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  1. Holland I, Bakri YM, Sakoff J, Zaleta Pinet D, Motti C, van Altena I
    Phytochemistry, 2021 Aug;188:112798.
    PMID: 34020274 DOI: 10.1016/j.phytochem.2021.112798
    As part of our ongoing study of the specialised metabolites present in brown algae belonging to the Cystophora genus, eight new steroids including three pairs of diastereoisomers were isolated from Cystophora xiphocarpa (Harvey) (Sargassacea, Fucales). The metabolites identified by standard spectrometric methods are (16S,22S)-16,22-dihydroxyergosta-4,24(28)-dien-3-one and (16S,22R)-16,22-dihydroxyergosta-4,24(28)-dien-3-one, (16S,22S,24R)-16,22,24-trihydroxyporifera-4,28-dien-3-one and (16S,22S,24S)-16,22,24-trihydroxystigma-4,28-dien-3-one along with (16S,22S,24E)-16,22-dihydroxystigma-4,24(28)-dien-3-one and (16S,20S)-16,20-dihydroxyergosta-4,24(28)-dien-3-one. (16S,22S,24E)-16,22-Dihydroxystigma-4,24(28)-dien-3-one possessed the most potent cytotoxicity of the steroids in this series with cell growth inhibitions of GI50 8.7 ± 0.7 μM against colon cancer HT29, GI50 5.6 ± 0.8 μM against the breast cancer line MCF-7 and GI50 4.5 ± 0.2 μM against the ovarian cancer cell line A2780. (16S,22R)-16,22-dihydroxyergosta-4,24(28)-dien-3-one was found to be active against the ovarian cancer cell line A2780 with a GI50 of 6.2 ± 0.1 μM.
    Matched MeSH terms: Steroids/pharmacology
  2. Awang K, Loong XM, Leong KH, Supratman U, Litaudon M, Mukhtar MR, et al.
    Fitoterapia, 2012 Dec;83(8):1391-5.
    PMID: 23098876 DOI: 10.1016/j.fitote.2012.10.004
    A study on the leaves of Aglaia exima led to the isolation of one new and seven known compounds: six triterpenoids and two steroids. Their structures were elucidated and analyzed mainly by using spectroscopic methods; 1D and 2D NMR, mass spectrometry, UV spectrometry and X-ray. All the triterpenoids and steroids were measured in vitro for their cytotoxic activities against eight cancer cell lines; lung (A549), prostate (DU-145), skin (SK-MEL-5), pancreatic (BxPC-3), liver (Hep G2), colon (HT-29), breast (MCF-7) and (MDA-MB-231). The new cycloartane triterpenoid, 24(E)-cycloart-24-ene-26-ol-3-one 1, showed potent cytotoxic activity against colon (HT-29) cancer cell line (IC(50) 11.5μM).
    Matched MeSH terms: Steroids/pharmacology
  3. Ruszymah BH, Nabishah BM, Aminuddin S, Sarjit S, Khalid BA
    Malays J Pathol, 1999 Jun;21(1):51-8.
    PMID: 10879279
    Corticotrophin releasing factor (CRF) and beta-endorphin (beta EP) containing neurons are shown to be present in the hypothalamus and both neurons are found at the paraventricular nucleus (PVN). Steroid hormones have been found to alter the plasma level of these neurotransmitters. Glycyrrhizic acid (GCA) is the active component of liquorice. GCA inhibits the enzyme 11 beta-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase (11HSD) which is needed for the inactivation of the steroid pathway, so therefore would cause changes to these neurons. The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of GCA as well as deoxycorticosterone (DOC) and dexamethasone (DM) on the modulation of CRF and beta EP containing neuron at the PVN of the hypothalamus. Rats were given either DM, DOC or GCA and adrenalectomized (ADX) and given either DM or DOC. At the end of treatment rats were transfused transcardially before sacrifice and the brain were dissected for immunohistochemical analysis. We found that immunostaining of the CRF containing neurons demonstrate a reduction in the number of positive neurons in DM treated rats. DOC and GCA treated rats showed the same result as in DM rats but the reduction is less. ADX, DM, DOC and GCA treated rats did not show any changes in the number of beta EP containing neurons but naloxone increased the number of beta EP containing neurons markedly. In conclusion, GCA and DOC have similar effects on CRF and beta EP containing neurons at the PVN.
    Matched MeSH terms: Steroids/pharmacology*
  4. Jomori T, Shiroyama S, Ise Y, Kohtsuka H, Matsuda K, Kuranaga T, et al.
    J Nat Med, 2019 Sep;73(4):814-819.
    PMID: 31054009 DOI: 10.1007/s11418-019-01315-6
    Two new steroidal saponins, scrobiculosides A and B, were isolated from the deep-sea sponge Pachastrella scrobiculosa, collected at a depth of 200 m off Miura Peninsula, Japan. The aglycones of scrobiculosides A and B feature a vinylic cyclopropane and a ∆24,25 exomethylene on the side chains, respectively. Both saponins have a common sugar moiety composed of β-D-galactopyranosyl-(1 → 2)-6-acetyl-β-D-glucopyranoside, with the exception of an acetyl group on C6″ in scrobiculoside A. Scrobiculoside A exhibited cytotoxicity against HL-60 and P388 cells, with IC50 values of 52 and 61 μM, respectively.
    Matched MeSH terms: Steroids/pharmacology*
  5. Salhi N, Mohammed Saghir SA, Terzi V, Brahmi I, Ghedairi N, Bissati S
    Biomed Res Int, 2017;2017:7526291.
    PMID: 29226147 DOI: 10.1155/2017/7526291
    Aim: This study investigated the antifungal properties of aqueous extracts obtained from indigenous plants that grow spontaneously in the Northern Sahara of Algeria. The activities of these plants in controlling two fungal species that belong to Fusarium genus were evaluated in an in vitro assay.

    Materials and Methods: Fresh aerial parts of four plant species (Artemisia herba alba, Cotula cinerea, Asphodelus tenuifolius, and Euphorbia guyoniana) were collected for the preparation of aqueous extracts. Two levels of dilution (10% and 20%) of the pure extracts were evaluated against Fusarium graminearum and Fusarium sporotrichioides.

    Results: The results of this study revealed that the A. herba alba, C. cinerea, A. tenuifolius, and E. guyoniana aqueous extracts are effective at both concentrations of 10% and 20% for the Fusarium mycelia growth inhibition. In particular, A. tenuifolius extract is effective against F. graminearum, whereas F. sporotrichioides mycelium growth is strongly affected by the E. guyoniana 20% extract. The phytochemical characterization of the compositions of the aqueous extracts has revealed that the presence of some chemical compounds (tannins, flavonoids, saponins, steroids, and alkaloids) is likely to be responsible for the antifungal activities sought.

    Conclusion: The antifungal properties of A. herba alba, C. cinerea, A. tenuifolius, and E. guyoniana make these plants of potential interest for the control of fungi affecting both wheat yield and safety.

    Matched MeSH terms: Steroids/pharmacology
  6. Gupta G, Chellappan DK, Kikuchi IS, Pinto TJA, Pabreja K, Agrawal M, et al.
    PMID: 29199592 DOI: 10.1615/JEnvironPatholToxicolOncol.2017019457
    Paracetamol (PCM) has an acceptable safety profile when used at prescribed doses. However, it is now understood that paracetamol can damage the kidneys when administered as an overdose. In addition, oxidative stress can play a major role in causing nephrotoxicity. This investigation studies the efficacy of moralbosteroid isolated from M. alba stem bark. Nephrotoxicity was induced with administration of paracetamol. Nephroprotection was studied using two doses of the extract. The experimental animals were divided into four groups (n = 6). Two groups served as positive and negative controls, respectively, and two received the test substances. All of the contents were orally administered. Significant reductions in nephrotoxicity and oxidative damages were observed in the treatment groups. There was a marked decrease in blood levels of urea, creatinine, and lipid peroxidation. Furthermore, it was found that glutathione levels in the blood increased dramatically after treatment. Histological findings confirmed the potent renoprotective potential of moralbosteroid. This was evidenced by the minimized intensity of nephritic cellular destruction. In animal studies, moralbosteroid exhibited dose-dependent activity, which is thought to be mediated through its antioxidant potential.
    Matched MeSH terms: Steroids/pharmacology*
  7. Kam TS, Sim KM, Koyano T, Toyoshima M, Hayashi M, Komiyama K
    J Nat Prod, 1998 Nov;61(11):1332-6.
    PMID: 9834146
    The EtOH extract of the leaves of Holarrhena curtisii yielded five new steroidal alkaloids: 17-epi-holacurtine (3), 17-epi-N-demethylholacurtine (4), holacurtinol (5), 3alpha-amino-14beta-hydroxypregnan-20-one (7), and 15alpha-hydroxyholamine (8), in addition to the known compounds, holacurtine (1), N-demethylholacurtine (2), and holamine (6). All eight compounds showed significant cytotoxic and leishmanicidal activities.
    Matched MeSH terms: Steroids/pharmacology*
  8. Nabishah BM, Morat PB, Kadir BA, Khalid BA
    Gen. Pharmacol., 1991;22(2):389-92.
    PMID: 1647349
    1. Glucocorticosteroid may relieve bronchospasm by mediating changes in the muscarinic receptor concentration and/or its affinity. 2. Cholinergic muscarinic receptors were determined by using Scatchard's plots from radioligand binding assays of 0.13-3.2 nM [3H]quinuclidinyl benzylate binding to the membrane fraction of bronchial smooth muscle (BSM). 3. The concentration of muscarinic receptor in BSM of normal rat was 57 +/- 3 fmol mg protein and the dissociation constant was 0.07 +/- 0.02 nM. Dexamethasone and corticosterone reduced muscarinic receptor concentration to 50-60% of basal with no changes in receptor affinity. No changes were found in rat treated with deoxycorticosterone. 4. These findings suggest that glucocorticoids but not mineralocorticoid relieve bronchospasm at least partly by reducing the cholinergic hypersensitivity.
    Matched MeSH terms: Steroids/pharmacology*
  9. Dehghan F, Yusof A, Muniandy S, Salleh N
    Environ Toxicol Pharmacol, 2015 Nov;40(3):785-91.
    PMID: 26447688 DOI: 10.1016/j.etap.2015.09.004
    The high risk of knee injuries in female may be associated with sex-steroid hormone fluctuations during the menstrual cycle by its effect on ligaments and tendons stiffness. This study examined changes in knee range of motion in presence of estrogen and progesterone and investigated the interaction of their antagonists to relaxin receptors.
    Matched MeSH terms: Steroids/pharmacology
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