Displaying publications 1 - 20 of 171 in total

  1. Nor Azlin MI, Maisarah AS, Rahana AR, Shafiee MN, Aqmar Suraya S, Abdul Karim AK, et al.
    J Obstet Gynaecol, 2015 Jan;35(1):13-5.
    PMID: 24987985 DOI: 10.3109/01443615.2014.930108
    Reduced fetal movement is a worrisome common complaint, not only for mothers but also for the attending medical personnel. The aim of this study was to analyse the pregnancy outcomes of women who presented primarily with reduced fetal movements (RFM). A retrospective study was performed based on patients' perception alone. Obstetric, past medical history, current presentation and outcomes of pregnancy were analysed. A total of 230 case notes were reviewed, with the majority being primigravidae. Less than half (48.7%) of the women had spontaneous labour, 45.7% had induction and 5.6% had elective caesarean section. There were no maternal complications in 97.4% (n = 224) of them. About 0.9% (n = 2) and 1.7% (n = 4) had primary postpartum haemorrhage and extended perineal tear, respectively. Although there was no major neonatal mortality and morbidity, until a randomised trial with a significant sample is conducted in the management of RFM, careful selections for elective delivery or conservative management would prevent untoward complications.
    Matched MeSH terms: Pregnancy Outcome*
  2. Ong SG, Ding HJ
    Med J Malaysia, 2021 07;76(4):466-473.
    PMID: 34305106
    INTRODUCTION: Pregnancy in women with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) is known to be associated with adverse pregnancy outcomes (APO). We aimed to determine the frequency of APO, the associated variables and predictors.

    MATERIALS AND METHODS: This retrospective study included all pregnancies seen at the SLE Clinic, Kuala Lumpur Hospital from January 2008 to May 2020. Maternal outcomes included SLE flare during pregnancy, preeclampsia and eclampsia. Foetal outcomes included foetal loss, preterm birth and small-for-gestational age (SGA) neonates. Clinical and laboratory variables were examined. Variables from univariate analysis were entered into logistic regression model. Odds ratio and 95% confidence interval were reported.

    RESULTS: Of the 131 pregnancies, 106 (80.9%) were live births. Twenty-six (24.5%) babies were born preterm and 35 (33%) neonates were SGA. Twenty-four (18.3%) women had disease flare during pregnancy, with the majority (22/24) being mild to moderate flares. Four women experienced preeclampsia while none had eclampsia. Predictors of adverse maternal outcomes included high SLEDAI-2K score, proteinuria and hypocomplementemia within 6 months before conception and during pregnancy; history of lupus nephritis (LN), pre-existing hypertension, antiphospholipid syndrome (APS), antiphospholipid antibodies, anti-Ro antibody and anti-RNP antibody. Predictors of adverse foetal outcomes comprised APS, preeclampsia, anti-Sm antibody, history of neuropsychiatric systemic lupus erythematosus (NPSLE) and azathioprine use.

    CONCLUSION: Pregnancy in SLE women is best deferred until disease activity is in remission for at least 6 months before conception. A history of LN is associated with a 3-fold risk of renal flare during pregnancy. Haematological abnormalities are rare in disease flare during pregnancy.

    Matched MeSH terms: Pregnancy Outcome/epidemiology
  3. Nur Azurah AG, Wan Zainol Z, Lim PS, Shafiee MN, Kampan N, Mohsin WS, et al.
    ScientificWorldJournal, 2014;2014:270120.
    PMID: 25478587 DOI: 10.1155/2014/270120
    To examine the factors associated with placenta praevia in primigravidas and also compare the pregnancy outcomes between primigravidas and nonprimigravidas.
    Matched MeSH terms: Pregnancy Outcome*
  4. Hooi LS, Rozina G, Wan Shaariah MY, Teo SM, Tan CHH, Bavanandan S, et al.
    Med J Malaysia, 2003 Mar;58(1):27-36.
    PMID: 14556324
    There were 72 pregnancies in 46 renal transplants (RTs) between 1984 and 2001, 89% from living donors, 11% cadaveric. Mean age at RT was 26.9 +/- 4.3 years and at pregnancy 30.7 +/- 4.7 years. Mean time to pregnancy after RT was 4.5 +/- 3.1 years. 54% were unplanned. 45 (63%) resulted in surviving infants, 37% delivered by Caesarean section. 35% were premature. Mean birth weight was 2.38 +/- 0.57 kg. 64% were on cyclosporine. No patient had an acute rejection during pregnancy; 38% had pre-existing hypertension. Complications include urinary infection (13%), proteinuria (15%) and preeclampsia (15%). Mean serum creatinine before pregnancy was 112.7 +/- 32.6 umol/l, 1 year post-pregnancy it was 119.4 +/- 38.7. The mean time of follow up of mothers is 4.9 +/- 3.5 years. 10 year graft survival was 83% and patient survival 94%.
    Matched MeSH terms: Pregnancy Outcome/epidemiology*
  5. Devendra K
    Med J Malaysia, 2002 Dec;57(4):454-9.
    PMID: 12733170
    The aim of this study was to assess the efficacy and safety of external cephalic version (ECV) when its use was introduced in the routine management of breech presentation and transverse lie after 36 weeks by obstetricians with limited prior experience with the procedure. The influence of various factors on the outcome of ECV was also studied.
    Matched MeSH terms: Pregnancy Outcome*
  6. Teoh T
    J Obstet Gynaecol Res, 1996 Aug;22(4):389-94.
    PMID: 8870425
    The aim is to assess the outcome of external cephalic version (ECV) for term breech in our clinical setting and the factors involved. Patients with no contraindications and who consented to ECV were recruited into this prospective study. Terbutalin infusion was used. There were 42 ECV attempts of which 21 (50%) were successful. Seventeen of the patients with successful ECV delivered vaginally and 4 had cesarean section for various indications. Only 5 of the 21 unsuccessful ECV delivered vaginally. Thirteen had elective cesarean section and 2 had emergency cesarean during trial of breech. One patient from the unsuccessful ECV group was lost to follow-up. There were 31 (74%) primipara. The birth weight of the babies was not a significant factor in the outcome of ECV. The type of breech and parity did influence the success rate. External cephalic version should be included in the routine management of our breech presentation.
    Matched MeSH terms: Pregnancy Outcome*
  7. Teoh TGK
    Med J Malaysia, 1996 Dec;51(4):469-74.
    PMID: 10968036
    This is a prospective observational study of the outcome of 80 cases of external cephalic version (ECV) at term using terbutaline infusion. There were 55 primiparas and 25 multiparas. The successful ECV rate was 44% and 85% respectively. The majority (82%) of the patients with successful ECV delivered vaginally. Parity and type of breech were the two significant factors in the success of the procedure.
    Matched MeSH terms: Pregnancy Outcome*
  8. Cheah SH, Sivanesaratnam V
    Aust N Z J Obstet Gynaecol, 1989 May;29(2):143-5.
    PMID: 2803125
    In this series the incidence of pregnancy in women in the reproductive age group admitted to hospital with burns was 7.8% (9 of 116). The maternal and perinatal outcome is related to the extent, presence or absence of complications of burns and to the gestational age of the fetus. Two maternal deaths in this series occurred in patients with burns involving more than 85% of the skin surface; in both instances stillbirths occurred less than 48 hours after the burns. In view of the high perinatal mortality, patients with extensive burns who are more than 32 weeks' pregnant should be delivered soon after admission. The extensively burned anterior abdominal wall can make assessment of uterine size difficult. An assessment in such a situation would be useful.
    Matched MeSH terms: Pregnancy Outcome*
  9. Kalok A, Ong MY, Hasrori A, Chiang KS, Yazim F, Baharuddin S, et al.
    PMID: 32987806 DOI: 10.3390/ijerph17196990
    Gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) is associated with maternal and neonatal complications. We aimed to evaluate the relationship between the abnormalities of the oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT) and adverse pregnancy outcomes. This was a retrospective study of GDM patients over a five-year period in a Malaysian tertiary center. The diagnosis of GDM was based on the National Institute for Health and Care Excellence (NICE) guideline. The data on patients' demographics, OGTT results, GDM treatment, and pregnancy outcomes were analyzed. A total of 1105 women were included in the final analysis. The percentage of women with isolated abnormal fasting glucose, isolated two-hour abnormality, and both abnormal values were 4.8%, 87.1%, and 8.1%, respectively. Women with both OGTT abnormalities had a higher risk of preeclampsia (odds ratio (OR) 4.73; 95% confidence interval (CI) 1.45-15.41) and neonatal hypoglycemia (OR 8.78; 95% CI 1.93-39.88). Isolated postprandial abnormality was associated with an 80% lesser risk of neonatal hypoglycemia (OR 0.19; 95% CI 0.04-0.87). Both isolated fasting and multiple OGTT abnormalities were associated with insulin therapy. Multiple OGTT abnormalities were a positive predictor of adverse pregnancy outcomes, while isolated postprandial abnormality was associated with a lesser risk of neonatal complication. Further prospective study is essential to validate these findings.
    Matched MeSH terms: Pregnancy Outcome/epidemiology
  10. Lee BS, Sathar J, Sivapatham L, Lee LI
    Malays J Pathol, 2018 Aug;40(2):149-152.
    PMID: 30173232 MyJurnal
    INTRODUCTION: Non-transfusion dependent thalassaemia (NTDT) is a term used for thalassaemia patients who do not require lifelong regular transfusions for survival. Pregnancy in these women, whether spontaneous or through assisted reproductive technology, represents a challenge for the physician.
    MATERIALS AND METHODS: The maternal and foetal outcomes of patients with NTDT followed up in a tertiary haematology centre over 6 months period were studied. A total of 36 pregnancies in 26 pregnant women with NTDT were analysed.
    RESULTS: Among these women, all of the pregnancies resulted in successful delivery of singleton live-born neonates. There were four clinically distinct forms of NTDT among these women which include Hb E/β-thalassemia (mild and moderate forms), HbH disease, HbH-Constant Spring, and homozygous δβ-thalassemia. No blood transfusion was needed in 15 of the 36 pregnancies (41.6%). The lowest mean Hb level in which no blood transfusion was given was 8.21 g/dL. The mean of packed-cell units received during pregnancy was 6.95 units per pregnancy. There was no worsening of serum ferritin observed during pregnancy with mean serum ferritin pre- and post-pregnancy of 409.35 ug/L and 418.18 ug/L respectively. The mean gestational age at delivery was 38.6 weeks with no preterm delivery reported. The mean foetal birth weight was 2729 grams. There was no intrauterine growth restriction (IUGR) or congenital malformation. There was a case of small for gestational age (SGA) and a case of oligohydramnios.
    CONCLUSION: This study showed that pregnancy was possible, safe and has a favourable outcome in patients with NTDT with multidisciplinary care.
    Matched MeSH terms: Pregnancy Outcome*
  11. Wang MC, Freaney PM, Perak AM, Greenland P, Lloyd-Jones DM, Grobman WA, et al.
    J Am Heart Assoc, 2021 09 07;10(17):e020717.
    PMID: 34431359 DOI: 10.1161/JAHA.120.020717
    Background The prevalence of obesity in the population has increased in parallel with increasing rates of adverse pregnancy outcomes (APOs). Quantifying contemporary trends in prepregnancy obesity and associations with interrelated APOs (preterm birth, low birth weight, and pregnancy-associated hypertension) together and individually can inform prevention strategies to optimize cardiometabolic health in women and offspring. Methods and Results We performed a serial, cross-sectional study using National Center for Health Statistics birth certificate data including women aged 15 to 44 years with live singleton births between 2013 and 2018, stratified by race/ethnicity (non-Hispanic White, non-Hispanic Black, Hispanic, and non-Hispanic Asian). We quantified the annual prevalence of prepregnancy obesity (body mass index ≥30.0 kg/m2; body mass index ≥27.5 kg/m2 if non-Hispanic Asian). We then estimated adjusted associations using multivariable logistic regression (odds ratios and population attributable fractions) for obesity-related APOs compared with normal body mass index (18.5-24.9 kg/m2; 18.5-22.9 kg/m2 if non-Hispanic Asian). Among 20 139 891 women, the prevalence of prepregnancy obesity increased between 2013 and 2018: non-Hispanic White (21.6%-24.8%), non-Hispanic Black (32.5%-36.2%), Hispanic (26.0%-30.5%), and non-Hispanic Asian (15.3%-18.6%) women (P-trend 
    Matched MeSH terms: Pregnancy Outcome/epidemiology
  12. Wan Masliza WD, Bajuri MY, Hassan MR, Naim NM, Shuhaila A, Das S
    Clin Ter, 2017 10 19;168(5):e283-e289.
    PMID: 29044348 DOI: 10.7417/T.2017.2021
    BACKGROUND: The placenta is a most interesting but unfortunately often ignored and misunderstood organ. Placental abnormalities, therefore, can be an "early warning system" for fetal problems. A complete prenatal sonographic examination of the placenta is an essential component as its abnormalities can have a direct effect on fetal or maternal outcomes, obstetrical management and future fertility.

    OBJECTIVE: To determine whether any association exists between the finding of an increased thickness of placenta, abnormal placenta shape, placental calcification, placental lake and abnormal cord insertion site at 20-22 and 30-32 weeks gestation with an increased risk of uteroplacental complications or a poor pregnancy outcome.

    METHODOLOGY: A real-time ultrasound was used at the time of detail scan (at 20-22 weeks gestation) and at 30-32 weeks gestation to look for placenta appearance, fetal growth and anomaly. The main outcome measures were risk of hypertension disease in pregnancy, fetal growth restriction and poor fetal outcomes such as low Apgar score and low cord pH.

    RESULT: The majority of the participants were Malay (77.9%). Abnormal placenta found at both gestations were placental lakes and thickness, and only one case had marginal cord insertion. Approximately 6% of the cases were confirmed placenta previa. No abnormal shape or abnormal calcification found at both gestations. About 10% patient developed hypertensive disease in pregnancy, 15% of the fetus was found to have growth restriction and another 16% have low umbilical cord pH. Majority of them delivered at term (90%) and via vaginal delivery (81%). There was no significance between presence of abnormal placental lake and thickness at both gestations with the maternal and fetal outcome.

    CONCLUSION: Presence of abnormal placental thickness and lakes at 30-32 weeks scan associated with maternal hypertensive disease, fetal growth restriction and low umbilical cord pH, however these were not statistically significant.

    Matched MeSH terms: Pregnancy Outcome*
  13. Achanna S, Monga D
    Singapore Med J, 1994 Dec;35(6):605-8.
    PMID: 7761886
    The outcome of 100 patients undergoing instrumental delivery with vacuum extractor is compared with that of 100 women delivered with the aid of obstetric forceps. Forceps deliveries were more commonly associated with maternal birth canal trauma (including episiotomy) whilst vacuum extractor carried higher odds of the neonate developing jaundice. Apart from these, there were no significant differences between these two groups in terms of maternal morbidity, neonatal trauma and morbidity and ultimate outcome (success with the type of instrument used). We conclude that with meticulous handling of the instrument and with an appropriate decision on the indication and the type of instrument used, the maternal and neonatal outcome could be equally good with the use of either instrument.
    Matched MeSH terms: Pregnancy Outcome*
  14. Wong YP, Tan GC, Omar SZ, Mustangin M, Singh Y, Salker MS, et al.
    Int J Environ Res Public Health, 2022 Aug 03;19(15).
    PMID: 35954874 DOI: 10.3390/ijerph19159517
    The association between maternal COVID-19 infection, placental histomorphology and perinatal outcomes is uncertain. The published studies on how placental structure is affected after SARS-CoV-2 virus in COVID-19-infected pregnant women are lacking. We investigated the effects of maternal SARS-CoV-2 infection on placental histomorphology and pregnancy outcomes. A retrospective cohort study on 47 pregnant women with confirmed SARS-CoV-2 infection, matched with non-infected controls, was conducted. Relevant clinicopathological data and primary birth outcomes were recorded. Histomorphology and SARS-CoV-2 immunohistochemistry analyses of placental tissues were performed. Only 1 of 47 cases showed SARS-CoV-2 immunoreactivity in the syncytiotrophoblasts. Histologically, decidual vasculopathy (n = 22/47, p = 0.004), maternal vascular thrombosis (n = 9/47, p = 0.015) and chronic histiocytic intervillositis (n = 10/47, p = 0.027) were significantly higher in the COVID-19-infected placentas when compared to the control group. Maternal vascular thrombosis was a significant feature in the active COVID-19 group. A significant lower gestational age (p < 0.001)) at delivery and a higher caesarean section rate (p = 0.007) were observed in the active SARS-CoV-2-infected cases, resulting in a significant lower fetal-placental weight ratio (p = 0.022) and poorer Apgar score (p < 0.001). Notably, active (p = 0.027), symptomatic (p = 0.039), severe-critical (p = 0.002) maternal COVID-19 infection and placental inflammation (p = 0.011) were associated with an increased risk of preterm delivery. Altered placental villous maturation and severe-critical maternal COVID-19 infection were associated with an elevated risk of poor Apgar scores at birth (p = 0.018) and maternal mortality (p = 0.023), respectively.
    Matched MeSH terms: Pregnancy Outcome/epidemiology
  15. Lim PS, Ng BK, Ali A, Shafiee MN, Kampan NC, Mohamed Ismail NA, et al.
    ScientificWorldJournal, 2014;2014:860107.
    PMID: 24587759 DOI: 10.1155/2014/860107
    To determine the maternal and fetal outcomes of successful external cephalic version (ECV) as well as factors predicting vaginal birth.
    Matched MeSH terms: Pregnancy Outcome
  16. Nor Azlin MI, Abd Rahman R, Abdul Karim AK, Sulaiman AS, Mahdy ZA
    J Obstet Gynaecol, 2013 Aug;33(6):631-2.
    PMID: 23919870 DOI: 10.3109/01443615.2013.807781
    Matched MeSH terms: Pregnancy Outcome
  17. Teh CL, Wong JS, Ngeh NK, Loh WL
    Lupus, 2009 Mar;18(3):278-82.
    PMID: 19213870 DOI: 10.1177/0961203308096661
    We performed a retrospective study of all systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) pregnancies during a two-year period (2006-2007) to describe the clinical features, maternal and foetal outcomes in our centre. There were 17 pregnancies in 16 women with SLE. Our patients have a mean age of 28.31 years (SD 5.24) and a mean disease duration of 38.62 months (SD 38.03). Our patients have complicated pregnancies: 35.3% have SLE flares, 21.1% have preeclampsia and 47.4% needed caesarean sections. There were 15.8% foetal losses and 12.5% preterm deliveries in our patients. All the foetal losses occurred in patients with severe SLE flares during pregnancies. Lupus pregnancies in our centre generally have a good maternal and foetal outcome comparable with developed countries. The low incidence of antiphospholipid syndrome, the high usage of hydroxychloroquine and the high SLE remission rate in our patients before conceptions are the possible factors contributing to the good outcome.
    Matched MeSH terms: Pregnancy Outcome
  18. Wong KK, Goh KL
    Eur J Obstet Gynecol Reprod Biol, 1992 Jul 03;45(2):149-51.
    PMID: 1499849
    A 34-year-old multigravid woman with symptomatic primary biliary cirrhosis (PBC) of the liver had a successful pregnancy. A healthy baby was born prematurely at 36 weeks of gestation. Six months prior to the conception of this pregnancy, stage III PBC had been diagnosed. Portal hypertension and liver cirrhosis had not developed. It is uncommon for pregnancy to occur in the presence of PBC. In the case presented, the outcome of pregnancy was good and the liver function had not been significantly affected by the pregnancy.
    Matched MeSH terms: Pregnancy Outcome
  19. Suhaiza, A., Che Anuar, C.Y., Nik Zuky, N.L., Mokhtar, A.
    Monoamniotic twin pregnancy is a rare type of twin pregnancy which poses risk of cord entanglement and
    sudden death of either one or both fetuses. The role of antenatal surveillance by Ultrasound Doppler for
    umbilical cord and ultrasonic evidence of cord entanglement or knotting may predict the pregnancy outcome
    but yet unavoidable. The discussion will include antenatal surveillance in this rare type of pregnancy.
    Matched MeSH terms: Pregnancy Outcome
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