Displaying publications 1 - 20 of 1101 in total

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  1. Sivalingam N, Siva Achana K, Thavarasah AS
    Family Physician, 1990;2:47-54.
    Matched MeSH terms: Developing Countries
  2. Sundaresan N
    Surg Neurol, 1984 Sep;22(3):316-7.
    PMID: 6463843
    Matched MeSH terms: Developing Countries*
  3. SENDUK
    Med J Malaya, 1961 Dec;16:144-50.
    PMID: 13910647
    Matched MeSH terms: Developing Countries*
  4. Higman S, Dwivedi V, Nsaghurwe A, Busiga M, Sotter Rulagirwa H, Smith D, et al.
    Int J Health Plann Manage, 2019 Jan;34(1):e85-e99.
    PMID: 30182517 DOI: 10.1002/hpm.2634
    BACKGROUND: Enterprise Architecture (EA) integrates business and technical processes in health information systems (HIS). Low-income and middle-income countries (LMIC) use EA to combine management components with disease tracking and health care service monitoring. Using an EA approach differs by country, addressing specific needs.

    METHODS: Articles in this review referenced EA, were peer-reviewed or gray literature reports published in 2010 to 2016 in English, and were identified using PubMed, Scopus, Web of Science, and Google Scholar.

    RESULTS: Fourteen articles described EA use in LMICs. India, Sierra Leone, South Africa, Mozambique, and Rwanda reported building the system to meet country needs and implement a cohesive HIS framework. Jordan and Taiwan focused on specific HIS aspects, ie, disease surveillance and electronic medical records. Five studies informed the context. The Millennium Villages Project employed a "uniform but contextualized" approach to guide systems in 10 countries; Malaysia, Indonesia, and Tanzania used interviews and mapping of existing components to improve HIS, and Namibia used of Activity Theory to identify technology-associated activities to better understand EA frameworks. South Africa, Burundi, Kenya, and Democratic Republic of Congo used EA to move from paper-based to electronic systems.

    CONCLUSIONS: Four themes emerged: the importance of multiple sectors and data sources, the need for interoperability, the ability to incorporate system flexibility, and the desirability of open group models, data standards, and software. Themes mapped to EA frameworks and operational components and to health system building blocks and goals. Most articles focused on processes rather than outcomes, as countries are engaged in implementation.

    Matched MeSH terms: Developing Countries*
  5. Srivastava A, Chuansumrit A, Chandy M, Duraiswamy G, Karagus C
    Haemophilia, 1998 Jul;4(4):474-80.
    PMID: 9873777
    The problems with management of haemophilia in developing countries are poor awareness, inadequate diagnostic facilities and scarce factor concentrates for therapy. The priorities in establishing services for haemophilia include training care providers, setting up care centres, initiating a registry, educating affected people and their families about the condition, providing low-cost factor concentrates, improving social awareness and developing a comprehensive care team. A coagulation laboratory capable of reliably performing clotting times with correction studies using normal pooled, FVIII and FIX deficient patient plasma and factor assay is most essential for diagnosis. More advanced centralized laboratories are also needed. Molecular biology techniques for mutation detection and gene tracking should be established in each country for accurate carrier detection and antenatal diagnosis. Different models of haemophilia care exists. In India, there is no support from the government. Services, including import of factor concentrates, are organized by the Haemophilia Federation of India, with support from other institutions. Haemophilia is managed with minimal replacement therapy (about 2000 i.u./PWH/year). In Malaysia, where the system is fully supported by the government, facilities are available at all public hospitals and moderate levels of factor concentrates are available 'on-demand' (about 11,000 i.u./PWH/year) at the hospitals. Haemophilia care in South Africa is provided through major public hospitals. Intermediate purity factor concentrates are locally produced (about 12,000 i.u./PWH/year) at low cost. The combined experience in the developing world in providing haemophilia services should be used to define standards for care and set achievable goals.
    Matched MeSH terms: Developing Countries
  6. Naqvi SH
    Family Practitioner, 1977;2:31-31.
    Matched MeSH terms: Developing Countries
  7. Hall SJ, Hilborn R, Andrew NL, Allison EH
    Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A., 2013 May 21;110(21):8393-8.
    PMID: 23671089 DOI: 10.1073/pnas.1208067110
    This article examines two strands of discourse on wild capture fisheries; one that focuses on resource sustainability and environmental impacts, another related to food and nutrition security and human well-being. Available data and research show that, for countries most dependent on fish to meet the nutritional requirements of their population, wild capture fisheries remain the dominant supplier. Although, contrary to popular narratives, the sustainability of these fisheries is not always and everywhere in crisis, securing their sustainability is essential and requires considerable effort across a broad spectrum of fishery systems. An impediment to achieving this is that the current research and policy discourses on environmental sustainability of fisheries and food security remain only loosely and superficially linked. Overcoming this requires adoption of a broader sustainability science paradigm to help harness synergies and negotiate tradeoffs between food security, resource conservation, and macroeconomic development goals. The way society chooses to govern fisheries is, however, an ethical choice, not just a technical one, and we recommend adding an ethical dimension to sustainability science as applied to fisheries.
    Matched MeSH terms: Developing Countries/economics*
  8. Zain RB, Ghani WM, Razak IA, Latifah RJ, Samsuddin AR, Cheong SC, et al.
    Asian Pac. J. Cancer Prev., 2009 Jul-Sep;10(3):513-8.
    PMID: 19640201
    BACKGROUND: The rising burden of cancer in the developing world calls for a re-evaluation of the treatment strategies employed to improve patient management, early detection and understanding of the disease. There is thus an increasing demand for interdisciplinary research that integrates two or more disciplines of what may seemed to be highly unrelated and yet very much needed as strategies for success in research. This paper presents the processes and barriers faced in building partnerships in oral cancer research in a developing country.

    METHODS: A case study was undertaken in a developing country (Malaysia) to assess the strengths and weaknesses of the situation leading to the formation of a multidisciplinary research partnership in oral cancer. Following the formalization of the partnership, further evaluation was undertaken to identify measures that can assist in sustaining the partnership.

    RESULTS: The group identifies its strength as the existence of academia, research-intensive NGOs and good networking of clinicians via the existence of the government's network of healthcare provider system who are the policy makers. The major weaknesses identified are the competing interest between academia and NGOs to justify their existence due to the lack of funding sources and well trained human resources.

    CONCLUSIONS: With the growing partnership, the collaborative group recognizes the need to develop standard operating procedures (SOPs) and guidelines for the sharing and usage of resources in order to safeguard the interest of the original partners while also attending to the needs of the new partners.
    Matched MeSH terms: Developing Countries*
  9. Morton TD
    J Emerg Med, 1992 7 11;10(4):485-8.
    PMID: 1430987
    The author spent 6 months as director of a major university hospital accident and emergency department in Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia. A brief summary of this experience is provided, followed by a series of recommendations based on the experience that may provide some guidance in future efforts to establish emergency medicine in developing areas of the world.
    Matched MeSH terms: Developing Countries*
  10. Thongcharoen P
    J Med Assoc Thai, 1986 Sep;69(9):505-10.
    PMID: 3794567
    Matched MeSH terms: Developing Countries*
  11. Jin LK
    Med J Malaya, 1970 Sep;25(1):1-2.
    PMID: 4249488
    Matched MeSH terms: Developing Countries*
  12. Solarin SA
    Environ Sci Pollut Res Int, 2019 Mar;26(9):8552-8574.
    PMID: 30706273 DOI: 10.1007/s11356-019-04225-y
    This paper examines the pattern of convergence in electricity intensity in a sample of 79 countries. We apply the residual augmented least squares regression to the convergence of energy intensity. This method has been used in the convergence of per capita energy consumption but not convergence of energy intensity. Furthermore, in contrast to the previous studies which mainly used the conventional beta convergence approach to examine conditional convergence, we use a beta convergence method that is capable of identifying the actual number of countries that contribute to conditional convergence. The sigma and gamma convergences of electricity intensity are also examined. In addition to the full sample of countries, we also examine convergence in African countries, Asian and Oceanic countries, American countries and European countries, separately. Convergences in OECD and non-OECD countries are also examined, separately. In the full sample, the results show convergence exists in 54% of the countries in the total sample. There is convergence in 65% of the African countries, 61% of the American countries, 43% of the Asian and Oceanic countries and 33% of the European countries. In terms of the regional classification, it is also observed that convergence exists for 58% of the non-OECD countries and 31% of the OECD countries. There is evidence for sigma convergence in all the blocs with the exception of European and non-OECD countries. With the exception of African countries, there is evidence for gamma convergence in all the countries and the various blocs. The policy implications of the results are discussed.
    Matched MeSH terms: Developing Countries*
  13. Ho E
    Biomed Imaging Interv J, 2012 Jan;8(1):e9.
    PMID: 22970065 DOI: 10.2349/biij.8.1.e9
    Radiology is a relatively high-cost and high-maintenance aspect of medicine. Expertise is constantly required, from acquisition to its use and quality assurance programmes. However, it is an integral part of healthcare practice, from disease diagnosis, surveillance and prevention to treatment monitoring. It is alarming that two thirds of the world is deficient in or lacks even basic diagnostic imaging. Developing and underdeveloped countries need help in improving medical imaging. Help is coming from various organisations, which are extending hands-on teaching and imparting knowledge, as well as training trainers to increase the pool of skilled practitioners in the use of imaging equipment and other aspects of radiology services. The scene for social radiology is changing and set to positively impact the world in the (near) future.
    Matched MeSH terms: Developing Countries
  14. Maji IK, Habibullah MS, Saari MY
    Environ Sci Pollut Res Int, 2017 Mar;24(8):7160-7176.
    PMID: 28097481 DOI: 10.1007/s11356-016-8326-1
    The paper examines the impacts of financial development on sectoral carbon emissions (CO2) for environmental quality in Malaysia. Since the financial sector is considered as one of the sectors that will contribute to Malaysian economy to become a developed country by 2020, we utilize a cointegration method to investigate how financial development affects sectoral CO2 emissions. The long-run results reveal that financial development increases CO2 emissions from the transportation and oil and gas sector and reduces CO2 emissions from manufacturing and construction sectors. However, the elasticity of financial development is not significant in explaining CO2 emissions from the agricultural sector. The results for short-run elasticities were also consistent with the long-run results. We conclude that generally, financial development increases CO2 emissions and reduces environmental quality in Malaysia.
    Matched MeSH terms: Developing Countries
  15. Portelly J
    Matched MeSH terms: Developing Countries
  16. Suhaili Abdul Rahman, Kamarulnizam Abdullah
    MyJurnal
    As one of the states within the Federation of Malaysia, Sabah has inherited the characteristics of a
    developing country’s security management. The threats are not only driven by external but also from
    internal sources. As such, this article analyzes threats to Sabah's security predicaments. By using the
    National Security Theory of Developing Countries and Securitization Theory as the basis for
    discussion, the article explores and discusses how Sabah's security management have been influenced
    by several variables such as local political influences, federal-state relations, and societal’s state
    loyalty. The article concludes that Sabah’s security threats have been securitised by local political and
    community leaders. But, the success of securitising the threats depend on how security actors at the
    federal level are convinced with the omnipresent threats.
    Matched MeSH terms: Developing Countries
  17. Hébert RJ
    PMID: 21335705
    Health Informatics (HI) has become a world wide issue since 2005 when the WHO Health Metrics Network (HMN) was formed to encourage all of the developing countries (151) to get started in eHealth. Prior to this HMN initiative the only countries with HI in place were the developed countries (40) and a few developing countries (Jamaica, Malaysia, etc.) that were just getting started in HI with a very limited number of applications compared to the developed countries. This paper suggests that much of the experience in HI gained in the developed countries can be shared with the developing countries as 'lessons learnt' - as long as the issue of economics is kept front and foremost in the planning.
    Matched MeSH terms: Developing Countries*
  18. Harlan WR, Harlan LC, Oii WL
    J Public Health Policy, 1984 Dec;5(4):563-72.
    PMID: 6526940
    Matched MeSH terms: Developing Countries*
  19. Halling E
    Nurs Times, 1972 Aug 3;68(31):976-7.
    PMID: 5044373
    Matched MeSH terms: Developing Countries*
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