Displaying publications 1 - 20 of 66 in total

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  1. Yusoff Z, Maqbool M, George E, Hassan R, Ramasamy R
    Med J Malaysia, 2016 Jun;71(3):105-10.
    PMID: 27495882 MyJurnal
    Mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) derived from human umbilical cord (UC) have been considered as an important tool for treating various malignancies, tissue repair and organ regeneration. Umbilical cord-derived mesenchymal stem cells (UC-MSCs) are better alternative to MSCs that derived from bone marrow (BM-MSCs) as they are regarded as medical waste with little ethical concern for research and easily culture-expanded. In this present study, the foetal distal end of human UC was utilised to generate MSC by explant method. Upon in vitro culture, adherent cells with fibroblastic morphology were generated with rapid growth kinetics. Under the respective inductive conditions, these cells were capable of differentiating into adipocytes and osteocytes; express an array of standard MSC's surface markers CD29, CD73, CD90, CD106 and MHC-class I. Further assessment of immunosuppression activity revealed that MSCs generated from UC had profoundly inhibited the proliferation of mitogen-activated T lymphocytes in a dosedependent manner. The current laboratory findings have reinforced the application of explant method to generate UCMSCs thus, exploring an ideal platform to fulfil the increasing demand of MSCs for research and potential clinical use.
    Matched MeSH terms: Mesenchymal Stem Cell Transplantation
  2. Higuchi A, Kumar SS, Benelli G, Alarfaj AA, Munusamy MA, Umezawa A, et al.
    Trends Biotechnol, 2017 11;35(11):1102-1117.
    PMID: 28751147 DOI: 10.1016/j.tibtech.2017.06.016
    Current clinical trials that evaluate human pluripotent stem cell (hPSC)-based therapies predominantly target treating macular degeneration of the eyes because the eye is an isolated tissue that is naturally weakly immunogenic. Here, we discuss current bioengineering approaches and biomaterial usage in combination with stem cell therapy for macular degeneration disease treatment. Retinal pigment epithelium (RPE) differentiated from hPSCs is typically used in most clinical trials for treating patients, whereas bone marrow mononuclear cells (BMNCs) or mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) are intravitreally transplanted, undifferentiated, into patient eyes. We also discuss reported negative effects of stem cell therapy, such as patients becoming blind following transplantation of adipose-derived stem cells, which are increasingly used by 'stem-cell clinics'.
    Matched MeSH terms: Mesenchymal Stem Cell Transplantation*
  3. Mok PL, Leong CF, Cheong SK
    Malays J Pathol, 2013 Jun;35(1):17-32.
    PMID: 23817392 MyJurnal
    Mesenchymal stem cells (MSC) are multipotent, self-renewing cells that can be found mainly in the bone marrow, and other post-natal organs and tissues. The ease of isolation and expansion, together with the immunomodulatory properties and their capability to migrate to sites of inflammation and tumours make them a suitable candidate for therapeutic use in the clinical settings. We review here the cellular mechanisms underlying the emerging applications of MSC in various fields.
    Matched MeSH terms: Mesenchymal Stem Cell Transplantation*
  4. Ding SSL, Subbiah SK, Khan MSA, Farhana A, Mok PL
    Int J Mol Sci, 2019 Apr 10;20(7).
    PMID: 30974904 DOI: 10.3390/ijms20071784
    Multipotent mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) have been employed in numerous pre-clinical and clinical settings for various diseases. MSCs have been used in treating degenerative disorders pertaining to the eye, for example, age-related macular degeneration, glaucoma, retinitis pigmentosa, diabetic retinopathy, and optic neuritis. Despite the known therapeutic role and mechanisms of MSCs, low cell precision towards the targeted area and cell survivability at tissue needing repair often resulted in a disparity in therapeutic outcomes. In this review, we will discuss the current and feasible strategy options to enhance treatment outcomes with MSC therapy. We will review the application of various types of biomaterials and advances in nanotechnology, which have been employed on MSCs to augment cellular function and differentiation for improving treatment of visual functions. In addition, several modes of gene delivery into MSCs and the types of associated therapeutic genes that are important for modulation of ocular tissue function and repair will be highlighted.
    Matched MeSH terms: Mesenchymal Stem Cell Transplantation*
  5. Wong RSY, Cheong SK
    Malays J Pathol, 2022 Dec;44(3):429-442.
    PMID: 36591711
    Sarcopenia is a common condition in the geriatric population. It refers to age-related and progressive decline in muscle mass and function, which has a great impact on one's mobility and quality of life. Patients with sarcopenia are mainly treated with nutritional therapy, exercise therapy, or a combination of both. Since the identification of mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) several decades ago, many studies have explored the application of MSCs in the field of regenerative medicine. MSCs are popular candidates for cell-based therapy owing to their multipotent nature and immunomodulatory properties. Even though MSCs do not naturally differentiate into myogenic cells, they are important players in skeletal muscle health, as MSCs support myogenic differentiation of other cells and promote recovery of injured skeletal muscle. Recent studies have found that MSCs may be of benefits in the treatment of sarcopenia. This article gives an overview of sarcopenia and the role of MSCs in skeletal muscle homeostasis. It also discusses the therapeutic potential of MSCs and their derivatives, as well as the underlying mechanisms of the therapeutic effects of MSCs and MSC-based products in sarcopenia.
    Matched MeSH terms: Mesenchymal Stem Cell Transplantation*
  6. Shamsul BS, Tan KK, Chen HC, Aminuddin BS, Ruszymah BH
    Tissue Cell, 2014 Apr;46(2):152-8.
    PMID: 24630213 DOI: 10.1016/j.tice.2014.02.001
    Autogenous bone graft is the gold standard for fusion procedure. However, pain at donor site and inconsistent outcome have left a surgeon to venture into some other technique for spinal fusion. The objective of this study was to determine whether osteogenesis induced bone marrow stem cells with the combination of ceramics granules (HA or TCP/HA), and fibrin could serve as an alternative to generate spinal fusion. The sheep's bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells (BMSCs) were aspirated form iliac crest and cultured for several passages until confluence. BMSCs were trypsinized and seeded on hydroxyapatite scaffold (HA) and tricalcium phosphate/hydroxyapatite (TCP/HA) for further osteogenic differentiation in the osteogenic medium one week before implantation. Six adult sheep underwent three-level, bilateral, posterolateral intertransverse process fusions at L1-L6. Three fusion sites in each animal were assigned to three treatments: (a) HA constructs group/L1-L2, (b) TCP/HA constructs group/L2-L3, and (c) autogenous bone graft group/L5-L6. The spinal fusion segments were evaluated using radiography, manual palpation, histological analysis and scanning electron microscopy (SEM) 12 weeks post implantation. The TCP/HA constructs achieved superior lumbar intertransverse fusion compared to HA construct but autogenous bone graft still produced the best fusion among all.
    Matched MeSH terms: Mesenchymal Stem Cell Transplantation*
  7. Wong RS, Cheong SK
    Clin. Exp. Med., 2014 Aug;14(3):235-48.
    PMID: 23794030 DOI: 10.1007/s10238-013-0247-4
    Mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) have captured the attention of researchers today due to their multipotent differentiation capacity. Also, they have been successfully applied clinically, in the treatment of various diseases of the heart and musculoskeletal systems, with encouraging results. Their supportive role in haematopoiesis and their anti-inflammatory and immunomodulatory properties have enhanced their contribution towards the improvement of engraftment and the treatment of graft-versus-host disease in patients receiving haematopoietic stem cell transplantation. However, there is a growing body of research that supports the involvement of MSCs in leukaemogenesis with several genetic and functional abnormalities having been detected in the MSCs of leukaemia patients. MSCs also exert leukaemia-enhancing effects and induce chemotherapy resistance in leukaemia cells. This paper addresses the key issues in the therapeutic value as well as the harmful effects of the MSCs in leukaemia with a sharp focus on the recent updates in the published literature.
    Matched MeSH terms: Mesenchymal Stem Cell Transplantation/adverse effects
  8. Kardia E, Zakaria N, Sarmiza Abdul Halim NS, Widera D, Yahaya BH
    Regen Med, 2017 03;12(2):203-216.
    PMID: 28244823 DOI: 10.2217/rme-2016-0112
    The therapeutic use of mesenchymal stromal cells (MSCs) represents a promising alternative clinical strategy for treating acute and chronic lung disorders. Several preclinical reports demonstrated that MSCs can secrete multiple paracrine factors and that their immunomodulatory properties can support endothelial and epithelial regeneration, modulate the inflammatory cascade and protect lungs from damage. The effects of MSC transplantation into patients suffering from lung diseases should be fully evaluated through careful assessment of safety and associated risks, which is a prerequisite for translation of preclinical research into clinical practice. In this article, we summarize the current status of preclinical research and review initial MSC-based clinical trials for treating lung injuries and lung disorders.
    Matched MeSH terms: Mesenchymal Stem Cell Transplantation*
  9. Govindasamy V, Rajendran A, Lee ZX, Ooi GC, Then KY, Then KL, et al.
    Cell Biol Int, 2021 Oct;45(10):1999-2016.
    PMID: 34245637 DOI: 10.1002/cbin.11652
    Ageing and age-related diseases share some basic origin that largely converges on inflammation. Precisely, it boils down to a common pathway characterised by the appearance of a fair amount of proinflammatory cytokines known as inflammageing. Among the proposed treatment for antiageing, MSCs gained attention in recent years. Since mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) can differentiate itself into a myriad of terminal cells, previously it was believed that these cells migrate to the site of injury and perform their therapeutic effect. However, with the more recent discovery of huge amounts of paracrine factors secreted by MSCs, it is now widely accepted that these cells do not engraft upon transplantation but rather unveil their benefits through excretion of bioactive molecules namely those involved in inflammatory and immunomodulatory activities. Conversely, the true function of these paracrine changes has not been thoroughly investigated all these years. Hence, this review will describe in detail on ways MSCs may capitalize its paracrine properties in modulating antiageing process. Through a comprehensive literature search various elements in the antiageing process, we aim to provide a novel treatment perspective of MSCs in antiageing related clinical conditions.
    Matched MeSH terms: Mesenchymal Stem Cell Transplantation/methods*
  10. Lian J, Lin J, Zakaria N, Yahaya BH
    Adv Exp Med Biol, 2020;1298:149-166.
    PMID: 32424492 DOI: 10.1007/5584_2020_538
    Acute lung injury (ALI) is a severe clinical condition with high morbidity and mortality that usually results in the development of multiple organ dysfunction. The complex pathophysiology of ALI seems to provide a wide range of targets that offer numerous therapeutic options. However, despite extensive studies of ALI pathophysiology and treatment, no effective pharmacotherapy is available. Increasing evidence from both preclinical and clinical studies supports the preventive and therapeutic effects of mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) for treating ALI. As cell-based therapy poses the risk of occlusion in microvasculature or unregulated growth, MSC-derived extracellular vesicles (MSC-EVs) have been extensively studied as a new therapeutic strategy for non-cell based therapy. It is widely accepted that the therapeutic properties of MSCs are derived from soluble factors with paracrine or endocrine effects, and EVs are among the most important paracrine or endocrine vehicles that can deliver various soluble factors with a similar phenotype as the parent cell. Therapeutic effects of MSCs have been reported for various delivery approaches, diverse doses, multiple origins, and different times of administration, and MSC-EVs treatment may include but is not limited to these choices. The mechanisms by which MSCs and MSC-EVs may contribute to ALI treatment remain elusive and need further exploration. This review provides an overview of preclinical studies that support the application of MSC-EVs for treating ALI, and it discusses emerging opportunities and their associated challenges.
    Matched MeSH terms: Mesenchymal Stem Cell Transplantation
  11. Chin SP, Poey AC, Wong CY, Chang SK, Tan CS, Ng MT, et al.
    Cytotherapy, 2011 Aug;13(7):814-21.
    PMID: 21526902 DOI: 10.3109/14653249.2011.574118
    BACKGROUND AIMS: Mesenchymal stromal cells (MSC) may improve cardiac function following myocardial infarction. MSC can differentiate into cardiomyocytes and endothelial cells while exerting additional paracrine effects. There is limited information regarding the efficacy of route for MSC treatment of severe dilated cardiomyopathy (DCM). The aim of this study was to demonstrate the clinical safety, feasibility and efficacy of direct intramyocardial and intracoronary administration of autologous bone marrow-derived MSC treatment for no-option patients with chronic severe refractory DCM.

    METHODS: Ten symptomatic patients with DCM and refractory cardiac function, despite maximum medical therapy, were selected. Five had ischemic DCM deemed unlikely to benefit from revascularization alone and underwent bypass operations with concurrent intramyocardial MSC injection (group A). Two patients had previous revascularization and three had non-ischemic DCM and received intracoronary MSC injection (group B).

    RESULTS: Group A and B patients received 0.5-1.0 × 10(6) and 2.0-3.0 × 10(6) MSC/kg body weight, respectively. All patients remained alive at 1 year. There were significant improvements from baseline to 6 and 12 months in left ventricular ejection fraction and other left ventricular parameters. Scar reduction was noted in six patients by 12 months.

    CONCLUSIONS: Autologous bone marrow MSC treatment is safe and feasible for treating chronic severe refractory DCM effectively, via intracoronary or direct intramyocardial administration at prescribed doses.

    Matched MeSH terms: Mesenchymal Stem Cell Transplantation*
  12. Sarmadi VH, Heng FS, Ramasamy R
    Med J Malaysia, 2008 Jul;63 Suppl A:63-4.
    PMID: 19024985
    The therapeutic effect of mesenchymal stem cells (MSC) has been extensively investigated in recent decades, however this therapeutic effect has not been fully characterised. The aim of this study is to elucidate the inhibitory effect of MSC on haematopoietic tumour cells proliferation such as BV173 cell line. To this end, MSC generated from bone marrow, after immunophenotyping, they were co-cultured with tumour cell. The result shows that MSC profoundly inhibit the tumour cell proliferation via arresting the tumour cells at G0 and G1 phase of cell cycle.
    Matched MeSH terms: Mesenchymal Stem Cell Transplantation*
  13. Tan KK, Aminuddin BS, Tan GH, Sabarul Afian M, Ng MH, Fauziah O, et al.
    Med J Malaysia, 2004 May;59 Suppl B:43-4.
    PMID: 15468810
    The strategy used to generate tissue-engineered bone construct, in view of future clinical application is presented here. Osteoprogenitor cells from periosteum of consenting scoliosis patients were isolated. Growth factors viz TGF-B2, bFGF and IGF-1 were used in concert to increase cell proliferation during in vitro cell expansion. Porous tricalcium phosphate (TCP)-hydroxyapatite (HA) scaffold was used as the scaffold to form 3D bone construct. We found that the addition of growth factors, greatly increased cell growth by 2 to 7 fold. TCP/HA proved to be the ideal scaffold for cell attachment and proliferation. Hence, this model will be further carried out on animal trial.
    Matched MeSH terms: Mesenchymal Stem Cell Transplantation*
  14. Ng MH, Aminuddin BS, Tan KK, Tan GH, Sabarul Afian M, Ruszymah BH
    Med J Malaysia, 2004 May;59 Suppl B:41-2.
    PMID: 15468809
    Bone marrow stem cells (BMSC), known for its multipotency to differentiate into various mesenchymal cells such as chodrocyte, osteoblasts, adipocytes, etc, have been actively applied in tissue engineering. BMSC have been successfully isolated from bone marrow aspirate and bone marrow scraping from patients of various ages (13-56 years) with as little as 2ml to 5ml aspirate. BMSC isolated from our laboratory showed the presence of a heterogenous population that showed varying prevalence of surface antigens and the presence of telomerase activity albeit weak. Upon osteogenic induction, alkaline phosphatase activity and mineralization activity were observed.
    Matched MeSH terms: Mesenchymal Stem Cell Transplantation*
  15. Nather A
    Med J Malaysia, 2004 May;59 Suppl B:37-8.
    PMID: 15468807
    Matched MeSH terms: Mesenchymal Stem Cell Transplantation*
  16. Rotter N, Stölzel K, Endres M, Leinhase I, Ziegelaar BW, Sittinger M
    Med J Malaysia, 2004 May;59 Suppl B:35-6.
    PMID: 15468806
    Matched MeSH terms: Mesenchymal Stem Cell Transplantation*
  17. Goh JC, Ouyang HW, Toh SL, Lee EH
    Med J Malaysia, 2004 May;59 Suppl B:47-8.
    PMID: 15468812
    Matched MeSH terms: Mesenchymal Stem Cell Transplantation*
  18. Teh SW, Mok PL, Abd Rashid M, Bastion MC, Ibrahim N, Higuchi A, et al.
    Int J Mol Sci, 2018 Feb 13;19(2).
    PMID: 29438279 DOI: 10.3390/ijms19020558
    Ocular microbial infection has emerged as a major public health crisis during the past two decades. A variety of causative agents can cause ocular microbial infections; which are characterized by persistent and destructive inflammation of the ocular tissue; progressive visual disturbance; and may result in loss of visual function in patients if early and effective treatments are not received. The conventional therapeutic approaches to treat vision impairment and blindness resulting from microbial infections involve antimicrobial therapy to eliminate the offending pathogens or in severe cases; by surgical methods and retinal prosthesis replacing of the infected area. In cases where there is concurrent inflammation, once infection is controlled, anti-inflammatory agents are indicated to reduce ocular damage from inflammation which ensues. Despite advances in medical research; progress in the control of ocular microbial infections remains slow. The varying level of ocular tissue recovery in individuals and the incomplete visual functional restoration indicate the chief limitations of current strategies. The development of a more extensive therapy is needed to help in healing to regain vision in patients. Stem cells are multipotent stromal cells that can give rise to a vast variety of cell types following proper differentiation protocol. Stem cell therapy shows promise in reducing inflammation and repairing tissue damage on the eye caused by microbial infections by its ability to modulate immune response and promote tissue regeneration. This article reviews a selected list of common infectious agents affecting the eye; which include fungi; viruses; parasites and bacteria with the aim of discussing the current antimicrobial treatments and the associated therapeutic challenges. We also provide recent updates of the advances in stem cells studies on sepsis therapy as a suggestion of optimum treatment regime for ocular microbial infections.
    Matched MeSH terms: Mesenchymal Stem Cell Transplantation/methods*
  19. Hassan NH, Sulong AF, Ng MH, Htwe O, Idrus RB, Roohi S, et al.
    J Orthop Res, 2012 Oct;30(10):1674-81.
    PMID: 22411691 DOI: 10.1002/jor.22102
    Autologous nerve grafts to bridge nerve gaps have donor site morbidity and possible neuroma formation resulting in development of various methods of bridging nerve gaps without using autologous nerve grafts. We have fabricated an acellular muscle stuffed vein seeded with differentiated mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) as a substitute for nerve autografts. Human vein and muscle were both decellularized by liquid nitrogen immersion with subsequent hydrolysis in hydrochloric acid. Human MSCs were subjected to a series of treatments with a reducing agent, retinoic acid, and a combination of trophic factors. The differentiated MSCs were seeded on the surface of acellular muscle tissue and then stuffed into the vein. Our study showed that 35-75% of the cells expressed neural markers such as S100b, glial fibrillary acidic protein (GFAP), p75 NGF receptor, and Nestin after differentiation. Histological and ultra structural analyses of muscle stuffed veins showed attachment of cells onto the surface of the acellular muscle and penetration of the cells into the hydrolyzed fraction of muscle fibers. We implanted these muscle stuffed veins into athymic mice and at 8 weeks post-implantation, the acellular muscle tissue had fully degraded and replaced with new matrix produced by the seeded cells. The vein was still intact and no inflammatory reactions were observed proving the biocompatibility and biodegradability of the conduit. In conclusion, we have successfully formed a stable living nerve conduit which may serve as a substitute for autologous nerves.
    Matched MeSH terms: Mesenchymal Stem Cell Transplantation/methods*
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