Displaying publications 1 - 20 of 91 in total

  1. Mohamed Khairi Termizi, Mazlan Ismail
    The multiple ownership status of the Malay Reservation Land (MRL) has existed since its
    establishment by the British colonialist through the Malay Reserves Enactment 1913. The main factor
    of the multiple ownership status was due to the continuous process of land inheritance from generation
    to next. This situation has given negative implications in the development of the land. This article
    discusses the issue of developing the multiple ownership of Malay Reserve Land. Data collection is
    conducted by semi-structured interview to the Perak Tengah District Officer and a number of
    landowners involved in MRL’s multiple ownership. The qualitative data analysis shows that the
    multiple ownership of the MRL can trigger social relationship problems among land co-owners and
    subsequently create problems to develop them. It is proposed that co-owners be more tolerant and
    willing to develop their land in joint venture scheme or develop individually through the process of
    land partition. In order to resolve the difficulty of obtaining financing, landowners must ensure that the
    development project is competitive and implemented within the local development zone.
  2. Mohamad Izzuan Mohd Ishar, Mohd Khata Jabor
    The existence of the gap between the expectation of culinary students and the realities of the job
    market has led the students to face the obstacles to entering or continuing their career in the same
    industry. As such, entrepreneurship is one of the best approaches in educating culinary students to
    prepare for any possible after graduation. However, there are no guidelines for determining and
    measuring the entrepreneurial level of culinary students. Therefore, this research aims to identify the
    elements of entrepreneurship in culinary. The results of this research is a culinary entrepreneurial
    framework. Side of this research is to build a measurement instrument of culinary entrepreneurship
    level and to produce culinary entrepreneurship profiles for culinary students. This research uses
    qualitative method in the first phase through document analysis and interviews with graduates and
    culinary entrepreneurs. At the end of the study, it will acquire a culinary entrepreneurial framework
    that is also used to produce an entrepreneurship measurement instrument in the second phase of
  3. Arbiah Maddahiri, Mohd Khairuddin Abdullah @ Jerry, Musirin Mosin, Mohammad Haafiz Ahmid, Hairi Asul
    LINUS is a program implemented by the Ministryof Education Malaysia (MOE) in Primary schools through out Malaysia. LINUS is an acronym for Literacy and Numeracy Screening which aims to increase the level of basic literacy and numeracy Among Level One (Year 1) pupils. The purpose of this studyi stoe xamine the teacher's teaching practices of LINUS-Literacy in Bahasa Malaysia. Based on the Theory of Behaviorism and Theory of Jean Piaget, LINUS teachers need tobe Innovative by utilizing techniques that match the LINUS pupils' ability in order to help The low ability pupils in mastering basic literacy skills. Data collection in this study Includes questionnaire, document analysis and observation; this researchuses Qualitative approach. The results of this study are expected to provide in put to Teachers who are teaching LINUS-Literacy in Bahasa Malaysia.
  4. Dg Nursazwani Daud, Wardatul Akmam Din, Asmaa AlSaqqaf
    This study intended to identify the best learning strategies of writing by focusing in vocabulary
    acquisition among the primary school pupils in Malaysia. Axiomatically, local education used the
    Process Writing Approach in producing writing composition. Unfortunately, the researchers thought
    that it is not sufficient to fulfill the component of good writing. By using the theory of scaffolding
    pioneered by Vygotsky, the researchers agreed to include vocabulary learning to scaffold the existing
    Process Writing Approach followed by application or practices. During application, the researcher as
    the teacher will provide a module where the experimental group will do writing exercises by using the
    new learned vocabularies. The researchers will use mixed method research where questionnaires of
    vocabulary and writing strategies are distributed where the results are the determinants of VAW
    module development.
  5. Cheam, Chai Li, Ong, S.C.
    Understanding undergraduates’ environmental behaviour is important as they will be the leaders of the
    country in the near future. They play an important role in protecting and conserving the environment.
    This paper investigates the undergraduates’ behaviours towards the environment after completing the
    Environment Economics course. Theory of Planned Behaviour (TPB) together with some other factors
    such as academic performance, government regulations and perceived importance of nature are
    employed. Multiple regression analysis shows undergraduates’ behaviours is positively affected by
    attitude and perceived importance of nature, and negatively influenced by government regulations.
    Although academic performance is very important to provide an understanding of basic principles of
    environmental sustainability, it however does not significantly influence their environmental
    behaviour. The finding hopes to assist the policy makers to plan future strategies so that the
    undergraduates behaviours can make a difference to nature and the environment.
  6. Rita Mardhatillah Umar Rauf, Fauzila Abdul Latif
    This study evaluates the level of music performance anxiety (MPA) using the Kenny Music
    Performance Anxiety Inventory (K-MPAI). Participants are tertiary students from Malaysian
    universities (Universiti Teknologi MARA UiTM, Universiti Pendidikan Sultan Idris UPSI and
    ASWARA). The objective of the study was to measure the level of MPA by Kenny Music
    Performance Anxiety Inventory (K-MPAI). The survey was distributed to 316 randomly selected
    respondents representing semester one to semester five (UiTM), semester one to semester six (UPSI)
    and semester one to semester seven (ASWARA) participants. The data were analysed using SPSS
    version 22 software to obtain frequencies and percentages. The KMPAI (Cronbach’s a .882) was
    reliable and valid for this sample. Normality test, reliability test and frequencies for demographic was
    demonstrated by significant positive effect to measure the level of MPA. These results support the use
    of this instrument as a screening tool for MPA in young musicians.
  7. Lai, Evonne Eng Fei, Han, Crispina Gregory K.
    The study entitled ‘The relationship of principals’ leadership and school climate with teachers’
    motivation among the secondary school teachers was held in Sri Aman, Sarawak. A total of 188
    respondents were selected through random sampling method. It is a quantitative research completed by
    using questionnaires. Principals’ leadership has been measured using the Leadership Behavior
    Description Questionnaire (LBDQ), while the school climate was measured by using the School-Level
    Environment Questionnaire (SLEQ). A measuring instrument Questionnaire Measure of Individual
    Differences in Achieving Tendecy (QMAT) was used to measure the level of teachers’ motivation. The
    Cronbach’s Alpha values for the three questionnaires were .926, .747 and .792. The study found that
    the level of principals’ leadership, school climate and teachers’ motivation are high. The findings have
    shown that there is no significant differences between principals based on academic qualifications and teaching experience, school climate based on academic qualifications, teachers’ motivation existed
    based on professional qualifications and teaching experiences. However, there is significant difference
    school climate based on teaching experience. The results also indicated that there is a weak positive
    relationship between principals’ leadership and teachers’ motivation (r=.206, p
  8. Mohammad Haafiz Ahmid, Mohd Khairuddin Abdullah, Khalid Johari, Arbiah Maddahiri, Hairi Asul
    Arabic language is an elective subject that is compulsory for religious-oriented students. One way to
    master the language by practicing self-regulated learning that can prevent passive behavior among
    students. However, it may be difficult to practice it if the school has less suitable facilities, equipment
    and environment. In Malaysia, there are several types of schools that require Arabic language. In this
    study, self-regulated learning will be compared based on three types of secondary schools namely
    National Secondary School (SMK), National Religious Secondary School (SMKA) and State Religious
    Secondary School (SMAN). The quantitative approach was used and the Motivated Strategies for
    Learning Questionnaire (MSLQ) as an instrument of this study. The data were collected from 542 form
    four religious-oriented students in the three types of schools and processed through ANOVA analysis.
    Overall, there was no significant difference in students’ self regulated learning and also one of it dimensions; self-regulation according to the type of school, however, the cognitive strategies use
    dimension are significantly different. Therefore, stakeholders should pay attention to the provision of
    facilities, equipment and environment that can stimulate self-regulated learning among students to
    improve Arabic language performance.
  9. Lezah @ Lejah Kiamsin, Rosy Talin
    Teaching method is an essential element in stimulating the interest in students subsequently their
    achievement in a subject, especially for the subject of History that is, for a long time, considered as a
    boring subject. The objective of this study is to identify the method of preference for pre-university
    students, particularly those who take the History subject and the reasons that motivate the students to
    be interested in the method. This study uses a qualitative design that combines the two main methods
    of interviewing and observation. The sampling was intended to be used in this study. The sample of the
    study consisted of four students who took the History subject at the Malaysian High School Certificate
    (STPM) level in the district of Kota Kinabalu. The findings of this study can be seen from the main
    theme of the study which is the method that interest the students and the justification of selection of the
    method among them. Overall, the findings show that there exist diversity of methods that students are
    interested in, namely the presentation method, questionnaire session, Gallery Walk and debate. Furthermore, being able to inculcate new skills, increasing motivation, interest and improving students’
    achievement are the justifications given by students to the selection of methods among students. As
    such, teachers play an important role in selecting the teaching methods that are appropriate to the needs
    of students throughout the teaching and learning process to ensure the objective of teaching and
    learning can be achieved.
  10. Mohd Alif Jasni, Siti Hajar Abu Bakar Ah, Jal Zabdi Mohd Yusoff, Khairiyah Md Shahid, Noralina Omar, Zaiton Azman
    The return of ex-prisoners who were released from prison into an environment filled with fellow
    friends could lead to negative influences such as drug addiction and crime repetition among former
    prisoners. This paper has been derived from a doctorate study studying the repeatition of crimes that
    occurred among former prisoners in Malaysia. The findings of the study have found that former
    prisoners often return to their fellow members due to family absence. This study has been used
    qualitative methods by interviewing 16 ex-prisoners identified through the technique of snowball
    sampling. The finding revealed that all these former prisoners from different state were concentrated
    around the Chow Kit road. Addiction, as a result of invitation process by friends. This situation are
    make the study to proven relationship between the influence of friends and drug abused among the
    former prisoners.
  11. Andrew Thomas Ujil, Christina Andin
    High-performance leaders are clearly stated as a wish in the 5 PPPM Shift 2013 -2025 which ensures
    high-performance leadership is placed in each school that refers to the principal and headmaster of
    excellence. High-performing leaders are recognized to drive the achievement of students towards
    excellence due to their ability to ensure the civilization and positive school environment, clear
    direction, close collaboration, high commitment, staff improvement program and good external
    relation. Recognizing the importance of high-performing leaders in creating more Cluster School of
    Excellence (SKK), the criteria, leadership training and leader development process are highlighted as
    well as describing the study gap based on the development of high-performing leadership. The criteria
    of high-performing leaders include leaders’ practices, preliminary factors, and leaders’ future direction.
    Next, leadership training such as NPQEL is closely linked to the Continum Leadership Development.
    Leadership development is based on leadership phase before starting career, while being a teacher, before becoming headmaster, while being headmaster, while being SKK headmaster, and future phase.
    Discussions on these aspects have led to the findings of the study’s gap on matters in the development
    phases of SKK’s headmaster as well as in the conceptual framework that have a profound impact on
    high-performance leaders.
  12. Nur Faezah Arfan, Dg Norizah Ag Kiflee @ Dzulkifli
    This concept paper discusses instructional leadership of administrator, school effectiveness and
    organizational culture in inner rural of Sarawak. Instructional leadership is the most reliable in
    education field. Leadership could directly impact the performance of the organization. In the context
    of this study, the organization is a Government-owned school. Thus the effectiveness of a school are
    influenced leadership practiced by administrators and civilization rooted in the school. Instructional
    leadership is given a priority in development plan Education 2013-2025 in five shifts to accommodate
    high-impact leaders in school. Education also did not miss in National Transformation 2020-2050 that
    is access to high quality education. Instructional leadership refers to the practice of administrator in
    giving guidance to teachers and students to improve and enhance the performance of the self and the
    school as a whole, whether in the areas of curriculum and co-curriculum. This performance will lead to school effectiveness from two major areas of the successfulness of students aspiration. However, there
    are other factors that play a role in performance improvements, that is the influence of organization
    culture formed under the leadership of the administrator.
  13. Arzizul Antin, Dg Norizah Binti Ag Kiflee@Dzulkifli
    This paper describes the influence of workload and motivation towards work efficiency of secondary
    school teachers in Sabah. Teacher’s work load refers to the official duties or responsibilities that the
    school has given to the teacher to be implemented whether inside or outside of the classroom.
    Teachers’ work load can be divided into two that is the academic and non-academic duties. Teacher
    motivation is an inducement in the teacher in performing the task assigned to them. Teacher’s
    motivation is divided into two, namely intrinsic motivation and extrinsic motivation. The efficiency of
    teacher work performance refers to the way the teacher performing the tasks and responsibilities given
    using various methods. Teacher’s workload will be influencing teacher’s motivation. Motivation of
    teachers affected by the teacher’s workload will further influencing the teacher’s work efficiency,
  14. Cosmas Julius Abah, Wong, Jane Kong Ling, Anantha Raman Govindasamy
    Dictionary production is one of the most effective methods of preserving languages and cultures. The
    Dusunic Family of Languages (DFL) in Sabah, Malaysia would have welcomed the efforts to
    document their languages through dictionary production as there are still lacking of dictionary,
    vocabulary and phrase books. Furthermore, more than half of the languages in DFL are unwritten.
    However, making dictionary conventionally is tedious and time consuming. The Dusunic Family of
    Languages which are facing extinction threats do not have the luxury of time to wait for dictionary
    production via the conventional method. Hence, this study explores the use of a method called Root-
    Oriented Words Generation (ROWG) which is formulated based on spelling orthography of DFL to
    generate one and two-syllable words list. From the words list, root words registers were compiled
    which can then be used as database for dictionary production. Findings of this study showed that
    ROWG was able to generate an exhaustive word lists of DFL and compile a large volume of root
    words register in DFL. Hence, this study was able to highlight the feasibility and viability of using
    ROWG to produce root words register of DFL which could possibly reduce the time for dictionary
    production significantly. In future studies, it is recommended that the ROWG is extended to include
    more than two syllable words. This study showed the potentiality of ROWG to address the looming
    demise of DFL by providing a more efficient way of compiling root words for the purpose of making a
  15. Anum Ariffah Mustapha, Siti Anisah Mohd Hatta
    The study investigates the vocabulary learning strategies (VLS) used by Mengubah Destini Anak
    Bangsa (MDAB) pre-diploma students at the Machang Campus of Universiti Teknologi MARA
    Kelantan (UiTMCK). For this purpose, a Vocabulary Learning Strategies Questionnaire (VLSQ) based
    on Schmitt’s (1997) Vocabulary Learning Strategies Taxonomy was administered to 76 MDAB prediploma
    students. The findings revealed that the students were medium users of VLS who used
    metacognitive strategies most frequently and cognitive strategies least frequently. The findings also
    revealed that there was no significant difference in the use of VLS among the male and female
    students. However, the results of Independent Samples T-test in the use of individual items for all VLS
    categories revealed significant difference in the mean scores of several strategies.
  16. Suzy Aziziyana Saili, Rosila Bee Mohd Hussain, Khairulnizam Mat Karim
    A plural society existence due to economic policy is an outcome of foreign colonization. Due to the
    British economic policy, Malaya saw the influx two foreign ethnic; Chinese and Indian, working in tin
    mining and rubber estates respectively. Early conflict involving the Malays and these foreign workers
    is inevitable which is evident during both the Japanese intervention and the British colonization. The
    objective of this paper is to review the role and responsibilities of Communities Liaison Committee in
    pioneering social cohesion between the three main ethnics in Malaya during the crucial time of
    Japanese intervention, British colonization, communist threat and the declaration of emergency. Before
    CLC, a cooperation was initiated by AMCJA-PUTERA coalition but was short lived due to the absence
    of support from the British and lack of bargaining between Malays and Non-Malays. CLC received a
    full patronage of the British as the pioneer of social cohesion in Malaya, especially when it was able to call upon the three main ethnic in its discussion of bargaining and negotiation or what is widely known
    as the social contract, as well as practicing political power sharing.
  17. Norita Kamaruddin, Nora'inan Bahari, Zanariah Dimon, Nurhayati Abd Ghani
    The awareness of the Muslim community on the importance of understanding breastfeeding according
    to Islamic perspective needs to be emphasized in promoting the implementation of breastfeeding in the
    best way. This proved that breast milk is the major food after birth and a mother should know the right
    and the regulation of breastfeeding in order to be in line with Islamic law. This article aims to discuss
    the level of awareness among the Muslim community in Selangor regarding breast milk donation. Data
    were collected through a questionnaire distributed to 400 respondents involving three locations in
    Selangor, namely in the northern zone (Hulu Selangor district), central zone (Klang district) and
    southern zone (Sepang district). The findings showed that the respondents had a moderate level of
    awareness regarding milk donation laws with average mean value of 3.26. This finding shows that the
    Muslim community in Selangor are concerned about the rights and the regulation of breastfeeding.
  18. Muhd Dhamir Audi Azizul, Azlina Mohd Khir, Wan Munira Wan Jaafar
    Relapse is a common phenomenon among former addicts who has undergone a preventive and rehabilitation treatment program. Relaps is a condition of using drugs more than one times after stopping them for a certain period of time depending on one's resistance to a drug withdrawal syndrome. There are various factors that affect the former drug addicts became relaps. Hence, the focus of this study is to explain the external factors of relaps among adult male drug addicts in Cure and Care Service Centre, Kuala Pilah, Negeri Sembilan. This study is a qualitative research that has been using a phenomenology approach using face-to-face interviews and further observation among eight drug addicts who are undergoing rehabilitation programs at CCSC Kuala Pilah. Sample selection was done through purposive sampling techniques and data were analyzed using thematic analysis through an inductive approach that focused on coding to obtain some key themes. The result of the study indicates the external factors such as family, peer and environmental factors play a great role in influencing of relapse. In conclusion, these identified factors illustrate the external influences that cause drug addicts to relapse. Therefore, the researcher proposes a post-rehabilitation module or program done by the responsible agencies after the addicts completed the rehabilitation program as guidance for them to the right direction for efficient recovery.
  19. Askiah Jamaluddin, Laily Paim, Ma'rof Redzuan, Husniyah Abd. Rahim
    The purpose of this paper is to identify the key domains of entrepreneurial behaviour among business
    owner in food processing industry. The study utilized a deductive research design and quantitative
    method. There are twenty-one statements about entrepreneurial behaviour to discover a core action
    associated with entrepreneurial behaviour. An entrepreneurial behaviour is defined as small family
    business strategic behaviour that captures specific entrepreneurial aspects (Walker and Brown, 2004).
    In additions, it is the actions taken by the small business owner to achieve business performance
    (Delmar, 1996). According to Kirkley (2015), entrepreneurial behaviour as self determined human
    action is based on a specific set of values which the individual uses to make decisions about how to
    behave in situations that a meaningful to their business. The questionnaires focused primarily on the
    meaning of entrepreneurial behaviour as self-determination to be succeed in business. There were 70
    respondents were selected by simple random sampling. The data were analysed by Exploratory Factor
    Analysis (EFA) and categorised into relevant domains. The result shows four specific domains of
    entrepreneurial behaviour business owner in food processing industry, namely, leadership, proactiveness,
    committed and risk taking. The finding items to each of these domains are consistent with
    the small family business perspective. The practical implication is the presence of the specific core
    action associated with entrepreneurial behaviour. The business owner should employ the four core
    action to sustain the business. The result of this study is importance to academician in small business
    area, business advisor from government and non government sectors, and small family business owner.
  20. Nazrolnizah Mohamad Noorzeli, Muhammad Nubli Abdul Wahab
    The ability to enhance the entrepreneurial skills of small entrepreneurs is the key factor to the increase
    in business. Nevertheless, previous literature showed that there is less current study which focused on
    the methods to improve entrepreneurial skills using Biofeedback techniques among entrepreneurs in
    Malaysia. Thus, this study was aimed to: 1) Identifying the demographic background of small
    entrepreneurs, 2) Identify management capabilities among entrepreneurs in entrepreneurial skills and 3) Identify the profile of Heart Rate Variability (HRV) among small entrepreneurs through increased the
    HF coherence. A total of 50 respondents of small entrepreneurs were recruited in this study. The data
    collected involved a questionnaire survey with participants, profit and sales analysis and analysis of
    HRV. Statistical correlation analysis was used to examine the relationship between entrepreneurial
    skills and business insights from the point of HRV. The finding shows that there is a very strong
    relationship between the increases in entrepreneurial skills from an increase in business with the profile
    of HRV among participants with the score of 0.80-1.00. This showed that HRV Biofeedback training
    technique is appropriate to be used as an intervention program to increse entrepreneurship skills among
    small entrepreneurs in Malaysia.
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