A term, Malay male neonate, delivered by spontaneous vertex delivery, was found to have a huge carvenous hemangioma on the anterior chest wall. He developed respiratory failure on the second day of life. Having considered the various options possible, an emergency surgical excision was carried outat the age of 57 hours. The patient recovered after a stormy post-operative period.
Report on 174 cases of tetanus neonatorum collected between 1946 and 1950 in the General Hospital, Singapore. There is a marked reduction in the incidence, which is attributed to a better maternity service. The results of treatment are bad – with a mortality of 90% of cases.
This female Asian (Malay) baby had clinical features of Proteus syndrome. She had a large right facial lipolymphangioma with hyperpigmentation of the overlying skin. There was a smaller lymphangioma over the left side of her neck with excess nuchal folds, macrodactyly and bilateral talipes equinovarus. Despite the extensive hemifacial swelling, there was no evidence of upper respiratory tract obstruction. Generalized seizures developed on the sixth day of life which were controlled with phenobarbital. The lymphangiomas were excised without recurrence.
Tetanus, especially tetanus neonatorum (T.N.) continues to be a significant medical and social problem in the developing countries. The case mortality rate remains very high even in the 'developed' countries, varying from 60-80 percent in various reports, and even higher in the case of tetanus neonatorum. Sanders et al had introduced the method of intrathecal injection of antitetanus serum (ATS) in 1976 and have achieved very encouraging results. As the conventional treatment of tetanus neonatorum had achieved very poor result, even in the very sophisticated centres, a case of tetanus neonatorum admitted to Cottage Hospital Semporna in Sabah had been treated with intrathecal ATS since June 1982. This paper reviews the results of this new approach to tetanus neonatorum treatment as compared to cases treated conventionally.
Over the six-veer periodfrom. 1976 to 1981, there were 241 neonates referred to the U.K.M. Paediatric Surgical Unit, General Hospital, Kuala Lumpur for alimentary tract obstruction and 207 were operated on. The three commonest conditions were anorectal anomalies (91 cases), Hirschsprung's disease (31 cases) and oesophageal atresia (30 cases). Overall operatioe mortality was 28.0 percent. This was high when preoperative complications lihe gut perforation (88.9 percent) or pneumonia (61.9 percent) and associated severe anomalies (90.9 percent) or chromosomal abnormalities (66.7 percent) were present. Emphasis is placed on the establishment of early diagnosis and the significance of the green vomit and maternal hydramnios is highlighted, The need is felt for more specialised nurses and the creation of a separate neonatal ICU in this hospital.