Displaying publications 1 - 20 of 26 in total

  1. Taib F, Mohamad N, Mohamed Daud MA, Hassan A, Singh MS, Nasir A
    Urology, 2012 Oct;80(4):931-3.
    PMID: 22854139 DOI: 10.1016/j.urology.2012.05.021
    Fibrosarcoma is rare in the pediatric age group. It generally involves the extremities and the trunk but rarely involves the genital area. We report a case of a large fungating infantile fibrosarcoma of the penis in a 2-year-old Malay boy. Partial recovery of the penile structure was achieved after chemotherapy. The difficulty in managing the social and surgical aspect of this case is discussed in our report. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first case report of infantile fibrosarcoma involving the penis in an Asian region.
    Matched MeSH terms: Cyclophosphamide/administration & dosage
  2. Lee SM
    Singapore Med J, 1990 Aug;31(4):317-20.
    PMID: 2175049
    Seventeen patients with small cell lung cancer (SCLC) were treated with cyclophosphamide, adriamycin and vincristine (CAV) combination chemotherapy. The overall response rate was 76.5% with 47% achieving complete response and 29.5% partial response. In limited and extensive stage disease, complete response was achieved in 67% and 36.5% respectively. Chinese were the predominant ethnic group affected (82%). Six patients presenting with superior vena cava obstruction responded significantly to CAV chemotherapy alone. Median survival for patients with extensive disease was 7.4 months. All patients with limited disease were still alive. Two relapsed patients with limited disease achieved significant response to VP-16/Cisplatin combination chemotherapy.
    Matched MeSH terms: Cyclophosphamide/administration & dosage
  3. Wang F, Looi LM, Chua CT
    Q. J. Med., 1982;51(203):312-28.
    PMID: 7146313
    One hundred and forty-eight patients over the age of 12 years seen from July 1972 through December 1980 were accepted for this review of minimal change glomerular disease (MCGD). The diagnosis was based on a typical clinical presentation, and renal biopsy findings. MCGD forms 43.5 per cent of our patients with idiopathic nephrotic syndrome. The patients were predominantly young adults (82 per cent) and the onset of nephrotic syndrome (NS) occurred below the age of 30 years. Most patients had severe oedema and hypoalbuminaemia. Few patients recovered spontaneously. One hundred and thirty patients were given long-term alternate-day steroid (LASt) therapy. Four had cyclophosphamide alone, 21 patients had cyclophosphamide after a trial of LASt. Eighty-four patients (62.7 per cent) were initial responders: 17 of these after cyclophosphamide, 26 (19.4 per cent) were initial non-responders: five cyclophosphamide, 19 were late responders. Nine patients were partial responders, six were non-responders and one went into renal failure. Forty-one patients defaulted, emigrated or were seen only locally at the time of study. Ninety-nine patients were followed for three to 102 months (mean 23 . 3 months). Thirty-seven patients were followed for 36 to 102 months. Relapses were infrequent but occurred as late as 60 months.
    Matched MeSH terms: Cyclophosphamide/administration & dosage
  4. Adlan A, Sen DK, Sivanesaratnam V
    Med J Malaysia, 1981 Sep;36(3):159-65.
    PMID: 7329372
    Matched MeSH terms: Cyclophosphamide/administration & dosage
  5. Tiash S, Othman I, Rosli R, Chowdhury EH
    Curr Drug Deliv, 2014;11(2):214-22.
    PMID: 24328684
    Most of the classical drugs used today to destroy cancer cells lead to the development of acquired resistance in those cells by limiting cellular entry of the drugs or exporting them out by efflux pumps. As a result, higher doses of drugs are usually required to kill the cancer cells affecting normal cells and causing numerous side effects. Accumulation of the therapeutic level of drugs inside the cancer cells is thus required for an adequate period of time to get drugs' complete therapeutic efficacy minimizing the side effects on normal cells. In order to improve the efficacy of chemotherapeutic drugs, nanoparticles of carbonate apatite and its strontium (Sr(2+))-substituted derivative were used in this study to make complexes with three classical anticancer drugs, methotrexate, cyclophosphamide and 5-flurouracil. The binding affinities of these drugs to apatite were evaluated by absorbance and HPLC analysis and the therapeutic efficacy of drug-apatite complexes was determined by cell viability assay. Carbonate apatite demonstrated significant binding affinity towards methotrexate and cyclophosphamide leading to more cellular toxicity than free drugs in MCF-7 and 4T1 breast cancer cells. Moreover, Sr(2+) substitution in carbonate apatite with resulting tiny particles less than 100 nm in diameter further promoted binding of methotrexate to the nanocarriers indicating that Sr(2+)-substituted apatite nanoparticles have the high potential for loading substantial amount of anti-cancer drugs with eventual more therapeutic effectiveness.
    Matched MeSH terms: Cyclophosphamide/administration & dosage*
  6. Ti TK, Yong NK
    Med J Malaysia, 1974 Mar;28(3):165-70.
    PMID: 4278036
    Matched MeSH terms: Cyclophosphamide/administration & dosage
  7. Thong KM, Chan TM
    Lupus, 2019 Mar;28(3):334-346.
    PMID: 30744523 DOI: 10.1177/0961203319829817
    OBJECTIVES: Infection is an important concern in lupus nephritis treatment, but few studies have focused on this complication. Available data suggest marked variation in occurrence and outcome. This meta-analysis and review aims to provide an overview of infective complications, focusing on the risk factors and outcomes.

    METHODS: Original articles on lupus nephritis Class III/IV/V published in the period January 1980 to December 2016 were identified from the Pubmed/Medline electronic database. Meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials was performed to investigate total and serious infections at different phases of treatment and their associated factors. A descriptive review that included all studies was also performed, providing details on the types of infection, infection-related mortality, and potential impact of different eras on infection rates.

    RESULTS: A total of 56 studies (32 randomized controlled trials) were included. The incidence rates of overall and serious infections were higher during the induction than maintenance phase of therapy, with serious infections occurring at 8.2-50 and 3.5 per 100 patient-years, respectively. Recent data, predominantly from Asia, suggested lower rates of overall infections with induction regimens that included tacrolimus compared with mycophenolate (risk ratio 0.50, 95% confidence interval 0.33-0.76, p = 0.001). Mycophenolate as induction treatment was associated with lower overall infection risks than cyclophosphamide in non-Asians (risk ratio 0.60, 95% confidence interval 0.48-0.75, p 

    Matched MeSH terms: Cyclophosphamide/administration & dosage
  8. Ghazali WSW, Daud SMM, Mohammad N, Wong KK
    Medicine (Baltimore), 2018 Oct;97(42):e12787.
    PMID: 30334968 DOI: 10.1097/MD.0000000000012787
    The aims of this study were to determine damage index in systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) patients based on Systemic Lupus International Collaborating Clinics/American College of Rheumatology (SLICC/ACR) Damage Index (SDI) and to determine the laboratory and clinico-demographic factors affecting SDI.This is a retrospective cohort study of 94 SLE patients attending rheumatology clinics in 2 local hospitals in Kelantan, Malaysia. The patients were divided into 2 groups based on SDI score assigned by the attending physician, 0 (without damage) or ≥1 (with damage). Newly diagnosed SLE patients with disease duration less than 6 months were excluded.A total of 45 (47.9%) SLE patients showed damage by SDI score. Majority of the subjects had neuropsychiatric damages (21/94; 22.3%) followed by skin (12/94; 12.8%) and musculoskeletal (6/94; 6.4%) damage. SDI score was significantly associated with higher disease duration (6.2 ± 6.57 years vs 4.5 ± 3.7 years; P = .018), lower prednisolone dose (8.74 ± 10.89 mg vs 4.89 ± 3.81 mg; P 
    Matched MeSH terms: Cyclophosphamide/administration & dosage
  9. Jasmin R, Sockalingam S, Shahrizaila N, Cheah TE, Zain AA, Goh KJ
    Lupus, 2012 Sep;21(10):1119-23.
    PMID: 22433918 DOI: 10.1177/0961203312440346
    Peripheral neuropathy is a known manifestation of systemic lupus erythematosus. However, the association of primary autoimmune inflammatory neuropathies such as chronic inflammatory demyelinating polyneuropathy (CIDP) with SLE is uncommon. We report a 26-year-old man who simultaneously presented with severe CIDP and photosensitive rash, but was unresponsive to intravenous immunoglobulin infusion and continued to progress. He was found to have underlying SLE and improved with combined corticosteroid and immunosuppressive therapy with oral cyclophosphamide. CIDP with underlying SLE may be more resistant to conventional therapy with IVIG, requiring the addition of other immunosuppressive agents.
    Matched MeSH terms: Cyclophosphamide/administration & dosage
  10. Ab Hamid S, Wastie ML
    Singapore Med J, 2008 Mar;49(3):e73-5.
    PMID: 18362991
    We report a 43-year-old woman who presented with post-coital bleeding. Pelvic examination revealed a uterine cervical mass, which confirmed to be large B cell lymphoma on histopathological examination. Computed tomography showed a primary lesion in the uterine cervix with no lymph node or other extranodal involvement. The patient responded to CHOP (cyclophosphamide, adriamycin, vincristine and prednisolone) chemotherapy regime with no major side effects.
    Matched MeSH terms: Cyclophosphamide/administration & dosage
  11. Ong LM, Hooi LS, Lim TO, Goh BL, Ahmad G, Ghazalli R, et al.
    Nephrology (Carlton), 2005 Oct;10(5):504-10.
    PMID: 16221103 DOI: 10.1111/j.1440-1797.2005.00444.x
    BACKGROUND: The aim of the present study was to evaluate the efficacy of mycophenolate mofetil in the induction therapy of proliferative lupus nephritis.
    METHODS: Forty-four patients from eight centres with newly diagnosed lupus nephritis World Health Organization class III or IV were randomly assigned to either mycophenolate mofetil (MMF) 2 g/day for 6 months or intravenous cyclophosphamide (IVC) 0.75-1 g/m(2) monthly for 6 months in addition to corticosteroids.
    RESULTS: Remission occurred in 13 out of 25 patients (52%) in the IVC group and 11 out of 19 patients (58%) in the MMF group (P = 0.70). There were 12% in the IVC group and 26% in the MMF group that achieved complete remission (P = 0.22). Improvements in haemoglobin, the erythrocyte sedimentation rate, serum albumin, serum complement, proteinuria, urinary activity, renal function and the Systemic Lupus Erythematosus Disease Activity Index score were similar in both groups. Twenty-four follow-up renal biopsies at the end of therapy showed a significant reduction in the activity score in both groups. The chronicity index increased in both groups but was only significant in the IVC group. Adverse events were similar. Major infections occurred in three patients in each group. There was no difference in gastrointestinal side-effects.
    CONCLUSIONS: MMF in combination with corticosteroids is an effective induction therapy for moderately severe proliferative lupus nephritis.
    Matched MeSH terms: Cyclophosphamide/administration & dosage*
  12. Sharifah NA, Muhaizan WM, Rahman J, Zulfikar A, Zahari Z
    Malays J Pathol, 1999 Dec;21(2):105-9.
    PMID: 11068415
    The cytological features of a rare case of undifferentiated (embryonal) sarcoma of the liver are presented. The cytology smears showed singly dispersed polygonal and spindle cells as well as loose clusters of cells held together in myxoid material. Neoplastic cells were generally large with round, oval or lobulated nuclei. The cytoplasm was variable in amount with ill-defined borders. Occasional multinucleated cells were also present. Hyaline globules were present on sections of the cell block. Immunohistochemical studies performed showed positivity for vimentin, cytokeratin and alpha-1-antitrypsin (AAT) in the tumour cells.
    Matched MeSH terms: Cyclophosphamide/administration & dosage
  13. Wang CL, Wang F, Bosco JJ
    Lupus, 1995 Feb;4(1):11-4.
    PMID: 7767332 DOI: 10.1177/096120339500400103
    Ninety-two women with systemic lupus erythematosus treated with oral cyclophosphamide were studied to ascertain the prevalence and the factors associated with ovarian dysfunction. Menstrual disturbance during treatment occurred in 55% of patients: 36% had amenorrhoea and 19% had oligomenorrhoea. Sustained oligomenorrhoea occurred in 12% patients. Permanent amenorrhoea (> 12 months) after cessation of oral cyclophosphamide occurred in 27% of patients. Hormonal studies in these patients were consistent with ovarian failure. Older age at initiation of treatment and high cumulative dose of cyclophosphamide were found to be associated with this outcome. There was a trend towards linear relationship between the age of initiation of cyclophosphamide therapy and frequency of amenorrhoea. A statistically significant association between amenorrhoea and cumulative dose of cyclophosphamide after adjustment for age was found whereas no such association was linked to the duration of treatment. Fourteen of the 23 women who wished to become pregnant after cessation of treatment conceived resulting in 20 live births and two abortions.
    Matched MeSH terms: Cyclophosphamide/administration & dosage
  14. Narasimha K
    Gan To Kagaku Ryoho, 1992 Jul;19(8 Suppl):1220-3.
    PMID: 1514835
    Matched MeSH terms: Cyclophosphamide/administration & dosage
  15. Sufarlan AW, Zainudin BM
    Med J Malaysia, 1993 Jun;48(2):166-70.
    PMID: 8394502
    Small cell lung cancer (SCLC) disseminates early and has poor prognosis. However, SCLC is highly chemosensitive, thus chemotherapy has been established as the primary mode of treatment. Seventeen patients (15 males and 2 females) with median age of 60 years (range 49 to 74 years) were treated with combination cyclophosphamide 750 mg/m2, adriamycin 40 mg/m2, vincristine 1.4 mg/m2 on day 1 and etoposide (VP 16) 75 mg/m2 on days 1 to 3 (CAVE). This combination was given in 6 courses at 3 weekly intervals. The response to the chemotherapy and the quality of life of patients was assessed at the third cycle and after the completion of therapy (sixth cycle). The overall response rate was 76.4%; 52.9% achieved complete response and 23.5% had partial response. The survival rate at 6 months was 70.8% and 4 patients (23.5%) were still alive after 1 year of chemotherapy. The median survival after therapy was 36 weeks. There was a 30% overall improvement in the Karnofsky performance score at the completion of chemotherapy. This study illustrated that the CAVE regimen is effective and beneficial in the majority of our patients with small cell lung cancer.
    Matched MeSH terms: Cyclophosphamide/administration & dosage
  16. Said H, Phang KS, Razi A, Khuzaiyah R, Patawari PH, Esa R
    J Laryngol Otol, 1988 Jul;102(7):614-9.
    PMID: 3411216
    Three cases of embryonal rhabdomyosarcoma in the middle ear and mastoid in children are presented. Diagnosis was confirmed by histopathology. A multidisciplinary approach employing surgery, chemotherapy and radiation therapy is the method of choice in the management of this rare and highly lethal condition.
    Matched MeSH terms: Cyclophosphamide/administration & dosage
  17. Ting IP, Abdul Halim S, Adnan A, Jaafar H
    BMJ Case Rep, 2017 Aug 01;2017.
    PMID: 28765179 DOI: 10.1136/bcr-2017-219628
    Goodpasture's syndrome is a rare pulmonary-renal disease. It is characterised by presence of auto-antibodies directed against the glomerular basement membrane (GBM) antigen. These antibodies that bind to the GBM antigens cause rapidly progressive glomerulonephritis. The alveolar basement membrane also contains similar antigen, leading to pulmonary haemorrhage in active disease. We report a case of a young man who initially presented with status epilepticus and later was found to have rapidly progressive glomerulonephritis with pulmonary haemorrhage. Serum anti-GBM antibody was negative but the renal biopsy confirmed the diagnosis by showing typical linear IgG along the GBM on immunofluorescent study. He was treated with plasmapheresis and high-dose steroid in combination with oral cyclophosphamide. His renal function normalised after treatment.
    Matched MeSH terms: Cyclophosphamide/administration & dosage
  18. Issaragrisil S, Cheng-Hwai T, Bunworasate U, Su-Peng Y, Hung LY, Tee GY, et al.
    Bone Marrow Transplant., 2017 02;52(2):299-300.
    PMID: 27841857 DOI: 10.1038/bmt.2016.245
    Matched MeSH terms: Cyclophosphamide/administration & dosage*
  19. Ikhwan SM, Kenneth VK, Seoparjoo A, Zin AA
    BMJ Case Rep, 2013;2013.
    PMID: 23813511 DOI: 10.1136/bcr-2013-009584
    Primary primitive neuroectodermal tumour (PNET) and extraskeletal Ewing's sarcoma belongs to the Ewing's family of tumours. Primary tumours arising from breast are very rare. There are only a few case reports published on primary extraskeletal Ewing's sarcoma and PNET arising from breast. We present an extremely rare case of an inoperable primary Ewing's sarcoma arising from left breast with contralateral breast, lymphatic and lung metastasis.
    Matched MeSH terms: Cyclophosphamide/administration & dosage
  20. Chong HY, Taib NA, Rampal S, Saad M, Bustam AZ, Yip CH
    Asian Pac J Cancer Prev, 2010;11(4):913-7.
    PMID: 21133600
    BACKGROUND: Locally advanced breast cancer (LABC) is characterized by the presence of a large primary tumour (>5 cm) associated with or without skin or chest-wall involvement (T4) or with fixed (matted) axillary lymph nodes in the absence of any evidence of distant metastases. These cancers are classified as stage IIIA and IIIB according to the AJCC Staging System. Treatment of choice involves combinations of surgery, chemotherapy, radiotherapy and/or hormonal therapy. Current guidelines recommend primary surgery or neoadjuvant therapy followed by surgery. The primary objective of this study was to compare the outcome of LABC patients subjected to neoadjuvant chemotherapy before surgery and those who underwent surgery as the primary treatment and to determine prognostic predictors. Secondary objectives were to evaluate the response after neoadjuvant therapy and to determine the treatment compliance rate.

    METHODS: This retrospective study of Stage III breast cancer patients was conducted over a 5 year period from 1998 to 2002. The survival data were obtained from the National Registry of Births and Deaths with the end-point of the study in April 2006. The Kaplan Meier method was applied for survival analysis. Cox regression analysis by stepwise selection was performed to identify important prognostic factors.

    RESULTS: Out of a 155 evaluable patients, 74 (47.7%) had primary surgery, 62 (40%) had neoadjuvant chemotherapy, 10 patients (6.5%) were given Tamoxifen as the primary treatment, while 9 patients (5.8%) defaulted any form of treatment. After neoadjuvant chemotherapy, 9 patients defaulted further treatment, leaving 53 evaluable patients. Out of these 53 evaluable patients, 5 patients (9.4%) had complete pathological response, 5 (9.4%) a complete clinical response, and 26 (49.1%) had partial response after neoadjuvant chemotherapy. The 5-year survival in the primary surgery group was 56.7 % compared to 44.7% in the neoadjuvant chemotherapy group (p<0.01). The important prognostic factors were race, size of tumour, nodal status, estrogen receptor status and response to neoadjuvant chemotherapy.

    CONCLUSION: Patients who had primary surgery had better survival than those who underwent neoadjuvant chemotherapy, which may be due to bias in the selection of patients for neoadjuvant chemotherapy. Out of a total of 155 patients, 25.1% defaulted part of the treatment, or did not receive optimal treatment, emphasizing the importance of psychosocial support and counselling for this group of patients.

    Matched MeSH terms: Cyclophosphamide/administration & dosage
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