation output. This new approach in the management of research at the ministry level has created positive ramifications for universities, research institutions, research management centres, and research leaders. During the first five-year cycle (2006-2010) of these research initiatives, and now into the second phase (2011-2015), positive results and outcomes have started to emerge. These results include increased in generation of articles on research findings published in reputable journals worldwide. Currently, Malaysia is recognized for achieving the world's fastest growth rate in number of journal publications. In addition, increased in number of postgraduate students, commercialization of R&D products and the establishment of Higher Institutions Centres of Excellence (HiCOE) contribute towards producing a new breed of great researchers in Malaysia. A continuing positive trend indicates that this phenomenal growth will be sustained for the next few years.
  4. Sanib Said
    MyJurnal
    Sejarah awal negara Malaysia yang terdapat dalam pensejarahan Asia Tenggara telah menjadi sumber rujukan di peringkat sekolah dan juga universiti. Periode dari 100EU hingga 1400EU lazimnya mengandungi naratif ringkas mengenai kerajaan tua. Semenanjung Tanah Melayu mewarisi negeri-kerajaan tua Kataha (Kedah), Langkasuka, Panpan, Chihtu dan Baruas yang telah lama terdapat dalam buku sejarah. Bagaimanapun Sarawak kini tidak mewaris apa-apa sedangkan pesisir pantai Borneo di sebelah barat, selatan dan timur terdapat banyak negeri-kerajaan tua seperti Sambas, Mempawah, Pontianak, Landak, Sukadana, Sampit, Banjarmasin, Kutei, Pasri, Bolongan dan Brunei. Terdapat kekosongan dari segi masa dan ruang dalam pensejarahan negeri Sarawak kini. Kajian yang lebih teliti terhadap beberapa sumber primer peribumi di Arkipelago Melayu seperti Silsilah Raja-Raja Brunei dan karya Jawa, Nagarakertagama, telah membongkar beberapa toponim seperti Sarawak, Samarahan, Saribas, Kalaka dan Malanau yang kini merupakan pusat pentadbiran negeri itu. Sumber primer peribumi telah menyatakan bahawa toponim ini adalah negeri yang pernah menjadi jajahan takluk Majapahit selepas itu di bawah Brunei pula. Karangan ini tuba memaparkan naratif ringkas seperti pendekatan yang terdapat dalam pensejarahan Asia Tenggara dan Semenanjung Malaysia. Akhirnya karangan ini mencadangkan negeri kerajaan awal yang diwarisi oleh negeri Sarawak sekarang dinobatkan ke dalam buku sejarah kurikulum sejarah Negara.
  5. Mohd Azlan Abdul Majid, Mariam Setapa, Noorita Mohammad
    MyJurnal
    Tujuan kertas kerja ini adalah untuk mengetahui hubungan, kesan ekonomi semasa dan faktor pencemaran terhadap modal, perbelanjaan terhadap pertumbuhan ekonomi terutamanya kepada Malaysia dan dibandingkan dengan negara seperti Jepun, Singapura dan Zimbabwe. Persoalan utama adalah sama ada modal dan perbelanjaan dapat berterusan menyumbangkan kepada pertumbuhan ekonomi ataupun tidak. Untuk mengkaji perhubungan, kami gunakan Test Unit Root (TUR); Augmented Dickey-Fuller Method (ADF), Phillip-Perron Test (PP) dan Kwiatkowski-Phillip-Schmidt-Shin (KPSS), Test Johansen Cointegration (TJC), diikuti Vector Error Correction Model (VECM) dan akhir sekali Test Granger Causality (TGC). Tujuan pengujian ini adalah untuk mengukur perhubungan, kestabilan dan kesahihan model. Kedua, untuk mengkaji kesan impak ekonomi kami gunakan Impulse Respond dan ujian Variance Decomposition yang menyelidik kesan berapa banyak dan berapa panjang model bertindakbalas kepada kesan Kegawatan Ekonomi Asia pada 1997 dan Kesan Serangan Pengganas di Amerika Syarikat pada September 2011. Ketiga kami juga megukur kesan perbelanjaan isi rumah dan kerajaan terhadap alam persekitaran. Kertas kerja ini mendapati, ia menyokong idea modal penjana pertumbuhan tetapi natijah perbelanjaan penjana pertumbuhan adalah berbeda mengikut tahap pertumbuhan. Di mana Malaysia dan Singapura menyokong sepenuhnya tetapi Jepun dan Zimbabwe hanya menyokong separa sahaja. Apabila kami mengukur impak kesan ekonomi pula, di dapati pada negara Zimbabwe tiada kesan antara krisis pada tahun 1997 ataupun pada 2001. Tetapi impak pada negara seperti Jepun, Malaysia dan Singapura pula berhadapan dalam posisi tidak baik pada krisis tahun 1997 tetapi keadaan yang baik pula pada krisis tahun 2001. Akhir sekali kami juga bangunkan theori pencemaran dimana untuk negara Zimbabwe ke semua pembolehubah seperti Perbelanjaan isi rumah (HC), Perbelanjaan Kerajaan (GC) dan Modal Tetap Kasar (GFC) tidak mempengaruhi pencemaran iaitu Karbon Dioksida (CO2). Tetapi natijah untuk negara Malaysia dan Singapura pula hanya HC mencipta CO2, tidak untuk GC dan GFC. Dan pengakhiran sekali Negara Jepun pula semua pembolehubah seperti GC,HC dan GFC mencipta pencemaran. Kesimpulannya krisis yang berlaku pada negara Amerika Syarikat pada tahun 2001 memberi kesan terus pada Negara Amerika tetapi tidak pada negara seperti Malaysia, Jepun dan Singapura, walhal negara-negara ini menadapat lambakan di dalam pasaran modal akibat perubahan ketidaktentuan dalam ekonomi Amerika seterusnya meningkatkan secara langsung Keluaran Dalam Negara Kasar (GDP). Walaubagaimanapun negara Zimbabwe tidak mempunyai kesan langsung sama ada sebelum atupun selepas masalah krisis ekonomi ini. Apabila kertas kerja ini mengkaji daripada sudut pembangunan lestari didapati Negara Zimbabwe seperti HC dan GC tidaklah mencemar seperti negara Malaysia dan Singapura yang menunjukkan HC punca pencemaran dan bukannya GC yang mungkin disebabkan skala ekonominya yang lebih kecil. Untuk negara Jepun pula disebabkan negara ini mempunyai skala ekonomi yang lebih besar HC dan GC adalah agen kepada pencemaran. Implikasinya model ini sepatutnya diambil kira dalam pembuat keputusan terutamanya untuk meninkatkan pertumbuhan ekonomi.
  6. Samna Shaik Ahmad Yusoff, Azimon Abdul Aziz, Suzanna Mohamed Isa
    MyJurnal
    Kesatuan Ekonomi ASEAN (AEC) merupakan realisasi matlamat akhir integrasi ekonomi yang diasaskan pada pemusatan keinginan negaranegara ASEAN untuk meluaskan intergrasi ekonomi melalui inisiatif baru dan sedia ada dalam kerangka masa yang telah ditetapkan. Dalam merealisasikan salah satu tindakan AEC yang telah dikenal pasti iaitu memperkasakan perlindungan pengguna ASEAN, pengharmonian undang-undang kontrak pengguna dilihat sebagai salah satu agenda penting ASEAN. Dengan berobjektifkan pengharmonian undang-undang kontrak ASEAN yang mengkhusus kepada penggunaan terma tidak adil dalam pasaran pengguna seterusnya mencadangkan ASEAN Model Law on Unfair Terms in Consumer Contracts, makalah ini mengadoptasi metodologi analisis kandungan berteraskan literatur undang-undang primer dan sekunder. Mengguna pakai undang-undang kes dan perundangan di enam negara ASEAN terpilih iaitu Malaysia, Singapura, Indonesia, Thailand, Filipina dan Brunei, penyelidikan ini mendapati wujud persamaan dalam mekanisme yang digunakan di negara-negara ASEAN ini dalam menangani permasalahan penggunaan terma tidak adil dalam kontrak pengguna. Namun walaupun perundangan dilihat sebagai mekanisme yang mampu menangani permasalahan ini, wujud perbezaan pendekatan dalam perundangan yang diadaptasi oleh negara-negara ASEAN tersebut. Penggunaan perundangan berorientasikan perlindungan pengguna bagi mengawal penggunaan terma tidak adil dalam kontrak pengguna jelas kelihatan di Malaysia, Singapura, Indonesia, Thailand dan Filipina. Penggunaan perundangan kontrak yang mengkhusus kepada terma tidak adil sebagai instrumen kawalan pula kelihatan di Singapura, Thailand dan Brunei. Dalam aspek ini, keunikan Singapura dan Thailand yang menangani permasalahan terma tidak adil dalam kontrak pengguna dengan mengadakan perlindungan melalui dua jenis perundangan yang berbeza menampakkan korpus perlindungan pengguna yang lebih mapan. Pendekatan yang berbeza yang diamalkan di beberapa negara ASEAN terpilih ini memperlihatkan satu korpus perlindungan pengguna yang unik dalam aspek kontrak pengguna tidak adil.
  7. Rahim Aman, Muhammad. Nur Latif
    MyJurnal
    Kajian ini untuk menunjukkan bahawa penentuan tanah air umat Melayu perlu dilihat dalam perspektif pendekatan atau teori yang baru, yakni teori 'The New Malay Homeland'. Ahli Linguistik sejarah pada abad ke-20 dan pada abad ini, iaitu pada abad ke-21 banyak telah melakukan kajian untuk membuktikan bahawa sebenarnya umat Melayu bukan bermigrasi daripada Yunan, sebaliknya daripada Taiwan dan kemudiannya menjadikan Borneo sebagai tanah air kedua umat Melayu. Untuk menjitukan lagi teori ini, maka kajian rekonstruksi dan klasifikasi bahasa Iban di Sarawak dilakukan agar maklumat-maklumat fosil linguistik yang wujud dalam bahasa Iban pada peringkat purbanya dapat membuktikan dan memperkukuhkan hujah bahawa teori di atas adalah benar. Dua kaedah kajian diaplikasi dalam penelitian ini, iaitu kaedah kepustakaan dan kaedah lapangan. Kaedah kajian kepustakaan lebih melihat kepada aspek pembacaan untuk mendapatkan maklumat berkaitan bidang kajian. Kajian-kajian awal ke atas bahasa Iban sejak abad ke-18 sehinga abad ke-21 telah diselidiki. Maklumat berkaitan bidang ilmu linguistik bandingan juga telah dibaca secara seksama. Berkaitan kaedah kajian lapangan, metode semak dan metode cakap dengan pengaplikasian teknik-teknik khas telah dilakukan. Berdasarkan lokasi kajian, tujuh varian bahasa Iban telah diteliti, yakni varian Iban Sri Aman (SA), Betong (BTG), Sarikei (SKEI), Sibu (SBU), Kapit (KPT), Bintulu (BTL) dan Limbang (LMBG) . Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahawa bahasa Iban Purba Sarawak (IPS) memiliki enam fonem vokal *a, *a, *i, *u, *e, *o; tiga diftong *-uy, *-ay, *-aw dan sembilan belas konsonan, iaitu *p, *b, *t, *d, *k, *g, */, *s, *h, *1, *r, *m, *n, *0, *N, *dZ, *tS, *w, dan *y. Beberapa inovasi fonologi juga diperoleh apabila perbandingan dilakukan antara IPS dengan Bahasa Melayik Purba (BMP), iaitu i) BMP *h > IPS */; ii) BMP *-d > IPS *zero, iii) BMP *-g > IPS *zero, iv), dan BMP *r, *1 > IPS *r. Pada tahap morfologi wujud inovasi dan retensi antara IPS dan BMP, iaitu BMP *ni/di > IPS *ba/ dan morfem BMP *{une (N)}, *{be(R)} dan *ite(R)1 diretensi sepenuhnya dalam IPS. Berdasarkan dapatan daripada kajian ini membuktikan bahawa terdapat ikatan rapat antara BMP dengan IPS dapatan ini juga membuktikan bahawa Borneo adalah tanah air kedua umat Melayu setelah umat ini bermigrasi keluar daripada Taiwan.
  8. Fadzilah Siraji, Yong Zulina Zubairi, Abdul Razak Saleh, Rohana Jani, Md. Yusoff Abu Bakar, Md. Radzi Johari
    MyJurnal
    Learning Strategy and Study Inventory (LASSI) merupakan suatu instrumen laporan kendiri yang digunakan untuk menilai strategi pembelajaran berdasarkan model umum pembelajaran kognitif dan model strategik pembelajaran. untuk mendapatkan maklumat tentang strategi pembelajaran pelajar Perubatan dan Pergigian di Institusi Pengajian Tinggi Awam (IPTA) dan Swasta (IPTS). Instrumen yang telah dibangunkan oleh LASSI diadaptasi dan digunapakai. Tiga komponen utama yang diukur dalam LASSI iaitu KEMAHuAn, KEMAHIrAn dan PErATurAn KEnDIrI. Populasi kajian merangkumi pelajar lepasan STPM dan Matrikulasi dari IPTA dan IPTS yang mengikuti program Perubatan serta Pergigian atau program Perubatan sahaja. Secara keseluruhannya, persepsi pelajar menunjukkan keperihatinan pelajar untuk mempelajari maklumat baru, sikap dan minat terhadap bidang yang dipelajari dan disiplin diri amat rendah berbanding pelajar di negara maju. Perbandingan skor pelajar IPTA dan IPTS menunjukkan terdapat perbezaan bagi faktor Kebimbangan, Pemprosesan Maklumat dan Strategi Pengujianan. Perbandingan skor pelajar lepasan Matrikulasi dan STPM pula menunjukkan tiada perbezaan signifikan bagi hampir semua skor bagi faktor LASSI kecuali Mat Bantu Pembelajaran dan Pengujian Kendiri. Perbandingan skor pelajar Perubatan dan Pergigian pula menunjukkan strategi pembelajaran bagi kedua dua kumpulan pelajar yang mengikuti bidang kritikal tersebut adalah sama dengan tiada sebarang perbezaan yang signifikan dalam sebarang faktor LASSI. Dapatan kajian juga menunjukkan bahawa keseluruhan pelajar yang mengikuti program kritikal mempunyai strategi pembelajaran yang kurang baik. Sehubungan itu pihak pengurusan perlu mengambil inisiatif untuk membantu pelajar dalam memperkemaskan strategi pembelajaran mereka. Strategi pembelajaran yang kurang efektif akan mengundang kesan sampingan yang tidak sihat seperti kemurungan atau stress di kalangan pelajar.
  9. Goh, Sang Seong, Tan, Tien Ping
    MyJurnal
    Makalah ini membincangkan tatacara yang dimanfaatkan untuk membangunkan perisian e-terjemahan bersuara chengyu daripada bahasa Cina kepada bahasa Melayu. Chengyu ialah ungkapan tetap dalam bahasa Cina yang biasanya terbentuk daripada gabungan empat aksara. Penggunaan chengyu adalah popular dan lazim dalam bentuk lisan dan tulisan. Chengyu bukan sahaja menghasilkan nilai estetika dalam bahasa dan kebahasaan, malahan mendukung ketamadunan bangsa melalui penzahiran pemikiran, falsafah dan sosiobudaya. Terjemahan chengyu bukan sahaja menggalakkan interaksi antarbahasa dan antarbudaya, malahan turut memperkaya khazanah keilmuan dan kepustakaan bahasa Melayu. E-terjemahan bersuara membolehkan pengguna mencari padanan chengyu dalam bahasa Melayu hanya dengan memasukkan kata kunci. Paparan chengyu dan padanannya serta segala maklumat tentang chengyu dan padanan berkenaan kemudiannya boleh diperdengarkan. Perisian ini amat sesuai digunakan untuk tujuan pengayaan gaya penulisan dan ucapan serta pengkajian tentang perbandingan bahasa dan cara pengamatan antara dunia bahasa Cina dengan dunia bahasa Melayu. Perisian ini juga bermanfaat untuk proses pembelajaran dan pengajaran serta penterjemahan bahasa Gina-bahasa Melayu. Tatacara pembangunan perisian ini terbahagi kepada empat fasa. Fasa pertama bermula dengan penelitian strategi penterjemahan chengyu ke dalam bahasa Melayu untuk mengenal pasti kaedah penterjemahan yang sesuai. Fasa kedua melibatkan penterjemahan chengyu ke dalam bahasa Melayu dengan memanfaatkan strategi penterjemahan yang dikenal pasti. Fasa ketiga ialah pembinaan pangkalan data dan pembangunan e-terjemahan bersuara. Fasa keempat yang bakal dilaksanakan ialah penilaian dan ujian penggunaan e-terjemahan bersuara yang dibangunkan.
  10. Foo, Sze-yeng, Raja Maznah Raja Hussain
    MyJurnal
    To help adults learners stay competitive in the changing work environments of the 21st century, the teaching and learning of adult learners ought to transition from the traditional didactic school of education to embrace self-directed and social forms of learning. This study proposes a conceptual framework of a mediated activity system in developing the e-socioconstructivist learning environment (eSCLE); which is a learner-centred environment incorporating the design of a physical and virtual learning space conducive for constructing knowledge and building upon existing knowledge in collaboration with others. The design of the eSCLE is a preliminary research attempt to develop instructional learning environments that reflect the unstructured seamless nature of lifelong self-directed learning. It was conducted among a cohort of Master of Instructional Technology (MIT) students enrolled in the Instructional Design and Development (IDD) Course in a local Higher Institution of Learning. Findings from survey questionnaires, content analysis, observation and interview reveal systemic tensions faced by learners in self-directing their learning in the eSCLE where it is suggested that appropriate balance and discretion in managing conflicting situations is needed. The integration of web-based technology is found to be able to scaffold self-directed learning as collaborative mediating tools where functional roles of both instructor and learner-determined web tools enable self-directed actions. Finally, the designed eSCLE is able to facilitate the development of self-directed learning as learners transition through various self-directed learning phases in a steep learning curve, towards continuous lifelong learning.
  11. Ahmad Azan Ridzuan, Azman Ismail
    MyJurnal
    This study was conducted to measure the relationship between service quality and customer's perceived value using a sample of 341 usable questionnaires gathered from the Malaysian Armed Forces Contingent who involved in peacekeeping mission at a Middle East country. The outcomes of SmartPLS path model showed five important findings: firstly, tangible significantly correlated with customer's perceived value. Second, responsiveness significantly correlated with customer's perceived value. Third, reliability significantly correlated with customer's perceived value. Fourth, assurance significantly correlated with customer's perceived value. Fifth, empathy significantly correlated with customer's perceived value. Statistically, this result confirms that the ability of service providers (MALBATT Headquaters) to properly implement tangible, responsiveness, reliability, assurance and empathy in delivering peacekeeping services have been important determinants of customer's perceived value in the organizational sample. In addition, discussions, implications and conclusion are elaborated.
  12. Norlela Samsudin, Mazidah Puteh, Ahmad Nazmi Fadzal, Mohd Tajul Hasnan Mohd Tajuddin
    MyJurnal
    The advancement in communication and Internet technology leads to mass of online data available on the Internet. People communicate to each other with application such as Facebook, Twitter, Short Message Service and e-forum. Entries or posts from these applications are known as microtexts. Normally a microtext is very short, very noisy and does not follow the correct structure of a sentence either in the English language or the Malay language. High occurrence of noisy texts decreases the accuracy value when microtexts are processed. This paper proposes a prototype of a system known as Sistem Penterjemahan Mesej Atas Talian (SPMAT). The objective of the system is to 'clean' noisy texts in microtexts that are created online by the Malaysian. 5000 Facebook messages, 5000 Twitter messages and 5000 e-forum messages were collected. From these sources, few lists such as common noisy texts list, common acronyms list artificial abbreviations list and Bi-gram index were created and used in the normalization processed. In addition, the system kept messages that it normalized and updated the corpus when instructed by the user. The methods used in SPMAT had been tested with 100 online messages. The result indicated that 80% of the noisy texts incorporated in these messages had been identified and cleaned correctly.
  13. Chong, Aik Lee, Sakaria Abas, Yee, Angelina Seow Voon
    MyJurnal
    Collaboration without performance measures is likened to a football game without a scoreboard. Traditionally, universities have operated in isolation industry and vice versa. University and industry were formed with different agenda and objectives. Fundamentally, a university is a nonprofit oriented organisation while industry is profit oriented. However, industrialisation and egalitarian awakening in the early 20'" century gradually brought university and industry together. Currently, university and industry are increasingly seeking avenues to collaborate strategically. Nevertheless, 50% to 70% of collaborative efforts fail prematurely due to the lack of performance measures. In light of that, there is a need to search for a set of holistic performance measures. Therefore, this study is undertaken to determine the performance measures of strategic university industry collaborations in Malaysia using dyadic multicases approach. The researcher analyses multiple cases from the perspectives of university and industry within a bounded system via qualitative research methodology. Interviews respondents were from university and industry. From the 68 interviews conducted, university and industry respondents shared their experiences on the need for performance measures to include trust, commitment, enterprise, communication, complementary, flexibility, commercialisation and resources on top of conventional performance measures like agreed objectives, timelines, financial indicators and reporting. With that, a set of holistic performance measures is established from interviews. The main contributions of the research findings are: (i) to policy-making for the Ministry of Higher Education of Malaysia; and (ii) to the body of knowledge in investigating the performance measures in satisfactory performance of strategic university-industry collaboration.
  14. Ruhaini Muda, Abdul Ghafar Ismail, Shahida Shahimi, Saiful Hafizah Jamaan
    MyJurnal
    The adoption of Profit-Loss Sharing arrangement in Islamic banking models can create value for their shareholders. Previous studies discuss Profit-Loss Sharing arrangement in the context of financial intermediation theory, but fail to link the adoption of Profit-Loss Sharing arrangement with value creation and to produce empirical evidence. The aim of this study is to address optimal conditions of the Profit-Loss Sharing contracts in Islamic banking models to minimize the problems of asymmetric information and transaction costs. Three propositions are presented to achieve the optimal conditions of Profit-Loss Sharing contracts in Islamic banking models that can create positive values, given that: First, for mudharaba contract, Islamic banks as rabbul maal give incentives of (0* (RP') to entrepreneurs if the positive value of the Islamic bank's expected net profit is obtained. Next, if an Islamic bank, as mudharib is appointed as wakeel, the depositors of mudharaba investment account are imposed 6*(m) for cost of processing information. Third, for musyaraka contract, the Islamic bank is proposed to incur monitoring cost of c* (y). In addition, this study also produces empirical evidence to determine to what extent the adoption of Profit-Loss Sharing arrangement in Islamic banks creates value for their shareholders. This study utilizes the Malaysian Islamic banks panel data from 2005-2009 and employs Economic Value Added (EVA) as a technique of value creation measurement of Islamic banks. The empirical findings reveal that there is no indication that the adoption of Profit-Loss Sharing arrangement on the deposits structure (MDIA) significantly creates positive value to Islamic banks. This result is consistent for both measurement of value creation against shorter and longer terms opportunity costs of capital employed. This suggests that Islamic banks utilize a lower cost of capital, as Non-mudharaba deposits accounts constitute a large amount of current and saving accounts. On the other hand, for asset structure, this study finds that funds allocated in Financing (FPLS) based on Profit-Loss Sharing arrangement results in a reduction in the value of Islamic banks. However, funds allocated in Securities Investment (FIM) using Profit-Loss Sharing arrangement are significant and create positive value. Collectively, the findings reveal that theoretically, Profit-Loss Sharing arrangement can create value for the shareholders of Islamic banks, and it is evident that Islamic banks need to extensively utilize Profit-Loss Sharing arrangement in Islamic banking operation.
  15. Joseph Sahaya Anand, T., Sivarao, Ganesh Kumar, K.
    MyJurnal
    Ni3A1 is an intermetallic compound which has unique property with temperature. Annealing is done at temperature 300, 500, and 700°C for 1 hour and analyzed with X-ray Diffraction (XRD) and Energy Dispersive X-ray (EDX) analysis for their crystallographic nature. EDX confirmed the composition of Ni3A1 with exact stoichiometry, whereas the XRD confirmed the crystallographic nature of the material. The mechanical properties by hardness results showed that Ni3A1 has highest Vickers hardness value of 554 HV when it is non-heat treated. Its hardness drops as it undergoes annealing process. Corrosion analysis by tafel test shows that its polarization resistance may increase up to 4145 W cm2 when annealed at high temperature. These results show that Ni3A1 is a promising material to be considered as an alternative automotive body.
  16. Nor Siia'adah Roslani, Shahrom Md Zain, Siti Kartom Kamaruddin
    MyJurnal
    Sel bahan api mikrob (SBAM) ialah sebuah bioreaktor yang bertindak menukarkan tenaga kimia kepada tenaga elektrik daripada pengoksidaan bahan organik oleh mikroorganisma. Kajian ini bertujuan untuk mengenalpasti kesan faktor jenis elektrod, pH dan luas permukaan elektrod katod (25.75 cm2 dan 51.50 cm2) terhadap prestasi penghasilan tenaga elektrik dengan menggunakan air sisa kumbahan domestik berkepekatan tinggi. SBAM berkepekatan 3750 mg/L COD yang menggunakan katolit pH 6.5 dan katod kertas karbon telah mencapai ketumpatan kuasa yang tertinggi, 61.98 mW/m2. Sementara SBAM berkepekatan 1375 mg/L COD yang menggunakan katolit pH 6.5 dan katod kain karbon telah mencapai ketumpatan kuasa yang tertinggi, 66.21 mW/m2. Penyingkiran COD berjaya mencapai sehingga 96 % di dalam reaktor SBAM ini. Penghasilan tenaga elektrik saling berkait rapat dengan parameter yang digunakan. Namun penambahan luas permukaan katod tidak memberikan kesan yang memberangsangkan terhadap pengeluaran tenaga elektrik.
  17. Cheong, Lee Mei, Fariza Hann Abdul Razak
    MyJurnal
    This exploratory study is part of an on-going project about digital cultures on ageism, anonymity, and gendering. An avatar is the graphical representation of the online user. The study investigates the avatars drawn by a group of 76 young adults studying in a local university. A face-to-face interview was conducted to ascertain the features drawn. Results show that the avatars are more characterized by the sexual features related to the body, face, clothes, and a major number of context elements. The females tend to represent themselves in greater detail than the males. The former created gendered identities for themselves according to their offline gender identity and social contexts. The study illustrates that the hand drawing is an effective tool that analyses the online representation in an unobtrusive way. The expressions of gendering show that gender is consciously constructed. Gendering of avatars does permeate the virtual world. This study is a valuable addition to the growing body of work on social interaction in cyberspace.
  18. Mohd Yasin MH, Sahari N, Nasution AH
    MyJurnal
    A literate and numerate population is the goal of any modern industrialized society. Literacy and mathematics skills carry the means by which children are equipped for the education processes on which their future will depend. Deaf and hard of hearing students' reading and mathematics skills are lower than that of others due to their inability. Before enhancing their literacy and mathematics skills, their standard of literacy and mathematics skills should first be identified. For this reason, the Malaysian Ministry of Education initiated the Literacy and Numeracy Screening (LINUS) program in 2009. However, problems arose in the assessment method of LINUS screening for these students since the LINUS screening method does not accommodate these students' situation and needs. Therefore, the researchers introduced internet-based Literacy and Mathematics Assessment (iLiMA) prototype that can overcome those problems. In the iLiMA prototype, sign language instruction video is used to standardize the assessment method in order to ensure that non-bias assessment could be established. The methodology used to develop this system is the Evolutionary Process Model - Prototype. The iLiMA prototype usability was assessed with the Computer System Usability Questionnaire (CSUQ) and conducted by using web-based survey method. The results indicate that the iLiMA prototype is usable and teachers are satisfied with it. Finally, the iLiMA prototype which had the potential to accommodate deaf and hard of hearing students to get a standardized and non-bias literacy and mathematics assessment was developed.
  19. Yong, Othman
    MyJurnal
    This study examines the issues of winner's curse, size effect and bandwagon effect in explaining the under-pricing phenomenon of Malaysian IPOs, for the period from January 2001 to December 2008. The average initial return for the Malaysian private placement IPOs (a proxy for informed investors) is significantly lower than that of the non-private placement IPOs (a proxy for uninformed investors), which gives support to the winner's curse hypothesis, where uninformed investors demand a higher initial return in the absence of informed investors. Using listing board as proxy for size of companies, we find that the smaller the company, the higher the average initial return, thus giving support to size effect, where investors usually demand higher initial return for smaller companies due to their higher perceived risk. The study also finds that the presence of a large number of informed investors as compared to uninformed investors in an IPO exercise will result in an increase in demand for that particular stock in the secondary market, which gives support to the bandwagon effect.
  20. Solehuddin Shuib, Sahari, B.B., Wong, Shaw Voon, Arumugam, Manohar, Halim Kadarman, A.
    MyJurnal
    Bone is a living tissue. It continuously reproduces its structure and its growth depends partly upon the applied mechanical load. After an implant is inserted, the load equilibrium is disturbed, leading to bone resorption and the stress shielding phenomena. Aseptic loosening is the main contributor for hip prosthesis failure. The purpose of the study is to determine the effect of bone resorption on the stress values and hence obtain a better understanding of the behavior of the stress adaptive bone-remodeling. The bone material used for the analysis was assumed to be isotropic and linearly elastic, and the external loads applied comprised of a femoral head load and an abductor load. A Finite element computer program for evaluating the changes in bone's density and modulus was developed. The values of stress for bone, cement mantle in medial, and lateral positions of Total Hip Replacement (THR) are presented. The failure mechanisms of THR with bone resorption observed the implant loosening since stress is reduced.
Related Terms
Filters
Contact Us

Please provide feedback to Administrator (tengcl@gmail.com)

External Links