Displaying publications 1 - 20 of 91 in total

  1. Salah H, Tamam N, Rabbaa M, Abuljoud M, Zailae A, Alkhorayef, et al.
    Appl Radiat Isot, 2023 Feb;192:110548.
    PMID: 36527854 DOI: 10.1016/j.apradiso.2022.110548
    Computed tomography coronary angiography (CTCA) has generated tremendous interest over the past 20 years by using multidetector computed tomography (MDCT) because of its high diagnostic accuracy and efficacy in assessing patients with coronary artery disease. This technique is related to high radiation doses, which has raised serious concerns in the literature. Effective dose (E, mSv) may be a single parameter meant to reflect the relative risk from radiation exposure. Therefore, it is necessary to calculate this quantity to point to relative radiation risk. The objectives of this study are to evaluate patients' exposure during diagnostic CCTA procedures and to estimate the risks. Seven hundred ninety patients were estimated during three successive years. The patient's exposure was estimated based on a CT device's delivered radiation dose (Siemens Somatom Sensation 64 (64-MDCT)). The participating physicians obtained the parameters relevant to the radiation dose from the scan protocol generated by the CT system after each CCTA study. The parameters included the volume CT dose index (CTDIvol, mGy) and dose length product (DLP, mGy × cm). The mean and range of CTDIvol (mGy) and DLP (mGy × cm) for three respective year was (2018):10.8 (1.14-77.7) and 2369.8 ± 1231.4 (290.4-6188.9), (2019): 13.82 (1.13-348.5), and 2180.5 (501.8-9534.5) and (2020) 10.9 (0.7-52.9) and 1877.3 (149.4-5011.1), respectively. Patients' effective doses were higher compared to previous studies. Therefore, the CT acquisition parameter optimization is vital to reduce the dose to its minimal value.
    Matched MeSH terms: Coronary Angiography/adverse effects; Coronary Angiography/methods
  2. Vu H, Khanh Tuong TT, Hoang Lan N, Quoc Thang T, Bilgin K, Hoa T, et al.
    Clin Ter, 2022 11 15;173(6):565-571.
    PMID: 36373456 DOI: 10.7417/CT.2022.2483
    Background: Various non-invasive methods have been studied for assessing the severity of fatty liver disease and coronary atherosclero-sis. However, the correlation between hepatic steatosis and coronary atherosclerosis has not been fully studied, either globally or specifically in Vietnam. This study investigated the association between nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) and coronary atherosclerosis using coronary computed tomography angiography (CCTA).

    Methods: An analytical cross-sectional study was performed, including 223 patients treated by the Cardiology Department, the Emergency Interventional Cardiology Departments, and the Internal Cardiology Clinic of Thong Nhat Hospital.

    Results: In our cohort of 223 patients, the NAFLD was detected in 66% of the population, the mean coronary artery stenosis (CAS) was 44.54% ± 20.23%, and the mean coronary artery calcium score (CACS) was 3569.05 ± 425.99, as assessed using the Agatston method. The proportion of patients with significant atherosclerotic plaque (CAS 50%) >was 32%, whereas the remaining 68% had insignificant stenosis. Among our study population, 16% had no coronary artery calcification, 38% had mild calcification, and 46% had moderate to severe calcification. In the group of NAFLD patients, 33.3% had significant atherosclerotic plaque, which was not significantly different from the rate in individuals without NAFLD (p = 0.51). Mild coronary artery calcification was detected in 37.4% of NAFLD patients, and moderate to severe calcification was detected in 48.3% (p = 0.45).

    Conclusions: NAFLD was not found to be strongly associated with coronary atherosclerosis in this study. More studies with larger sample sizes remain necessary to verify whether any correlation exists.

    Matched MeSH terms: Coronary Angiography/methods
  3. Tan SK, Yeong CH, Raja Aman RRA, Ng KH, Abdul Aziz YF, Chee KH, et al.
    Br J Radiol, 2018 Jul;91(1088):20170874.
    PMID: 29493261 DOI: 10.1259/bjr.20170874
    OBJECTIVE: This study aimed (1) to perform a systematic review on scanning parameters and contrast medium (CM) reduction methods used in prospectively electrocardiography (ECG-triggered low tube voltage coronary CT angiography (CCTA), (2) to compare the achievable dose reduction and image quality and (3) to propose appropriate scanning techniques and CM administration methods.

    METHODS: A systematic search was performed in PubMed, the Cochrane library, CINAHL, Web of Science, ScienceDirect and Scopus, where 20 studies were selected for analysis of scanning parameters and CM reduction methods.

    RESULTS: The mean effective dose (HE) ranged from 0.31 to 2.75 mSv at 80 kVp, 0.69 to 6.29 mSv at 100 kVp and 1.53 to 10.7 mSv at 120 kVp. Radiation dose reductions of 38 to 83% at 80 kVp and 3 to 80% at 100 kVp could be achieved with preserved image quality. Similar vessel contrast enhancement to 120 kVp could be obtained by applying iodine delivery rate (IDR) of 1.35 to 1.45 g s-1 with total iodine dose (TID) of between 10.9 and 16.2 g at 80 kVp and IDR of 1.08 to 1.70 g s-1 with TID of between 18.9 and 20.9 g at 100 kVp.

    CONCLUSION: This systematic review found that radiation doses could be reduced to a rate of 38 to 83% at 80 kVp, and 3 to 80% at 100 kVp without compromising the image quality. Advances in knowledge: The suggested appropriate scanning parameters and CM reduction methods can be used to help users in achieving diagnostic image quality with reduced radiation dose.

    Matched MeSH terms: Coronary Angiography/methods*
  4. Majid Y, Warade M, Sinha J, Kalyanpur A, Gupta T
    Biomed Imaging Interv J, 2011 01 01;7(1):e2.
    PMID: 21655111 DOI: 10.2349/biij.7.1.e2
    Noninvasive imaging of coronary artery disease is rapidly replacing angiography as the first line of investigation. Multislice CT is the non-invasive modality of choice for imaging coronary artery disease and provides high speed with good spatial resolution. CT coronary angiography in addition to detecting and characterising atherosclerotic coronary artery disease is also a good imaging tool for evaluating anomalies of coronary arteries. Superdominant right coronary artery with absent left circumflex artery is one such rare coronary artery anomaly which is well evaluated with multislice CT angiography. The authors report one such case of superdominant right coronary artery with absent left circumflex artery imaged with 64-slice MDCT.
    Matched MeSH terms: Coronary Angiography
  5. Tajfard M, Latiff LA, Rahimi HR, Moohebati M, Hasanzadeh M, Emrani AS, et al.
    Mol Cell Biochem, 2017 Nov;435(1-2):37-45.
    PMID: 28534120 DOI: 10.1007/s11010-017-3054-5
    Cytokines play a key role in the pathogenesis of coronary artery disease (CAD). The aim of current study was to investigate the relationship between the serum concentrations of 12 cytokines with mortality and extent of CAD in individuals undergoing angiography and healthy controls. 342 CAD patients were recruited and divided into 2 groups: those with ≥50% occlusion in at least one coronary artery [Angiography (+)] or <50% obstruction in coronary arteries [Angiography (-)]. Also 120 healthy subjects were enrolled as control group. Lipid profile, fasting blood glucose, body mass index, and blood pressure were evaluated in all the subjects. An Evidence Investigator® was used for measuring 12 cytokines (IL-1α, IL-1β, IL-2, IL-4, IL-6, IL-8, IL-10, TNF-α, MCP-1, IFN-γ, EGF, VEGF) using sandwich chemiluminescent assays. Univariate analysis, multivariate regression models, ROC, and Kaplan-Meier survival curves were used for exploring the candidate markers in CAD patients. Serum level of IFN-γ, IL-4, MCP-1, EGF, IL-6, and IL-8 were markedly higher in angiogram-positive patients, while VEGF concentrations were significantly (P 2.16 pg/mL IL-6 had a > 94% sensitivity and 70% specificity in predicting 2 years mortality in the subjects with a serum MCP-1 > 61.95 pg/ mL, and patients having IL-6/MCP-1 combination had a shorter survival.Our findings demonstrate that CAD patients with serum MCP-1 and IL-6 levels of >61.95 and >2.16 pg/mL had a higher mortality with 94.1% sensitivity and 70.5% specificity for predicting mortality in CAD patients.
    Matched MeSH terms: Coronary Angiography*
  6. Gheith OA, Nagib AM, Halim MA, Mahmoud T, Nair P, Abo-Atya H, et al.
    Iran J Kidney Dis, 2023 Jan;1(1):47-53.
    PMID: 36739490
    INTRODUCTION: Data regarding contrast-induced nephropathy (CIN) in kidney transplant (KT) recipients are scarce despite the distinct risk factors such as the use of immunosuppressive agents, sympathetic denervation, glomerular hyperfiltration, and high prevalence of the cardiovascular disease. This study aimed to determine the prevalence of CIN in KT recipients who received low-osmolality iodine-based contrast material (CM) for radiological assessment.

    METHODS: Between 2010 and 2020, 79 of the 3180 KT recipients followed at Hamed Al-Essa organ transplant center received low-osmolality iodine-based contrast for radiological assessment for various indications. Preventive measures including holding metformin, intravenous hydration, sodium bicarbonate and N-acetylcysteine were given before contrast administration. CIN was defined as an increase in serum creatinine of 25% from the baseline within 72 hours.

    RESULTS: The enrolled patients were divided into two groups: those who developed CIN (n = 7) and those with no increase in serum creatinine level (n = 72). The mean age of the patients was 52.1 ± 12.3 years; 44 of them were males, and the cause of end-stage kidney disease was mostly diabetic nephropathy. The pre-transplant demographics were comparable between the two groups. Fortyseven cases received contrast for coronary angiography, and 32 received it for a CT scan. The graft function deteriorated in group 1, but no significant difference was found between the two groups at the end of the study.

    CONCLUSION: CIN is not uncommon in KT recipients receiving CM, especially with ischemic heart disease. Risk stratification, optimizing hemodynamics, and avoiding potential nephrotoxins are essential before performing CM-enhanced studies in KT recipients.  DOI: 10.52547/ijkd.7165.

    Matched MeSH terms: Coronary Angiography/adverse effects
  7. Shariff RER, Kasim SS
    Clin Med (Lond), 2020 03;20(2):215-216.
    PMID: 32188662 DOI: 10.7861/clinmed.2019-0501
    A 31-year-old man presented with central chest heaviness. He was a smoker of 15 pack-years, but otherwise had no other comorbidities. He was also a professional footballer. There was no family history of sudden cardiac deaths of note. In view of a low to intermediate pre-test probability for coronary artery disease (CAD), computed tomography coronary angiography (CTCA) was performed, revealing an anomalous, malignant right coronary artery (RCA), originating from the left main coronary stem. Malignant RCAs are rare, and the majority of patients remain asymptomatic. However, malignant RCAs have been associated with both myocardial infarctions and sudden cardiac deaths, which has led to difficulty in deciding on whether a 'watchful waiting' approach or more proactive approach should be adopted. Unfortunately, there remains a lack of evidence to help guide treatment decisions. Furthermore, there are no known guidelines on managing coronary anomalies in athletes, such as the case presented. As the majority of national guidelines have largely recommended CTCA as first-line investigation in patients with low to intermediate risk of CAD with chest pain, incidental finding of coronary anomalies will become more common, urging the need for guidelines to help with directing management in such cases.
    Matched MeSH terms: Coronary Angiography
  8. Pandya A, Yu YJ, Ge Y, Nagel E, Kwong RY, Bakar RA, et al.
    J Cardiovasc Magn Reson, 2022 01 06;24(1):1.
    PMID: 34986851 DOI: 10.1186/s12968-021-00833-1
    BACKGROUND: Although prior reports have evaluated the clinical and cost impacts of cardiovascular magnetic resonance (CMR) for low-to-intermediate-risk patients with suspected significant coronary artery disease (CAD), the cost-effectiveness of CMR compared to relevant comparators remains poorly understood. We aimed to summarize the cost-effectiveness literature on CMR for CAD and create a cost-effectiveness calculator, useable worldwide, to approximate the cost-per-quality-adjusted-life-year (QALY) of CMR and relevant comparators with context-specific patient-level and system-level inputs.

    METHODS: We searched the Tufts Cost-Effectiveness Analysis Registry and PubMed for cost-per-QALY or cost-per-life-year-saved studies of CMR to detect significant CAD. We also developed a linear regression meta-model (CMR Cost-Effectiveness Calculator) based on a larger CMR cost-effectiveness simulation model that can approximate CMR lifetime discount cost, QALY, and cost effectiveness compared to relevant comparators [such as single-photon emission computed tomography (SPECT), coronary computed tomography angiography (CCTA)] or invasive coronary angiography.

    RESULTS: CMR was cost-effective for evaluation of significant CAD (either health-improving and cost saving or having a cost-per-QALY or cost-per-life-year result lower than the cost-effectiveness threshold) versus its relevant comparator in 10 out of 15 studies, with 3 studies reporting uncertain cost effectiveness, and 2 studies showing CCTA was optimal. Our cost-effectiveness calculator showed that CCTA was not cost-effective in the US compared to CMR when the most recent publications on imaging performance were included in the model.

    CONCLUSIONS: Based on current world-wide evidence in the literature, CMR usually represents a cost-effective option compared to relevant comparators to assess for significant CAD.

    Matched MeSH terms: Coronary Angiography
  9. Givehchi S, Safari MJ, Tan SK, Md Shah MNB, Sani FBM, Azman RR, et al.
    Phys Med, 2018 Jan;45:198-204.
    PMID: 29373248 DOI: 10.1016/j.ejmp.2017.09.137
    PURPOSE: Accurate determination of the bifurcation angle and correlation with plaque buildup may lead to the prediction of coronary artery disease (CAD). This work evaluates two techniques to measure bifurcation angles in 3D space using coronary computed tomography angiography (CCTA).

    MATERIALS AND METHODS: Nine phantoms were fabricated with different bifurcation angles ranging from 55.3° to 134.5°. General X-ray and CCTA were employed to acquire 2D and 3D images of the bifurcation phantoms, respectively. Multiplanar reformation (MPR) and volume rendering technique (VRT) were used to measure the bifurcation angle between the left anterior descending (LAD) and left circumflex arteries (LCx). The measured angles were compared with the true values to determine the accuracy of each measurement technique. Inter-observer variability was evaluated. The two techniques were further applied on 50 clinical CCTA cases to verify its clinical value.

    RESULTS: In the phantom setting, the mean absolute differences calculated between the true and measured angles by MPR and VRT were 2.4°±2.2° and 3.8°±2.9°, respectively. Strong correlation was found between the true and measured bifurcation angles. Furthermore, no significant differences were found between the bifurcation angles measured using either technique. In clinical settings, large difference of 12.0°±10.6° was found between the two techniques.

    CONCLUSION: In the phantom setting, both techniques demonstrated a significant correlation to the true bifurcation angle. Despite the lack of agreement of the two techniques in the clinical context, our findings in phantoms suggest that MPR should be preferred to VRT for the measurement of coronary bifurcation angle by CCTA.

    Matched MeSH terms: Coronary Angiography/instrumentation; Coronary Angiography/methods*
  10. Sabarudin A, Sun Z, Yusof AK
    Int J Cardiol, 2013 Sep 30;168(2):746-53.
    PMID: 23098849 DOI: 10.1016/j.ijcard.2012.09.217
    This study is conducted to investigate and compare image quality and radiation dose between prospective ECG-triggered and retrospective ECG-gated coronary CT angiography (CCTA) with the use of single-source CT (SSCT) and dual-source CT (DSCT).
    Matched MeSH terms: Coronary Angiography/methods; Coronary Angiography/standards*
  11. Wang TK, Oh TH, Samaranayake CB, Webster MW, Stewart JT, Watson T, et al.
    Int J Clin Pract, 2015 Dec;69(12):1465-72.
    PMID: 26304046 DOI: 10.1111/ijcp.12723
    Coronary angiography is the gold standard for assessing coronary artery disease (CAD). In many patients with chest pain, no or mild CAD (< 50% stenosis) is found. It is uncertain whether this 'non-significant' result influences management and outcomes. We reviewed characteristics and outcomes in a contemporary cohort of chest pain referrals who had mild or absent CAD on coronary angiography.
    Matched MeSH terms: Coronary Angiography
  12. Sze TL, Abdul Aziz YF, Abu Bakar N, Mohd Sani F, Oemar H
    Iran J Radiol, 2015 Jan;12(1):e6878.
    PMID: 25793089 DOI: 10.5812/iranjradiol.6878
    Coronary artery fistula (CAF) is a rare anomaly of the coronary artery. Patients with this condition are usually asymptomatic. However, cardiac failure may occur later in life due to progressive enlargement of the fistula. Diagnosis is traditionally made by echocardiogram and conventional angiogram. However with the advantage of new technologies such as computed tomography (CT) coronary angiography, the course and communications of these fistulae can be delineated non-invasively and with greater accuracy. We report a case of a left circumflex artery fistula to the coronary sinus which was suspected on echocardiogram and the diagnosis was clinched on ECG-gated CT.
    Matched MeSH terms: Coronary Angiography
  13. Ngow, H.A., Wan Khairina, W.M.N.
    A 43-year-old man presented with acute extensive anterior ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction. During coronary angiogram, a segment of myocardial bridging was noted in the mid-segment of left anterior descending artery. The association of myocardial bridging and an anterior ST segment elevation is rarely reported in the medical literature. Myocardial bridging is caused by systolic compression of a coronary artery by overlying myocardium tissue. It is a rare coronary artery anomaly, which usually has a benign prognosis despite some case reports of myocardial ischemia leading to myocardial infarction, lethal arrhythmias and sudden cardiac death. We report one such case of myocardial bridging that was complicated with acute extensive anterior myocardial infarction.
    Matched MeSH terms: Coronary Angiography
  14. Sayuti KA, Azizi MYSB
    BMJ Case Rep, 2020 Apr 22;13(4).
    PMID: 32327461 DOI: 10.1136/bcr-2019-234225
    We report a case of a 46-year-old woman who has presented to a peripheral hospital with progressive exertional dyspnoea and chest discomfort. The resting ECG showed features of left-sided ventricular hypertrophy. The initial chest radiograph was reported as cardiomegaly. Initial echocardiography revealed left atrial dilatation and 'left ventricular' hypertrophy with normal ejection fraction. She was treated as possible coronary artery disease and was subsequently referred to our centre for CT coronary angiography. Findings from the CT scan were consistent with congenitally corrected transposition of the great arteries (ccTGA). This report describes the radiological features of ccTGA, its associated cardiovascular anomalies, pathophysiology and potential complications.
    Matched MeSH terms: Coronary Angiography
  15. Gowda ST, Latson L, Sivakumar K, Hiremath G, Crystal M, Law M, et al.
    Circ Cardiovasc Interv, 2021 12;14(12):e009750.
    PMID: 34903033 DOI: 10.1161/CIRCINTERVENTIONS.120.009750
    BACKGROUND: Coronary artery fistulas (CAFs) presenting in infancy are rare, and data regarding postclosure sequelae and follow-up are limited.

    METHODS: A retrospective review of all the neonates and infants (<1 year) was conducted from the CAF registry for CAF treatment. The CAF type (proximal or distal), size, treatment method, and follow-up angiography were reviewed to assess outcomes and coronary remodeling.

    RESULTS: Forty-eight patients were included from 20 centers. Of these, 30 were proximal and 18 had distal CAF; 39 were large, 7 medium, and 2 had small CAF. The median age and weight was 0.16 years (0.01-1) and 4.2 kg (1.7-10.6). Heart failure was noted in 28 of 48 (58%) patients. Transcatheter closure was performed in 24, surgical closure in 18, and 6 were observed medically. Procedural success was 92% and 94 % for transcatheter closure and surgical closure, respectively. Follow-up data were obtained in 34 of 48 (70%) at a median of 2.9 (0.1-18) years. Angiography to assess remodeling was available in 20 of 48 (41%). I. Optimal remodeling (n=10, 7 proximal and 3 distal CAF). II. Suboptimal remodeling (n=7) included (A) symptomatic coronary thrombosis (n=2, distal CAF), (B) asymptomatic coronary thrombosis (n=3, 1 proximal and 2 distal CAF), and (C) partial thrombosis with residual cul-de-sac (n=1, proximal CAF) and vessel irregularity with stenosis (n=1, distal CAF). Finally, (III) persistent coronary artery dilation (n=4). Antiplatelets and anticoagulation were used in 31 and 7 patients post-closure, respectively. Overall, 7 of 10 (70%) with proximal CAF had optimal remodeling, but 5 of 11 (45%) with distal CAF had suboptimal remodeling. Only 1 of 7 patients with suboptimal remodeling were on anticoagulation.

    CONCLUSIONS: Neonates/infants with hemodynamically significant CAF can be treated by transcatheter or surgical closure with excellent procedural success. Patients with distal CAF are at higher risk for suboptimal remodeling. Postclosure anticoagulation and follow-up coronary anatomic evaluation are warranted.

    Matched MeSH terms: Coronary Angiography
  16. Abdullah KA, McEntee MF, Reed W, Kench PL
    J Med Imaging Radiat Oncol, 2016 Aug;60(4):459-68.
    PMID: 27241506 DOI: 10.1111/1754-9485.12473
    The aim of this systematic review is to evaluate the radiation dose reduction achieved using iterative reconstruction (IR) compared to filtered back projection (FBP) in coronary CT angiography (CCTA) and assess the impact on diagnostic image quality. A systematic search of seven electronic databases was performed to identify all studies using a developed keywords strategy. A total of 14 studies met the criteria and were included in a review analysis. The results showed that there was a significant reduction in radiation dose when using IR compared to FBP (P  0.05). The mean ± SD difference of image noise, signal-noise ratio (SNR) and contrast-noise ratio (CNR) were 1.05 ± 1.29 HU, 0.88 ± 0.56 and 0.63 ± 1.83 respectively. The mean ± SD percentages of overall image quality scores were 71.79 ± 12.29% (FBP) and 67.31 ± 22.96% (IR). The mean ± SD percentages of coronary segment analysis were 95.43 ± 2.57% (FBP) and 97.19 ± 2.62% (IR). In conclusion, this review analysis shows that CCTA with the use of IR leads to a significant reduction in radiation dose as compared to the use of FBP. Diagnostic image quality of IR at reduced dose (30-41%) is comparable to FBP at standard dose in the diagnosis of CAD.
    Matched MeSH terms: Coronary Angiography/methods*
  17. Ying CK, Kandaiya S
    J Radiol Prot, 2010 Sep;30(3):585-96.
    PMID: 20826892 DOI: 10.1088/0952-4746/30/3/012
    Interventional cardiology (IC) procedures are known to give high radiation doses to patients and cardiologists as they involve long fluoroscopy times and several cine runs. Patients' dose measurements were carried out at the cardiology department in a local hospital in Penang, Malaysia, using Gafchromic XR-RV2 films. The dosimetric properties of the Gafchromic film were first characterised. The film was energy and dose rate independent but dose dependent for the clinically used values. The film had reproducibility within ± 3% when irradiated on three different days and hence the same XR-RV2 dose-response calibration curve can be used to obtain patient entrance skin dose on different days. The increase in the response of the film post-irradiation was less than 4% over a period of 35 days. For patient dose measurements, the films were placed on the table underneath the patient for an under-couch tube position. This study included a total of 44 patients. Values of 35-2442 mGy for peak skin dose (PSD) and 10.9-344.4 Gy cm(2) for dose-area product (DAP) were obtained. DAP was found to be a poor indicator of PSD for PTCA procedures but there was a better correlation (R(2) = 0.7344) for CA + PTCA procedures. The highest PSD value in this study exceeded the threshold dose value of 2 Gy for early transient skin injury recommended by the Food and Drug Administration.
    Matched MeSH terms: Coronary Angiography*
  18. Sim KH, Ong TK, Chin SP, Wong M
    Indian Heart J, 2007 Mar-Apr;59(2 Suppl B):B25-32.
    PMID: 19153433
    Matched MeSH terms: Coronary Angiography/methods*
  19. Chee KH, Siaw FS, Chan CG, Chong WP, Imran ZA, Haizal HK, et al.
    Int J Clin Pract, 2005 Jun;59(6):628-31.
    PMID: 15924588
    This single centre study was designed to demonstrate feasibility, safety and efficacy of the Vivant Z stent (PFM AG, Cologne, Germany). Patients with de novo lesion were recruited. Coronary angioplasty was performed with either direct stenting or after balloon predilatation. Repeated angiogram was performed 6 months later or earlier if clinically indicated. Between January to June 2003, a total of 50 patients were recruited (mean age 55.8 +/- 9 years). A total of 52 lesions were stented successfully. Mean reference diameter was 2.77 mm (+/-0.59 SD, range 2.05-4.39 mm) with mean target lesion stenosis of 65.5% (+/-11.6 SD, range 50.1-93.3%). Forty-six lesions (88.5%) were American College of Cardiologist/American Heart Association class B/C types. Direct stenting was performed in 18 (34.6%) lesions. Mean stent diameter was 3.18 mm (+/-0.41 SD, range 2.5-4 mm), and mean stent length was 14.86 mm (+/-2.72 SD, range 9-18 mm). The procedure was complicated in only one case which involved the loss of side branch with no clinical sequelae. All treated lesions achieved Thrombolysis In Myocardial Infarction 3 flow. Mean residual diameter stenosis was 12.2% (+/-7.55 SD, range 0-22.6%) with acute gain of 1.72 mm (+/-0.50 SD, range 0.5-2.8). At 6 months, there was no major adverse cardiovascular event. Repeated angiography after 6 months showed a restenosis rate of 17% (defined as >50% diameter restenosis). Mean late loss was 0.96 mm (+/-0.48 SD) with loss index of 0.61 (+/-0.38 SD). The restenosis rate of those lesions less than 3.0 mm in diameter was 22.2% compared with 6.25% in those lesions more than 3.0 mm in diameter. The Vivant Z stent was shown to be safe and efficacious with low restenosis rate in de novo coronary artery lesion.
    Matched MeSH terms: Coronary Angiography/methods
Contact Us

Please provide feedback to Administrator (afdal@afpm.org.my)

External Links