Displaying publications 1 - 20 of 163 in total

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  1. Singh N
    Med. J. Malaysia, 1980 Jun;34(4):343-6.
    PMID: 7219260
    A' brief' of an attempt in integration of health education of patients as a part and parcel of treatment and management in hospitals in Kelantan is outlined. The methodology used in the context of local situation is described, problems and short-comings highlighted, and a few suggestions made including recommendations for further such trial efforts in other hospitals in the country.
    Matched MeSH terms: Patient Education as Topic*
  2. Chen ST
    Med. J. Malaysia, 1980 Jun;34(4):325-8.
    PMID: 7219257
    Matched MeSH terms: Patient Education as Topic*
  3. Ramadas A, Quek KF, Chan CK, Oldenburg B
    Int J Med Inform, 2011 Jun;80(6):389-405.
    PMID: 21481632 DOI: 10.1016/j.ijmedinf.2011.02.002
    The Internet has emerged as a potentially effective medium for information exchange. The Internet's potential has been recognised and web-based education programmes have been steadily adopted in recent years in preventing and managing chronic diseases such as diabetes mellitus. This review provides a descriptive discussion of web-based behavioural interventions for the management of type 2 diabetes mellitus.
    Matched MeSH terms: Patient Education as Topic*
  4. Abidi SS, Han CY, Abidi SR
    Stud Health Technol Inform, 2001;84(Pt 2):1425-9.
    PMID: 11604961
    We present an Internet-based Personalised Healthcare Information (PHI) dissemination system. Information personalisation is guided by the individual's current health profile as recorded in his/her EMR. A PHI package is composed by intelligently selecting and synthesizing various topic-specific documents, each corresponding to some health parameter noted in the EMR. To ensure medical consistency, constraint satisfaction techniques are employed during the information selection phase. The resultant PHI package--covering both long-term and immediate health-maintenance requirements--can be pro-actively pushed to the individual via email, thereby ensuring the timely availability of situation-specific health maintenance information. The featured work is in line with the Malaysian Multimedia Super Corridor Telemedicine initiative and can serve as a test-bed to evaluate the effectiveness of PHI, system design and operational considerations for larger-scale deployment.
    Matched MeSH terms: Patient Education as Topic/methods*
  5. Townsend D
    Trop Doct, 2001 Jan;31(1):8-10.
    PMID: 11205619
    Rapid participatory research and project development is possible within a tightly controlled social context such as a prison. Having gained access, based on trust and mutual respect, external agents may then facilitate significant change. Given adequate support, incarcerated people with HIV/AIDS and limited medical access may be able to develop mutual care, social support and income-generating activities. In the Malaysian context, we estimated in 1998 that up to one-quarter of prisoners with HIV had indicators of significant disease. We estimated that significant indicators remained unrevealed among between one-half and two-thirds of these. Given prevailing conditions, these would probably only be amenable to peer-based care.
    Matched MeSH terms: Patient Education as Topic*
  6. Ab Rahman AF, Budiarti LE
    J Clin Pharm Ther, 1998 Apr;23(2):127-31.
    PMID: 9786098
    To determine how nurses handled drug-related questions in the work environment of a teaching hospital in Malaysia and the type of information sources they used.
    Matched MeSH terms: Patient Education as Topic*
  7. Wong ML, Chen PCY
    World Health Forum, 1991;12(1):43-8.
    PMID: 1859597
    Matched MeSH terms: Patient Education as Topic*
  8. Ab Malik N, Zhang J, Lam OL, Jin L, McGrath C
    J Am Med Inform Assoc, 2017 Jan;24(1):209-217.
    PMID: 27274013 DOI: 10.1093/jamia/ocw045
    Computer-aided learning (CAL) offers enormous potential in disseminating oral health care information to patients and caregivers. The effectiveness of CAL, however, remains unclear.

    OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to systematically review published evidence on the effectiveness of CAL in disseminating oral health care information to patients and caregivers.

    MATERIALS AND METHODS: A structured comprehensive search was undertaken among 7 electronic databases (PUBMED, CINAHL Plus, EMBASE, SCOPUS, WEB of SCIENCE, the Cochrane Library, and PsycINFO) to identify relevant studies. Randomized controlled trials (RCTs) and observational studies were included in this review. Papers were screened by 2 independent reviewers, and studies that met the inclusion criteria were selected for further assessment.

    RESULTS: A total of 2915 papers were screened, and full texts of 53 potentially relevant papers (κ = 0.885) were retrieved. A total of 5 studies that met the inclusion criteria (1 RCT, 1 quasi-experimental study, and 3 post-intervention studies) were identified. Outcome measures included knowledge, attitude, behavior, and oral health. Significant improvements in clinical oral health parameters (P patients and caregivers. Synthesis of the data suggests that CAL has positive impacts on knowledge, attitude, behavior, and oral health. Further high- quality studies on the effectiveness of CAL in promoting oral health are warranted.

    Matched MeSH terms: Patient Education as Topic/methods
  9. Chan HK, Hassali MA, Lim CJ, Saleem F, Tan WL
    J Clin Pharm Ther, 2015 Jun;40(3):266-72.
    PMID: 25865563 DOI: 10.1111/jcpt.12272
    WHAT IS KNOWN AND OBJECTIVE: It has been reported that more than 80% of out-of-hospital medication errors among the young children involve liquid formulations. The usefulness of pictorial aids to improve communication of medication instructions has not been extensively investigated for child health. The objective of this study was to determine the effectiveness of pictorial aids used to assist caregivers in the administration of liquid medications.
    METHODS: MEDLINE, CINAHL, PsycINFO, ScienceDirect, Scopus and the Cochrane Library were searched for articles published up to February 2015. Studies that used pictorial aids with liquid medications and measured at least one of the following outcomes were included: dosing accuracy, comprehension of medication instructions, recall of information and adherence of caregivers. Two authors independently selected studies, extracted data and assessed methodological quality of studies using the Cochrane Collaboration's tool.
    RESULTS AND DISCUSSION: Five experimental studies (four hospital based and one community based) with a total of 962 participants were included. A wide range of liquid formulations were studied, including both prescription and over-the-counter medications. The existing findings suggest that pictographic interventions reduced dosing errors, enhanced comprehension and recall of medication instructions and improved adherence of caregivers. Incorporating pictorial aids into verbal medication counselling or text-based instructions was more beneficial than using the single approach alone. Mixed results were identified for the relationship between health literacy of caregivers and effectiveness of pictorial aids.
    WHAT IS NEW AND CONCLUSION: The evidence remains limited due to the small number of studies found and variations in methodological quality. This review suggests that pictorial aids might be potential interventions, but more high-quality studies are needed to support the routine use of any pictogram-based materials with liquid medications in the clinical settings.
    KEYWORDS: caregivers; graphics; health literacy; medication adherence; medication errors; paediatrics
    Matched MeSH terms: Patient Education as Topic/methods*
  10. Leong CXR, Price JM, Pitchford NJ, van Heuven WJB
    PLoS ONE, 2018;13(10):e0204888.
    PMID: 30300372 DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0204888
    This paper evaluates a novel high variability phonetic training paradigm that involves presenting spoken words in adverse conditions. The effectiveness, generalizability, and longevity of this high variability phonetic training in adverse conditions was evaluated using English phoneme contrasts in three experiments with Malaysian multilinguals. Adverse conditions were created by presenting spoken words against background multi-talker babble. In Experiment 1, the adverse condition level was set at a fixed level throughout the training and in Experiment 2 the adverse condition level was determined for each participant before training using an adaptive staircase procedure. To explore the effectiveness and sustainability of the training, phonemic discrimination ability was assessed before and immediately after training (Experiments 1 and 2) and 6 months after training (Experiment 3). Generalization of training was evaluated within and across phonemic contrasts using trained and untrained stimuli. Results revealed significant perceptual improvements after just three 20-minute training sessions and these improvements were maintained after 6 months. The training benefits also generalized from trained to untrained stimuli. Crucially, perceptual improvements were significantly larger when the adverse conditions were adapted before each training session than when it was set at a fixed level. As the training improvements observed here are markedly larger than those reported in the literature, this indicates that the individualized phonetic training regime in adaptive adverse conditions (HVPT-AAC) is highly effective at improving speech perception.
    Matched MeSH terms: Patient Education as Topic/methods*
  11. Thuy Le MA, Fong SL, Lim KS, Gunadharma S, Sejahtera DP, Visudtibhan A, et al.
    Seizure, 2019 Jul;69:51-56.
    PMID: 30974407 DOI: 10.1016/j.seizure.2019.04.002
    PURPOSE: This survey was performed to determine the availability of epilepsy surgery, and understand the limiting factors to epilepsy surgery in ASEAN countries with total of 640 million population.

    METHOD: A cross-sectional survey was completed by national representatives in all ASEAN countries (Brunei, Cambodia, East Timor, Indonesia, Laos, Malaysia, Myanmar, Philippines, Singapore, Thailand, and Vietnam).

    RESULTS: Overall facilities for initial epilepsy pre-surgical evaluation are available in most countries, but further non-invasive and invasive investigations are limited. Three countries (Brunei, Cambodia, and East Timor) have no epilepsy center, and 2 countries (Laos, Myanmar) have level 2 centers doing tumor surgery only. Level-3 epilepsy centers are available in 6 countries (Indonesia, Malaysia, Philippine, Singapore, Thailand, Vietnam); only 5 countries (Indonesia, Malaysia, Philippine, Singapore, Thailand) has at least one level-4 epilepsy care facility. Indonesia with 261 million population only has one level 3 and another level 4 center. The costs of presurgical evaluation and brain surgery vary within and among the countries. The main barriers towards epilepsy surgery in ASEAN include lack of expertise, funding and facilities.

    CONCLUSIONS: Epilepsy surgery is underutilized in ASEAN with low number of level 3 centers, and limited availability of advanced presurgical evaluation. Lack of expertise, facilities and funding may be the key factors contributing to the underutilization.

    Matched MeSH terms: Patient Education as Topic/statistics & numerical data
  12. Shahar S, Adznam SN, Rahman SA, Yusoff NA, Yassin Z, Arshad F, et al.
    BMC Geriatr, 2012;12:24.
    PMID: 22676577 DOI: 10.1186/1471-2318-12-24
    It is well known that older adults are often vulnerable to malnutrition. This action research was conducted to develop a nutrition education package for promoting healthy ageing and reducing risk of chronic diseases among older adults in a rural area of Malaysia.
    Matched MeSH terms: Patient Education as Topic/methods*; Patient Education as Topic/trends
  13. Ramadas A, Quek KF, Chan CK, Oldenburg B, Hussein Z
    BMC Public Health, 2011;11:359.
    PMID: 21599990 DOI: 10.1186/1471-2458-11-359
    The potential of web-based interventions in dietary behaviour modification of the diabetics has not been fully explored. We describe the protocol of a 12-month match-design randomised controlled trial of a web-based dietary intervention for type 2 diabetic patients with primary aim to evaluate the effect of the intervention on their dietary knowledge, attitude and behaviour (KAB). The secondary objective of this study is to improve the participants' dietary practices, physical measurements and biomarkers.
    Matched MeSH terms: Patient Education as Topic/methods*; Patient Education as Topic/standards
  14. Ngadimon IW, Islahudin F, Mohamed Shah N, Md Hatah E, Makmor-Bakry M
    Int J Clin Pharm, 2017 Feb;39(1):120-125.
    PMID: 27905077 DOI: 10.1007/s11096-016-0407-1
    Background Shared decision-making is vital in achieving desired drug therapy goals, especially with antibiotics, in view of the potential long-term reduction in drug resistance. However, shared decision-making is rarely practiced with adolescent patients. Objectives The aim of the study was to identify the effect antibiotic education has on willingness to engage in shared decision-making among adolescents in Malaysia. Setting Participants from secondary schools in Malaysia were enrolled with ethical approval. Method The adolescents answered a validated questionnaire, which included demographics, antibiotic knowledge, attitude towards antibiotic use, and the Control Preference Scale, which measures willingness to engage in shared decision-making. Afterwards, antibiotic education was delivered to participating students. Main outcome measure Knowledge about and attitude toward antibiotics were investigated. Results A total of 510 adolescents participated in the study. Knowledge of antibiotics significantly increased post education (pre 3.2 ± 1.8 vs. post 6.8 ± 2.1, p 
    Matched MeSH terms: Patient Education as Topic/methods*; Patient Education as Topic/trends
  15. Ng CJ, Lee PY, Lee YK, Chew BH, Engkasan JP, Irmi ZI, et al.
    BMC Health Serv Res, 2013 Oct 11;13:408.
    PMID: 24119237 DOI: 10.1186/1472-6963-13-408
    BACKGROUND: Involving patients in decision-making is an important part of patient-centred care. Research has found a discrepancy between patients' desire to be involved and their actual involvement in healthcare decision-making. In Asia, there is a dearth of research in decision-making. Using Malaysia as an exemplar, this study aims to review the current research evidence, practices, policies, and laws with respect to patient engagement in shared decision-making (SDM) in Asia.

    METHODS: In this study, we conducted a comprehensive literature review to collect information on healthcare decision-making in Malaysia. We also consulted medical education researchers, key opinion leaders, governmental organisations, and patient support groups to assess the extent to which patient involvement was incorporated into the medical curriculum, healthcare policies, and legislation.

    RESULTS: There are very few studies on patient involvement in decision-making in Malaysia. Existing studies showed that doctors were aware of informed consent, but few practised SDM. There was limited teaching of SDM in undergraduate and postgraduate curricula and a lack of accurate and accessible health information for patients. In addition, peer support groups and 'expert patient' programmes were also lacking. Professional medical bodies endorsed patient involvement in decision-making, but there was no definitive implementation plan.

    CONCLUSION: In summary, there appears to be little training or research on SDM in Malaysia. More research needs to be done in this area, including baseline information on the preferred and actual decision-making roles. The authors have provided a set of recommendations on how SDM can be effectively implemented in Malaysia.

    Matched MeSH terms: Patient Education as Topic
  16. Poi PJ, Chuah SY, Srinivas P, Liam CK
    Eur. Respir. J., 1998 May;11(5):1147-9.
    PMID: 9648970
    In the world of medical literature, little has been reported about the fears of patients undergoing bronchoscopy. The aim of this study was to identify the common fears of patients undergoing fibreoptic bronchoscopy and to determine whether any factors might contribute to reducing these fears. One hundred and four consecutive patients undergoing bronchoscopy were interviewed. Sixty one patients expressed fear about the procedure, as follows: afraid of pain (33); afraid of breathing difficulties (11); afraid of oropharyngeal irritation (5); afraid of the bronchoscopy findings (2); afraid of sedation, cross-infection and nasal lignocaine spray, respectively (3); and unable to be specific (7). There was no difference between the "no fear" and "fearful" groups in ethnicity, source of referral, education, previous endoscopy, doctors' explanation and the patients' understanding of the procedure and its indication. "Fearful" patients were significantly younger (t=2.082, p=0.037) and female (chi2=4.180, p=0.038). Doctors were more likely to explain the indication for bronchoscopy than how it would be performed (chi2=6.403; p=0.011), and patients were more likely to understand why they needed a bronchoscopy than how it would be performed (chi2=21.505; p<0.001). Fear preceding bronchoscopy is independent of patients' demographic features except for age and gender. Doctors tend to explain "why" but not "how" the procedure is performed. Provision of detailed information about sensations that are likely to be experienced in bronchoscopy could be used to allay some of these common fears.
    Matched MeSH terms: Patient Education as Topic
  17. Sarriff A
    J Clin Pharm Ther, 1994 Feb;19(1):57-60.
    PMID: 8188792
    This survey explored patient-orientated services, beyond processing of prescriptions and dispensing of medications, provided by the Malaysian community pharmacist. The results revealed a trend towards the provision of such activities. Although this was not widely implemented by the pharmacists, activities such as patient counselling and providing drug information were part of their daily practice. Lack of time, large workload, and inadequate drug information sources were the constraints cited by the pharmacists for the provision of such activities. If willingness and abilities to perform such activities were the significant barriers, then educational programmes should be initiated to provide the missing competencies.
    Matched MeSH terms: Patient Education as Topic
  18. Suleiman AB, Morad Z
    Med. J. Malaysia, 1986 Dec;41(4):320-6.
    PMID: 3670154
    A review of the home haemodialysis programme at the General Hospital, Kuala Lumpur between 1977 and 1984 revealed that out of 194 patients accepted into the programme, 187 completed home training and continued haemodialysis at home, seven died before having started on the training programme. The majority of patients required less than four months to be trained; 107 patients performed dialysis independently and 24 required assistance only for the insertion of needles. Patient survival was 93%, 80% and 69% at one, three and five years, respectively. Rehabilitation has been excellent and few social problems were encountered. Our experiences with home haemodialysis have shown that the majority of patients were able to assume responsibility for their own dialysis, and this has contributed to the good survival and excellent rehabilitation. Home haemodialysis was started in Boston in 1963, in Seattle and London in 1964 for the treatment of end stage renal disease (ESRD). It is now well-established as a therapy for patients with ESRD. Home haemodialysis has been practised in Malaysia since 1977. This report reviews the experiences of patients accepted for treatment between 1977 and 1984. All patients were treated by the Department of Nephrology, General Hospital, Kuala Lumpur, which supervises patients living all over the country.
    Matched MeSH terms: Patient Education as Topic
  19. Asad M, Abdul Aziz AW, Raman RP, Harun HW, Ali TB, Chinna K, et al.
    J Oral Sci, 2017;59(1):111-120.
    PMID: 28367891 DOI: 10.2334/josnusd.16-0298
    We evaluated changes in clinical variables and microbiological profiles of periodontopathogens among 56 patients with moderate to severe CP who were randomly assigned to oral hygiene instruction (OHI; n = 28) or nonsurgical periodontal treatment (NSPT; n = 28). Periodontal variables were assessed and subgingival plaque samples were obtained from deep pockets (≥5 mm) at baseline and 3 months after treatment. Real-time polymerase chain reaction was used to quantify Actinobacillus actinomycetemcomitans, Tannerella forsythia, Porphyromonas gingivalis, and Prevotella intermedia. All clinical variables significantly improved in both groups. Improvements in gingival bleeding index (GBI), probing pocket depth (PPD), and periodontal attachment loss (PAL) were significantly greater at 3 months after treatment in the NSPT group. At baseline, the prevalences of all pathogens were high. Significant reductions in microbial count were observed for A. actinomycetemcomitans and T. forsythia (P ≤ 0.05) in the NSPT group. None of the improvements in clinical variables was associated with changes in microbiological profiles. At 3 months after treatment, NSPT was associated with significantly greater improvements in GBI, PPD, and PAL as compared with OHI. A. actinomycetemcomitans and T. forsythia counts were significantly lower in the NSPT group.
    Matched MeSH terms: Patient Education as Topic
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