Displaying publications 1 - 20 of 395 in total

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  1. Field JW
    Matched MeSH terms: Vaccination
  2. Thongcharoen P
    J Med Assoc Thai, 1986 Sep;69(9):505-10.
    PMID: 3794567
    Matched MeSH terms: Vaccination*
  3. Chan HK, Soelar SA, Md Ali SM, Ahmad F, Abu Hassan MR
    Asia Pac J Public Health, 2018 03;30(2):137-146.
    PMID: 29292654 DOI: 10.1177/1010539517751312
    The current study examined how the trends in childhood vaccination refusal in Kedah, Malaysia, changed over a 4-year period (2013-2016). Data contributed by 60 public health centers were used to determine the annual incidence rates (per 1000 newborns) of vaccination refusal, and to identify the reasons for refusal among the mothers. The trend analysis revealed a 2.2-times increment in the incidence rates of vaccination refusal from 4.72 in 2013 to 10.51 in 2015, followed by a 52.2% reduction to 5.02 in 2016 ( P = .046). Besides, the proportion of mothers who refused vaccination because of religious belief reduced from 78% between 2013 and 2015 to 67.1% in 2016 ( P = .005). Overall, the finding confirms the positive impact of the educational and religious interventions introduced by the State Health Department of Kedah since January 2016; nonetheless, efforts to strengthen the existing strategies and thereby to maximize the vaccination coverage in Kedah are warranted.
    Matched MeSH terms: Vaccination Refusal/trends*
  4. Ryan S, Bacon H, Endenburg N, Hazel S, Jouppi R, Lee N, et al.
    J Small Anim Pract, 2019 05;60(5):E1-E46.
    PMID: 31026337 DOI: 10.1111/jsap.12998
    Matched MeSH terms: Vaccination/veterinary*
  5. Khoo YSK, Ghani AA, Navamukundan AA, Jahis R, Gamil A
    Hum Vaccin Immunother, 2020 03 03;16(3):530-538.
    PMID: 31652090 DOI: 10.1080/21645515.2019.1667206
    This review aims to present the unique considerations for manufacturing and the regulation of new vaccines in Muslim-populated countries such as Malaysia. Our specific objectives are to highlight vaccine production and the ingredients of concern, summarize the current mechanism for ruling and recommendations on new vaccines, outline the different steps in decision-making on incorporating a new vaccine into the National Immunization Program, describe its issues and challenges, and explore the commercial viability and challenges of producing local permissible (halal) vaccines. Through this review, we hope readers understand that alternatives are present to replace ingredients of concern in vaccines. Halal certification and introduction of a new vaccine into a program are strictly conducted and health-care providers must be prepared to educate the public on this. At the same time, it is hoped that the production of halal vaccine in Malaysia will promote self-reliance in Muslim-populated countries.
    Matched MeSH terms: Vaccination*
  6. Pang T
    C. R. Acad. Sci. III, Sci. Vie, 1999 Nov;322(11):995-7.
    PMID: 10646096
    Matched MeSH terms: Vaccination/economics; Vaccination/trends*
  7. Abuasad S, Yildirim A, Hashim I, Abdul Karim SA, Gómez-Aguilar JF
    PMID: 30889889 DOI: 10.3390/ijerph16060973
    In this paper, we applied a fractional multi-step differential transformed method, which is a generalization of the multi-step differential transformed method, to find approximate solutions to one of the most important epidemiology and mathematical ecology, fractional stochastic SIS epidemic model with imperfect vaccination, subject to appropriate initial conditions. The fractional derivatives are described in the Caputo sense. Numerical results coupled with graphical representations indicate that the proposed method is robust and precise which can give new interpretations for various types of dynamical systems.
    Matched MeSH terms: Vaccination
  8. Chong WC, Chellappan DK, Shukla SD, Peterson GM, Patel RP, Jha NK, et al.
    Viruses, 2021 07 18;13(7).
    PMID: 34372603 DOI: 10.3390/v13071397
    The recent coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) outbreak has drawn global attention, affecting millions, disrupting economies and healthcare modalities. With its high infection rate, COVID-19 has caused a colossal health crisis worldwide. While information on the comprehensive nature of this infectious agent, SARS-CoV-2, still remains obscure, ongoing genomic studies have been successful in identifying its genomic sequence and the presenting antigen. These may serve as promising, potential therapeutic targets in the effective management of COVID-19. In an attempt to establish herd immunity, massive efforts have been directed and driven toward developing vaccines against the SARS-CoV-2 pathogen. This review, in this direction, is aimed at providing the current scenario and future perspectives in the development of vaccines against SARS-CoV-2.
    Matched MeSH terms: Vaccination
  9. Rabby MII, Hossain F, Akhi IJ, Huda SN
    Asia Pac J Public Health, 2022 01;34(1):148.
    PMID: 34550014 DOI: 10.1177/10105395211048327
    Matched MeSH terms: Vaccination
  10. Jayasundara P, Peariasamy KM, Law KB, Abd Rahim KNK, Lee SW, Ghazali IMM, et al.
    Epidemics, 2021 12;37:100517.
    PMID: 34739906 DOI: 10.1016/j.epidem.2021.100517
    INTRODUCTION: As of 3rd June 2021, Malaysia is experiencing a resurgence of COVID-19 cases. In response, the federal government has implemented various non-pharmaceutical interventions (NPIs) under a series of Movement Control Orders and, more recently, a vaccination campaign to regain epidemic control. In this study, we assessed the potential for the vaccination campaign to control the epidemic in Malaysia and four high-burden regions of interest, under various public health response scenarios.

    METHODS: A modified susceptible-exposed-infectious-recovered compartmental model was developed that included two sequential incubation and infectious periods, with stratification by clinical state. The model was further stratified by age and incorporated population mobility to capture NPIs and micro-distancing (behaviour changes not captured through population mobility). Emerging variants of concern (VoC) were included as an additional strain competing with the existing wild-type strain. Several scenarios that included different vaccination strategies (i.e. vaccines that reduce disease severity and/or prevent infection, vaccination coverage) and mobility restrictions were implemented.

    RESULTS: The national model and the regional models all fit well to notification data but underestimated ICU occupancy and deaths in recent weeks, which may be attributable to increased severity of VoC or saturation of case detection. However, the true case detection proportion showed wide credible intervals, highlighting incomplete understanding of the true epidemic size. The scenario projections suggested that under current vaccination rates complete relaxation of all NPIs would trigger a major epidemic. The results emphasise the importance of micro-distancing, maintaining mobility restrictions during vaccination roll-out and accelerating the pace of vaccination for future control. Malaysia is particularly susceptible to a major COVID-19 resurgence resulting from its limited population immunity due to the country's historical success in maintaining control throughout much of 2020.

    Matched MeSH terms: Vaccination
  11. Paul A, Sikdar D, Mahanta J, Ghosh S, Jabed MA, Paul S, et al.
    PLoS One, 2021;16(8):e0256493.
    PMID: 34415969 DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0256493
    In order to eliminate COVID-19, many countries provided vaccinations. However, success depends on peoples' knowledge levels and rates of acceptance. But, previous research on this topic is currently lacking in Bangladesh. This cross-sectional study aimed at to investigate Bangladeshi peoples' knowledge, acceptance, and perception of challenges regarding COVID-19 vaccines. Quantitative data were collected using an online survey (n = 1975) and face-to-face interviews (n = 2200) with a pre-tested structured questionnaire. In addition, seven open-ended interviews were conducted with health experts regarding challenges of vaccination. Binary logistic regression analyses were conducted to assess the association between explanatory and dependent variables. Effect size was estimated to understand the magnitude of relationship between two variables. Of 4175 respondents, 92.6% knew about COVID-19 vaccines, while only 37.4% believed vaccines to be effective in controlling COVID-19. Nearly 46% of respondents believed that COVID-19 vaccines have side-effects, and 16.4% of respondents believed that side-effects could be life-threatening. Only 60.5% of respondents indicated that they would receive the COVID-19 vaccine. Out of 1650 respondents (39.5%) who did not intend to receive the vaccine, 948 (57.4%) believed that they would be naturally protected. Regressions results indicated that men had higher rates of knowledge regarding the vaccine. In addition, rural respondents demonstrated lower knowledge regarding the vaccine. Furthermore, education had a significant association with knowledge of COVID-19 vaccines. Respondents with university education had more knowledge regarding the vaccine (Odds ratio, OR = 29.99; 95% confidence interval, CI 11.40-78.90, effect size 1.88; p = 0.01) and correct dosage (OR 27.34; 95% CI 15.25-49.00, effect size 1.83; p = 0.01). However, women (OR 1.16; 95% CI 0.96-1.40, effect size 0.08) and rural (OR 1.24; 95% CI 1.07-1.44, effect size 0.12; p = 0.01) respondents were more enthusiastic regarding receiving the COVID-19 vaccine. Higher educated respondents showed higher probability of receiving the vaccine. Those who believed in the effectiveness of the COVID-19 vaccine were 11.57 times more interested (OR 11.57; 95% CI 8.92-15.01, effect size 1.35; p = 0.01) in receiving the vaccine. Open-ended interviews identified several challenges toward successful COVID-19 vaccination. Mass awareness creation, uninterrupted supply, equitable distribution, and sectoral coordination were suggested to achieve at least 70% immunization across the country.
    Matched MeSH terms: Vaccination/psychology*; Vaccination/statistics & numerical data; Vaccination Refusal/psychology; Vaccination Refusal/statistics & numerical data
  12. Syafinaz Amin N, Faridah I, Rukman AH, Fathinul Fakri AS, Malina O, Fadzillah G, et al.
    Med J Malaysia, 2013 Oct;68(5):435-6.
    PMID: 24632874 MyJurnal
    We present a case of a four-year-old boy who succumbed to diphtheria following incomplete course of immunisation, which included diphtheria vaccine. This case report focuses on the issues of parental refusal to vaccines and the development of "halal" vaccines for the prevention of infectious diseases.
    Matched MeSH terms: Vaccination; Vaccination Refusal
  13. MAHONY BJ, MORAN JG
    J R Army Med Corps, 1964;110:13-4.
    PMID: 14125191
    Matched MeSH terms: Vaccination*
  14. Wan Taib W.R., Tengku M.A., Aryati A., Yusoff N.A.M.
    MyJurnal
    Immunization has been introduced for decades to eradicate fatal infectious diseases by inoculating attenuated, killed or toxoid of microorganisms such as bacteria and virus. The triggering action to the immune system would not harm the host; despite can boost the immune responses to any infection. However, several cases of the eradicated infectious disease have re-emerged due to the existence of vaccine hesitancy group. Vaccine hesitancy has been observed emerging worldwide due to rejection in receiving vaccine. The main obstacle in vaccination program was identified according to the misconception that they received from internet or any mass media without boundaries. Various actions from the government have met the needs to enforce and educate the public especially the hesitant group towards better disease prevention with vaccination. The strategy would cover any interaction activities or programs with the public in transferring the information about the vaccination and its benefit to the health of herd community.
    Matched MeSH terms: Vaccination; Vaccination Refusal
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