Displaying publications 1 - 20 of 231 in total

  1. Ahmad Shah Pakeer Mohamed, Nazariah Osman, Mohamad Faisol Keling
    “Fenomena anarki” telah mempengaruhi kebanyakan negara untuk memberikan tumpuan dan
    perhatian terhadap pembangunan Angkatan ketenteraan bagi menjamin keselamatan untuk tujuan
    kelangsungan hidup. Manakala merujukkan kepada teori neo-realisme, teori ini mengatakan dilema
    keselamatan sebagai situasi yang sentiasa ada ancaman yang cuba untuk menggugat keselamatan
    negara mahupun ianya dari bentuk unsur ancaman tradisional mahupun dari unsur dari ancaman bukan
    dari tradisional. Akibat dari senario keselamatan dan sifat anarki dalam sistem antarabangsa, keadaan
    ini akan menyebabkan negara perlu bergantung pada diri sendiri untuk kelangsungan hidup. Ini
    merujuk kepada konsep self help atau self reliance di mana setiap negara mempunyai kepentingan
    negara mereka tersendiri dalam meneruskan kelangsungan hidup dalam sistem antarabangsa. Melihat
    dari sudut Angkatan Tentera Malaysia (ATM,) perspektif pembangunan dan pemodenan ATM semasa
    era Perang Dingin dan Pasca Perang Dingin ternyata mempunyai perubahan yang signifikan di mana
    pembangunan ATM sebelum tahun 1990 lebih bersifat konvensional dan pasca Perang Dingin
    memperlihatkan pembangunan ATM bersifat lebih strategik.

    Matched MeSH terms: Health Behavior
  2. Pokhrel S, Anokye NK, Reidpath DD, Allotey P
    Biomed Res Int, 2015;2015:598672.
    PMID: 26380284 DOI: 10.1155/2015/598672
    Matched MeSH terms: Health Behavior*
  3. Harkness S, Super CM
    Soc Sci Med, 1994 Jan;38(2):217-26.
    PMID: 8140448
    Recent efforts to promote child survival and development internationally have focused new attention on the importance of the household as a mediator of both environmental risks and programmatic interventions to promote better health. In this paper, we introduce a theoretical framework, the 'developmental niche,' derived from studies of children's behavior and development in different cultural contexts, as a tool for analyzing the household production of health. The developmental niche is conceptualized in terms of three basic components: (1) the physical and social settings of the child's everyday life; (2) culturally regulated customs of child care and child rearing; and (3) the psychology of the caretakers. The relevance of each of these components to the household production of health is illustrated through examples from research in several cultures, including Malaysia, Kenya, Bangladesh, India, and the U.S. Further discussion centers on three corollaries of the developmental niche framework that point to the interactive relationships among the three components, between the niche and the larger environment, and between the niche and the child (or any individual seen from a developmental perspective). It is suggested that this approach is useful for identifying and collecting relevant information on household-level factors that affect health outcomes, and thus for organizing more effective interventions. At a theoretical level, the developmental niche framework also facilitates understanding processes of mutual adaptation between the individual and the environment as they are filtered through the constraints of household settings, customs and caretaker psychologies.
    Matched MeSH terms: Health Behavior*
  4. Flaherty GT, Rossanese A, Steffen R, Torresi J
    J Travel Med, 2018 01 01;25(1).
    PMID: 30239856 DOI: 10.1093/jtm/tay088
    Matched MeSH terms: Health Behavior*
  5. Salim H, Ramdzan SN, Ghazali SS, Lee PY, Young I, McClatchey K, et al.
    J Glob Health, 2020 Jun;10(1):010427.
    PMID: 32566166 DOI: 10.7189/jogh.10.010428
    Background: Supported asthma self-management improves health outcomes. However, people with limited health literacy, especially in lower-middle-income countries (LMICs), may need tailored interventions to enable them to realise the benefits. We aimed to assess the clinical effectiveness of asthma self-management interventions targeted at people with limited health literacy and to identify strategies associated with effective programmes.

    Methods: Following Cochrane methodology, we searched ten databases (January 1990 - June 2018; updated October 2019), without language restriction. We included controlled experimental studies whose interventions targeted health literacy to improve asthma self-management. Selection of papers, extraction of data and quality assessment were done independently by two reviewers. The primary outcomes were clinical (asthma control) and implementation (adoption/adherence to intervention). Analysis was narrative.

    Results: We screened 4318 titles and abstracts, reviewed 52 full-texts and included five trials. One trial was conducted in a LMIC. Risk of bias was low in one trial and high in the other four studies. Clinical outcomes were reported in two trials, both at high risk of bias: one of which reported a reduction in unscheduled care (number of visits in 6-month (SD); Intervention:0.9 (1.2) vs Control:1.8 (2.4), P = 0.001); the other showed no effect. None reported uptake or adherence to the intervention. Behavioural change strategies typically focused on improving an individual's psychological and physical capacity to enact behaviour (eg, targeting asthma-related knowledge or comprehension). Only two interventions also targeted motivation; none sought to improve opportunity. Less than half of the interventions used specific self-management strategies (eg, written asthma action plan) with tailoring to limited health literacy status. Different approaches (eg, video-based and pictorial action plans) were used to provide education.

    Conclusions: The paucity of studies and diversity of the interventions to support people with limited health literacy to self-manage their asthma meant that the impact on health outcomes remains unclear. Given the proportion of the global population who have limited health literacy skills, this is a research priority.

    Protocol registration: PROSPERO CRD 42018118974.

    Matched MeSH terms: Health Behavior*
  6. Iranagh JA, Rahman HA, Motalebi SA
    Nutr Res Pract, 2016 Jun;10(3):352-8.
    PMID: 27247733 DOI: 10.4162/nrp.2016.10.3.352
    Nutrition is a determinant factor of health in elderly people. Independent living in elderly people can be maintained or enhanced by improvement of nutritional behavior. Hence, the present study was conducted to determine the impact of Health Belief Model (HBM)-based intervention on the nutritional behavior of elderly women.
    Matched MeSH terms: Health Behavior
  7. Albury C, Hall A, Syed A, Ziebland S, Stokoe E, Roberts N, et al.
    BMC Fam Pract, 2019 08 03;20(1):111.
    PMID: 31376830 DOI: 10.1186/s12875-019-0992-x
    BACKGROUND: Clinical guidelines exhort clinicians to encourage patients to improve their health behaviours. However, most offer little support on how to have these conversations in practice. Clinicians fear that health behaviour change talk will create interactional difficulties and discomfort for both clinician and patient. This review aims to identify how healthcare professionals can best communicate with patients about health behaviour change (HBC).

    METHODS: We included studies which used conversation analysis or discourse analysis to study recorded interactions between healthcare professionals and patients. We followed an aggregative thematic synthesis approach. This involved line-by-line coding of the results and discussion sections of included studies, and the inductive development and hierarchical grouping of descriptive themes. Top-level themes were organised to reflect their conversational positioning.

    RESULTS: Of the 17,562 studies identified through systematic searching, ten papers were included. Analysis resulted in 10 top-level descriptive themes grouped into three domains: initiating; carrying out; and closing health behaviour change talk. Of three methods of initiation, two facilitated further discussion, and one was associated with outright resistance. Of two methods of conducting behaviour change talk, one was associated with only minimal patient responses. One way of closing was identified, and patients did not seem to respond to this positively. Results demonstrated a series of specific conversational practices which clinicians use when talking about HBC, and how patients respond to these. Our results largely complemented clinical guidelines, providing further detail on how they can best be delivered in practice. However, one recommended practice - linking a patient's health concerns and their health behaviours - was shown to receive variable responses and to often generate resistance displays.

    CONCLUSIONS: Health behaviour change talk is smoothly initiated, conducted, and terminated by clinicians and this rarely causes interactional difficulty. However, initiating conversations by linking a person's current health concern with their health behaviour can lead to resistance to advice, while other strategies such as capitalising on patient initiated discussions, or collaborating through question-answer sequences, may be well received.

    Matched MeSH terms: Health Behavior
  8. Low WY, Binns C
    Asia Pac J Public Health, 2014 Sep;26(5 Suppl):7S-8S.
    PMID: 25143527 DOI: 10.1177/1010539514545287
    Matched MeSH terms: Health Behavior*
  9. Rani H, Ueno M, Zaitsu T, Kawaguchi Y
    Int J Dent Hyg, 2016 May;14(2):135-41.
    PMID: 26098532 DOI: 10.1111/idh.12160
    OBJECTIVE: To assess oral malodour level and its association with health behaviour, oral health behaviour and oral health status among adolescents.
    METHOD: A questionnaire survey and clinical examination that included tongue coating and oral malodour status were conducted on 665 senior high school students in Saitama, Japan. Analyses of Pearson chi-square, independent samples t-test and logistic regression were conducted using SPSS 19.0 with the significance level set at P health education.
    KEYWORDS: adolescents; health behaviour; oral malodour; tongue coating
    Matched MeSH terms: Health Behavior*
  10. Saub R, Jaafar N
    Med J Malaysia, 2001 Dec;56(4):401-7.
    PMID: 12014757
    This observational study investigates and describes the oral health beliefs and illness behaviour in the Semai tribe of Orang Asli community. Data was obtained from a "Key informant interview" method i.e. the village Tok Halaq (Traditional healer). Information about common oral diseases and conditions were illustrated with enlarged pictures of dental caries, periodontal disease, oral cancer and cleft. The most common oral problem was toothache. This is treated by self-medication. However if the pain still persist, the Tok Halaq was consulted to start traditional methods. He will identify the cause. If "germs" were thought to be the cause, he will ask the person to see a doctor. Otherwise, he attempts traditional treatment. If the effort failed after a few days, the person will be advised to see a doctor. It appears that the Tok Halaq plays an influential role in prevention, promotion and the healing process in this community. Hence any effort to promote oral health and prevent oral disease must seek their cooperation. Their beliefs on causes of common oral diseases are described in the text.
    Matched MeSH terms: Health Behavior/ethnology*
  11. Leake DW, Hii JL
    Asia Pac J Public Health, 1994;7(2):92-7.
    PMID: 7946656
    Observational and survey methodologies were used to probe human behavioral factors influencing the use of insecticide-impregnated bednets to control malaria in rural Sabah, Malaysia. One aim was to investigate why a field trial of such nets in an interior area yielded disappointing results. A second aim was to gather baseline data prior to a field trial proposed for a coastal area. Interior villagers reported a significantly higher net usage rate than that observed directly, suggesting that subject self-reports need to be validated in some way. The poor results of the interior field trial appeared related to reluctance to regularly use nets, which were not in wide use previously. Prospects for reducing malaria transmission through bednets appeared better for the coastal area since nearly half of observed villagers were sleeping in them. However, significantly more coastal than interior villagers were observed watching television at night, an activity that may increase malaria risk by keeping villagers awake and out of bednets.
    Matched MeSH terms: Health Behavior*
  12. Rizal H, Hajar MS, Muhamad AS, Kueh YC, Kuan G
    PMID: 31690004 DOI: 10.3390/ijerph16214283
    Brain Breaks Physical Activity Solutions (BBPAS) is a web-based structured physical activity (PA) video that is specifically designed for school settings and can stimulate a student's health and learning. The purpose of this study is to measure the effect of BBPAS on the stages of change, decisional balance, processes of change, self-efficacy and leisure-time exercise among Malay ethnic primary school children. A validated Malay version of three of the five constructs was derived with sound validity and was used in the present study. A total of 159 male and 163 female children aged 10 to 11 years old, mean (SD) = 10.53 (0.50), were recruited from two schools in Kelantan, Malaysia. Purposive sampling was used to divide the children into intervention (n = 177) and control (n = 145) groups. Children in the intervention group underwent BBPAS activity for an accumulated 30 min per week, while children in the control group were not involved in the BBPAS intervention. Mixed factorial analysis of variance (ANOVA) was used to examine the effect of BBPAS on the study variables. A mixed ANOVA showed significant changes (time effect) on cognitive process, F(1, 320) = 5.768, p-value = 0.017; behavioural process, F(1, 313) = 5.736, p-value = 0.017; and internal feeling, F(1, 312) = 6.050, p-value = 0.014. There was also a significant difference between groups on cons, F(1, 316) = 7.504, p-value = 0.007. A significant interaction effect was observed for stages of change, F(1, 319) = 7.861, p-value = 0.005; pros, F(1, 316) = 31.311, p-value = 0.001; internal feeling, F(1, 312) = 4.692, p-value = 0.031; and behavioural process, F(1, 313) = 7.312, p-value = 0.007. In conclusion, BBPAS was successful in improving four of the five constructs, and thus, should be recommended to be used in schools throughout Malaysia.
    Matched MeSH terms: Health Behavior*
  13. Stroebe W, vanDellen MR, Abakoumkin G, Lemay EP, Schiavone WM, Agostini M, et al.
    PLoS One, 2021;16(10):e0256740.
    PMID: 34669724 DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0256740
    During the initial phase of the COVID-19 pandemic, U.S. conservative politicians and the media downplayed the risk of both contracting COVID-19 and the effectiveness of recommended health behaviors. Health behavior theories suggest perceived vulnerability to a health threat and perceived effectiveness of recommended health-protective behaviors determine motivation to follow recommendations. Accordingly, we predicted that-as a result of politicization of the pandemic-politically conservative Americans would be less likely to enact recommended health-protective behaviors. In two longitudinal studies of U.S. residents, political conservatism was inversely associated with perceived health risk and adoption of health-protective behaviors over time. The effects of political orientation on health-protective behaviors were mediated by perceived risk of infection, perceived severity of infection, and perceived effectiveness of the health-protective behaviors. In a global cross-national analysis, effects were stronger in the U.S. (N = 10,923) than in an international sample (total N = 51,986), highlighting the increased and overt politicization of health behaviors in the U.S.
    Matched MeSH terms: Health Behavior*
  14. Tam, Jenn Zhueng, Sharifa Ezat Wan Puteh, Noor Hassim Ismail
    Chronic low back pain is a common preventable occupational health illness affecting most workers. Large amount of financial and benefit cost had been spent by the developed countries to prevent, treat and rehabilitate a large number of workers who are exposed to hazards that are attributed to low back pain. Efforts on primary prevention of low back pain had been challenging due to difficulties in affirming work- relatedness of chronic back pain among workers. As such, efforts have to be focused on existing literatures to propose acceptable variables to develop the definition of workrelatedness specific to chronic low back pain. Such identified variables or factors could be used to develop a set of criteria in defining work- related chronic back pain. Literature search using specific work- related and chronic low back pain key words were used. Comparable articles were judged and a summarized result was obtained. These variables could be grouped into individual characteristics, health behaviours, physical conditions at work, work organizations and ergonomic factors. With proper methodology and statistical analysis, tools could be developed to aid physicians in determining work- related chronic low back pain among employees.
    Matched MeSH terms: Health Behavior
  15. Lim JH, Lim CK, Ibrahim I, Syahrul J, Mohamed Zabil MH, Zakaria NF, et al.
    JMIR Mhealth Uhealth, 2020 06 01;8(6):e13808.
    PMID: 32478665 DOI: 10.2196/13808
    BACKGROUND: With the unprecedented growth of mobile technology, a plethora of dialysis diet apps have been developed to promote patient dietary self-management. Nevertheless, the utility of such apps remains questionable.

    OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to evaluate the content, features, and quality of commercial dialysis diet apps for adult dialysis patients.

    METHODS: This study consisted of a quantitative content analysis of commercial dialysis diet apps downloaded from Google Play and the Apple App Store available in the Asian marketplace, searched for using the following keywords in English: dialysis diet and diet for kidney disease. Free and paid apps available in English that provide nutrition information for adult dialysis patients were included. Apps that were not relevant to the dialysis diet, not meant for patient self-management, or redundant were excluded. Apps were evaluated for language medium (subscore=1), credibility (subscore=1), food database (subscore=1), valuable features (subscore=12), health-behavior theory constructs (subscore=60), and technical quality (subscore=25). The relationships among the variables of interest were determined by Pearson correlation. Stepwise multiple linear regression analysis was performed to identify the features that contribute to greater technical quality of dialysis diet apps. Statistical significance was defined as Phealth-behavior theory constructs. The overall app technical quality was considered poor, with a mean score of 2.70 (SD 0.41) out of 5. The scores of valuable features (r=.65, P=.001) and health-behavior theory constructs (r=.55, P=.009) were positively correlated with the overall technical quality of the commercial dialysis diet apps. Features such as free download (β=.43, P=.03) and usability (β=.41, P=.03) could significantly determine the functional quality of the apps. Health-behavior theory constructs such as self-monitoring could significantly predict both the subjective quality (β=.55, P=.008) and the engagement quality (β=.66, P=.001) of the apps, whereas the information quality domain could be determined by plan or orders (β=.48, P=.007) and knowledge (β=.45, P=.01).

    CONCLUSIONS: Although most of the available commercial dialysis diet apps are free and easy to use, they are subject to theory deficiency, limited language options, and a lack of food databases, credibility, tailored education, and overall technical quality.

    Matched MeSH terms: Health Behavior
  16. Pavlin BI, Ali O, Poh BK
    Asia Pac J Public Health, 2014 Sep;26(5 Suppl):4S-6S.
    PMID: 25143526 DOI: 10.1177/1010539514545286
    Matched MeSH terms: Health Behavior
  17. Hassali MA, Saleem F
    Res Social Adm Pharm, 2014 08 01;10(6):923.
    PMID: 25176322 DOI: 10.1016/j.sapharm.2014.07.005
    Matched MeSH terms: Health Behavior
  18. Tong SF, Ho C, Tan HM
    Int J Urol, 2011 Jan;18(1):32-42.
    PMID: 20969645 DOI: 10.1111/j.1442-2042.2010.02652.x
    The aging man is becoming a major burden to Asian countries because of the current poor health status of Asian men and the aging Asian population. Life expectancy at birth for men is shorter than women by an average of 4 years in Asian countries and major causes of death are cardiovascular disease, cancers, injuries and infections. However, there are considerable variations between Asian countries because of great disparity in socioeconomic status. Male-specific disorders, such as male sexual health and urological conditions, are other major health burdens because they have a great impact on men's quality of life. More importantly, many risk factors to the causes of mortality and morbidities, such as high-risk behavior and smoking, can be improved with health promotion and early intervention. The current evidence suggests that the poor health status of men is the result of their poor health care utilization, negative health-seeking behavior, the adverse social environment for men and gender-insensitive health care delivery. However, much evidence is still needed as Asian countries have great diversity in culture, societal values and men's needs. Asian time-tested wisdom on a balanced healthy lifestyle to longevity should be explored as potential men's health promotional programs. Taking into account Asian men's health-care needs, a gender-streamlined approach and man-friendly health care delivery should be on the national agenda in managing the aging man.
    Matched MeSH terms: Health Behavior
  19. Loh, S.Y., Chew, S.L.
    JUMMEC, 2012;15(1):1-6.
    This article presents a brief overview on the importance of adopting healthy behavior during and after the completion of primary cancer treatment. Increasing evidences are advocating physical activity engagement in cancer survivors due to its convincing beneficial outcomes. Today, outcomes from numerous trials confirmed the need to examine beyond physical activity engagement, into physical inactivity as an independent factor for cancer recurrences. Reducing cancer-risk related behaviors via increase physical activity and reduce inactivity is now receiving much attention in the field of cancer survivorship. Both realms of activity and inactivity are now acknowledged as influential independent factors contributing to better care in the field of cancer survivorship.
    Matched MeSH terms: Health Behavior
  20. Chew BH, Fernandez A, Shariff-Ghazali S
    Psychol Res Behav Manag, 2018;11:145-155.
    PMID: 29765258 DOI: 10.2147/PRBM.S117224
    Psychological aspects of a person, such as the personal value and belief systems, cognition and emotion, form the basis of human health behaviors, which, in turn, influence self-management, self-efficacy, quality of life, disease control and clinical outcomes in people with chronic diseases such as diabetes mellitus. However, psychological, psychosocial and behavioral interventions aimed at these groups of patients have yielded inconsistent effects in terms of clinical outcomes in clinical trials. This might have been due to differing conceptualization of health behavioral theories and models in the interventions. Assimilating different theories of human behavior, this narrative review attempts to demonstrate the potential modulatory effects of intrinsic values on cognitive and affective health-directed interventions. Interventions that utilize modification of cognition alone via education or that focuses on both cognitive and emotional levels are hardly adequate to initiate health-seeking behavior and much less to sustain them. People who are aware of their own personal values and purpose in life would be more motivated to practice good health-related behavior and persevere in them.
    Matched MeSH terms: Health Behavior
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