Displaying publications 1 - 20 of 50 in total

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  1. Laitman Y, Feng BJ, Zamir IM, Weitzel JN, Duncan P, Port D, et al.
    Eur J Hum Genet, 2013 Feb;21(2):212-6.
    PMID: 22763381 DOI: 10.1038/ejhg.2012.124
    The 185delAG* BRCA1 mutation is encountered primarily in Jewish Ashkenazi and Iraqi individuals, and sporadically in non-Jews. Previous studies estimated that this is a founder mutation in Jewish mutation carriers that arose before the dispersion of Jews in the Diaspora ~2500 years ago. The aim of this study was to assess the haplotype in ethnically diverse 185delAG* BRCA1 mutation carriers, and to estimate the age at which the mutation arose. Ethnically diverse Jewish and non-Jewish 185delAG*BRCA1 mutation carriers and their relatives were genotyped using 15 microsatellite markers and three SNPs spanning 12.5 MB, encompassing the BRCA1 gene locus. Estimation of mutation age was based on a subset of 11 markers spanning a region of ~5 MB, using a previously developed algorithm applying the maximum likelihood method. Overall, 188 participants (154 carriers and 34 noncarriers) from 115 families were included: Ashkenazi, Iraq, Kuchin-Indians, Syria, Turkey, Iran, Tunisia, Bulgaria, non-Jewish English, non-Jewish Malaysian, and Hispanics. Haplotype analysis indicated that the 185delAG mutation arose 750-1500 years ago. In Ashkenazim, it is a founder mutation that arose 61 generations ago, and with a small group of founder mutations was introduced into the Hispanic population (conversos) ~650 years ago, and into the Iraqi-Jewish community ~450 years ago. The 185delAG mutation in the non-Jewish populations in Malaysia and the UK arose at least twice independently. We conclude that the 185delAG* BRCA1 mutation resides on a common haplotype among Ashkenazi Jews, and arose about 61 generations ago and arose independently at least twice in non-Jews.
    Matched MeSH terms: Sequence Deletion*
  2. Tan LP, Ng BK, Balraj P, Poh BH, Lim PK, Peh SC
    Hum Genet, 2005 Dec;118(3-4):539-40.
    PMID: 16521263
    Matched MeSH terms: Sequence Deletion*
  3. Yusoff AAM, Abdullah WSW, Khair SZNM, Radzak SMA
    Oncol Rev, 2019 Jan 14;13(1):409.
    PMID: 31044027 DOI: 10.4081/oncol.2019.409
    Mitochondria are cellular machines essential for energy production. The biogenesis of mitochondria is a highly complex and it depends on the coordination of the nuclear and mitochondrial genome. Mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) mutations and deletions are suspected to be associated with carcinogenesis. The most described mtDNA deletion in various human cancers is called the 4977-bp common deletion (mDNA4977) and it has been explored since two decades. In spite of that, its implication in carcinogenesis still unknown and its predictive and prognostic impact remains controversial. This review article provides an overview of some of the cellular and molecular mechanisms underlying mDNA4977 formation and a detailed summary about mDNA4977 reported in various types of cancers. The current knowledges of mDNA4977 as a prognostic and predictive marker are also discussed.
    Matched MeSH terms: Sequence Deletion
  4. Chong, Jia-Woei, Azlina Ahmad Annuar, Wong, Kum-Thong, Thong, Meow-Keong, Goh, Khean-Jin
    Neurology Asia, 2014;19(1):27-36.
    MyJurnal
    Mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) deletions are a major cause of chronic progressive external ophthalmoplegia (CPEO) and Kearns-Sayre syndrome (KSS). We analyzed single mtDNA deletions in 11 CPEO and one KSS patients by means of Southern blot and long polymerase chain reaction (PCR) assays. The deletion sizes ranged from 3.4 kb to 6.9 kb whereas the heteroplasmy level varied from 18.8% to 85.5%. Two unique deletions sized 4320 bp and 4717 bp were found. This study represents the first genetic screen of mtDNA disorders in Malaysia, and it follows the data seen in other published reports on CPEO and KSS genetic aetiology.
    Matched MeSH terms: Sequence Deletion
  5. Ismail NF, Nik Abdul Malik NM, Mohseni J, Rani AM, Hayati F, Salmi AR, et al.
    Jpn J Clin Oncol, 2014 May;44(5):506-11.
    PMID: 24683199 DOI: 10.1093/jjco/hyu024
    Tuberous sclerosis complex is an autosomal dominant neurocutaneous disorder affecting multiple organs. Tuberous sclerosis complex is caused by mutation in either one of the two disease-causing genes, TSC1 or TSC2, encoding for hamartin and tuberin, respectively. TSC2/PKD1 contiguous gene deletion syndrome is a very rare condition due to deletion involving both TSC2 and PKD1 genes. Tuberous sclerosis complex cannot be easily diagnosed since there is no pathognomonic feature, although there are consensus diagnostic criteria for that. Mutation analysis is useful and plays important roles. We report here two novel gross deletions of TSC2 gene in Malay patients with tuberous sclerosis complex and TSC2/PKD1 contiguous gene deletion syndrome, respectively.
    Matched MeSH terms: Sequence Deletion*
  6. Sasongko TH, Gunadi, Zilfalil BA, Zabidi-Hussin Z
    J. Neurogenet., 2011 Mar;25(1-2):15-6.
    PMID: 21338334 DOI: 10.3109/01677063.2011.559561
    The authors suggest a simplification for the current molecular genetic testing of spinal muscular atrophy (SMA). Deletion analysis of SMN1 exon 7 alone may be necessary and sufficient for the diagnosis of SMA. It is based on sole contribution of survival motor neuron 1 (SMN1) exon 7 to SMA pathogenesis.
    Matched MeSH terms: Sequence Deletion/genetics*
  7. George E
    PMID: 8629111
    Beta-thalassemia in West Malaysia is caused by 14 molecular defects with differing clinical severity. In Chinese patients from West Malaysia, the main beta-thalassemia mutations seen were (a) a 4 base pair-TCTT deletion in codon 41-42 [frameshift mutation (FSC 41-42)]; (b) a C to T substitution at the second intervening sequence (IVS2-654); (c) an A to G substitution in the TATA box [-28 (A to G)], and (d) an A to T substitution in codon 17[17 A to T]. In the Malays, the main mutations seen were (a) a G to C in nucleotide 5 at the intervening sequence I [IVS1-5 (G to C)]; (b) G to T substitution in nucleotide I at the intervening sequence I [IVS1-1 (G to T)]; (c) a A to T substitution in codon 17 (17 A to T); (d) removal of C from codon 35 [codon 35 (-C)], and (e) a 4 base pairs-TCTT deletion in codon 41-42 [frameshift mutation (FSC 41-42)]. A scoring system (Tha1 CS) has been formulated to predict clinical severity. It is the type of beta-thalassemia mutation present that decides on the clinical phenotype. The most severe beta-thalassemia mutation is assigned a score of 4. A score of 8 indicates severe thalassemia.
    Matched MeSH terms: Sequence Deletion*
  8. Lee TY, Lai MI, Ramachandran V, Tan JA, Teh LK, Othman R, et al.
    Int J Lab Hematol, 2016 Aug;38(4):435-43.
    PMID: 27349818 DOI: 10.1111/ijlh.12520
    INTRODUCTION: Alpha thalassaemia is a highly prevalent disease globally and is a well-known public health problem in Malaysia. The deletional forms of the mutation are the most common forms found in alpha thalassaemia. The three most common deletional alpha thalassaemia found in this region include --(SEA) deletion, -α(3.7) rightward and -α(4.2) leftward deletions. The prevalence rate of triplication alpha cases such as ααα(anti3.7) and ααα(anti4.2) is not known in Malaysia although it plays a role in exacerbating the clinical phenotypes in beta thalassaemia carriers. Recently, there have been more reported cases of rare alpha thalassaemia mutations due to the advancement of molecular techniques involved in thalassaemia detections. Therefore, it is essential to develop a new method which allows the detection of different alpha thalassaemia mutations including the rare ones simultaneously and accurately.

    METHODS: The purpose of this study was to design an assay for the detection of triplications, common and rare deletional alpha thalassaemia using droplet digital PCR (ddPCR).

    RESULTS: This is a quantitative detection method to measure the changes of copy number which can detect deletions, duplications and triplications of the alpha globin gene simultaneously.

    CONCLUSION: In conclusion, ddPCR is an alternative method for rapid detection of alpha thalassaemia variants in Malaysia.

    Matched MeSH terms: Sequence Deletion*
  9. Hung KL, Wang JS, Keng WT, Chen HJ, Liang JS, Ngu LH, et al.
    Pediatr Neurol, 2013 Sep;49(3):185-90.
    PMID: 23835273 DOI: 10.1016/j.pediatrneurol.2013.04.021
    X-linked adrenoleukodystrophy is caused by a defective peroxisomal membrane transporter, ABCD1, responsible for transporting very-long-chain fatty acid substrate into peroxisomes for degradation. The main biochemical defect, which is also one of the major diagnostic hallmarks, of X-linked adrenoleukodystrophy is the accumulation of saturated very-long-chain fatty acids in all tissues and body fluids.
    Matched MeSH terms: Sequence Deletion*
  10. Kerner G, Rosain J, Guérin A, Al-Khabaz A, Oleaga-Quintas C, Rapaport F, et al.
    J Clin Invest, 2020 Jun 01;130(6):3158-3171.
    PMID: 32163377 DOI: 10.1172/JCI135460
    Mendelian susceptibility to mycobacterial disease (MSMD) is characterized by a selective predisposition to clinical disease caused by the Bacille Calmette-Guérin (BCG) vaccine and environmental mycobacteria. The known genetic etiologies of MSMD are inborn errors of IFN-γ immunity due to mutations of 15 genes controlling the production of or response to IFN-γ. Since the first MSMD-causing mutations were reported in 1996, biallelic mutations in the genes encoding IFN-γ receptor 1 (IFN-γR1) and IFN-γR2 have been reported in many patients of diverse ancestries. Surprisingly, mutations of the gene encoding the IFN-γ cytokine itself have not been reported, raising the remote possibility that there might be other agonists of the IFN-γ receptor. We describe 2 Lebanese cousins with MSMD, living in Kuwait, who are both homozygous for a small deletion within the IFNG gene (c.354_357del), causing a frameshift that generates a premature stop codon (p.T119Ifs4*). The mutant allele is loss of expression and loss of function. We also show that the patients' herpesvirus Saimiri-immortalized T lymphocytes did not produce IFN-γ, a phenotype that can be rescued by retrotransduction with WT IFNG cDNA. The blood T and NK lymphocytes from these patients also failed to produce and secrete detectable amounts of IFN-γ. Finally, we show that human IFNG has evolved under stronger negative selection than IFNGR1 or IFNGR2, suggesting that it is less tolerant to heterozygous deleterious mutations than IFNGR1 or IFNGR2. This may account for the rarity of patients with autosomal-recessive, complete IFN-γ deficiency relative to patients with complete IFN-γR1 and IFN-γR2 deficiencies.
    Matched MeSH terms: Sequence Deletion*
  11. Luan OG, Yam H, Samian R, Wajidi MFF, Mahadi NM, Mohamad S, et al.
    Trop Life Sci Res, 2017 Jul;28(2):57-74.
    PMID: 28890761 MyJurnal DOI: 10.21315/tlsr2017.28.2.5
    Burkholderia pseudomallei is a soil-dwelling bacterium that causes a globally emerging disease called melioidosis. Approximately one third of the in silico annotated genes in its genome are classified as hypothetical genes. This group of genes is difficult to be functionally characterised partly due to the absence of noticeable phenotypes under conventional laboratory settings. A bioinformatic survey of hypothetical genes revealed a gene designated as BPSL3393 that putatively encodes a small protein of 11 kDA with a CoA binding domain. BPSL3393 is conserved in all the B. pseudomallei genomes as well as various in other species within the genus Burkholderia. Taking into consideration that CoA plays a ubiquitous metabolic role in all life forms, characterisation of BPSL3393 may uncover a previously over-looked metabolic feature of B. pseudomallei. The gene was deleted from the genome using a double homologous recombination approach yielding a null mutant. The BPSL3393 mutant showed no difference in growth rate with the wild type under rich and minimal growth conditions. An extensive metabolic phenotyping test was performed involving 95 metabolic substrates. The deletion mutant of BPSL3393 was severely impaired in its ethanolamine metabolism. The growth rate of the mutant was attenuated when ethanolamine was used as the sole carbon source. A transcriptional analysis of the ethanolamine metabolism genes showed that they were down-regulated in the BPSL3393 mutant. This seemed to suggest that BPSL3393 functions as a positive regulator for ethanolamine metabolism.
    Matched MeSH terms: Sequence Deletion
  12. Juriza, I., Sharifah Azween, S.O., Azli, I., Zarina, A.L., Mohd Fadly, M.A., Zubaidah, Z., et al.
    Medicine & Health, 2010;5(2):108-113.
    MyJurnal
    The human genome contains many submicroscopic copy number variations which includes deletions, duplications and insertions. Although conventional karyotyping remains an important diagnostic tool in evaluating a dysmorphic patient with mental retardation, molecular diagnostic technology such as array comparative genomic hybridization (aCGH) has proven to be sensitive and reliable in detecting these submicroscopic anomalies. A 3 month-old infant with dysmorphic facies, microcephaly and global developmental delay was referred for genetic evaluation. Preliminary karyotyping which was confounded by the quality of metaphase spread was normal; however, aCGH detected a 30.6Mb deletion from 5p15.33-p13.3. This case illustrates the usefulness of aCGH as an adjunctive investigative tool for detecting chromosomal imbalances.
    Matched MeSH terms: Sequence Deletion
  13. Tan, J. A. M. A., George, E., Lim, E. J., Zakaria, Z., Hassan, R., Wee, Y. C., et al.
    MyJurnal
    Objectives: This study aimed to evaluate the UBI MAGIWELTM ζ-GLOBIN ELISA Kit for the presumptive diagnosis of αo-thalassaemia. The ELISA results obtained were confirmed by molecular characterisation of αo-thalassaemia using a Duplex-PCR. Methods: Routine peripheral blood counts and red cell indices were determined in 94 blood samples sent for Hb analysis. Hb subtypes were quantified by high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) and Hb electrophoresis conducted on agarose gel at pH 8.5. Zeta-globin chain levels were determined using the UBI MAGIWELTM ζ-GLOBIN ELISA Kit. Molecular analysis was performed using a duplex-PCR which simultaneously amplifies
    a normal 136 bp sequence between the ψα−α2-globin genes and a 730 bp Southeast Asian deletion-specific sequence (–SEA) between the ψα2−θ1-globin genes. Results: Using the ELISA assay kit, 20 blood samples were presumptively identified as α-thalassaemia carriers from elevated ζ-globin chains (OD>0.3) while the remaining 74 blood samples showed OD
    Matched MeSH terms: Sequence Deletion
  14. Nur Hidayah Muhamad Yasin, Majdan Ramli, Ilunihayati Ibrahim, Rosnah Bahar, Noraesah Mahmud, Siti Shahrum Muhamed Said, et al.
    MyJurnal
    Haemoglobin E (Hb E) is a variant of structurally abnormal haemoglobin that can be found very commonly in the Asian countries particularly the Southeast Asian [1]. [H1] Alpha thalassaemia is a red cell disorder which is caused by deletion or mutation of one or more of the four alpha globin genes leading to absence or decrease in production of alpha globin peptides [2]. This disorder is far more common in South East Asian regions and in Malaysia itself, and the gene frequency is about 4.1% [2]. The interactions of Hb E and alpha thalassaemia are evident in Kelantan which is bordered by southern Thailand. Using capillary electrophoresis (CE), a reduction of Hb E level is noticed as compared to Hb E heterozygotes. DNA analysis should be done to determine the presence of concurrent alpha thalassaemia variant. This study was done to evaluate haematological parameters using automated blood counters, morphology of red cells, Hb separation and quantitation of Hb fractions using CE and molecular analysis for alpha thalassemia. The study also aimed to discover cut off point of Hb E level in heterozygous Hb E patients with concurrent deletional alpha thalassaemia by CE.
    Matched MeSH terms: Sequence Deletion
  15. Dörk T, Peterlongo P, Mannermaa A, Bolla MK, Wang Q, Dennis J, et al.
    Sci Rep, 2019 08 29;9(1):12524.
    PMID: 31467304 DOI: 10.1038/s41598-019-48804-y
    Fanconi anemia (FA) is a genetically heterogeneous disorder with 22 disease-causing genes reported to date. In some FA genes, monoallelic mutations have been found to be associated with breast cancer risk, while the risk associations of others remain unknown. The gene for FA type C, FANCC, has been proposed as a breast cancer susceptibility gene based on epidemiological and sequencing studies. We used the Oncoarray project to genotype two truncating FANCC variants (p.R185X and p.R548X) in 64,760 breast cancer cases and 49,793 controls of European descent. FANCC mutations were observed in 25 cases (14 with p.R185X, 11 with p.R548X) and 26 controls (18 with p.R185X, 8 with p.R548X). There was no evidence of an association with the risk of breast cancer, neither overall (odds ratio 0.77, 95%CI 0.44-1.33, p = 0.4) nor by histology, hormone receptor status, age or family history. We conclude that the breast cancer risk association of these two FANCC variants, if any, is much smaller than for BRCA1, BRCA2 or PALB2 mutations. If this applies to all truncating variants in FANCC it would suggest there are differences between FA genes in their roles on breast cancer risk and demonstrates the merit of large consortia for clarifying risk associations of rare variants.
    Matched MeSH terms: Sequence Deletion*
  16. Mohd-Zin SW, Abdullah NL, Abdullah A, Greene ND, Cheah PS, Ling KH, et al.
    Genome, 2016 Jul;59(7):439-48.
    PMID: 27373307 DOI: 10.1139/gen-2015-0142
    The EphA4 receptor tyrosine kinase is involved in numerous cell-signalling activities during embryonic development. EphA4 has the ability to bind to both types of ephrin ligands, the ephrinAs and ephrinBs. The C57BL/6J-Epha4rb-2J/GrsrJ strain, denoted Epha4(rb-2J/rb-2J), is a spontaneous mouse mutant that arose at The Jackson Laboratory. These mutants exhibited a synchronous hind limb locomotion defect or "hopping gait" phenotype, which is also characteristic of EphA4 null mice. Genetic complementation experiments suggested that Epha4(rb-2J) corresponds to an allele of EphA4, but details of the genomic defect in this mouse mutant are currently unavailable. We found a single base-pair deletion in exon 9 resulting in a frame shift mutation that subsequently resulted in a premature stop codon. Analysis of the predicted structure of the truncated protein suggests that both the kinase and sterile α motif (SAM) domains are absent. Definitive determination of genotype is needed for experimental studies of mice carrying the Epha4(rb-2J) allele, and we have also developed a method to ease detection of the mutation through RFLP. Eph-ephrin family members are reportedly expressed as numerous isoforms. Hence, delineation of the specific mutation in EphA4 in this strain is important for further functional studies, such as protein-protein interactions, immunostaining and gene compensatory studies, investigating the mechanism underlying the effects of altered function of Eph family of receptor tyrosine kinases on phenotype.
    Matched MeSH terms: Sequence Deletion*
  17. Goh ZH, Mohd NAS, Tan SG, Bhassu S, Tan WS
    J Gen Virol, 2014 Sep;95(Pt 9):1919-1928.
    PMID: 24878641 DOI: 10.1099/vir.0.064014-0
    White tail disease (WTD) kills prawn larvae and causes drastic losses to the freshwater prawn (Macrobrachium rosenbergii) industry. The main causative agent of WTD is Macrobrachium rosenbergii nodavirus (MrNV). The N-terminal end of the MrNV capsid protein is very rich in positively charged amino acids and is postulated to interact with RNA molecules. N-terminal and internal deletion mutagenesis revealed that the RNA-binding region is located at positions 20-29, where 80 % of amino acids are positively charged. Substitution of all these positively charged residues with alanine abolished the RNA binding. Mutants without the RNA-binding region still assembled into virus-like particles, suggesting that this region is not a part of the capsid assembly domain. This paper is, to the best of our knowledge, the first to report the specific RNA-binding region of MrNV capsid protein.
    Matched MeSH terms: Sequence Deletion/genetics
  18. Gill HK, Kumar HC, Dhaliwal JS, Zabidi F, Sendut IH, Noah RM, et al.
    Asian Pac J Allergy Immunol, 2012 Dec;30(4):313-20.
    PMID: 23393912
    BACKGROUND: The most common autosomal form of Chronic Granulomatous Disease, p47-phox deficient CGD, generally features a GT (deltaGT) deletion in the GTGT sequence at the start of exon 2 on the NCF-1 gene. This consistency is due to the coexistence of and the recombination between 2 homologous pseudogenes (psi s) and NCF-1. The GTGT: deltaGT ratio mirrors the NCF-I: NCF-1 psi ratio and is 2:4 in normal individuals.
    OBJECTIVE: To determine the molecular basis of the Autosomal-CGD in a family with 2 children, a male and female, affected by the disease. The female patient suffered recurrent infection, retinitis pigmentosa and discoid lupus.
    METHODS: Chemiluminescence (CL) was used to study the respiratory burst, while genetic analysis was done by RT-PCR, PCR, deltaGT and the 20bp gene scans.
    RESULTS: The CL response of the patient was profoundly low. The patient's p47-phox band was absent in the RT-PCR for NADPH-oxidase component mRNAs. The deltaGT scan showed that the patient's GTGT: deltaGT ratio was 0:6, the parents' and the younger brother's was 1:5 and the younger sister's was 2:4. Examination of other NCF-1/ NCF-1 psi s differences showed that the father had a compound deltaGT allele ie. deltaGT-20bp, inherited by the patient, and that both parents had compound GTGT alleles with a single 30bp segment in intron 1.
    CONCLUSIONS: The patient was a classic, homozygous deltaGT p47-phox deficient CGD with one allele harbouring a compound deltaGT-20bp gene. The deltaGT and 20bp gene scans offer a relatively simple and efficient means of defining a p47-phox deficient CGD patient.
    Key words: Chronic Granulomatous Disease, Primary Immunodeficiency, NCF-1, p47-phox, NADPH-oxidas
    Matched MeSH terms: Sequence Deletion*
  19. Tan JAMA, Yap SF, Tan KL, Wong YC, Wee YC, Kok JL
    Acta Haematol., 2003;109(4):169-75.
    PMID: 12853688 DOI: 10.1159/000070965
    Molecular characterization of the compound heterozygous condition - (G)gamma((A)gammadeltabeta)(o)/beta-thalassemia - in four families showing mild beta-thalassemia intermedia was carried out using DNA amplification techniques. Using the Amplification Refractory Mutation System (ARMS) to confirm the beta-mutations and DNA amplification to detect the 100-kb Chinese-specific (G)gamma((A)gammadeltabeta)(o)-deletion, ()two families were confirmed to possess (G)gamma((A)gammadeltabeta)(o)/beta-thalassemia with the IVSII No. 654 beta(+)-allele. In the third family, the (G)gamma((A)gammadeltabeta)(o)-deletion was confirmed in the father and the mother was a beta-thalassemia carrier with the cd 41-42 beta(o)-allele. Their affected child with (G)gamma((A)gammadeltabeta)(o)/beta-thalassemia was found to be transfusion dependent. The same (G)gamma((A)gammadeltabeta)(o)-deletion and beta-thalassemia (cd 41-42) was also confirmed in a fourth family. In addition, the mother was also diagnosed with Hb H disease (genotype -alpha(3.7)/-(SEA)). Both the children were found to possess (G)gamma((A)gammadeltabeta)(o)/beta-thalassemia but they were not transfusion dependent and this could be due to co-inheritance of alpha-thalassemia-2 (genotype-alpha(3.7)/alphaalpha) in the children together with their compound heterozygous condition.
    Matched MeSH terms: Sequence Deletion*
  20. Wyszynski A, Hong CC, Lam K, Michailidou K, Lytle C, Yao S, et al.
    Hum Mol Genet, 2016 09 01;25(17):3863-3876.
    PMID: 27402876 DOI: 10.1093/hmg/ddw223
    Breast cancer is the most diagnosed malignancy and the second leading cause of cancer mortality in females. Previous association studies have identified variants on 2q35 associated with the risk of breast cancer. To identify functional susceptibility loci for breast cancer, we interrogated the 2q35 gene desert for chromatin architecture and functional variation correlated with gene expression. We report a novel intergenic breast cancer risk locus containing an enhancer copy number variation (enCNV; deletion) located approximately 400Kb upstream to IGFBP5, which overlaps an intergenic ERα-bound enhancer that loops to the IGFBP5 promoter. The enCNV is correlated with modified ERα binding and monoallelic-repression of IGFBP5 following oestrogen treatment. We investigated the association of enCNV genotype with breast cancer in 1,182 cases and 1,362 controls, and replicate our findings in an independent set of 62,533 cases and 60,966 controls from 41 case control studies and 11 GWAS. We report a dose-dependent inverse association of 2q35 enCNV genotype (percopy OR = 0.68 95%CI 0.55-0.83, P = 0.0002; replication OR = 0.77 95% CI 0.73-0.82, P = 2.1 × 10-19) and identify 13 additional linked variants (r2 > 0.8) in the 20Kb linkage block containing the enCNV (P = 3.2 × 10-15 - 5.6 × 10-17). These associations were independent of previously reported 2q35 variants, rs13387042/rs4442975 and rs16857609, and were stronger for ER-positive than ER-negative disease. Together, these results suggest that 2q35 breast cancer risk loci may be mediating their effect through IGFBP5.
    Matched MeSH terms: Sequence Deletion*
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