• 1 1Department of Otorhinolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia Medical Centre, Jalan Ya'acob Latif, Bandar Tun Razak, Cheras, 56000 Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia
  • 2 Department of Otorhinolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, Temerloh Hospital, Temerloh, Pahang Malaysia
  • 3 Department of Otorhinolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, Pantai Bangsar Medical Center, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia
Indian J Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg, 2019 Nov;71(Suppl 3):1837-1842.
PMID: 31763256 DOI: 10.1007/s12070-017-1219-x


Nasal irrigation is an effective and cheap method in managing post sinonasal surgery patients. It works by improving ciliary clearance and performing mechanical debridement of the thick crust, decreasing mucosal edema and reducing the inflammatory mediators. Presence of nasal irrigation bottle contamination and its effect on patients have been studied. The aim of this study is to prospectively identify the risk of contamination in the nasal irrigation bottle, fluid from the bottle and to correlate with endoscopic findings from the patients who had underwent sinonasal surgery. Swabs will be taken from the nasal irrigation bottle and patient's middle meatus before the surgery and at each post surgery visits (2 and 4 weeks). Patients will be advised to irrigate their nose three times per day post sinonasal surgery. During endoscopic examination of the patient's nasal cavity at 2 and 4 weeks, any evidence of infection will be noted and documented. Additionally, a swab of fluid irrigated from the nasal cavity collected during the clinic follow-ups will also be taken. The specimens will be sent to the Microbiology laboratory for standard culture and sensitivity test. A total of 27 patients completed the study and were divided into case (n = 15) and control (n = 12) groups. The CFU (colony-forming unit) value of the bacteria cultured from the nasal cavity and the nasal irrigation bottle was statistically significantly (P = 0.00) increased from the baseline to the second week follow-up in both groups but not from the second week to the fourth week follow-up. The majority of the swabs from the nasal cavity of the patients and the nasal irrigation bottles were positively cultured for Pseudomonas sp. group. Other groups of bacteria that were cultured were Enterobacter sp., Coagulase Negative Staphylococcus (CONS) and Klebsiella sp. Endoscopically, there was no clinical evidence of infection found in the nasal cavity of the patients. The nasal irrigation bottle that was used in the post sinonasal surgery treatment and for alleviation of symptoms of sinonasal diseases was found to have bacterial contamination from the swabs taken from the bottle. However, despite this finding there was not clinical evidence of infection noted from the nasal endoscopic examination. A simple and effective method of cleaning the bottle would be helpful to reduce the bacterial contamination for this useful treatment method.

* Title and MeSH Headings from MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.