Displaying publications 1 - 20 of 989 in total

  1. Sundaresan N
    Surg Neurol, 1984 Sep;22(3):316-7.
    PMID: 6463843
    Matched MeSH terms: Developing Countries*
    Med J Malaya, 1961 Dec;16:144-50.
    PMID: 13910647
    Matched MeSH terms: Developing Countries*
  3. Srivastava A, Chuansumrit A, Chandy M, Duraiswamy G, Karagus C
    Haemophilia, 1998 Jul;4(4):474-80.
    PMID: 9873777
    The problems with management of haemophilia in developing countries are poor awareness, inadequate diagnostic facilities and scarce factor concentrates for therapy. The priorities in establishing services for haemophilia include training care providers, setting up care centres, initiating a registry, educating affected people and their families about the condition, providing low-cost factor concentrates, improving social awareness and developing a comprehensive care team. A coagulation laboratory capable of reliably performing clotting times with correction studies using normal pooled, FVIII and FIX deficient patient plasma and factor assay is most essential for diagnosis. More advanced centralized laboratories are also needed. Molecular biology techniques for mutation detection and gene tracking should be established in each country for accurate carrier detection and antenatal diagnosis. Different models of haemophilia care exists. In India, there is no support from the government. Services, including import of factor concentrates, are organized by the Haemophilia Federation of India, with support from other institutions. Haemophilia is managed with minimal replacement therapy (about 2000 i.u./PWH/year). In Malaysia, where the system is fully supported by the government, facilities are available at all public hospitals and moderate levels of factor concentrates are available 'on-demand' (about 11,000 i.u./PWH/year) at the hospitals. Haemophilia care in South Africa is provided through major public hospitals. Intermediate purity factor concentrates are locally produced (about 12,000 i.u./PWH/year) at low cost. The combined experience in the developing world in providing haemophilia services should be used to define standards for care and set achievable goals.
    Matched MeSH terms: Developing Countries
  4. Hall SJ, Hilborn R, Andrew NL, Allison EH
    Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A., 2013 May 21;110(21):8393-8.
    PMID: 23671089 DOI: 10.1073/pnas.1208067110
    This article examines two strands of discourse on wild capture fisheries; one that focuses on resource sustainability and environmental impacts, another related to food and nutrition security and human well-being. Available data and research show that, for countries most dependent on fish to meet the nutritional requirements of their population, wild capture fisheries remain the dominant supplier. Although, contrary to popular narratives, the sustainability of these fisheries is not always and everywhere in crisis, securing their sustainability is essential and requires considerable effort across a broad spectrum of fishery systems. An impediment to achieving this is that the current research and policy discourses on environmental sustainability of fisheries and food security remain only loosely and superficially linked. Overcoming this requires adoption of a broader sustainability science paradigm to help harness synergies and negotiate tradeoffs between food security, resource conservation, and macroeconomic development goals. The way society chooses to govern fisheries is, however, an ethical choice, not just a technical one, and we recommend adding an ethical dimension to sustainability science as applied to fisheries.
    Matched MeSH terms: Developing Countries/economics*
  5. Zain RB, Ghani WM, Razak IA, Latifah RJ, Samsuddin AR, Cheong SC, et al.
    PMID: 19640201
    BACKGROUND: The rising burden of cancer in the developing world calls for a re-evaluation of the treatment strategies employed to improve patient management, early detection and understanding of the disease. There is thus an increasing demand for interdisciplinary research that integrates two or more disciplines of what may seemed to be highly unrelated and yet very much needed as strategies for success in research. This paper presents the processes and barriers faced in building partnerships in oral cancer research in a developing country.

    METHODS: A case study was undertaken in a developing country (Malaysia) to assess the strengths and weaknesses of the situation leading to the formation of a multidisciplinary research partnership in oral cancer. Following the formalization of the partnership, further evaluation was undertaken to identify measures that can assist in sustaining the partnership.

    RESULTS: The group identifies its strength as the existence of academia, research-intensive NGOs and good networking of clinicians via the existence of the government's network of healthcare provider system who are the policy makers. The major weaknesses identified are the competing interest between academia and NGOs to justify their existence due to the lack of funding sources and well trained human resources.

    CONCLUSIONS: With the growing partnership, the collaborative group recognizes the need to develop standard operating procedures (SOPs) and guidelines for the sharing and usage of resources in order to safeguard the interest of the original partners while also attending to the needs of the new partners.

    Matched MeSH terms: Developing Countries*
  6. Morton TD
    J Emerg Med, 1992 7 11;10(4):485-8.
    PMID: 1430987
    The author spent 6 months as director of a major university hospital accident and emergency department in Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia. A brief summary of this experience is provided, followed by a series of recommendations based on the experience that may provide some guidance in future efforts to establish emergency medicine in developing areas of the world.
    Matched MeSH terms: Developing Countries*
  7. Thongcharoen P
    J Med Assoc Thai, 1986 Sep;69(9):505-10.
    PMID: 3794567
    Matched MeSH terms: Developing Countries*
  8. Jin LK
    Med J Malaya, 1970 Sep;25(1):1-2.
    PMID: 4249488
    Matched MeSH terms: Developing Countries*
  9. Ho E
    Biomed Imaging Interv J, 2012 Jan;8(1):e9.
    PMID: 22970065 DOI: 10.2349/biij.8.1.e9
    Radiology is a relatively high-cost and high-maintenance aspect of medicine. Expertise is constantly required, from acquisition to its use and quality assurance programmes. However, it is an integral part of healthcare practice, from disease diagnosis, surveillance and prevention to treatment monitoring. It is alarming that two thirds of the world is deficient in or lacks even basic diagnostic imaging. Developing and underdeveloped countries need help in improving medical imaging. Help is coming from various organisations, which are extending hands-on teaching and imparting knowledge, as well as training trainers to increase the pool of skilled practitioners in the use of imaging equipment and other aspects of radiology services. The scene for social radiology is changing and set to positively impact the world in the (near) future.
    Matched MeSH terms: Developing Countries
  10. Maji IK, Habibullah MS, Saari MY
    Environ Sci Pollut Res Int, 2017 Mar;24(8):7160-7176.
    PMID: 28097481 DOI: 10.1007/s11356-016-8326-1
    The paper examines the impacts of financial development on sectoral carbon emissions (CO2) for environmental quality in Malaysia. Since the financial sector is considered as one of the sectors that will contribute to Malaysian economy to become a developed country by 2020, we utilize a cointegration method to investigate how financial development affects sectoral CO2 emissions. The long-run results reveal that financial development increases CO2 emissions from the transportation and oil and gas sector and reduces CO2 emissions from manufacturing and construction sectors. However, the elasticity of financial development is not significant in explaining CO2 emissions from the agricultural sector. The results for short-run elasticities were also consistent with the long-run results. We conclude that generally, financial development increases CO2 emissions and reduces environmental quality in Malaysia.
    Matched MeSH terms: Developing Countries
  11. Hébert RJ
    PMID: 21335705
    Health Informatics (HI) has become a world wide issue since 2005 when the WHO Health Metrics Network (HMN) was formed to encourage all of the developing countries (151) to get started in eHealth. Prior to this HMN initiative the only countries with HI in place were the developed countries (40) and a few developing countries (Jamaica, Malaysia, etc.) that were just getting started in HI with a very limited number of applications compared to the developed countries. This paper suggests that much of the experience in HI gained in the developed countries can be shared with the developing countries as 'lessons learnt' - as long as the issue of economics is kept front and foremost in the planning.
    Matched MeSH terms: Developing Countries*
  12. Harlan WR, Harlan LC, Oii WL
    J Public Health Policy, 1984 Dec;5(4):563-72.
    PMID: 6526940
    Matched MeSH terms: Developing Countries*
  13. Halling E
    Nurs Times, 1972 Aug 3;68(31):976-7.
    PMID: 5044373
    Matched MeSH terms: Developing Countries*
  14. Davey TM, Allotey P, Reidpath DD
    Public Health, 2013 Dec;127(12):1057-62.
    PMID: 24268545 DOI: 10.1016/j.puhe.2013.09.008
    Effective population-level solutions to the obesity pandemic have proved elusive. In low- and middle-income countries the problem may be further challenged by the perceived internal tension between economic development and sustainable solutions which create the optimal conditions for human health and well-being. This paper discusses some of the ecological obstacles to addressing the growing problem of obesity in 'aspiring' economies, using Malaysia as a case study. The authors conclude that current measures to stimulate economic growth in Malaysia may actually be exacerbating the problem of obesity in that country. Public health solutions which address the wider context in which obesity exists are needed to change the course of this burgeoning problem.
    Matched MeSH terms: Developing Countries/statistics & numerical data*
  15. Akhter E, Bilal S, Kiani A, Haque U
    Rheumatol. Int., 2011 Jul;31(7):849-55.
    PMID: 21331574 DOI: 10.1007/s00296-011-1820-3
    Recent studies of rheumatoid arthritis worldwide suggest that prevalence of arthritis is higher in Europe and North America than in developing countries. Prevalence data for major arthritis disorders have been compiled in West for several decades, but figures from the third world are just emerging. A coordinated effort by WHO and ILAR (International League Against Rheumatism) has resulted in collecting data for countries like Philippines, China, Malaysia, Indonesia, and rural South Africa but the information about prevalence of arthritis in India and Pakistan is scarce. Since both countries, i.e., India and Pakistan, share some ethnic identity, we reviewed published literature to examine the prevalence of arthritis in these countries. Medline and Pubmed were searched for suitable articles about arthritis from 1980 and onwards. Findings from these articles were reviewed and summarized. The prevalence, clinical features, and laboratory findings of rheumatoid arthritis are compiled for both India and Pakistan. Data collected from these two countries were compared with each other, and some of the characteristics of the disease were compared with Europe and North America. It is found to be quite similar to developed countries. Additionally, juvenile rheumatoid arthritis is of different variety than reported in West. It is more of polyarticular onset type while in West pauciarticular predominates. Additionally, in systemic onset, JRA uveitis and ANA are common finding in developed countries; on the other hand, they are hardly seen in this region. Although the prevalence of arthritis in Pakistan and India is similar to Western countries, there are inherent differences (clinical features, laboratory findings) in the presentation of disease. The major strength of the study is that it is the first to pool reports to provide an estimate of the disease in the Indian subcontinent. Scarcity of data is one of the major limitations. This study helps to understand the pattern of disease in this part of country that can be stepping-stone for policy makers to draft policies that can affect target population more appropriately.
    Matched MeSH terms: Developing Countries*
  16. Yii MK
    ANZ J Surg, 2003 Oct;73(10):790-3.
    PMID: 14525567
    Abdominal aortic aneurysms (AAA) repairs are routine operations with low mortality in the developed world. There are few studies on the operative management of AAA in the Asian population.This study reports the initial results from a unit with no previous experience in this surgery by a single surgeon on completion of training.
    Matched MeSH terms: Developing Countries*
  17. Figueroa JP, Baris E, Chandiwana S, Kvaale E
    West Indian Med J, 2002 Jun;51(2):97-101.
    PMID: 12232950
    A survey of Essential National Health Research (ENHR) was conducted between December 1997 and November 1998 in nine developing countries. A total of 27 respondents from seven South East Asian and two Caribbean countries completed questionnaires. Respondents included 14 men and 13 women with a median age of 48 years (range 25-69 years); 15 were researchers, seven were health providers, three policy makers and one a community representative (one no response). ENHR was formally adopted in five countries mainly through public policy statements. Seven countries had a mechanism in place for promotion of ENHR and national meetings were held in five countries in the year prior to the survey. A special activity was conducted in order to define health research priorities in eight countries and a list of these priorities was available in seven countries. The level of ENHR activity was ranked as low or moderate in most countries except India and Malaysia which were rated as moderate to high. Three countries reported that the process resulted in new or additional funds being made available for research, while India reported available funds being reallocated to meet the priorities defined. The respondents of six countries said that ENHR networking had led to tangible results, including improved collaboration among researchers and research institutions and the sharing of resources among different organizations (five countries). The ENHR process had resulted in research findings being used to formulate or change health policy in five countries. Most countries had not produced any new research protocols through the ENHR process. However, there were 250 new research protocols in India and 68 in Pakistan, of which 20 and between 25 and 35, respectively, were funded and 15 peer reviewed articles had been published from India. This survey does suggest that the ENHR process may be promoting health research on priority health problems and the use of results to formulate policy in selected countries. However, it is too early to assess the contribution of ENHR to health and development and a variety of different studies would be needed to conduct this assessment.
    Matched MeSH terms: Developing Countries/statistics & numerical data*
  18. Ujang Z, Buckley C
    Water Sci. Technol., 2002;46(9):1-9.
    PMID: 12448446
    This paper summarises the paper presentation sessions at the Conference, as well giving insights on the issues related to developing countries. It also discusses the present status of practice and research on water and wastewater management, and projected future scenario based not only on the papers presented in the Conference, but also on other sources. The strategy is presented to overcome many problems in developing countries such as rapid urbanization, industrialization, population growth, financial and institutional problems and, depleting water resources. The strategy consists of Integrated Urban Water Management (IUWM), cleaner industrial production, waste minimisation and financial arrangements.
    Matched MeSH terms: Developing Countries*
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