• 1 Department of Community Dentistry, Dow Dental College, Dow University of Health Sciences, Karachi, Pakistan
  • 2 Faculty of Dentistry, MAHSA University, Selangor, Malaysia
  • 3 Department of Community Oral Health and Clinical Prevention, University of Malaya, Malaysia
J Pak Med Assoc, 2018 Oct;68(10):1483-1487.
PMID: 30317346


OBJECTIVE: To estimate the frequency and pattern of sugar intake among Pakistani school going children and its association with early carious lesion and caries history.

METHODS: The cross-sectional study was conducted from January to May 2016 in seven schools of Bhakkar district in the Punjab province of Pakistan, and comprised of school children aged 11-12 years. Diet diaries were used to assess the frequency of sugar intake while caries was assessed using the Modified International Caries Detection and Assessment System. Bivariate analysis was used to assess the association of sugar consumption and early carious lesion with selected sociodemographic variables, and regression analysis was performed to evaluate the factor that matters most in caries occurrence.

RESULTS: Of the 226 subjects, 115(51%) had early carious lesion. Mean frequency of sugar intake was 5.2±3.2 times per day. Children who consumed sugar between main meals (p=0.01) and within two hours before bedtime (p=0.04) had significantly higher history of having caries. Cariogenic intake before bedtime was significantly associated with overall caries risk (p=0.02).

CONCLUSIONS: The frequency of sugar intake among the subjects was slightly higher than the recommended level. .

* Title and MeSH Headings from MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.