Displaying publications 1 - 20 of 310 in total

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  1. Nathan AM, de Bruyne JA
    Indian J Pediatr, 2015 Jul;82(7):660-1.
    PMID: 25514886 DOI: 10.1007/s12098-014-1640-z
    Matched MeSH terms: Anti-Bacterial Agents/therapeutic use
  2. Loh KY
    Aust Fam Physician, 2007 Jul;36(7):554.
    PMID: 17619674
    A 25 year old college student with a past history of congenital heart disease presented with high grade fever and palpitations. He complained of painful red nodules on his finger pulp and his toes.
    Matched MeSH terms: Anti-Bacterial Agents/therapeutic use
  3. Lim VK
    Med J Malaysia, 1994 Dec;49(4):315-6.
    PMID: 7674965
    Matched MeSH terms: Anti-Bacterial Agents/therapeutic use
  4. Hussein bin Mohamed Sal
    Med J Malaysia, 1973 Jun;27(4):262-70.
    PMID: 4270783
    Matched MeSH terms: Anti-Bacterial Agents/therapeutic use
  5. Ponnampalam JT
    Med J Malaya, 1965 Mar;19(3):222-3.
    PMID: 4220474
    Matched MeSH terms: Anti-Bacterial Agents/therapeutic use
  6. Sultan S, Irfan SM, Kaker J, Hasan M
    Med J Malaysia, 2016 04;71(2):53-6.
    PMID: 27326941
    BACKGROUND: The effect of Helicobacter-pylori eradication therapy on the platelet counts in patients with immune thrombocytopenia is still debatable. The aim of this study was to assess the response rates of standard triple eradication therapy in secondary immune thrombocytopenia with Helicobacter pylori infection.

    METHODS: From January 2012 to December 2013, 197 patients were diagnosed to have immune thrombocytopenia, out of which 22(11.1%) patients infected with Helicobacter- Pylorus were enrolled in this study. Helicobacter-Pylori infection was documented by Helicobacter-pylori stool antigen enzyme immunoassay method. All positive patients were put on triple eradication therapy. The responses rates to treatment were defined as per International Working Group on ITP.

    RESULTS: Mean age of patients was 43.18±12.5 years. There were 10(45.5%) males and 12 (54.5%) females. Of the 22 patients, 7(31.8%) exhibited a complete response (CR) to Hpylori eradication therapy; 10(45.4%) attained a response; and 5(22.7%) had no response. Mean base line platelet counts were 53.36±24.5x109/l, while platelet counts at 4 week following eradication was 80.86±51.0x109/l (P=0.003). The predictive factor of response following eradication therapy was baseline platelet counts. Virtually all responders had baseline platelet counts >30x109/l and all non-responders had <30x109/l of platelet counts.

    CONCLUSIONS: Though the prevalence of H-pylori is low, this study confirmed the efficacy of eradication in increasing the platelet counts in H-pylori positive patients with ITP. It is an important measure in short time, safe and very cost effective to achieve platelets increment. We endorse the routine detection and eradication treatment of H-pylori infective ITP patients.

    Matched MeSH terms: Anti-Bacterial Agents/therapeutic use*
  7. Nami Y, Haghshenas B, Abdullah N, Barzegari A, Radiah D, Rosli R, et al.
    J. Med. Microbiol., 2015 Feb;64(Pt 2):137-46.
    PMID: 25525206 DOI: 10.1099/jmm.0.078923-0
    Genetic and environmental factors can affect the intestinal microbiome and microbial metabolome. Among these environmental factors, the consumption of antibiotics can significantly change the intestinal microbiome of individuals and consequently affect the corresponding metagenome. The term 'probiotics' is related to preventive medicine rather than therapeutic procedures and is, thus, considered the opposite of antibiotics. This review discusses the challenges between these opposing treatments in terms of the following points: (i) antibiotic resistance, the relationship between antibiotic consumption and microbiome diversity reduction, antibiotic effect on the metagenome, and disease associated with antibiotics; and (ii) probiotics as living drugs, probiotic effect on epigenetic alterations, and gut microbiome relevance to hygiene indulgence. The intestinal microbiome is more specific for individuals and may be affected by environmental alterations and the occurrence of diseases.
    Matched MeSH terms: Anti-Bacterial Agents/therapeutic use*
  8. Kho BP, Ong CMY, Tan FTY, Wee CY
    Med J Malaysia, 2013 Apr;68(2):136-40.
    PMID: 23629559 MyJurnal
    Upper respiratory tract infection (URTI) is mostly viral in aetiology, but patients presenting with such complaints are frequently prescribed antibiotics. This may result in increased development of antimicrobial resistance. The objectives of this study are to determine the choice and proportion of oral antibiotics prescribed in patients with URTI, in a Sarawak district hospital setting. All outpatient prescriptions received in July 2011 in 10 hospitals with relevant diagnoses were analysed. A total of 6747 URTI prescriptions met the inclusion criteria, and 64.8% (95% CI 63.7%, 65.9%) had antibiotic prescribed. Medical Assistants (MAs) were significantly more likely to prescribe antibiotics compared to Medical Officers (MOs) (p < 0.001). Prescribers were significantly influenced by the patient's age and specific diagnosis when prescribing antibiotics for URTI (p < 0.001). Antibiotic choices differed between MOs and MAs, where some of the antibiotic choices were inappropriate. There is a need for multi-faceted interventions to improve antibiotic prescribing rate and choice.
    Study site: 10 district hospitals, Sarawak, Malaysia
    Matched MeSH terms: Anti-Bacterial Agents/therapeutic use
  9. Lim AL, Pua KC
    Med J Malaysia, 2012 Jun;67(3):340-1.
    PMID: 23082433 MyJurnal
    Lemierre syndrome is an uncommon disease which commonly arise from acute bacterial oropharyngeal infection. This disease was first described in 1900 by Courmont and Cade Lemierre. It is commonly caused by Fusobacterium necrophorum. Lemierre syndrome has been reported to be serious and potentially fatal in the preantibiotic era. It is characterized by an oropharyngeal infection leading to secondary septic thrombophlebitis of the internal jugular vein with embolization to the lungs and other organs. The incidence has become relatively rare at present and is usually only diagnosed when unsuspected culture results are available. We report a case of Lemierre syndrome which was recently diagnosed in our centre.
    Matched MeSH terms: Anti-Bacterial Agents/therapeutic use*
  10. Daud J, Ishak SR, Deris ZZ, Hitam WH
    Asian Pac J Trop Biomed, 2011 Oct;1(5):419-20.
    PMID: 23569805 DOI: 10.1016/S2221-1691(11)60092-0
    Infectious conjunctivitis is a very common presentation to medical professional and ophthalmologist all over the world. Although its typically self-limiting and treatable in almost all of the cases, but we need to be aware of the rare and potentially life threatening if the cause is not promptly identified and treated accordingly. In our case report, we highlighted the rare case of Neisseria meningitidis as a primary cause of keratoconjunctivitis. Neisseria meningitidis is a rare etiology of keratoconjunctivitis and its ocular presentations are quite similar with other bacterial or viral infection. The infection may potentially fatal if systemic invasion occurred, however with immediate and proper treatment the outcome is satisfactory. Early diagnosis and proper antibiotic treatment are critical to prevent systemic spread of the infection. Public health intervention is needed to prevent outbreak of the disease.
    Matched MeSH terms: Anti-Bacterial Agents/therapeutic use
  11. Kuan YC, How SH, Ng TH, Fauzi AR
    Singapore Med J, 2010 Feb;51(2):e43-5.
    PMID: 20358143
    Melioidosis is known to cause abscesses in various organs, including the cranium, though less commonly. We present a patient with scalp abscess and subdural empyema that was visible on computed tomography of the brain. The neurosurgical drainage grew Burkholderia pseudomallei. Despite our best effort to treat the patient using parenteral antibiotics and surgical drainage, the patient did not survive.
    Matched MeSH terms: Anti-Bacterial Agents/therapeutic use
  12. Suhaili DN, Goh BS, Gendeh BS
    Med J Malaysia, 2010 Mar;65(1):49-52.
    PMID: 21265249 MyJurnal
    Acute sinusitis is most often a mild self-limiting disease. However, it may progress into severe and life threatening complications. One of the commonest being orbital complication of which visual loss is a direct consequence. In this 10 year retrospective study, the nature of orbital complication, clinical presentation and treatment modalities and outcome seen in children with acute sinusitis in a tertiary referral institute were reviewed. Of six patients, there was a case of preseptal cellulitis, 4 cases of subperiosteal abscess and one case of orbital abscess. Periorbital swelling was a common presenting feature. In 5 cases this was associated with proptosis with one case of impending optic nerve compression. The value of computed tomography and opthalmological examination as a component in the management plan is highlighted. All patients were treated with intravenous antibiotics but evidence of abscess collection warranted urgent surgical drainage in 5 patients, 3 being endoscopic drainage while external approach was done for the remaining 2 patients. Thus a child exhibiting orbital complication of acute sinusitis, prompt diagnosis and treatment is essential in obtaining the best outcome for the child.
    Matched MeSH terms: Anti-Bacterial Agents/therapeutic use
  13. Ismail TS
    Med J Malaysia, 2009 Sep;64(3):250-5; quiz 256.
    PMID: 20527283 MyJurnal
    Acute exacerbations of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) are important events in COPD patients and place a large burden on healthcare resources. COPD patients with frequent exacerbations have accelerated decline in lung function, poorer health status and are at higher risk of mortality. The mainstay of treatment includes increasing short acting bronchodilator therapy and systemic glucocorticosteroids with or without antibiotics. Non invasive ventilation is indicated in those with respiratory failure with acidosis or hypercapnia. Preventive strategies to reduce exacerbations include smoking cessation, immunisation against influenza and S. pneumonia, chronic maintenance inhaled pharmacotherapy, pulmonary rehabilitation and self management education.
    Matched MeSH terms: Anti-Bacterial Agents/therapeutic use
  14. Hazalin NA, Ramasamy K, Lim SM, Wahab IA, Cole AL, Abdul Majeed AB
    PMID: 19930582 DOI: 10.1186/1472-6882-9-46
    Endophytes, microorganisms which reside in plant tissues, have potential in producing novel metabolites for exploitation in medicine. Cytotoxic and antibacterial activities of a total of 300 endophytic fungi were investigated.
    Matched MeSH terms: Anti-Bacterial Agents/therapeutic use*
  15. Norazah A, Salbiah N, Nurizzat M, Santhana R
    Med J Malaysia, 2009 Jun;64(2):166-7.
    PMID: 20058580 MyJurnal
    A 64-year old patient, who had bacteraemia, did not respond to vancomycin despite the MRSA isolate being sensitive to the antibiotic at MIC 2 microg/mL. Electron microscopy of the MRSA isolate showed thickening of the cell wall, which was not observed in MRSA with lower vancomycin MIC.
    Matched MeSH terms: Anti-Bacterial Agents/therapeutic use*
  16. Petrick P, Kong NC, Nordiah AJ, Cheong IK, Tamil MA
    Med J Malaysia, 2007 Oct;62(4):329-34.
    PMID: 18551939 MyJurnal
    The clinical outcome of bacteraemic patients is influenced by many factors. It is vital to know one's own local hospital epidemiological data so as to provide optimal care to the affected patients. This was a prospective, observational study carried out in the said patient population over a period of four months in the year 2005. One hundred and ninety one patients presented with bacteraemia over the study period. Fifty-two (27%) of the patients died. Mechanical ventilation, inappropriate empirical antibiotic usage, Chinese ethnicity and low serum albumin levels independently affected prognosis. These factors should alert physicians to those patients who require more intensive monitoring and care.
    KEY WORDS:
    Bacteraemia, Blood Culture Positive, Outcome, Risk factors, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia
    Matched MeSH terms: Anti-Bacterial Agents/therapeutic use
  17. Jahanfar S, Ng CJ, Teng CL
    PMID: 19160255 DOI: 10.1002/14651858.CD005458.pub2
    BACKGROUND: Mastitis can be caused by ineffective positioning of the baby at the breast or restricted feeding. Infective mastitis is commonly caused by Staphylococcus Aureus. Incidence of mastitis in breastfeeding women may reach 33%. Effective milk removal, pain medication and antibiotic therapy have been the mainstays of treatment.

    OBJECTIVES: This review aims to examine the effectiveness of antibiotic therapies in relieving symptoms for breastfeeding women with mastitis with or without laboratory investigation.

    SEARCH STRATEGY: We searched the Cochrane Pregnancy and Childbirth Group's Trials Register (December 2007), the Cochrane Central Register of Clinical Trials (The Cochrane Library 2007, Issue 4), MEDLINE (1996 to 2007) and EMBASE (January 1985 to 2007). We contacted investigators and other content experts known to us for unpublished trials and scanned the reference lists of retrieved articles

    SELECTION CRITERIA: Randomized and quasi-randomized clinical trials comparing the effectiveness of various types of antibiotic therapies or antibiotic therapy versus alternative therapies for the treatment of mastitis were selected.

    DATA COLLECTION AND ANALYSIS: Two authors independently assessed trial quality and extracted data. When in dispute, we consulted a third author.

    MAIN RESULTS: Two trials met the inclusion criteria. One small trial (n = 25) compared amoxicillin with cephradine and found no significant difference between the two antibiotics in terms of symptom relief and abscess formation. Another, older study compared breast emptying alone as "supportive therapy" versus antibiotic therapy plus supportive therapy, and no therapy. The findings of the latter study suggested faster clearance of symptoms for women using antibiotics, although the study design was problematic.

    AUTHORS' CONCLUSIONS: There is insufficient evidence to confirm or refute the effectiveness of antibiotic therapy for the treatment of lactational mastitis. There is an urgent need to conduct high-quality, double-blinded randomized clinical trials to determine whether antibiotics should be used in this common postpartum condition.
    Matched MeSH terms: Anti-Bacterial Agents/therapeutic use*
  18. Valayatham V
    Int J Infect Dis, 2009 Mar;13(2):e53-5.
    PMID: 18829361 DOI: 10.1016/j.ijid.2008.06.015
    Salmonella sp is a significant cause of morbidity and mortality. Although commonly infecting the gastrointestinal system, other presentations are not unheard of. Salmonella is an unlikely and an unusual cause of genital tract infection. We describe a woman with suspected pelvic inflammatory disease eventually confirmed as Salmonella O C2 infection.
    Matched MeSH terms: Anti-Bacterial Agents/therapeutic use
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