Affiliations 

  • 1 Department of Clinical Pharmacy, Institute for Research and Medical Consultations (IRMC), Imam Abdulrahman Bin Faisal University, P.O. Box 1982, Dammam 31441, Saudi Arabia. Electronic address: taha_hej@yahoo.com
  • 2 Atta-ur-Rahman Institute for Natural Product Discovery, Universiti Teknologi MARA (UiTM), Puncak Alam Campus, 42300 Bandar Puncak Alam, Selangor D. E., Malaysia; Faculty of Pharmacy, Universiti Tecknologi MARA Puncak Alam, 42300 Bandar Puncak Alam, Selangor D. E., Malaysia. Electronic address: syedadnan@salam.uitm.edu.my
  • 3 Atta-ur-Rahman Institute for Natural Product Discovery, Universiti Teknologi MARA (UiTM), Puncak Alam Campus, 42300 Bandar Puncak Alam, Selangor D. E., Malaysia; Faculty of Pharmacy, Universiti Tecknologi MARA Puncak Alam, 42300 Bandar Puncak Alam, Selangor D. E., Malaysia
  • 4 Atta-ur-Rahman Institute for Natural Product Discovery, Universiti Teknologi MARA (UiTM), Puncak Alam Campus, 42300 Bandar Puncak Alam, Selangor D. E., Malaysia; Faculty of Applied Science UiTM, 40450 Shah Alam, Selangor, Malaysia
  • 5 Department of Chemistry, Hazara University, Mansehra 21300, Pakistan
  • 6 H.E.J. Research Institute of Chemistry, International Center for Chemical and Biological Sciences, University of Karachi, Karachi 75270, Pakistan
Bioorg. Chem., 2018 04;77:586-592.
PMID: 29477126 DOI: 10.1016/j.bioorg.2018.01.033

Abstract

We have synthesized seventeen Coumarin based derivatives (1-17), characterized by 1HNMR, 13CNMR and EI-MS and evaluated for α-glucosidase inhibitory potential. Among the series, all derivatives exhibited outstanding α-glucosidase inhibition with IC50 values ranging between 1.10 ± 0.01 and 36.46 ± 0.70 μM when compared with the standard inhibitor acarbose having IC50 value 39.45 ± 0.10 μM. The most potent derivative among the series is derivative 3 having IC50 value 1.10 ± 0.01 μM, which are many folds better than the standard acarbose. The structure activity relationship (SAR) was mainly based upon by bring about difference of substituent's on phenyl part. Molecular docking studies were carried out to understand the binding interaction of the most active compounds.

* Title and MeSH Headings from MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.