Displaying publications 1 - 20 of 1012 in total

  1. Pillay B, Gregory ARA, Subbiah M, Yap SK
    Family Physician, 1993;5:34-36.
    118 cases of cervical dysplasia were followed up by cytological smears for over 9 years to determine their biologic outcome. All grades of dysplasia showed evidence of regression and progression to more severe lesions, including carcinoma. Severe dysplasia however did not regress to normalcy and had the maximum conversion rates to malignancy. The period taken for transition to malignancy was found to be shorter than that generally described. Since even mild dysplasia carries with it a malignant potential, all patients with cervical dysplasia, irrespective of the grade, have to be followed up by repeated clinical and cytological examinations.
    Matched MeSH terms: Follow-Up Studies
  2. Yong, S.M., Saw, A., Sengupta, S., Bulgib A.M.
    Malays Orthop J, 2007;1(1):8-11.
    Forty children treated non-operatively for fractures of the femoral shaft were reviewed with regard to differences in limb length after treatment. Follow up duration ranged from two to seven years. The average femoral overgrowth was 0.85cm (range 0 - 2.5cm) and was influenced by age at the time of fracture. We were not able to find any association between the quantity of overgrowth and race, gender, level or configuration of the fracture.
    Matched MeSH terms: Follow-Up Studies
  3. Narasimman S, Jasjit SN, Navarasi SR, Premnath N
    Med. J. Malaysia, 2016 08;71(4):201-202.
    PMID: 27770120
    This is a case of a posterior mediastinal mass in an asymptomatic gentleman, which was resected successfully and he has been disease free for more than a year of follow up. The histopathology findings happen to be a rare occurrence.
    Matched MeSH terms: Follow-Up Studies
  4. Devaraj NK
    Malawi Med J, 2017 09;29(3):276.
    PMID: 29872521 DOI: 10.4314/mmj.v29i3.10
    Matched MeSH terms: Follow-Up Studies
  5. Haaga J, Davanzo J, Peterson C, Tey NP
    Asia Pac Popul J, 1994 Jun;9(2):61-72.
    PMID: 12288227
    "This note reports the experience of an attempt to find and re-interview in late 1988 and early 1989, as part of the Second Malaysian Family Life Survey (MFLS-2), the female respondents to the 1976-77 Malaysian Family Life Survey (MFLS-1) and a sample of their adult children aged 18 or older.... We discuss the field methods used to track the panel members and their adult children, report follow-up rates and analyze the selectivity of attrition from the panel, using data from the MFLS-1 on characteristics of both the missing and the re-interviewed respondents and their families. We then discuss the degree to which these results might be generalized to other such attempts at re-contacting survey respondents."
    Matched MeSH terms: Follow-Up Studies*
  6. Aimanan K, Kumar KS, Mohd Arif MN, Noor Zuraini M, Ramdzan MJ, Hamdan L
    Case Rep Med, 2016;2016:4125295.
    PMID: 26904128 DOI: 10.1155/2016/4125295
    Primary lymphomas of the heart are extremely rare, accounting for 2% of all primary cardiac tumors. Due to the rare presentation, there is no proper consensus available on treatment strategy. Preoperative confirmation of the pathology is fundamental in guiding an early treatment plan, which allows for improved prognosis. Unfortunately, in most cases, primary cardiac lymphoma is only identified on postoperative histopathological analyses, which affect the treatment plan and outcome. Here, we report a unique case of primary cardiac lymphoma presented with dyspnea and reduced effort tolerance. Young age, rapid onset of symptom, and absence of cardiac risk factors prompted us towards further imaging and emergency resection. The patient received a course of postoperative chemotherapy and was disease-free on six months of follow-up.
    Matched MeSH terms: Follow-Up Studies
  7. Al-Juboori MJ
    PMID: 25678816 DOI: 10.2147/CCIDE.S76637
    The displacement of a dental implant into the maxillary sinus may lead to implant failure due to exposure of the apical third or the tip of the implant beyond the bone, resulting in soft tissue growth. This case report discusses dental implant placement in the upper first molar area with maxillary sinus involvement of approximately 2 mm. A new technique for progressive implant loading was used, involving immediately loaded implants with maxillary sinus perforation and low primary stability. Follow-up was performed with resonance frequency analysis and compared with an implant placed adjacent in the upper second premolar area using a conventional delayed loading protocol. Implants with maxillary sinus involvement showed increasing stability during the healing period. We found that progressive implant loading may be a safe technique for the placement of immediately loaded implants with maxillary sinus involvement.
    Matched MeSH terms: Follow-Up Studies
  8. Pan, K.L., Prem, S.S., Chan, W.H., Haniza S.
    Malays Orthop J, 2009;3(2):12-15.
    Synovial sarcoma of the extremities is an uncommon type of soft tissue sarcoma occuring predominantly in young adults at the para-articular regions. We present a series of 10 patients with an average age of 44 years and include a follow-up of 39 months. Eight patients had a surgical procedure for a mistaken benign lesion. In contrast to other soft tissue sarcomas, the swellings were associated with pain and most were fixed to the underlying structures. Five patients had a local reccurence after many years, stressing the necessity for close and long-term follow-up in these patients.
    Matched MeSH terms: Follow-Up Studies
  9. Mohd Azmi Ismail, Mohammad Roston Zakaria
    An appraisal of the regional reconnaissance geophysical, geochemical and geological data obtained under the Central Belt Project in 1977 – 1978 appeared to constitute favourable uranium exploration targets. Follow-up surveys conducted until the year 1990 have proposed the exploration area to be divided into three transects. Transect 1 covers the western part of the state of Kelantan, northwest Pahang and the eastern half of Perak. Transect 2 covers southeastern tip of Perak, west Pahang, eastern half of Wilayah Persekutuan, eastern portion of Selangor, and the northwest portion of Negeri Sembilan. Transect 3 covers central Kelantan, northwestern of Terengganu and northern portion of Pahang. Results of the study indicate that the Main Range, Bujang Melaka, and Bukit Tinggi Plutons are most fertile with uranium spectrometric rock values range from 13 to 25 ppm. Further investigations to zero down the target areas for uranium mineralization are strongly recommended over these areas.
    Matched MeSH terms: Follow-Up Studies
  10. Ferdaus-Kamudin NA, Mohamed-Haflah NH
    Malays Orthop J, 2018 Mar;12(1):66-68.
    PMID: 29725520 MyJurnal DOI: 10.5704/MOJ.1803.008
    Calcinosis cutis is a rare presentation and not many cases have been reported especially of idiopathic type. We are reporting a case of idiopathic calcinosis cutis of lower limbs in a 33-year old female who presented to our clinic for multiple painless swellings over her lower limbs for the past six months, without any history of trauma or infection. We have decided to observe her condition on regular follow-up and conservative management.
    Matched MeSH terms: Follow-Up Studies
  11. Lishen W, In Meei T, Marny Mohamed A, Abdullah D
    Iran Endod J, 2018;13(3):403-406.
    PMID: 30083215 DOI: 10.22037/iej.v13i3.20871
    The principle of ferrule effect is of prime importance when restoring an endodontically treated tooth. A severely broken down tooth due to subgingival caries almost always end up with extraction as inadequate ferrule effect would compromise the predictability of restorative treatment. This clinical case report describes a treatment approach that combines non-surgical endodontic treatment, orthodontic extrusion and prosthetic rehabilitation to restore the function and aesthetic aspect of an extensively carious premolar with compromised prognosis. One year follow-up indicated stable periodontal health with evidence of periapical healing radiographically.
    Matched MeSH terms: Follow-Up Studies
  12. Sharma A, Dosajh R, Bedi GS, Gupta K, Jain A
    Malays Orthop J, 2017 Mar;11(1):71-73.
    PMID: 28435580 DOI: 10.5704/MOJ.1703.010
    Dislocation of multiple metatarsophalangeal joint is an uncommon injury. The mechanism of injury is a high energy force distal to proximal with foot in hyperextension at the metatarsophalangeal (MTP) joint. The acute hyperextension of the toe at the moment of injury causes avulsion of the plantar part of the capsule from the junction of head and neck of the metatarsal. If the collateral ligaments remain intact, they maintain the locked fibrocartilaginous plate over the dorsum of the head of the metatarsal, making closed reduction impossible. We report a case of simultaneous 1st and 2nd MTP joint open dislocation. In the present case, we chose the plantar approach utilizing the already present plantar wound. At 18 months post-operative follow-up, there was no instance of redislocations or signs of avascular necrosis of head of metatarsal.
    Matched MeSH terms: Follow-Up Studies
  13. Abdullah MI, Junit SM, Ng KL, Jayapalan JJ, Karikalan B, Hashim OH
    Int J Med Sci, 2019;16(3):450-460.
    PMID: 30911279 DOI: 10.7150/ijms.29935
    Papillary thyroid cancer (PTC) is the most prevalent form of malignancy among all cancers of the thyroid. It is also one of the few cancers with a rapidly increasing incidence. PTC is usually contained within the thyroid gland and generally biologically indolent. Prognosis of the cancer is excellent, with less than 2% mortality at 5 years. However, more than 25% of patients with PTC developed a recurrence during a long term follow-up. The present article provides an updated condensed overview of PTC, which focuses mainly on the molecular alterations involved and recent biomarker investigations.
    Matched MeSH terms: Follow-Up Studies
  14. Hussein NS, Samat SB, Abdullah MA, Gohar MN
    Turk J Urol, 2013 Jun;39(2):90-5.
    PMID: 26328087 DOI: 10.5152/tud.2013.015
    OBJECTIVE: The functional outcome following hypospadias repair is as important as the cosmetic outcome. Currently, structured scoring systems, patient questionnaires and evaluations of photographs and uroflowmetry are used to assess the results of hypospadias repair. In the present study, we assessed the outcomes of two-stage hypospadias repair using Hypospadias Objective Scoring Evaluation-HOSE and measures of uroflowmetry.

    MATERIAL AND METHODS: Over a period of eight years, from January 1997 to December 2004, 126 hypospadias patients were treated, 90 of these patients received two-stage repairs and 36 patients received single-stage repairs. HOSE questionnaire and uroflowmetry data were obtained to evaluate the long-term outcome of the two-stage hypospadias repairs.

    RESULTS: The age at the time of assessment ranged from 8 to 23 years-old, with a mean follow-up time of 39.78 months. Thirty-five patients had proximal hypospadias, and 20 had distal hypospadias. Of the 55 patients who received complete two-stage hypospadias repair and agreed to participate in the study, nineteen patients had acceptable HOSE scores and 36 patients had non-acceptable scores. The uroflow rates of 43 of the subjects were below the fifth percentile in three patients, equivocal (between the 5(th) and 25(th) percentile) in four patients and above the 25(th) percentile in 36 patients.

    CONCLUSION: Two-stage repair is a suitable technique for all types of hypospadias with varying outcomes. HOSE and uroflowmetry are simple, easy, non-invasive and non-expensive tools for objectively assessing the long-term outcomes of hypospadias repair.

    Matched MeSH terms: Follow-Up Studies
  15. Chia PL, Loh SY, Foo D
    Med. J. Malaysia, 2012 Dec;67(6):582-4.
    PMID: 23770949
    INTRODUCTION: Ventricular tachycardia (VT) storm is an uncommon but life-threatening condition. We describe the incidence, causes and management of VT storm among patients admitted to the coronary care unit of a large tertiary hospital.

    MATERIALS AND METHODS: Between 1 November 2009 and 30 April 2010, 198 patients were admitted to the coronary care unit and 7 (3.5%) presented with VT storm. A retrospective review of their records was conducted. The mean follow-up period was 268 (196 to 345) days.

    RESULTS: The mean age was 67 years and 4 patients were male. One patient had a previous myocardial infarction. All had abnormal left ventricular ejection fraction, median of 30%. Acute myocardial infarction (4 patients) was the most common trigger, followed by decompensated heart failure (1), systemic inflammatory response syndrome on a background of non-ischemic dilated cardiomyopathy (1) and bradycardia-induced polymorphic VT (1). Three patients had polymorphic VT and the rest had monomorphic VT. Intravenous amiodarone, lignocaine, overdrive pacing and intra-aortic balloon pump counterpulsation were useful in arrhythmia control. Three patients underwent coronary revascularization, 3 patients received implantable cardioverter-defibrillators, 1 had a permanent cardiac pacemaker, 1 died during the acute episode. Five out of the 6 survivors were prescribed oral beta-blockers upon discharge. On follow-up, none of the patients had a recurrence of the tachyarrhythmia.

    CONCLUSION: Acute myocardial infarction was the main trigger of VT storm in our patients. Intravenous amiodarone, lignocaine, overdrive pacing and intra-aortic balloon pump counterpulsation were useful at suppressing VT storm.

    Matched MeSH terms: Follow-Up Studies
  16. Aminudin CA, Sharaf I, Hamzaini AH, Salmi A, Aishah MAS
    Med. J. Malaysia, 2004 Dec;59 Suppl F:49-51.
    PMID: 15941162
    Ossifying fibromyxoid tumor (OFMT) is a rare benign tumor, most of which occurs in adults with localization in the subcutaneous tissue or muscle of the extremities. A five-year-old girl presented with a mass in her right upper thigh. Due to the large size of the mass (10 x 7 cm), our provisional diagnosis was a soft tissue sarcoma. A tru-cut biopsy showed that the lesion was benign. The mass was excised and has not recurred since. To the best of our knowledge, this patient is the youngest case of OFMT reported in the English literature.
    Matched MeSH terms: Follow-Up Studies
  17. Razak MA, Fazir M, Ibrahim S
    Med. J. Malaysia, 2000 Sep;55 Suppl C:2-8.
    PMID: 11200040
    Between May 1992 through October 1998, twenty-two patients who had adolescent idiopathic scoliosis were treated using Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia (UKM) spinal instrumentation and fusion. The minimum length of follow-up was 2 years with an average of 2.9 years. Nineteen patients were female and three patients were male. The mean age at the time of the operation was 16.2 years (range, 13 to 24 years). The average blood loss was 1,878 ml and the average operating time was 291 minutes. The mean pre-operative curve was 61.2 degrees, with a range of 40 degrees to 90 degrees. The average post-operative correction of the Cobb's angle was 53.5 per cent, with a range of 33 per cent to 81 per cent. Post-operative immobilization consisted of a maximum of six months in a body cast. There were no neurological injuries, no deep wound infections, and no evidence of pseudoarthroses. Only three complications occurred and these did not disturb the progress of the fusion. This technique safely achieves the objectives of scoliosis correction, and is cost-effective in the treatment of adolescent idiopathic scoliosis.
    Matched MeSH terms: Follow-Up Studies
  18. Chan AYK, Hooi LS, Liu WJ
    Med. J. Malaysia, 2001 Mar;56(1):82-7.
    PMID: 11503302
    Retrospective analysis was done on 235 recipients, 133 males and 102 females, who were transplanted between 25th September 1979 and 25th June 1999. 85.1% were Chinese, 7.7% were Indians and 7.2% Malays. 23% (54) were living related renal transplants (LRRT) all except 5 done at Hospital Kuala Lumpur. 60% (141) were living unrelated donor renal transplants (LURT) done in India. 17% (40) were cadaveric transplants (CADT) (all done in China except 2 at Hospital Kuala Lumpur and one in London). 97% (228) were first transplants. Primary renal disease was unknown in 69.4%, 17% (40) glomerulonephritis, 5.5% diabetic nephropathy and 8.1% 19 others. All were on prednisolone, 93.2% were on azathioprine and 96.6% were on cyclosporin A. The acute rejection rate was 23.4% (55 episodes). Patient survival was 88% at five years and patients alive with functioning graft was 84% at 5 years. LRRT had significantly better survival compared to LURT. 34 grafts were lost to chronic allograft nephropathy. 46 recipients died (33 died with functioning graft).
    Matched MeSH terms: Follow-Up Studies
  19. Sharif FM, Selvarajah S
    Med. J. Malaysia, 1997 Mar;52(1):17-25.
    PMID: 10968049
    A clinical audit was conducted for a 4-year period at the Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia (UKM) Ophthalmology Department in which 61 eyes of adult patients with primary glaucoma underwent trabeculectomies without antimetabolites. At a 2-year follow-up duration, successful trabeculectomies as defined by intraocular pressure below 20 mm Hg without additional glaucoma medication were 62% for primary open-angle glaucoma, 48% for primary acute angle-closure glaucoma and 43% for chronic angle-closure glaucoma. 50.8% of eyes were without complications while 49.2% had complications. Shallow anterior chamber (22.9%) and hyphaema (19.7%) were the two commonest complications.
    Matched MeSH terms: Follow-Up Studies
  20. Uthamalingam M, Periyasamy K
    J Clin Diagn Res, 2016 Feb;10(2):PD14-6.
    PMID: 27042526 DOI: 10.7860/JCDR/2016/17778.7217
    Carcinoma of the male breast accounts for less than 0.5% of all cases of breast cancer. However, Paget's disease of nipple in male is extremely rare. We report on a case of Paget's disease of nipple with breast cancer in a 51-year-old gentleman. He presented with a ulcerative lesion and lump in the left breast beneath the nipple-areolar region with single mobile ipsilateral central group of axillary nodes. Modified radical mastectomy was performed. On follow up, patient was doing well with no recurrence.
    Matched MeSH terms: Follow-Up Studies
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