Displaying publications 1 - 20 of 726 in total

  1. Haniff AN, Gam LH
    Biotechnol Appl Biochem, 2016 Mar;63(2):266-72.
    PMID: 25640279 DOI: 10.1002/bab.1357
    Smoking, passive smoking, and nonsmoking are conditions that give different degrees of stress to the body. In this study, a proteomic technique was used to analyze differentially urinary protein expression between these three groups of subjects. Urinary proteins were precipitated using ammonium sulfate followed by separation according to molecular weights using SDS-PAGE. The gel was stained by Coommassie blue, and the image of the gel was captured for the comparison study. The protein bands that were consistently detected but expressed at different intensity between the smokers and nonsmokers were targeted for further analysis. Three targeted protein bands were excised from the gel, consisting of a unique protein band of smokers and a pair of differentially expressed protein bands from smokers and nonsmokers. The proteins were digested in gel by trypsin. The tryptic peptides were analyzed with ultra performance liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry. Protein identity was determined by the product ion spectrum in the MS/MS scan. Four unique proteins from the smokers, namely, pancreatic alpha amylase, proepidermal growth factor, protein 4.1, and prostatic acid phosphatase, were found to be potential urinary biomarkers to indicate smoking status of a person.
    Matched MeSH terms: Smoking
  2. Ordóñez-Mena JM, Schöttker B, Mons U, Jenab M, Freisling H, Bueno-de-Mesquita B, et al.
    BMC Med, 2016;14(1):62.
    PMID: 27044418 DOI: 10.1186/s12916-016-0607-5
    BACKGROUND: Smoking is the most important individual risk factor for many cancer sites but its association with breast and prostate cancer is not entirely clear. Rate advancement periods (RAPs) may enhance communication of smoking related risk to the general population. Thus, we estimated RAPs for the association of smoking exposure (smoking status, time since smoking cessation, smoking intensity, and duration) with total and site-specific (lung, breast, colorectal, prostate, gastric, head and neck, and pancreatic) cancer incidence and mortality.
    METHODS: This is a meta-analysis of 19 population-based prospective cohort studies with individual participant data for 897,021 European and American adults. For each cohort we calculated hazard ratios (HRs) for the association of smoking exposure with cancer outcomes using Cox regression adjusted for a common set of the most important potential confounding variables. RAPs (in years) were calculated as the ratio of the logarithms of the HRs for a given smoking exposure variable and age. Meta-analyses were employed to summarize cohort-specific HRs and RAPs.
    RESULTS: Overall, 140,205 subjects had a first incident cancer, and 53,164 died from cancer, during an average follow-up of 12 years. Current smoking advanced the overall risk of developing and dying from cancer by eight and ten years, respectively, compared with never smokers. The greatest advancements in cancer risk and mortality were seen for lung cancer and the least for breast cancer. Smoking cessation was statistically significantly associated with delays in the risk of cancer development and mortality compared with continued smoking.
    CONCLUSIONS: This investigation shows that smoking, even among older adults, considerably advances, and cessation delays, the risk of developing and dying from cancer. These findings may be helpful in more effectively communicating the harmful effects of smoking and the beneficial effect of smoking cessation.
    KEYWORDS: Cancer; Cohort; Incidence; Meta-analysis; Mortality; Smoking
    Matched MeSH terms: Smoking*
  3. Citation: Tak Nak! Every puff you take damages your body. An anti-smoking campaign by the Ministry of Health Malaysia. Kuala Lumpur: Ministry of Health, Malaysia; 2004
    Matched MeSH terms: Smoking; Smoking Cessation
  4. Binns C, Low WY
    Asia Pac J Public Health, 2021 07;33(5):477-478.
    PMID: 34468241 DOI: 10.1177/10105395211034654
    Matched MeSH terms: Smoking Cessation*
  5. Citation: Awang R, Foong K, Lajis R, Omar M, Tan YL, Yong CY. Status of Tobacco Use and its Control: Malaysia Report Card. Bangkok, Thailand: Southeast Asia Tobacco Control Alliance; 2008
    Matched MeSH terms: Smoking
  6. Citation: World Health Survey Results - Report of Malaysia. Geneva: World Health Organization; 2003

    Study name: World Health Survey 2003
    Matched MeSH terms: Smoking
  7. McCarthy SA
    Family Physician, 1994;6:32-33.
    Matched MeSH terms: Smoking
  8. Tan YL, Foong K
    ISBN: 978-616-90022-1-5
    Citation: Tan YL, Foong K. Implementing Pictorial Health Warnings in Malaysia: Challenges and Lessons Learned. Bangkok, Thailand: Southeast Asia Tobacco Control Alliance; 2010
    Matched MeSH terms: Smoking; Smoking Cessation
  9. Wee LH, Chan CM, Yogarabindranath SN
    Med J Malaysia, 2016 06;71(Suppl 1):29-41.
    PMID: 27801386 MyJurnal
    Two hundred and seventy one original published materials related to tobacco use were found in a search through a database dedicated to indexing all original data relevant to Medicine and Health in Malaysia from 1996 - 2015. A total of 147 papers were selected and reviewed on the basis of their relevance and implications for future research. Findings were summarised, categorised and presented according to epidemiology, behaviour, clinical features and management of smoking. Most studies are cross-sectional with small sample sizes. Studies on smoking initiation and prevalence showed mixed findings with many small scale studies within the sub-groups. The majority of the studies were related to factors that contribute to initiation in adolescents. Nonetheless, there are limited studies on intervention strategies to curb smoking among this group. There is a lack of clinical studies to analyse tobacco use and major health problems in Malaysia. In addition, studies on the best treatment modalities on the use of pharmacotherapy and behavioural counselling have also remained unexplored. Reasons why smokers do not seek clinic help to quit smoking need further exploration. A finding on the extent of effort carried out by healthcare providers in assisting smokers to make quit attempts is not known. Studies on economic and government initiatives on policies and tobacco use focus mainly on the effects of cigarette bans, increased cigarettes taxes and the influence of the tobacco industry. Recommendations are given for the government to increase efforts in implementing smoke-free legislation, early and tailored interventions. Clinical studies in this area are lacking, as are opportunities to research on ways to reduce smoking initiation age and the most effective quit smoking strategies.
    Matched MeSH terms: Smoking/epidemiology*; Smoking Cessation*
  10. Wong KY, Rahman MM
    Achieving smoking cessation is an arduous process, where smokers try different methods or approaches to achieve cessation. Quit smoking attempts play an important role in smoking cessation.Thus, this study was conducted to determine the factors associated with attempt-to-quit smoking among the currentsmokers in Sarawak.This cross-sectional study was conducted among adult smokers in Sarikei, Sarawak by face-to-face interview using an adapted and validated questionnaire. Non-probability sampling method was used to select the study place. An adult smoker was selected systematically from each selected household. A total of 482 smoker households were identified with a response rate of 92.3%. Data was analysed using IBM SPSS Version 22.0. A p-value of <0.05 was considered statistically significant. The mean (SD) age of the smokers was 36.3(13.3) years. However, the mean (SD) age of smoking initiation was 18.5(4.8) years. Majority of the smokers were male (91.5%), with the male to female ratio being 1:0.1. Mean (SD) score on The Fagerström Test for Nicotine Dependence was 4.75(2.4), while motivation to quit smoking score was 3.04(1.0). Majority of the smokers (83.1%) hadever seen pictorial health warnings on cigarette packs. More than half of the smokers (54.8%) had ever tried to quit smoking. Binary logistic regression analysis revealed that marital status, religion, ethnicity, pictorial health warnings on cigarette packs and motivation to quit smoking appeared to be the significant predictors of attempt-to-quit smoking (p<0.05). Understanding the attempts to quit smoking will assist inclinical expectations. Thus, a smoking cessation programme should be designed in line with these factors, to aid quit smoking attempts.
    Matched MeSH terms: Smoking; Smoking Cessation*
  11. Nurumal MS, Zain SHM, Mohamed MHN, Shorey S
    J Sch Nurs, 2021 Oct;37(5):333-342.
    PMID: 31455149 DOI: 10.1177/1059840519871641
    Preventing smoking among adolescents is critical. This study evaluated the effectiveness of the Smoking Prevention Education Program among nonsmoking adolescents. A quasi-experimental study design was used. Data were collected from Year 5 students (n = 140) from four government primary schools in the Kuantan and Pahang districts of Malaysia. The participating schools were randomly assigned into the intervention and control groups. Questionnaires and exhaled carbon monoxide (CO) levels were used to collect data at the baseline and at 3 months postintervention. At 3 months postintervention, the percentage of nonsmokers remained 100% in the intervention group, while 2.9% of the participants in the control group reported to have smoked in past 7 days. Comparatively, the mean scores of attitudes, subjective norms, and nonsmoking intentions of the intervention group improved significantly. The intervention was effective in preventing smoking initiations among Malaysian adolescents; however, further evaluation of this intervention is needed among varied populations.
    Matched MeSH terms: Smoking; Smoking Cessation*
  12. ISBN: 978-92-4-151417-0
    Citation: WHO global report on trends in prevalence of tobacco smoking 2000–2025, second edition. Geneva: World Health Organization; 2018

    Malaysia in full text (Table A1.1, p38)
    Matched MeSH terms: Smoking
  13. Nalliah S
    Family Practitioner, 1985;8:80-1.
    Matched MeSH terms: Smoking
  14. Habil MH
    DOI: 10.1007/978-1-4471-0769-9_9 ISBN: 978-1-4471-0769-9
    Citation: Habil MH. Tobacco smoking in Malaysia. In: Lu R, Mackay J, Niu S, Peto R (ed). Tobacco: The Growing Epidemic: Springer; 2000. p. 39-40.
    Matched MeSH terms: Smoking
  15. ISBN: 978-0-309-10384-8
    Citation: Institute of Medicine (US). Committee on Cancer Control in Low- and Middle-Income Countries, Frank A. Sloan, Hellen Gelband (Eds.). Cancer Control Opportunities in Low- and Middle-Income Countries. Washington DC: Institute of Medicine, National Academies Press, 2007

    Full text contains Malaysian data:
    Appendix A. Cancer Control in Malaysia and Tanzania. page 305
    Matched MeSH terms: Smoking
  16. Rampal L
    Med J Malaysia, 1983 Sep;38(3):203-5.
    PMID: 6672563
    Anti-smoking measures, adopted by local authorities before the guideline on the ban of cigarette advertisement and anti-smoking campaign launched by the Government, are limited in scope and area. The activity is limited mainly to a ban on cigarette advertisements in theatres. Legislative measures are instituted only in the City Council, Municipal Councils and 2 ofthe 20 district councils surveyed. There is an awareness among several local authorities on the need for an increase in anti-smoking activities but action. is lacking. A population of 7.4 million. people lioe in areas controlled by the local authorities. The local authorities are expected to play a more active role along with other Government departments following a directive in August 1982 from the Chief Secretary to the Government.
    Matched MeSH terms: Smoking/prevention & control*
  17. Ismail S, Abdul Rahman H, Abidin EZ, Isha AS, Abu Bakar S, Zulkifley NA, et al.
    Qatar Med J, 2016;2016(2):16.
    PMID: 28293538 DOI: 10.5339/qmj.2016.16
    Objectives: To study the effects of a faith-based smoking cessation intervention during Ramadan among Malay male smokers working in public offices. Methods: This was a quasi-experimental study conducted during Ramadan 2015. The intervention was developed based on the constructs within the Theory of Planned Behaviour. The intervention intended to increase the intention and the perceived behaviour control to stop smoking among Muslim smokers during Ramadan. The outcomes measured were changes in the Fagerstrom Test for Nicotine Dependence score and saliva cotinine levels. Data were collected at baseline (5 days before Ramadan), during Ramadan (21st day of Ramadan) and post-Ramadan (21 days after Ramadan). Statistical tests to examine changes within and between groups were carried out and the significance level was set at p 
    Matched MeSH terms: Smoking Cessation*
  18. Leong JJ, Sumilan H, Siong HC, Michael FL
    MyJurnal DOI: 10.33736/jcshd.358.2016
    The article highlights a preliminary study on smoking and its impact on absenteeism and stress in the work place. The article also includes an application of the Theory of Planned Behaviour in explaining the behavior of smoking. The Theory of Planned Behavior which was proposed by Icek Ajzen is used to predict an individual’s behav-ioural control and intention which are influenced by attitude and social norms to per-form a behaviour. This article also discusses previous researches done on smoking and its relationship with absenteeism and stress among employees in organizations.
    Matched MeSH terms: Smoking*
  19. Tohid H, Ishak N, Muhammad NA, Ahmad FN, Aziz AA, Omar K
    Malays J Med Sci, 2012 Apr;19(2):35-47.
    PMID: 22973136 MyJurnal
    BACKGROUND: The prevalence of teenage smoking has decreased over the past decade following the implementation of the national tobacco control programme. However, the effect of the programme on smoking cessation in teenagers has not been determined.
    METHODS: Twenty-eight participants (12 teenagers, 8 teachers, and 8 doctors) were interviewed using 5 in-depth interviews and 3 group discussions. Social cognitive theory (SCT) was applied as the theoretical framework. Semi-structured interview protocols were used, and thematic analysis and analytic generalisation utilising SCT were performed.
    RESULTS: The current national tobacco control programme was found to be ineffective in promoting smoking cessation among teenagers. The participants attributed the ineffective campaign to the followings: inadequacy of message content, lack of exposure to the programme, and poor presentation and execution. In addition, the participants perceived the developed tobacco control policies to be a failure based on poor law enforcement, failure of retailers to comply with the law, social availability of cigarettes to teenagers, and easy availability of cheap, smuggled cigarettes. This study highlighted that the programme-related problems (environmental factors) were not the only factors contributing to its perceived ineffectiveness. The cunning behaviour of the teenagers (personal factor) and poor self-efficacy to overcome nicotine addiction (behavioural factor) were also found to hinder cessation.
    CONCLUSION: Tobacco control programmes should include strategies beyond educating teenagers about smoking and restricting their access to cigarettes. Strategies to manage the cunning behaviour of teenagers and strategies to improve their self-efficacy should also be implemented. These comprehensive programmes should have a foundation in SCT, as this theory demonstrates the complex interactions among the environmental, personal, and behavioural factors that influence teenage smoking.
    KEYWORDS: adolescent; health campaigns; qualitative research; tobacco cessation; tobacco smoking
    Matched MeSH terms: Smoking; Smoking Cessation
  20. Yaacob I, Harun MH
    PMID: 7825029
    A questionnaire survey to study the smoking habits and attitudes toward smoking among secondary school teachers in Kelantan, Malaysia was conducted between July and September 1992. Questionnaires were sent to 5,112 teachers through their respective headmasters. Sixty-three percent (3,208 teachers; 61% males, 39% females) responded satisfactorily. Overall, 625 teachers (20%) were current smokers, 141 (4%) were occasional smokers, 317 (10%) were ex-smokers and 2,123 (67%) had never smoked. Only six (0.8%) of the 766 regular and occasional smokers were females. The rates of smoking among parents and siblings of smokers were higher than parents and siblings of non-smokers. Seventy-four percent of the smoking teachers admitted to smoking in the school premises. The teachers' attitudes about the health effects of smoking were statistically different between smokers and non-smokers. However, both smoking and non-smoking teachers had similar views regarding methods to control the smoking habit which included banning cigarette sales, putting a halt to the tobacco industry and banning cigarette advertisements.
    Matched MeSH terms: Smoking/epidemiology*; Smoking/prevention & control; Smoking/psychology*; Smoking Cessation/methods; Smoking Cessation/psychology
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