Displaying publications 1 - 20 of 1478 in total

  1. Pillay B, Gregory ARA, Subbiah M, Yap SK
    Family Physician, 1993;5:34-36.
    118 cases of cervical dysplasia were followed up by cytological smears for over 9 years to determine their biologic outcome. All grades of dysplasia showed evidence of regression and progression to more severe lesions, including carcinoma. Severe dysplasia however did not regress to normalcy and had the maximum conversion rates to malignancy. The period taken for transition to malignancy was found to be shorter than that generally described. Since even mild dysplasia carries with it a malignant potential, all patients with cervical dysplasia, irrespective of the grade, have to be followed up by repeated clinical and cytological examinations.
    Matched MeSH terms: Follow-Up Studies
  2. Syed Alwi SA, Zainal AA, Lau JH
    Med J Malaysia, 2015 Feb;70(1):45-7.
    PMID: 26032531 MyJurnal
    Isolated internal iliac aneurysms are rare. We report a case of an uncommon presentation of perineal pain and tenesmus in a man caused by the pressure effects of the aneurysm. He had a successful endovascular exclusion and thrombosis of his aneurysm. On follow up of more than 3 years he remains free of all symptoms and no recurrence of the aneurysm.
    Matched MeSH terms: Follow-Up Studies
  3. Yong, S.M., Saw, A., Sengupta, S., Bulgib A.M.
    Malays Orthop J, 2007;1(1):8-11.
    Forty children treated non-operatively for fractures of the femoral shaft were reviewed with regard to differences in limb length after treatment. Follow up duration ranged from two to seven years. The average femoral overgrowth was 0.85cm (range 0 - 2.5cm) and was influenced by age at the time of fracture. We were not able to find any association between the quantity of overgrowth and race, gender, level or configuration of the fracture.
    Matched MeSH terms: Follow-Up Studies
  4. Devaraj NK
    Malawi Med J, 2017 09;29(3):276.
    PMID: 29872521 DOI: 10.4314/mmj.v29i3.10
    Matched MeSH terms: Follow-Up Studies
  5. Narasimman S, Jasjit SN, Navarasi SR, Premnath N
    Med J Malaysia, 2016 08;71(4):201-202.
    PMID: 27770120
    This is a case of a posterior mediastinal mass in an asymptomatic gentleman, which was resected successfully and he has been disease free for more than a year of follow up. The histopathology findings happen to be a rare occurrence.
    Matched MeSH terms: Follow-Up Studies
  6. Surinder S, George P
    Med J Malaysia, 2017 02;72(1):71-72.
    PMID: 28255148 MyJurnal
    Fracture of hip prostheses is a rare occurrence. A case of bilateral hip prostheses fracture is described here. The need to follow-up and remain vigilant post hip replacement is highlighted.
    Matched MeSH terms: Follow-Up Studies
  7. Shalabh K, Ajai S, Vineet K, Sabir A
    Malays Orthop J, 2018 Jul;12(2):15-19.
    PMID: 30112123 DOI: 10.5704/MOJ.1807.003
    Introduction: Non-operative management has successfully been practised for long in diaphyseal fractures of both bones of the leg. This study attempts to establish an acceptability criteria for plaster cast in order to predict future loss of reduction and its adequacy. Materials and Methods: A total of forty subjects were included as per inclusion-exclusion criteria. Gap and cast indices were calculated in the immediate post reduction phase and at third week follow-up visit. Results: The mean values of gap and cast indices in the immediate post-reduction phase were 0.35±0.220 and 0.99±0.08 respectively and at the third week follow-up the mean value for both the parameters in those without loss of reduction were 1.11±0.50 and 1.03±0.09 respectively and in those with loss of reduction were 0.84±0.44 and 1.01±0.06 respectively. Conclusion: Gap and cast indices are not informative in assessing adequacy of reduction in diaphyseal fractures of both bones of the leg.
    Matched MeSH terms: Follow-Up Studies
  8. Noordeyana T, Rozmi I, Muhammad Ajib Abdul R, Mohd Nasir S, Nurul Shafini S, Norhayati I, et al.
    Jurnal Psikologi Malaysia, 2018;32:94-103.
    Artikel ini bertujuan mengkaji keberkesanan program SHIELDS daripada perspektif pelajar dan urusetia yang telah turut terlibat. Program SHIELDS adalah satu bentuk program campbased yang diperkenalkan hasil kerjasama antara Kementerian Pendidikan dan Pihak Agensi Anti Dadah Kebangsaan (AADK). Nama SHEILDS ini adalah akronim yang bermaksud Sayangi Hidup, Elak Derita Selamanya. Sehubungan itu, program ini bertujuan meningkatkan kesedaran dan mengupayakan ketahanan diri murid (lingkungan umur 13 hingga 18 tahun) yang dikenalpasti berisiko dalam penyalahgunaan dadah. Kajian kuantitatif ini melibatkan dua fasa iaitu fasa pertama adalah mengedarkan soal selidik sebelum dan selepas program SHIELDS dijalankan. Manakala, fasa kedua pula adalah sesi follow up selepas 3 bulan terhadap 50 pelajar yang telah terlibat dengan program SHIELDS terlebih dahulu. Hasil kajian menunjukkan secara keseluruhan perspektif pelajar seramai 559 orang yang terlibat dengan program SHIELDS ini adalah baik dengan min=4.48. Kesimpulannya, dapatan ini menunjukkan bahawa program SHIELDS ini sewajarnya diteruskan dengan beberapa penambahbaikan untuk kelangsungan program dan kebaikan semua pihak yang terlibat.
    Matched MeSH terms: Follow-Up Studies
  9. Sharani ZZ, Ismail N, Yasin SM, Isa MR, Razali A, Sherzkawee MA, et al.
    PLoS One, 2023;18(6):e0287374.
    PMID: 37319310 DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0287374
    INTRODUCTION: Loss to follow-up (LTFU) and smoking during TB treatment are major challenges for TB control programs. Smoking increases the severity and prolongs TB treatment duration, which lead to a higher rate of LTFU. We aim to develop a prognostic scoring tool to predict LTFU among TB patients who smoke to improve successful TB treatment outcomes.

    MATERIALS AND METHODS: The development of the prognostic model utilized prospectively collected longitudinal data of adult TB patients who smoked in the state of Selangor between 2013 until 2017, which were obtained from the Malaysian Tuberculosis Information System (MyTB) database. Data were randomly split into development and internal validation cohorts. A simple prognostic score (T-BACCO SCORE) was constructed based on the regression coefficients of predictors in the final logistic model of the development cohort. Estimated missing data was 2.8% from the development cohort and was completely at random. Model discrimination was determined using c-statistics (AUCs), and calibration was based on the Hosmer and Lemeshow goodness of fit test and calibration plot.

    RESULTS: The model highlights several variables with different T-BACCO SCORE values as predictors for LTFU among TB patients who smoke (e.g., age group, ethnicity, locality, nationality, educational level, monthly income level, employment status, TB case category, TB detection methods, X-ray categories, HIV status, and sputum status). The prognostic scores were categorized into three groups that predict the risk for LTFU: low-risk (<15 points), medium-risk (15 to 25 points) and high-risk (> 25 points). The model exhibited fair discrimination with a c-statistic of 0.681 (95% CI 0.627-0.710) and good calibration with a nonsignificant chi-square Hosmer‒Lemeshow's goodness of fit test χ2 = 4.893 and accompanying p value of 0.769.

    CONCLUSION: Predicting LTFU among TB patients who smoke in the early phase of TB treatment is achievable using this simple T-BACCO SCORE. The applicability of the tool in clinical settings helps health care professionals manage TB smokers based on their risk scores. Further external validation should be carried out prior to use.

    Matched MeSH terms: Follow-Up Studies
  10. Ng TH, How SH, Kuan YC, Fauzi AR
    Ann Thorac Med, 2012 Jan;7(1):12-5.
    PMID: 22347344 DOI: 10.4103/1817-1737.91556
    This study was carried out to determine the prevalence, patient's characteristic and reasons for defaulting follow-up and treatment among patients with lung cancer.
    Matched MeSH terms: Follow-Up Studies
  11. Haaga J, Davanzo J, Peterson C, Tey NP
    Asia Pac Popul J, 1994 Jun;9(2):61-72.
    PMID: 12288227
    This note reports the experience of an attempt to find and re-interview in late 1988 and early 1989, as part of the Second Malaysian Family Life Survey (MFLS-2), the female respondents to the 1976-77 Malaysian Family Life Survey (MFLS-1) and a sample of their adult children aged 18 or older.... We discuss the field methods used to track the panel members and their adult children, report follow-up rates and analyze the selectivity of attrition from the panel, using data from the MFLS-1 on characteristics of both the missing and the re-interviewed respondents and their families. We then discuss the degree to which these results might be generalized to other such attempts at re-contacting survey respondents.
    Study name: Malaysian Family Life Survey (MFLS-2)
    Matched MeSH terms: Follow-Up Studies*
  12. Al-Juboori MJ
    PMID: 25678816 DOI: 10.2147/CCIDE.S76637
    The displacement of a dental implant into the maxillary sinus may lead to implant failure due to exposure of the apical third or the tip of the implant beyond the bone, resulting in soft tissue growth. This case report discusses dental implant placement in the upper first molar area with maxillary sinus involvement of approximately 2 mm. A new technique for progressive implant loading was used, involving immediately loaded implants with maxillary sinus perforation and low primary stability. Follow-up was performed with resonance frequency analysis and compared with an implant placed adjacent in the upper second premolar area using a conventional delayed loading protocol. Implants with maxillary sinus involvement showed increasing stability during the healing period. We found that progressive implant loading may be a safe technique for the placement of immediately loaded implants with maxillary sinus involvement.
    Matched MeSH terms: Follow-Up Studies
  13. Aimanan K, Kumar KS, Mohd Arif MN, Noor Zuraini M, Ramdzan MJ, Hamdan L
    Case Rep Med, 2016;2016:4125295.
    PMID: 26904128 DOI: 10.1155/2016/4125295
    Primary lymphomas of the heart are extremely rare, accounting for 2% of all primary cardiac tumors. Due to the rare presentation, there is no proper consensus available on treatment strategy. Preoperative confirmation of the pathology is fundamental in guiding an early treatment plan, which allows for improved prognosis. Unfortunately, in most cases, primary cardiac lymphoma is only identified on postoperative histopathological analyses, which affect the treatment plan and outcome. Here, we report a unique case of primary cardiac lymphoma presented with dyspnea and reduced effort tolerance. Young age, rapid onset of symptom, and absence of cardiac risk factors prompted us towards further imaging and emergency resection. The patient received a course of postoperative chemotherapy and was disease-free on six months of follow-up.
    Matched MeSH terms: Follow-Up Studies
  14. Soo WT, Ling JSW, Chuah JS, Siow SL
    Med J Malaysia, 2019 Jun;74(3):243-245.
    PMID: 31256184
    Epiphrenic oesophageal diverticulum is a rare disorder affecting the distal oesophagus. Surgical techniques for this condition evolve over time from open transthoracic and trans-abdominal approaches to minimally invasive surgery. We report a case of an 82-year-old male who presented with symptomatic epiphrenic oesophageal diverticulum over the last 1 year. He underwent laparoscopic transhiatal diverticulectomy, myotomy and anterior partial fundoplication and was discharged well. He remains asymptomatic after a follow-up of 6 months.
    Matched MeSH terms: Follow-Up Studies
  15. Joseph CM, Rama-Prasad YS, Boopalan P, Jepegnanam TS
    Malays Orthop J, 2019 Jul;13(2):59-62.
    PMID: 31467656 DOI: 10.5704/MOJ.1907.013
    This is the first report of a long-term follow-up of an open bicondylar Hoffa with patella fracture. It is interesting to note the radiological changes of osteoarthritis 15 years after global intra-articular injury of the distal femur. The good clinical outcome is possibly due to the integrity of the knee ligaments and reconstruction of the extensor mechanism in addition to stable anatomical reduction and fixation.
    Matched MeSH terms: Follow-Up Studies
  16. Lee JY, Mohd Zainal H, Mat Zain MAB
    Cleft Palate Craniofac J, 2019 10;56(9):1243-1248.
    PMID: 31092003 DOI: 10.1177/1055665619846772
    Congenital bifid tongue with cleft palate is a very rare malformation with different variations. We are reporting 2 cases of rare congenital bifid tongue with cleft palate in our hospital setting and their surgical management. A multidisciplinary approach, well-planned staged operations, rehabilitation, and follow-up are needed to achieve favorable outcomes.
    Matched MeSH terms: Follow-Up Studies
  17. Bosch J, Lonn EM, Jung H, Zhu J, Liu L, Lopez-Jaramillo P, et al.
    Eur Heart J, 2021 08 17;42(31):2995-3007.
    PMID: 33963372 DOI: 10.1093/eurheartj/ehab225
    AIMS: Rosuvastatin (10 mg per day) compared with placebo reduced major adverse cardiovascular (CV) events by 24% in 12 705 participants at intermediate CV risk after 5.6 years. There was no benefit of blood pressure (BP) lowering treatment in the overall group, but a reduction in events in the third of participants with elevated systolic BP. After cessation of all the trial medications, we examined whether the benefits observed during the active treatment phase were sustained, enhanced, or attenuated.

    METHODS AND RESULTS: After the randomized treatment period (5.6 years), participants were invited to participate in 3.1 further years of observation (total 8.7 years). The first co-primary outcome for the entire length of follow-up was the composite of myocardial infarction, stroke, or CV death [major adverse cardiovascular event (MACE)-1], and the second was MACE-1 plus resuscitated cardiac arrest, heart failure, or coronary revascularization (MACE-2). In total, 9326 (78%) of 11 994 surviving Heart Outcomes Prevention Evaluation (HOPE)-3 subjects consented to participate in extended follow-up. During 3.1 years of post-trial observation (total follow-up of 8.7 years), participants originally randomized to rosuvastatin compared with placebo had a 20% additional reduction in MACE-1 [95% confidence interval (CI), 0.64-0.99] and a 17% additional reduction in MACE-2 (95% CI 0.68-1.01). Therefore, over the 8.7 years of follow-up, there was a 21% reduction in MACE-1 (95% CI 0.69-0.90, P = 0.005) and 21% reduction in MACE-2 (95% CI 0.69-0.89, P = 0.002). There was no benefit of BP lowering in the overall study either during the active or post-trial observation period, however, a 24% reduction in MACE-1 was observed over 8.7 years.

    CONCLUSION: The CV benefits of rosuvastatin, and BP lowering in those with elevated systolic BP, compared with placebo continue to accrue for at least 3 years after cessation of randomized treatment in individuals without cardiovascular disease indicating a legacy effect.


    Matched MeSH terms: Follow-Up Studies
  18. Nabil S, Samman N
    Int J Oral Maxillofac Surg, 2021 Oct;50(10):1394-1399.
    PMID: 33384235 DOI: 10.1016/j.ijom.2020.11.021
    This study was performed to assess changes over time in the quality of research in oral and maxillofacial surgery (OMS) by examining the level of evidence of published articles. A secondary aim was to determine the relationship of the journal impact factor to these levels of evidence. The four major OMS journals with an impact factor were assessed. Articles published in 2017 and 2018 were categorized based on their level of evidence, and their correlation with the 2019 journal impact factor was investigated using Spearman's rank correlation coefficient (rho). The total number of published articles increased by a factor of 2.4 over a 15-year period, from 932 in 2002-2003 to 2253 in 2017-2018. The percentage of articles increased by 1.0% for level I evidence, 3.4% for level II, 8.2% for level III, and 4.1% for level IV. Non-evidence articles reduced by 16.7%. All journals showed an increase in impact factor, and a significant correlation was noted between the proportion of published higher-level evidence articles and the impact factor over time (rho=0.811, P=0.001). It is concluded that OMS journals currently display a higher proportion of good quality articles leading to a better impact factor than 15 years ago.
    Matched MeSH terms: Follow-Up Studies
  19. Gunalan R, Mazelan A, Lee Y, Saw A
    Malays Orthop J, 2016 Nov;10(3):21-25.
    PMID: 28553443 MyJurnal DOI: 10.5704/MOJ.1611.009
    Introduction: Congenital Talipes Equinovarus (CTEV) is a common congenital foot deformity that is associated with long term disability. Treatment with Ponseti method has been successful especially for children who present early. We conducted this study to investigate the age of presentation of children and report the early outcome. Materials: This is a retrospective study from a single institution. We included 31 patients with 45 idiopathic clubfeet and investigated problems and success rate at the end of serial casting. Results: Mean age at presentation was 4.9 months. The mean number of casting was 6 and mean duration of casting was 2.7 months. The initial success rate of 91.1%, with four feet (8.8%) diagnosed as resistant clubfoot and eventually required soft tissue surgery. With mean follow up of 14.1 months, four other feet (8.8%) developed relapse but were treated with repeat Ponseti method. Conclusion: Many CTEV patients present late for treatment. However, the Ponseti method remained effective with high initial success rate of 91.1%. Relapsed CTEV can still be treated successfully with repeat casting using the Ponseti method.
    Matched MeSH terms: Follow-Up Studies
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