To evaluate the ability of the maxillary sinus membrane to produce bone after internal sinus lifting and implant placement without adding exogenous bone graft, and to assess the quality of bone that has been produced 6 months postoperatively.In this retrospective study, 10 subjects who underwent maxillary sinus floor lifting and met the inclusion criteria were selected and then subdivided into: Group-A underwent internal sinus elevation and placement of implants without the use of bone graft and Group-B underwent classical internal sinus lifting and placement of bovine bone particles and then placement of the implant as a control group. Radiofrequency analysis (RFA) values for measuring the Implant Stability Quotient (ISQ) of all implants were measured by Osstell device. CBCT was performed involving linear measurements of the site of sinus lifting for both groups.High RFA values demonstrating excellent biomechanical stability were observed in Group-A compared to Group-B at 6 months postoperatively. Group-A showed a median of ISQ value;78 (8), 77(12), 79(3.5) and 77(4.50). Group-A was significantly higher in ISQ values than Group-B, which showed median and interquartile range (IQR) of ISQ value of [51(12.50), 54(14.50), 55(9), and 55(7.50)]. However, the amount of bone available in group B was significantly higher than group A; [3.5 mm (0.75) and 3.8 mm (0.69)].Internal sinus lifting without bone graft has the ability of bone formation by osteogenic potential of the sinus membrane. Nevertheless, the high quality of bone being produced is of high importance for the success of an implant without the need for an exogenous bone graft. The newly formed bone was significantly of a better quality in Group-A. Thus, it is recommended to perform internal sinus lifting, without adding bone graft material and allow the osteogenic potential of the maxillary sinus membrane to produce its own osteogenic cells.
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