Displaying publications 1 - 20 of 186 in total

    Med J Malaya, 1959 Dec;14:99-105.
    PMID: 13842715
    Matched MeSH terms: Marriage*
  2. Fix AG
    Ann. Hum. Genet., 1974 Jan;37(3):327-32.
    PMID: 4812953
    Matched MeSH terms: Marriage*
  3. Deylami N, Hassan SA, Alareqe NA, Zainudin ZN
    PMID: 34501535 DOI: 10.3390/ijerph18178945
    Amounting evidence indicates that insufficient knowledge of marital communication skills leads to destructive interactions and poor marital adjustments in couples, especially during stressful situations. Despite the high effectiveness of Gottman's psychoeducational intervention, there is a lack of study on the online Gottman's psychoeducation intervention (O-GPI) to improve marital communication and dyadic adjustments. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of O-GPI on the improvement of marital communication patterns among Iranian couples.

    METHOD: The study followed a single-blind parallel group in a randomized controlled trial using an experimental longitudinal design, comprising 72 heterosexual couples living in Shiraz, Iran, with a 1-7-year marital age and no severe marital problems. The experimental group received eight consecutive O-GPIs via the Zoom platform, while the control group received information related to parenting skills via email. The outcome measures were the three patterns of communication: (i) constructive communication; (ii) demand-withdraw communication; and (iii) mutual avoidance communication-the screening measure was the dyadic adjustment scale.

    RESULTS: The findings indicated that O-GPI could improve couples' constructive communication significantly (45% for husbands and 40% wives) and decrease their total demand-withdrawal (51% for husbands and 65% wives) and mutual avoidance communication (60% for husbands and 62% wives).

    LIMITATIONS: Due to the homogenous nature of the sample, generalizations should be made with caution.

    CONCLUSIONS: This study demonstrates the feasibility and effectiveness of the online Gottman's psychoeducational intervention to improve couples' communication patterns.

    Matched MeSH terms: Marriage*
  4. Rosli H. Mahat, Nur Maisarah Abdul Rashid, Mohd Jalaluddin Jasman, Zulkifli Jaafar
    The Lembah Bujang archeological complex near Sungai Petani, Kedah consists of various structures constructed at different times and spread over a wide area. This paper reports on the thermoluminescence (TL) dating of one of these structures. The structure was found to be 350 ± 90 yrs old. This is very young as compared with other structures that are from the 4th to the 16th centuries. This structure is suspected to be remnant of a Muslim Mosque whereas the other structures were Hindu and Buddist temples.
    Matched MeSH terms: Marriage
  5. Suhaili Abdul Rahman, Kamarulnizam Abdullah
    As one of the states within the Federation of Malaysia, Sabah has inherited the characteristics of a
    developing country’s security management. The threats are not only driven by external but also from
    internal sources. As such, this article analyzes threats to Sabah's security predicaments. By using the
    National Security Theory of Developing Countries and Securitization Theory as the basis for
    discussion, the article explores and discusses how Sabah's security management have been influenced
    by several variables such as local political influences, federal-state relations, and societal’s state
    loyalty. The article concludes that Sabah’s security threats have been securitised by local political and
    community leaders. But, the success of securitising the threats depend on how security actors at the
    federal level are convinced with the omnipresent threats.
    Matched MeSH terms: Marriage
  6. Rahmanian P, Munawar K, Mukhtar F, Choudhry FR
    Arch Womens Ment Health, 2021 06;24(3):339-351.
    PMID: 33000343 DOI: 10.1007/s00737-020-01070-8
    While some studies suggest different mental health outcomes among women in polygamous versus monogamous marriages, no published systematic review or meta-analysis has analyzed the relevant research literature. This article aims to review the evidence of marriage types (i.e., polygamous and monogamous marriages) and differences in the prevalence of mental health issues. Eleven electronic databases, along with further identified references lists, were searched. Thirteen studies met the inclusion criteria. They included 3166 participants, and 986 women were in a polygamous marriage. All studies were rated for quality and were tested for publication bias. Meta-analyses were conducted on the five symptoms to assess for the effect of marriage type. The studies indicate a significant association of marriage type with psychological symptoms. The meta-analysis indicates that women in polygamous marriage had worsened mental health as compared with women in monogamous marriages. The weighted mean differences with 95% confidence intervals were somatization 0.53, 0.44-0.63; obsession-compulsion 0.35, 0.14-0.56; interpersonal sensitivity 0.42, 0.12-0.73; depression 0.41, 0.15-0.67; anxiety 0.41, 0.15-0.68; hostility = 0.47, 0.28-0.66; phobic anxiety 0.39, 0.17-0.61; paranoid ideation 0.35, 0.24-0.47; psychoticism 0.41, 0.23, 0.59; and Global Severity Index (GSI) 0.43, 0.25-0.60. A higher self-esteem and life satisfaction among women in polygamous marriages and statistically superior family functioning among women in monogamous marriages were also found. However, there was no statistically significant difference between the marital satisfaction of women in polygamous versus monogamous marriages. Results are consistent with the existing research on the prevalence of mental health issues among women in polygamous marriages. Nonetheless, these women were found to have elevated self-esteem and life satisfaction than women in monogamous marriages. Directions for future research are indicated.
    Matched MeSH terms: Marriage*
  7. Plesons M, Travers E, Malhotra A, Finnie A, Maksud N, Chalasani S, et al.
    Reprod Health, 2021 Jul 20;18(1):152.
    PMID: 34284797 DOI: 10.1186/s12978-021-01176-x
    Over the past 25 years, tremendous progress has been made in increasing the evidence on child marriage and putting it to good use to reduce the prevalence of child marriage and provide support to married girls. However, there is still much to be done to achieve the Sustainable Development Goal target 5.3 of ending child marriage by 2030, and to meet the needs of the 12 million girls who are still married before age 18 each year. To guide and stimulate future efforts, the UNDP-UNFPA-UNICEF-WHO-World Bank Special Programme of Research, Development and Research Training in Human Reproduction, the World Health Organization, the UNICEF-UNFPA Global Programme to End Child Marriage, and Girls Not Brides: The Global Partnership to End Child Marriage convened an expert group meeting in 2019 to: (1) review the progress made in building the evidence base on child marriage since the publication of research priorities in this area in 2015, (2) identify an updated set of research priorities for the next ten years, and (3) discuss how best to support research coordination, translation, and uptake. This article provides a summary of the progress made in this area since 2015 and lists an updated set of research gaps and their rationale in four key areas: (1) prevalence, trends, determinants, and correlates of child marriage; (2) consequences of child marriage; (3) intervention effectiveness studies to prevent child marriage and support married girls; and (4) implementation research studies to prevent child marriage and support married girls. It also highlights a number of calls-to-action around research coordination and knowledge translation to support the emerging and evolving needs of the field.
    Matched MeSH terms: Marriage*
  8. Malhotra A, Elnakib S
    J Adolesc Health, 2021 05;68(5):847-862.
    PMID: 33446401 DOI: 10.1016/j.jadohealth.2020.11.017
    PURPOSE: This review assesses evaluations published from 2000 to 2019 to shed light on what approaches work, especially at scale and sustainably, to prevent child marriage in low- and middle-income countries.

    METHODS: We conducted a search of electronic databases and gray literature and evaluated the methodological quality and risk of bias of included studies.

    RESULTS: A total of 30 studies met the inclusion criteria. Interventions that support girls' schooling through cash or in-kind transfers show the clearest pattern of success in preventing child marriage, with 8 of 10 medium-high quality studies showing positive results. Although limited in number, five studies on favorable job markets and targeted life skills and livelihoods training show consistent positive results. Comparatively, asset or cash transfers conditional on delaying marriage show success only among two of four evaluations, and the three studies on unconditional cash transfers for poverty mitigation show no effect. Findings also show a low success rate for multicomponent interventions with positive results in only one of eight medium-high quality studies. Further, single component interventions were much more likely to be at scale and sustainable than multicomponent interventions.

    CONCLUSIONS: These results indicate that enhancement of girls' own human capital and opportunities is the most compelling pathway to delaying marriage. In contrast, low rates of success, scale-up, and sustainability of multicomponent programs requires reconsideration of this approach.

    Matched MeSH terms: Marriage*
  9. Malaysia. Syariah Court Appeal Board
    Annu Rev Popul Law, 1988;15:66.
    PMID: 12289650
    The Court held that, in determining whether to authorize a Muslim man to take a second wife under Rule 11 of the Malaysia Muslim Marriage and Divorce Rules 1968, an objective test, rather than a subjective test, should be used. It ruled that, whether "a husband is competent to support more than one wife and will be able, if he marries more than one wife, to treat them with equity in accordance with the Muslim law" should be established by objective evidence, not merely by a husband's statement that he can support both wives and will treat them equitably. The Court allowed the appeal of the wife of the respondent against a decision of the Registrar of Muslim Marriages to allow the respondent to take a second wife.
    Matched MeSH terms: Marriage*
  10. Sabtu SN, Mahat RH, Amin YM, Price DM, Bradley DA, Maah MJ
    Appl Radiat Isot, 2015 Nov;105:182-187.
    PMID: 26319091 DOI: 10.1016/j.apradiso.2015.08.024
    Bujang Valley is a well-known historical complex found in the north-west of peninsular Malaysia; more than 50 ancient monuments and hundreds of artefacts have been discovered throughout the area. The discovery of these suggests Bujang Valley to have been an important South East Asian trading centre over the period from the 10th to 14th centuries. Present work concerns thermoluminescence (TL) dating analysis of shards collected from a historic monument located at Pengkalan Bujang in Bujang Valley. All the shards were prepared using the fine grain technique and the additive dose method was applied in determining the paleodose of each shard. The annual dose rate was obtained by measuring the concentration of naturally occurring radionuclides (U, Th and K) in the samples and their surroundings. The TL ages of the shards were found to range between 330±21 years and 920±69 years, indicative of the last firing of the bricks and tiles from which the shards originated, some dating back to the period during which the historical complex remained active.
    Matched MeSH terms: Marriage
  11. Yew, Teh Jia, Khairulmizam Samsudin, Nur Izura Udzir, Shaiful Jahari Hashim
    Recent rootkit-attack mitigation work neglected to address the integrity of the mitigation tool itself. Both detection and prevention arms of current rootkit-attack mitigation solutions can be given credit for the advancement of multiple methodologies for rootkit defense but if the defense system itself is compromised, how is the defense system to be trusted? Another deficiency not addressed is how platform integrity can be preserved without availability of current RIDS or RIPS solutions, which operate only upon the loading of the kernel i.e. without availability of a trusted boot environment. To address these deficiencies, we present our architecture for solving rootkit persistence – Rootkit Guard (RG). RG is a marriage between TrustedGRUB (providing trusted boot), IMA (Integrity Measurement Architecture) (serves as RIDS) and SELinux (serves as RIPS). TPM hardware is utilised to provide total integrity of our platform via storage of the aggregate of the clean snapshot of our platform OS kernel into TPM hardware registers (i.e. the PCR) – of which no software attacks have been demonstrated to date. RG solves rootkit persistence by leveraging on one vital but simple strategy: the mounting of rootkit defense via prevention of the execution of configuration binaries or build initialisation scripts. We adopted the technique of rootkit persistence prevention via thwarting the initialisation of a rootkit’s installation procedure; if the rootkit is successfully installed, proper deployment via thwarting of the rootkit’s
    configuration is prevented. We had subjected the RG to 8 real world Linux 2.6 rootkits and the RG was successful in solving rootkit persistence in all 8 evaluated rootkits. In terms of performance, the RG introduced a maximum of 11% overhead and an average of 4% overhead, hence permitting deployment in production environments.
    Matched MeSH terms: Marriage
  12. Siti Rohana Abdul Hadi, Aida Harlina Abdul Razak, Ek Zakuan Kalil, Wan Salwina Wan Ismail
    ASEAN Journal of Psychiatry, 2014;15(1):83-85.
    Objective: This case report aims to highlight the importance of parental contribution to the school refusal problem. Methods: We report a case of a 9- year old boy who presented with school refusal behaviour. Results: There was no psychiatry diagnosis made in this patient. Parental issues such as ineffective and inconsistent parenting, and parental marital disharmony contribute significantly to the school refusal behaviour. Conclusion: Parents in particular are important team players in the management of school refusal. Parental issues need to be explored and managed accordingly to ensure good outcome. ASEAN Journal of Psychiatry, Vol. 15 (1): January - June 2014: 83-85.
    Matched MeSH terms: Marriage
  13. Saw SH
    Demography, 1967 Jun;4(2):641-56.
    PMID: 21318676 DOI: 10.2307/2060305
    During the early postwar years up to 1957, the three main races in Malaya - Malays, Chinese, and Indians - experienced some differences in their levels of fertility. The lowest fertility was recorded among the Malays, with Chinese and Indian fertility about 5 percent and 10 percent higher, respectively. The comparatively low fertility of the Malays was owing to the exceptionally high rate of divorce, which meant unstable marriages and shorter periods of exposure to the risk of childbearing.A fairly well-defined pattern of state differences in fertility levels is found to exist in Malaya. Briefly, fertility was on the high side in the northern states of Johore, Malacca, and Negri Sembilan, and on the low side in the northern states of Penanq, Kelantan, Perlis, Kedah, and Trengganu, with the central states of Perak, Selangor, and Pahang in the intermediate position.The usual rural-urban fertility differentials are seen to prevail in Malaya as a whole and in the smaller units at state levels. Finally, the three main races registered higher fertility in rural areas, and the greatest gap between rural and urban rates prevailed among the Chinese.
    Matched MeSH terms: Marriage
  14. Nur Hikmah Mubarak Ali, Nadiyah Elias
    One of the hardest challenges in marriage are how to face negative thoughts that arised from difficult
    situations such as feeling inferior, abandoned, mistrust, and excessive jealousy. From the Cognitive-
    Behavioral perspective, these feelings are being exacerbated by unhealthy individual thought patterns
    originating from society and family upbringing. This article discusses the unhealthy thought patterns
    that are common in marriage, and strategies in changing these thought patterns by using healthy
    templates of Islamic thought patterns.
    Matched MeSH terms: Marriage
  15. Mohammad Nasir Saludin, Rika Fatimah Panjaitan
    There are a lot of factors and conditions to be considered by tour and travel companies when designing quality product due to the fact that the product being sold is intangible and their ultimate goal is to sustain customers' loyalty. Fuzzy Logic Controller (FLC) has been observed to be compatible to this 'intangible' factor thus giving better result when compared to other methods. By using FLC, all communications are clear and have precise meaning.
    Matched MeSH terms: Marriage
  16. George E
    Family Practitioner, 1988;11:89-89.
    Hereditary haemolytic anaemias, in particular, thalassaemia and the haemoglobinopathies, have been found to be a significant cause of hereditary haemolytic disease in West Malaysia. Theoretically 1 in 2500 marriages are between heterozygotes for beta-thalassaemia and 1 in 10,000 children can be expected to have thalassaemia major. An approach to the prevention of this disease would be public education and identification of carriers: to develop some approach to the identification and genetic counselling of beta-thalassaemia trait.
    Matched MeSH terms: Marriage
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