Displaying publications 1 - 20 of 445 in total

  1. Ainuddin HA, Loh SY, Low WY, Sapihis M, Roslani AC
    Asian Pac J Cancer Prev, 2012;13(12):6289-94.
    PMID: 23464447
    BACKGROUND: Research evidence suggests a debilitating impact of the diagnosis of cancer on the quality of life of the afflicted individuals, their spouses and their families. However, relatively few studies have been carried out on the impact on the QOL of adolescents living with parents diagnosed with cancer. This paper presents a sub- analysis on the impact of parental cancer (colorectal, breast and lung) on adolescents.

    MATERIALS AND METHODS: This is a cross-sectional study on adolescents aged 13-18 years old. Upon ethical clearance obtained from UMMC Medical Ethics Committee, patients with colorectal, breast or lung cancer and their adolescent children were recruited from the Clinical Oncology Unit of University of Malaya Medical Centre. Respondents who gave consent completed a demographic questionnaire and the Pediatric Quality of Life Inventory, via the post, email, home visit or meetings at the clinics.

    RESULTS: 95 adolescents from 50 families responded, giving a response rate of 88 percent. The adolescent's mean age was 16 years (ranging between 13-18 years). Adolescents with parental cancer had the lowest mean score in emotional functioning (p<0.05). Male adolescents had significantly higher quality of life overall and in physical functioning compared to female adolescents. Adolescents with a father with cancer had better school functioning compared to adolescents whose mothers had cancer. Families with household income of RM 5000 and above have significantly better quality of life compared to families with lower household income.

    CONCLUSIONS: Adolescent sons and daughters of parents with a cancer diagnosis show lowered QOL, particularly with reference to emotional functioning and school performance. Addressing the needs of this young group has been slow and warrants special attention. Revisiting the risk and resilience factors of adolescents might also inform tailored programs to address the needs of this neglected adolescent population.

    Matched MeSH terms: Parents/psychology
  2. Zalilah MS, Anida HA, Merlin A
    Med J Malaysia, 2003 Dec;58(5):743-51.
    PMID: 15190662 MyJurnal
    The aim was to determine the differences in parents' perceptions of boys' and girls' body shapes and the explanations for the emphasis on body shape care of children. Subjects were low-income parents (n = 158) of preschoolers attending preschools in Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia. Parental perceptions of children's body shapes were assessed based on their rankings (scale of 1 to 7) of four attributes (ideal, healthy, fat and thin) for boy and girl figures. Parental responses to five questions on the importance of body shape were also obtained. Parental rankings of ideal and healthy body shapes were significantly lower for girls than boys (p < 0.001). However, mothers' and fathers' rankings of boys' and girls' body shapes were not significantly different. for both boys and girls, parental ratings for ideal body shape were significantly lower than for healthy body shape (p < 0.001). The majority of parents indicated that children's body shape is important for their future health, self enhancement, social interaction and career. With the increasing prevalence of body dissatisfaction among Malaysian children, these findings contribute to the understanding of parental roles in the development of body image and perhaps, in the etiology of body dissatisfaction among children.
    Matched MeSH terms: Parents/psychology*
  3. Norliza Ahmad, Hanafiah Mohd Salleh
    This study was designed to examine the role of parents and family in motorcycle riding practices among teenagers and motorcycle accident in FELDA Trolak Utara, Perak. This was a cross sectional study using universal sampling that involved 309 teenage riders aging from 11 to 19 years old. Only 6.1% respondents that rode motorcycle had a valid driving licenses. Mean age of starting to ride was 11.46 ± 1.75 years old. Mean years of riding motorcycle was 3.66 ± 1.95 years. The major buyer of motorcycles for the teenagers were father (78.3%) and other family members (13.7%). About 42.7% of teenagers learnt riding by themselves and in 51.8%, family members taught teenagers to ride motorcycle. The main purpose for riding motorcycle were to go to shop (37.2%), to school (32.7%) and for recreation (25.2%). From the perception of teenagers, about 82.2% parents encouraged them to ride. Mean usual riding speed (n = 296) was 58.72 ± 23.97 km/h. The mean maximum riding speed (n = 290) was 89.81 ± 30.70 km/h. There were positive correlation between years of motorcycle riding and usual motorcycle riding speed (r = 0.292, p < 0.05) and maximum motorcycle riding speed (r = 0.371, p < 0.05). The usual motorcycle riding speed was predictor factor for motorcycle accident. Parents, families and communities should play their role to make sure that their teenage children do not ride at a very young age and ride without a valid license. Reducing years of motorcycle riding among teenagers may reduce usual riding speed and consecutively reducing teenagers’ involvement in motorcycle accidents.
    Key words : role of parents, teenagers’ riding practice, motorcycle
    Matched MeSH terms: Parents
  4. Redzuwan Yahaya, Shahidan Radiman, Saad M. Saleh
    The preformation factor of alpha-decay process in compound nuclei is microscopically proposed with a new perspective. The formation of alpha particle inside the parent nuclei is considered as a quantum-mechanical state which is yielded from a certain interaction among the valance nucleons. This interaction is very similar to that one responsible for the formation of the quasi-bound states in many-body system. This introduced microscopic perspective might give more insight to the understanding of the nuclear structure in the compound nuclei.
    Matched MeSH terms: Parents
  5. Siti Rohana Abdul Hadi, Aida Harlina Abdul Razak, Ek Zakuan Kalil, Wan Salwina Wan Ismail
    ASEAN Journal of Psychiatry, 2014;15(1):83-85.
    Objective: This case report aims to highlight the importance of parental contribution to the school refusal problem. Methods: We report a case of a 9- year old boy who presented with school refusal behaviour. Results: There was no psychiatry diagnosis made in this patient. Parental issues such as ineffective and inconsistent parenting, and parental marital disharmony contribute significantly to the school refusal behaviour. Conclusion: Parents in particular are important team players in the management of school refusal. Parental issues need to be explored and managed accordingly to ensure good outcome. ASEAN Journal of Psychiatry, Vol. 15 (1): January - June 2014: 83-85.
    Matched MeSH terms: Parents
  6. Mohd Shukrimi Awang, Ardilla Hanim bt Abdul Razak, Nurazlina bt Azizi, Nur Amalina Syazwani Bukhori, Hanisah Mohamad Zainuddin, Nora Mat Zin
    Having children with congenital anomalies, particularly congenital talipes
    equinovarus (CTEV) may impact the psychological wellbeing of the parents. This study
    is to assess the psychological impact of CTEV, the related factors, and the coping
    strategies used by the parents in Hospital Tengku Ampuan Afzan (HTAA), Kuantan,
    Pahang. (Copied from article).
    Matched MeSH terms: Parents
  7. Ahmad Rasdan Ismail, Noor Adilah Hamzah, Nor Kamilah Makhtar, Nurul Husna Che Hassan, Darliana Mohamad, Baba Md Deros
    Road transport is the movement of passengers or goods on the road. To date, issues concerning the safety of students
    and school institutions have continued to attract public attention. The recent spate of incidents inside and outside
    the school compound has brought the issue of children safety into our attention. These include the escalating number
    of road casualties. This study was conducted to observe road hazard outside the school compound and analyse the
    safety risks faced by school children by using the risk matrix. The risks are calculated to include likelihood and
    severity of hazard as identified in the Guideline of HIRARC 2008. The area selected was the East Coast state of
    Peninsular Malaysia, with over 111 schools randomly selected in Kelantan. Results were then analysed and six
    highlighted hazards were discussed. The results show that the main road posed the highest risk due to speeding
    vehicles. These vehicles failed to slow down when approaching the school area. The school
    administration must enhance the safety of the staff, students, and public while in the school area. In conclusion, road
    safety awareness must be instilled among teachers, students, parents and road users alike.
    Matched MeSH terms: Parents
  8. Shariff MA, Kassim K
    Family Physician, 1989;1:28-30.
    Six cases of children of divorced parents are discussed. Their presentations are described and other relevant findings are mentioned. It is interesting to note that in the majority of the cases, the caretakers had difficulties in looking after the children and hence brought them to seek treatment.

    Study site: Psychiatric clinic, Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia
    Matched MeSH terms: Parents
  9. Woon TH
    Family Practitioner, 1982;5:53-54.
    Three iIIustrative cases of children with depression managed at the University Hospital, Kuala Lumpur; showed similar features of depressive illness and the association with family problems and depressed parents as described in Western countries. The Multi-Axia System of classification (MAS), as suggested in a WHO publication provided a useful means of classification as well as management. Two of the axes are biological and psycho-social factors in the aetiology of psychiatric syndromes (the third axis) and the intellectual level (the second axis of the child). Appropriate counselling of the parents is an important part in the management of depression in children.
    Matched MeSH terms: Parents
  10. Tan H
    Theor Appl Genet, 1977 Jan;50(1):29-34.
    PMID: 24407495 DOI: 10.1007/BF00273794
    Estimates of general combining ability of parents for yield and girth obtained separately from seedlings and their corresponding clonal families in Phases II and IIIA of the RRIM breeding programme are compared. A highly significant positive correlation (r = 0.71***) is found between GCA estimates from seedling and clonal families for yield in Phase IIIA, but not in Phase II (r = -0.03(NS)) nor for girth (r= -0.27(NS)) in Phase IIIA. The correlations for Phase II yield and Phase IIIA girth, however, improve when the GCA estimates based on small sample size or reversed rankings are excluded.When the best selections (based on present clonal and seedling information) are compared, all five of the parents top-ranking for yield are common in Phase IIIA but only two parents are common for yield and girth in Phases II and IIIA respectively. However, only one parent for yield in Phase II and two parents for girth in Phase IIIA would, if selected on clonal performance, have been omitted from the top ranking selections made by previous workers using seedling information.These findings, therefore, justify the choice of parents based on GCA estimates for yield obtained from seedling performance. Similar justification cannot be offered for girth, for which analysis is confounded by uninterpretable site and seasonal effects.
    Matched MeSH terms: Parents
  11. Muhammad Wafiuddin Ahmad, Ed Simor Khan, Rajandra Kumar, Zamzuri Zakaria, Ahmad Faiza, Haidar Nusuruddin, et al.
    Adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS) is the most common spinal deformity among teenager. For those indicated, early surgical intervention allows better surgical correction due to flexibility of the spine during teenage years, hence good functional outcome and better cosmetic can be expected. In this case report, there is the management of four patients surgically using the posterior spinal instrumentation and fusion. Pre-operatively patients were examined at IIUM Medical Centre spine clinic, all necessary investigations were carried out. A thorough explanation was done to patient and parents regarding procedure, risk and benefit. All patients were treated using the same surgical technique. Neuromonitoring was used throughout the whole surgery until skin closure. All patients were hospitalized around one week. Post-operatively patients were followed up at two weeks, six weeks, three months, and every six months thereafter. It is important for clinicians to identify patients with AIS as early detection and timely treatment will change the natural history of curve progression. Surgical intervention when necessary will be easier and with less risk of complications when surgery was carried out during teenage years as the spine is more flexible and the deformity is less severe.
    Matched MeSH terms: Parents
  12. Awadh AI, Hassali MA, Al-Lela OQ, Bux SH, Elkalmi RM, Hadi H
    BMC Pediatr, 2014;14:254.
    PMID: 25284603 DOI: 10.1186/1471-2431-14-254
    Parents' knowledge about immunization is an important predictor factor for their children's immunization status. The aims of this study were to assess parents' knowledge and to evaluate the effect of a short educational intervention on improving parents' knowledge of childhood immunization.
    Matched MeSH terms: Parents/education*
  13. Lim VW, Staines A
    Med J Malaysia, 2007 Dec;62(5):398-401.
    PMID: 18705475 MyJurnal
    Cerebral Palsy (CP) describes a group of chronic conditions affecting body movement and muscle coordination caused by damage to one or more areas of the brain, occurring at any time during foetal development to infancy. This research was carried out to learn how parents of children with cerebral palsy (CP) had found and accessed services provided for them in Selangor and Kuala Lumpur. It was based in the Spastic Children's Association of Selangor and Federal Territory (SCAS&FT) among 96 of 201 parents of children who use the facilities and services provided by the SCAS&FT through questionnaires and face-to-face interviews. There was a satisfactory level of availability and accessibility of contacting and using the services provided by SCAS&FT in terms of respondent satisfaction. However, parents had varying levels of awareness of the different classes and activities carried out by the school. Efforts to improve knowledge regarding the services available for children with CP in the general population and among parents of these children should be promoted.
    Matched MeSH terms: Parents*
  14. Khan TM, Chiau LM
    Lancet, 2015 Oct 31;386(10005):1733.
    PMID: 26545429 DOI: 10.1016/S0140-6736(15)00689-3
    Matched MeSH terms: Parents*
  15. Khan MU, Ahmad A
    Lancet, 2015 Jul 25;386(9991):337.
    PMID: 26227462 DOI: 10.1016/S0140-6736(15)61405-2
    Matched MeSH terms: Parents*
  16. Kee PK
    J Biosoc Sci, 1982 Apr;14(2):157-66.
    PMID: 7076693
    Matched MeSH terms: Parents/psychology*
  17. Marshall J, Doone E, Price M
    Disabil Rehabil, 2019 11;41(22):2653-2662.
    PMID: 29779396 DOI: 10.1080/09638288.2018.1474497
    Background: This study examined parents' developmental concerns for their children within the context of systems of care in Malaysia. Methods: Focus groups and interviews were conducted in peninsular Malaysia and Borneo. Results: Parents' perceptions of developmental delay stemmed from three sources: the cultural, resource, and the social environments. Conclusion: There is a need to develop a medical support system in Malaysia that considers a life-course perspective, including prenatal care, screening/diagnosis, and services. This system should embrace a family-centered approach to diagnosis, referral, intervention, and support with sensitivity to cultural beliefs, family preferences, and barriers to care. Implications for Rehabilitation Parental perceptions of disability affect the strategies they use to cope. This research found that cultural conceptions of disability, available resources, and social support affect parental perceptions of disability. The resource environment in Malaysia significantly restricts parents' ability to cope with their child's disability. This research recommended that the medical system of Malaysia develops a life-course perspective to disability to provide a range of care for children with disabilities including prenatal care, screening and rehabilitation or coping services.
    Matched MeSH terms: Parents/psychology*
  18. Zalbahar N, Najman J, McIntyre HD, Mamun A
    Clin Obes, 2017 Aug;7(4):206-215.
    PMID: 28557382 DOI: 10.1111/cob.12200
    The purpose of this study was to examine the association of parental pre-pregnancy weight and body mass index (BMI) on offspring weight and BMI change from childhood to adulthood. We analysed BMI data from a subsample of parents (n = 1494) from the Mater-University of Queensland Study of Pregnancy cohort that started in the early 1980s in Brisbane, Australia: data were collected at pre-pregnancy and then also for offspring at 5, 14 and 21-year follow-ups. Multiple regression for continuous outcomes and multinomial regression for categorical outcomes were performed. A total of 14.7% of offspring experienced BMI change from normal at 5 years to overweight or obese (OW/OB) at 14 years, 15.3% of normal at 14 years to OW/OB at 21 years and 22.8% from normal at 5 years to OW/OB at 21 years. Overall, the strength of the association of parental BMI with offspring BMI was stronger as offspring become older. Pre-pregnancy parental BMI differentially impacts offspring OW/OB across the life course. For every unit increase in paternal and maternal BMI z-score, offspring BMI z-score increased, on average, by between 0.15% (kg m-2) and 0.24% (kg m-2) throughout all three stages of life when both parents were OW/OB; these associations were stronger than with one parent. Parental pre-pregnancy BMI and OW/OB is a strong predictor of offspring weight and BMI change from early life to adulthood.
    Matched MeSH terms: Parents*
  19. Gomez R, Stavropoulos V
    Assessment, 2019 09;26(6):1142-1153.
    PMID: 28735555 DOI: 10.1177/1073191117721743
    To date, at least 12 different models have been suggested for the Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire (SDQ). The current study used confirmatory factor analysis to examine the relative support for these models. In all, 1,407 Malaysian parents completed SDQ ratings of their children (age range = 5-13 years). Although the findings showed some degree of support for all 12 models, there was most support for an oblique six-factor model that included the five SDQ domains (emotional problems, conduct problems, hyperactivity, peer problems, and low prosocial behavior) and a positive construal factor comprising all the 10 SDQ positive worded items. The original proposed five-factor oblique model also showed good fit. The implications of the findings for understanding the results of past studies of the structural models of the parent version of the SDQ, and for clinical and research practice involving the SDQ are discussed.
    Matched MeSH terms: Parents*
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