Displaying all 19 publications

  1. Sumera A, Radhakrishnan AK, Aziz Baba A, George E
    Malays J Pathol, 2020 Dec;42(3):323-332.
    PMID: 33361713
    The long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) are the most prevalent and functionally diverse member of the non-coding RNA (ncRNA). The lncRNA has previously been considered to be a form of transcriptional "noise" but recent studies have found that the lncRNA to be associated with various disease conditions. It has also been found to play important roles in various physiological processes such as haemopoiesis, where lncRNA is reported to act as a fine-tuner of this very important process. To date, the effects of dysregulated lncRNA in thalassaemia has not been fully explored. This review article focuses on the possible roles of dysregulated lncRNAs in the pathogenesis of thalassaemia.
    Matched MeSH terms: RNA, Long Noncoding/genetics*
  2. Azlan A, Halim MA, Azzam G
    Genomics, 2020 03;112(2):1273-1281.
    PMID: 31381967 DOI: 10.1016/j.ygeno.2019.07.016
    The free-living flatworm Macrostoma lignano (M. lignano) is an emerging model organism for aging and regeneration research. Long intergenic non-coding RNAs (lincRNAs) have important roles in many biological processes such as aging, stem cell maintenance and differentiation. However, to date, there is no systematic identification of lincRNAs in M. lignano. By using public RNA-seq data, we identified a total of 2547 lincRNA transcripts in M. lignano genome. We discovered that M. lignano lincRNAs shared many characteristics with other species such as shorter in length, lower GC content, and lower in expression compared to protein-coding genes. Unlike protein-coding genes, M. lignano lincRNAs showed higher tendency to be expressed in temporal and region-specific fashion. Additionally, co-expression network analysis and functional enrichment suggest that M. lignano lincRNAs have potential roles in regeneration. This study will provide important resources and pave the way for investigations on non-coding genes involved in aging and regeneration.
    Matched MeSH terms: RNA, Long Noncoding/genetics*
  3. Shi W, Massaia A, Louzada S, Banerjee R, Hallast P, Chen Y, et al.
    Hum Genet, 2018 Jan;137(1):73-83.
    PMID: 29209947 DOI: 10.1007/s00439-017-1857-9
    We describe the variation in copy number of a ~ 10 kb region overlapping the long intergenic noncoding RNA (lincRNA) gene, TTTY22, within the IR3 inverted repeat on the short arm of the human Y chromosome, leading to individuals with 0-3 copies of this region in the general population. Variation of this CNV is common, with 266 individuals having 0 copies, 943 (including the reference sequence) having 1, 23 having 2 copies, and two having 3 copies, and was validated by breakpoint PCR, fibre-FISH, and 10× Genomics Chromium linked-read sequencing in subsets of 1234 individuals from the 1000 Genomes Project. Mapping the changes in copy number to the phylogeny of these Y chromosomes previously established by the Project identified at least 20 mutational events, and investigation of flanking paralogous sequence variants showed that the mutations involved flanking sequences in 18 of these, and could extend over > 30 kb of DNA. While either gene conversion or double crossover between misaligned sister chromatids could formally explain the 0-2 copy events, gene conversion is the more likely mechanism, and these events include the longest non-allelic gene conversion reported thus far. Chromosomes with three copies of this CNV have arisen just once in our data set via another mechanism: duplication of 420 kb that places the third copy 230 kb proximal to the existing proximal copy. Our results establish gene conversion as a previously under-appreciated mechanism of generating copy number changes in humans and reveal the exceptionally large size of the conversion events that can occur.
    Matched MeSH terms: RNA, Long Noncoding/genetics
  4. Walters K, Sarsenov R, Too WS, Hare RK, Paterson IC, Lambert DW, et al.
    BMC Genomics, 2019 Jun 03;20(1):454.
    PMID: 31159744 DOI: 10.1186/s12864-019-5850-7
    BACKGROUND: Long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) are emerging as crucial regulators of cellular processes in diseases such as cancer, although the functions of most remain poorly understood. To address this, here we apply a novel strategy to integrate gene expression profiles across 32 cancer types, and cluster human lncRNAs based on their pan-cancer protein-coding gene associations. By doing so, we derive 16 lncRNA modules whose unique properties allow simultaneous inference of function, disease specificity and regulation for over 800 lncRNAs.

    RESULTS: Remarkably, modules could be grouped into just four functional themes: transcription regulation, immunological, extracellular, and neurological, with module generation frequently driven by lncRNA tissue specificity. Notably, three modules associated with the extracellular matrix represented potential networks of lncRNAs regulating key events in tumour progression. These included a tumour-specific signature of 33 lncRNAs that may play a role in inducing epithelial-mesenchymal transition through modulation of TGFβ signalling, and two stromal-specific modules comprising 26 lncRNAs linked to a tumour suppressive microenvironment and 12 lncRNAs related to cancer-associated fibroblasts. One member of the 12-lncRNA signature was experimentally supported by siRNA knockdown, which resulted in attenuated differentiation of quiescent fibroblasts to a cancer-associated phenotype.

    CONCLUSIONS: Overall, the study provides a unique pan-cancer perspective on the lncRNA functional landscape, acting as a global source of novel hypotheses on lncRNA contribution to tumour progression.

    Matched MeSH terms: RNA, Long Noncoding/genetics*
  5. Yang X, Ikhwanuddin M, Li X, Lin F, Wu Q, Zhang Y, et al.
    Mar Biotechnol (NY), 2018 Feb;20(1):20-34.
    PMID: 29152671 DOI: 10.1007/s10126-017-9784-2
    The molecular mechanism underlying sex determination and gonadal differentiation of the mud crab (Scylla paramamosain) has received considerable attention, due to the remarkably biological and economic differences between sexes. However, sex-biased genes, especially non-coding genes, which account for these differences, remain elusive in this crustacean species. In this study, the first de novo gonad transcriptome sequencing was performed to identify both differentially expressed genes and long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) between male and female S. paramamosain by using Illumina Hiseq2500. A total of 79,282,758 and 79,854,234 reads were generated from ovarian and testicular cDNA libraries, respectively. After filtrating and de novo assembly, 262,688 unigenes were produced from both libraries. Of these unigenes, 41,125 were annotated with known protein sequences in public databases. Homologous genes involved in sex determination and gonadal development pathways (Sxl-Tra/Tra-2-Dsx/Fru, Wnt4, thyroid hormone synthesis pathway, etc.) were identified. Three hundred and sixteen differentially expressed unigenes were further identified between both transcriptomes. Meanwhile, a total of 233,078 putative lncRNAs were predicted. Of these lncRNAs, 147 were differentially expressed between sexes. qRT-PCR results showed that nine lncRNAs negatively regulated the expression of eight genes, suggesting a potential role in sex differentiation. These findings will provide fundamental resources for further investigation on sex differentiation and regulatory mechanism in crustaceans.
    Matched MeSH terms: RNA, Long Noncoding/genetics*
  6. Angelopoulou E, Paudel YN, Piperi C
    J Mol Med (Berl), 2020 11;98(11):1525-1546.
    PMID: 32978667 DOI: 10.1007/s00109-020-01984-x
    Despite extensive research, gliomas are associated with high morbidity and mortality, mainly attributed to the rapid growth rate, excessive invasiveness, and molecular heterogeneity, as well as regenerative potential of cancer stem cells. Therefore, elucidation of the underlying molecular mechanisms and the identification of potential molecular diagnostic and prognostic biomarkers are of paramount importance. HOX transcript antisense intergenic RNA (HOTAIR) is a well-studied long noncoding RNA, playing an emerging role in tumorigenesis of several human cancers. A growing amount of preclinical and clinical evidence highlights the pro-oncogenic role of HOTAIR in gliomas, mainly attributed to the enhancement of proliferation and migration, as well as inhibition of apoptosis. In vitro and in vivo studies demonstrate that HOTAIR modulates the activity of specific transcription factors, such as MXI1, E2F1, ATF5, and ASCL1, and regulates the expression of cell cycle-associated genes along with related signaling pathways, like the Wnt/β-catenin axis. Moreover, it can interact with specific miRNAs, including miR-326, miR-141, miR-148b-3p, miR-15b, and miR-126-5p. Of importance, HOTAIR has been demonstrated to enhance angiogenesis and affect the permeability of the blood-tumor barrier, thus modulating the efficacy of chemotherapeutic agents. Herein, we provide evidence on the functional role of HOTAIR in gliomas and discuss the benefits of its targeting as a novel approach toward glioma treatment.
    Matched MeSH terms: RNA, Long Noncoding/genetics*
  7. Pentenero M, Bowers L, Jayasinghe R, Cheong SC, Farah CS, Kerr AR, et al.
    Oral Dis, 2019 Jun;25 Suppl 1:79-87.
    PMID: 31140691 DOI: 10.1111/odi.13051
    Long non-coding RNAs (lncRNA) modulate gene expression at the epigenetic, transcriptional and post-transcriptional levels and are involved in tumorigenesis. They can form complex secondary and tertiary structures and have been shown to act as precursors, enhancers, reservoirs and decoys in the complex endogenous RNA network. They were first reported in relation to oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC) in 2013. Here, we summarise the functional roles and pathways of the most commonly studied lncRNAs in OSCC. Existing research demonstrates the involvement of lncRNA within pivotal pathways leading to the development and spread of OSCC, including interactions with key cancer-associated microRNAs such as miR-21. The number of studies on lncRNA and OSCC remains limited in this new field. As evidence grows, the tissue-specific expression patterns of lncRNAs should further advance our understanding of the altered regulatory networks in OSCC and possibly reveal new biomarkers and therapeutic targets.
    Matched MeSH terms: RNA, Long Noncoding/genetics*
  8. Chong ZX, Yeap SK, Ho WY
    Pathol Res Pract, 2021 Mar;219:153326.
    PMID: 33601152 DOI: 10.1016/j.prp.2020.153326
    MicroRNAs (miRNAs) and long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) are capable of regulating gene expression post-transcriptionally. Since the past decade, a number of in vitro, in vivo, and clinical studies reported the roles of these non-coding RNAs (ncRNAs) in regulating angiogenesis, an important cancer hallmark that is associated with metastases and poor prognosis. The specific roles of various miRNAs and lncRNAs in regulating angiogenesis in breast cancer, with particular focus on the downstream targets and signalling pathways regulated by these ncRNAs will be discussed in this review. In light of the recent trend in exploiting ncRNAs as cancer therapeutics, the potential use of miRNAs and lncRNAs as biomarkers and novel therapeutic agent against angiogenesis was also discussed.
    Matched MeSH terms: RNA, Long Noncoding/genetics*
  9. Pentenero M, Bowers LM, Jayasinghe R, Yap T, Cheong SC, Kerr AR, et al.
    Oral Dis, 2019 Jun;25 Suppl 1(Suppl 1):88-101.
    PMID: 31140697 DOI: 10.1111/odi.13076
    BACKGROUND: Long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) have important roles in regulating gene expression pertaining to cell proliferation, survival, migration and genomic stability. Dysregulated expression of lncRNAs is implicated in cancer initiation, progression and metastasis.

    OBJECTIVES: To explore, map and summarize the extent of evidence from clinical studies investigating the differential expression of lncRNAs in oral/tongue squamous cell carcinoma.

    METHODS: PubMed, Scopus and Web of Science were used as search engines. Clinical, full-length, English language studies were included. PRISMA-ScR protocol was used to evaluate and present results. The present scoping review summarizes relationships of the differential expression of lncRNAs with the presence of tumour and with clinicopathological features including survival.

    RESULTS: Almost half of the investigated transcripts have been explored in more than one study, yet not always with consistent results. The collected data were also compared to the limited studies investigating oral epithelial dysplasia. Data are not easily comparable, first because of different methods used to define what differential expression is, and second because only a limited number of studies performed multivariate analyses to identify clinicopathological features associated with the differentially expressed lncRNAs.

    CONCLUSIONS: Standard methods and more appropriate data analyses are needed in order to achieve reliable results from future studies.

    Matched MeSH terms: RNA, Long Noncoding/genetics*
  10. Gheitasi R, Jourghasemi S, Pakzad I, Hosseinpour Sarmadi V, Samieipour Y, Sekawi Z, et al.
    Mol Biol Rep, 2019 Dec;46(6):6495-6500.
    PMID: 31595441 DOI: 10.1007/s11033-019-05095-w
    Brucellosis is the most common bacterial zoonotic infection. This pathogen may survive and sustain in host. The aim of this study is to define relationship between long noncoding (lnc) RNA-IFNG-AS1 and interferon gamma (IFN-γ) in different groups of patients with brucellosis compared to control group. In this study, associations of lncRNA IFNG-AS1 expression with secretion of IFN-γ level in Sixty patients with brucellosis, which were divided into 3 groups (acute, chronic and relapse groups), as a case group were compared with 20 subjects with negative serological tests and brucellosis clinical manifestation as a control group. In this regard, RNA were extracted from isolated peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs). LncRNA IFNG-AS1, T-box transcription factor (T-bet) and IFN-γ expressions were detected using quantitative polymerase chain reaction (qPCR). Serum level IFN-γ was assessed using enzyme linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). The results showed that expression level of LncRNA IFNG-AS1, T-bet and IFN-γ increased significantly in all patient groups in compared to healthy subjects (P 
    Matched MeSH terms: RNA, Long Noncoding/genetics*
  11. Ong SB, Katwadi K, Kwek XY, Ismail NI, Chinda K, Ong SG, et al.
    Expert Opin Ther Targets, 2018 03;22(3):247-261.
    PMID: 29417868 DOI: 10.1080/14728222.2018.1439015
    INTRODUCTION: New treatments are required to improve clinical outcomes in patients with acute myocardial infarction (AMI), for reduction of myocardial infarct (MI) size and preventing heart failure. Following AMI, acute ischemia/reperfusion injury (IRI) ensues, resulting in cardiomyocyte death and impaired cardiac function. Emerging studies have implicated a fundamental role for non-coding RNAs (microRNAs [miRNA], and more recently long non-coding RNAs [lncRNA]) in the setting of acute myocardial IRI. Areas covered: In this article, we discuss the roles of miRNAs and lncRNAs as potential biomarkers and therapeutic targets for the detection and treatment of AMI, review their roles as mediators and effectors of cardioprotection, particularly in the settings of interventions such as ischemic pre- and post-conditioning (IPC & IPost) as well as remote ischemic conditioning (RIC), and highlight future strategies for targeting ncRNAs to reduce MI size and prevent heart failure following AMI. Expert opinion: Investigating the roles of miRNAs and lncRNAs in the setting of AMI has provided new insights into the pathophysiology underlying acute myocardial IRI, and has identified novel biomarkers and therapeutic targets for detecting and treating AMI. Pharmacological and genetic manipulation of these ncRNAs has the therapeutic potential to improve clinical outcomes in AMI patients.
    Matched MeSH terms: RNA, Long Noncoding/genetics
  12. Awasthi R, Singh AK, Mishra G, Maurya A, Chellappan DK, Gupta G, et al.
    Adv Exp Med Biol, 2018 9 28;1087:3-14.
    PMID: 30259353 DOI: 10.1007/978-981-13-1426-1_1
    Circular RNAs (cirRNAs) are long, noncoding endogenous RNA molecules and covalently closed continuous loop without 5'-3' polarity and polyadenylated tail which are largely concentrated in the nucleus. CirRNA regulates gene expression by modulating microRNAs and functions as potential biomarker. CirRNAs can translate in vivo to link between their expression and disease. They are resistant to RNA exonuclease and can convert to the linear RNA by microRNA which can then act as competitor to endogenous RNA. This chapter summarizes the evolutionary conservation and expression of cirRNAs, their identification, highlighting various computational approaches on cirRNA, and translation with a focus on the breakthroughs and the challenges in this new field.
    Matched MeSH terms: RNA, Long Noncoding/genetics
  13. Shanmugapriya, Huda HA, Vijayarathna S, Oon CE, Chen Y, Kanwar JR, et al.
    Adv Exp Med Biol, 2018 9 28;1087:95-105.
    PMID: 30259360 DOI: 10.1007/978-981-13-1426-1_8
    Circular RNAs characterize a class of widespread and diverse endogenous RNAs which are non-coding RNAs that are made by back-splicing events and have covalently closed loops with no polyadenylated tails. Various indications specify that circular RNAs (circRNAs) are plentiful in the human transcriptome. However, their participation in biological processes remains mostly undescribed. To date thousands of circRNAs have been revealed in organisms ranging from Drosophila melanogaster to Homo sapiens. Functional studies specify that these transcripts control expression of protein-coding linear transcripts and thus encompass a key component of gene expression regulation. This chapter provide a comprehensive overview on functional validation of circRNAs. Furthermore, we discuss the recent modern methodologies for the functional validation of circRNAs such as RNA interference (RNAi) gene silencing assay, luciferase reporter assays, circRNA gain-of-function investigation via overexpression of circular transcript assay, RT-q-PCR quantification, and other latest applicable assays. The methods described in this chapter are demonstrated on the cellular model.
    Matched MeSH terms: RNA, Long Noncoding/genetics
  14. Abu N, Hon KW, Jeyaraman S, Jamal R
    Future Oncol, 2018 Dec;14(29):3085-3095.
    PMID: 30468082 DOI: 10.2217/fon-2018-0303
    Since its discovery, cisplatin has become the key drug in chemotherapy for cancers. Nevertheless, chemoresistance in cancers has become an impediment in using cisplatin for cancer treatment. The resistance toward cisplatin is multifaceted as it involves multiple cellular pathways. Ever since the knowledge of long noncoding RNAs as modulators of various molecular pathways came to light, the interest in the biological function of lncRNAs as biomarkers has increased dramatically. Numerous studies have reported the link between the dysregulation of lncRNAs and drug resistance in cancers. More importantly, several lncRNAs were found to be vital in regulating cisplatin resistance. Therefore, this review summarizes the recent efforts in linking between cisplatin resistance and different types of lncRNAs.
    Matched MeSH terms: RNA, Long Noncoding/genetics
  15. Mirsafian H, Ripen AM, Manaharan T, Mohamad SB, Merican AF
    OMICS, 2016 11;20(11):627-634.
    PMID: 27828772
    Transcriptome analyses based on high-throughput RNA sequencing (RNA-Seq) provide powerful and quantitative characterization of cell types and in-depth understanding of biological systems in health and disease. In this study, we present a comprehensive transcriptome profile of human primary monocytes, a crucial component of the innate immune system. We performed deep RNA-Seq of monocytes from six healthy subjects and integrated our data with 10 other publicly available RNA-Seq datasets of human monocytes. A total of 1.9 billion reads were generated, which allowed us to capture most of the genes transcribed in human monocytes, including 11,994 protein-coding genes, 5558 noncoding genes (including long noncoding RNAs, precursor miRNAs, and others), 2819 pseudogenes, and 7034 putative novel transcripts. In addition, we profiled the expression pattern of 1155 transcription factors (TFs) in human monocytes, which are the main molecules in controlling the gene transcription. An interaction network was constructed among the top expressed TFs and their targeted genes, which revealed the potential key regulatory genes in biological function of human monocytes. The gene catalog of human primary monocytes provided in this study offers significant promise and future potential clinical applications in the fields of precision medicine, systems diagnostics, immunogenomics, and the development of innovative biomarkers and therapeutic monitoring strategies.
    Matched MeSH terms: RNA, Long Noncoding/genetics
  16. Mirsafian H, Manda SS, Mitchell CJ, Sreenivasamurthy S, Ripen AM, Mohamad SB, et al.
    Genomics, 2016 07;108(1):37-45.
    PMID: 26778813 DOI: 10.1016/j.ygeno.2016.01.002
    Long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) have been shown to possess a wide range of functions in both cellular and developmental processes including cancers. Although some of the lncRNAs have been implicated in the regulation of the immune response, the exact function of the large majority of lncRNAs still remains unknown. In this study, we characterized the lncRNAs in human primary monocytes, an essential component of the innate immune system. We performed RNA sequencing of monocytes from four individuals and combined our data with eleven other publicly available datasets. Our analysis led to identification of ~8000 lncRNAs of which >1000 have not been previously reported in monocytes. PCR-based validation of a subset of the identified novel long intergenic noncoding RNAs (lincRNAs) revealed distinct expression patterns. Our study provides a landscape of lncRNAs in monocytes, which could facilitate future experimental studies to characterize the functions of these molecules in the innate immune system.
    Matched MeSH terms: RNA, Long Noncoding/genetics*
  17. Darbandi M, Darbandi S, Agarwal A, Baskaran S, Dutta S, Sengupta P, et al.
    J Assist Reprod Genet, 2019 Feb;36(2):241-253.
    PMID: 30382470 DOI: 10.1007/s10815-018-1350-y
    PURPOSE: This study was conducted in order to investigate the effects of reactive oxygen species (ROS) levels on the seminal plasma (SP) metabolite milieu and sperm dysfunction.

    METHODS: Semen specimens of 151 normozoospermic men were analyzed for ROS by chemiluminescence and classified according to seminal ROS levels [in relative light units (RLU)/s/106 sperm]: group 1 (n = 39): low (ROS 

    Matched MeSH terms: RNA, Long Noncoding/genetics*
  18. Nasir SN, Abu N, Ab Mutalib NS, Ishak M, Sagap I, Mazlan L, et al.
    Clin Transl Oncol, 2018 Jun;20(6):775-784.
    PMID: 29098557 DOI: 10.1007/s12094-017-1788-x
    PURPOSE: Colorectal cancer (CRC) is one of the most widely diagnosed cancers in men and women worldwide. With the advancement of next-generation sequencing technologies, many studies have highlighted the involvement of long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) in cancer development. Growing evidence demonstrates that lncRNAs play crucial roles in regulating gene and protein expression and are involved in various cancers, including CRC. The field of lncRNAs is still relatively new and a lot of novel lncRNAs have been discovered, but their functional roles are yet to be elucidated. This study aims to characterize the expression and functional roles of a novel lncRNA in CRC.

    METHOD: Several methods were employed to assess the function of LOC285629 such as gene silencing, qPCR, proliferation assay, BrdU assay, transwell migration assay, ELISA and protein profiler.

    RESULTS: Via in silico analyses, we identified significant downregulation of LOC285629, a novel lncRNA, across CRC stages. LOC285629 expression was significantly downregulated in advanced stages (Stage III and IV) compared to Stage I (Kruskal-Wallis Test; p = 0.0093). Further in-house validation showed that the expression of LOC285629 was upregulated in colorectal cancer tissues and cell lines compared to the normal counterparts, but was downregulated in advanced stages. By targeting LOC285629, the viability, proliferative abilities, invasiveness and resistance of colorectal cancer cells towards 5-fluorouracil were reduced. It was also discovered that LOC285629 may regulate cancer progression by targeting several different proteins, namely survivin, BCL-xL, progranulin, PDGF-AA, enolase 2 and p70S6 K.

    CONCLUSION: Our findings suggest that LOC285629 may be further developed as a potential therapeutic target for CRC treatment.

    Matched MeSH terms: RNA, Long Noncoding/genetics*
  19. Li HB, You QS, Xu LX, Sun LX, Abdul Majid AS, Xia XB, et al.
    Cell Physiol Biochem, 2017;43(5):2117-2132.
    PMID: 29065394 DOI: 10.1159/000484231
    BACKGROUND/AIMS: The aim of the present study is to investigate the effect of long non-coding RNA-MALAT1 (LncRNA-MALAT1) on retinal ganglion cell (RGC) apoptosis mediated by the PI3K/Akt signaling pathway in rats with glaucoma.

    METHODS: RGCs were isolated and cultured, and monoclonal antibodies (anti-rat Thy-1, Brn3a and RBPMS) were examined by immunocytochemistry. An overexpression vector MALAT1-RNA activation (RNAa), gene knockout vector MALAT1-RNA interference (RNAi), and control vector MALAT1-negative control (NC) were constructed. A chronic high intraocular pressure (IOP) rat model of glaucoma was established by episcleral vein cauterization. The RGCs were divided into the RGC control, RGC pressure, RGC pressure + MALAT1-NC, RGC pressure + MALAT1-RNAi and RGC pressure + MALAT1-RNAa groups. Sixty Sprague-Dawley (SD) rats were randomly divided into the normal, high IOP, high IOP + MALAT1-NC, high IOP + MALAT1-RNAa and high IOP + MALAT1-RNAi groups. qRT-PCR and western blotting were used to detect the expression levels of LncRNA-MALAT1 and PI3K/Akt. Terminal deoxynucleotidyl transferase dUTP nick-end labeling (TUNEL) and flow cytometry were used to detect RGC apoptosis.

    RESULTS: Immunocytochemistry revealed that the cultured RGCs reached 90% purity. Compared with the RGC pressure + MALAT1-NC group, the RGC pressure + MALAT1-RNAa group exhibited elevated expression levels of MALAT1, lower total protein levels of PI3K and Akt and decreased RGC apoptosis, while these expression levels were reversed in the RGC pressure + MALAT1-RNAi group. RGC numbers and PI3K/Akt expression levels in the high IOP model groups were lower than those in the normal group. In the high IOP + MALAT1-RNAa group, the mRNA and protein expression levels of PI3K/Akt were reduced but higher than those in the other three high IOP model groups. Additionally, RGC numbers in the high IOP + MALAT1-RNAa group were lower than those in the normal group but higher than those in the other three high IOP model groups.

    CONCLUSION: Our study provides evidence that LncRNA-MALAT1 could inhibit RGC apoptosis in glaucoma through activation of the PI3K/Akt signaling pathway.

    Matched MeSH terms: RNA, Long Noncoding/genetics
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