MATERIALS AND METHODS: This study is a novel retrospective study in a tertiary centre in Malaysia. Case notes of COVID- 19 patients who underwent tracheostomy in Hospital Ampang were collected using the electronic Hospital Information System. Data were analysed using the SPSS system.
RESULTS: From a total of 30 patients, 15 patients survived. All patients underwent either open or percutaneous tracheostomy. The median age is 53 (range: 28-69) with a significant p-value of 0.02. Amongst comorbidities, it was noted that diabetes mellitus was significant with a p-value of 0.014. The median time from the onset of COVID-19 to tracheostomy is 30 days. The median duration of intensive care unit (ICU) stay is 30.5 days, with the median duration of hospital length of stay of 44 days (p = 0.009 and <0.001, respectively). No complications that contributed to patient death were found. Survivors had a median of 29.5 days from tracheostomy to oxygen liberation.
CONCLUSION: Tracheostomy in COVID-19 patients that requires prolonged ventilation is unavoidable. It is a safe procedure and mortality is not related to the procedure. Mortality is primarily associated with COVID-19.
METHODS: Canalplasty or meatoplasty was performed under general anesthesia via the posterior auricular transcanal approach. The EAC diameter and length were measured and a non-fenestrated uncuffed TT of suitable size was fitted into the ear canal. The TT was then modified during fitting, to fit onto the concha. Patients were advised on the importance of compliance. The adequacy of the size of the EAC after the surgery was assessed during follow-ups.
RESULTS: A total of 3 patients (4 ears) were included in our study. Various sizes of TTs were fitted into their EAC following canalplasty or meatoplasty. All of them showed excellent postoperative outcome on follow up 2 years after the surgery, with no evidence of postoperative EAC stenosis.
CONCLUSION: Modified TT stent after canalplasty or meatoplasty is proposed as an excellent alternative in preventing restenosis of EAC in centers with limited resources.
Case presentation: We discuss our findings in an infant who presented with severe respiratory compromise where incidental intra-operative findings revealed CTS with no cardiopulmonary abnormalities. Because of a lack of resources in the emergency department, we created a tracheostoma and inserted an endotracheal tube.
Conclusion: The main aim in treating CTS is to secure the airway and provide sufficient oxygen.