• 1 International Medical University, School of Pharmacy, Department of Pharmaceutical Technology, 57000, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia
  • 2 Faculty of Pharmacy, Lincoln University College, Petalling Jaya, Selangor, Kuala Lumpur, 47301, Malaysia. Electronic address:
  • 3 Faculty of Pharmacy, GSMT'S Genba Sopanrao Moze College of Pharmacy, Wagholi, Pune, 411207, India
  • 4 National Institute of Pharmaceutical Education and Research (NIPER), Sarkhej - Gandhinagar Highway, Thaltej, Ahmedabad, 380054, Gujarat, India
  • 5 Department of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Eugene Applebaum College of Pharmacy and Health Sciences, Wayne State University, Detroit, MI, 48201, USA
  • 6 Pharmaceutics Division, CSIR-Central Drug Research Institute, Lucknow, UP, 226031, India. Electronic address:
Int J Pharm, 2017 Aug 30;529(1-2):506-522.
PMID: 28711640 DOI: 10.1016/j.ijpharm.2017.07.018


Docetaxel (DTX) is one of the important antitumor drugs, being used in several common chemotherapies to control leading cancer types. Severe toxicities of the DTX are prominent due to sudden parenteral exposure of desired loading dose to maintain the therapeutic concentration. Field of nanotechnology is leading to resist sudden systemic exposure of DTX with more specific delivery to the site of cancer. Further nanometric size range of the formulation aid for prolonged circulation, thereby extensive exposure results better efficacy. In this article, we extensively reviewed the therapeutic benefit of incorporating d-α-tocopheryl polyethylene glycol 1000 succinate (vitamin E TPGS, or simply TPGS) in the nanoparticle (NP) formulation of DTX for improved delivery, tumor control and tolerability. TPGS is well accepted nonionic-ampiphilic polymer which has been identified in the role of emulsifier, stabilizer, penetration enhancer, solubilizer and in protection in micelle. Simultaneously, P-glycoprotein inhibitory activity of TPGS in the multidrug resistant (MDR) cancer cells along with its apoptotic potential are the added advantage of TPGS to be incorporated in nano-chemotherapeutics. Thus, it could be concluded that TPGS based nanoparticulate application is an advanced approach to improve therapeutic efficacy of chemotherapeutic agents by better internalization and sustained retention of the NPs.

* Title and MeSH Headings from MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.